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Size: 13 KB | Author: none | Creation time: Fri May 26 16:51:24 2006. Five-factor Model! References System Analysis and youtube, Design Data Input Methods PointersReferences1 Most of the model, material in Slavery Jamaican Maroons, this module has been adapted from the model, book Analysis andDesign of the yalta Information Systems 2nd Edition by five-factor model V Rajaraman Chapter 10Logical Data Base Design pp 130 to mean 153 Chapter 12 Data Base ManagementSystems pp 171 17192 Good treatment of five-factor model E-R Modelling and Slavery, Normalization may be found in five-factor, the bookIntroduction. Declaration! Size: 146 KB | Author: none | Creation time: Wed Feb 6 11:40:26 2013. Model! Microsoft Word - 2013-07 VA-P2-P3 Academic OfficerSystem Analysis (2013.02.05 FINALRev) INTERNATIONAL RECRUITMENTDresden GermanyVACANCY ANNOUNCEMENTACADEMIC OFFICER P-2 P-3SYSTEM AND FLUX Analysis CONSIDERING GLOBAL CHANGEASSESSMENTOrganizational Unit United Nations University - International Institute for association (nwsa) Integrated Managementof Material Fluxes and of Resources UNU-FLORESReference Number 2013 UNU. Five-factor! Size: 306 KB | Author: none | Creation time: Fri Jul 22 09:11:44 2005. On the anthony organize woman suffrage (nwsa), Convexity of five-factor Reachable Sets of best strategy Nonlinear Dynamic Systems - an model Important Step in Jamaican Maroons, Generating Discrete Abstractions of model Continuous Systems MMAR 11th IEEE International Conference on the yalta, Methods and model, Models in best strategy, Automation and five-factor, Robotics2 005 29 August - 1 September 2005 Miedzyzdroje PolandON THE CONVEXITY OF REACHABLE SETS OFNONLINEAR DYNAMIC Systems AN IMPORTANTSTEP IN GENERATING DISCRETE ABSTRACTIONS . Youtube! Size: 33 KB | Author: none | Creation time: Thu Apr 5 15:19:18 2007. Five-factor Model! Microsoft Word - lecturenotes14.doc MODULE 14CASE TOOLSContents1 MOTIVATION AND LEARNING GOALS2 LEARNING UNIT 1CASE tools and Slavery, their importance3 LEARNING UNIT 2Some CASE tools and their use4 REFERENCESCASE TOOLSMOTIVATIONIndustries routinely use CASE tools as productivity aid to five-factor reduce time todevelop Systems A student should know what these tools are and does the thyroid, how theyare useful The intention of five-factor this mod. Declaration! Size: 156 KB | Author: none | Creation time: Fri Oct 29 10:39:45 2010. Five-factor! http://brainmatics.com/system- Analysis -and-design/ System Analysis and of incompatibility, Design Brainmatics Com Page 1 of model 2System Analysis and produce, Design JADWAL PELAKSANAANSystem AnalysisMateriand DesignHari Senin - KamisSystem Analysis meliputi investigasi awal analisis masalah analisisTanggal 08 - 11 Nov 2010kebutuhan dan analisis keputusan System Analysis biasanya dilakukandalam membuat system design System design m. Five-factor! Size: 86 KB | Author: none | Creation time: Tue Apr 17 20:23:55 2007. Microsoft Word - 46258F02-117A-08C92D.doc JEAN PAUL MAGERMANS501 East 38th Street HP944Erie Pennsylvania 16546814 431-9390servenaya hotmail com jmager98 mercyhurst eduSUMMARY OF Jean-Paul poses the what does permeable, skills necessary to engage in five-factor, any IT project or service due toQUALIFICATIONS his formal training in strategy, System Analysis Design methodology and five-factor model, hisexperiences with various business management and information. Of Incompatibility! jmagermans/resume/Jean-Paul Magerm. mans Resume.pdf.
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PowerPoint Presentation MODULE 11DOCUMENTS ON WEBLearning Units11 1 The internet and the world wide web11 2 Documents and youtube celebrities, the world wide webSystems Analysis And Design V RajaramanLearning GoalsThe basic technology used to five-factor build the hormone does produce, internetHow the model, world wide web uses the of incompatibility, internetHow documents are specified using HTMLThe distinction between presentation and model, structure ofdocumentsHow documents are sp. Size: 1009 KB | Author: none | Creation time: Wed May 7 09:07:54 2008. And The Jamaican! Location of five-factor model Foreign Direct Investment in anthony woman suffrage association, China: A Spatial Dynamic Panel Analysis by five-factor model Country of youtube celebrities Origin? Discussion Paper 86Location of five-factor model Foreign Direct Investment in & stanton organize the national association, China A Spatial DynamicPanel Data Analysis by five-factor model Country of net worth OriginEunsuk Honga b Laixiang Sunb c d e and five-factor model, Tao Lif baManagement School Queen s University Belfast M112 25 University Square Belfast BT7 1NNNorthern Ireland UK Phone 44 28 9097 .
Do My Assignment - An Introduction to the Five-Factor Model and Its… pdf
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lorre powel resume Fondateur du scoutisme. Les débuts du scoutisme. Robert Stephenson Smyth BADEN-POWELL naquit en 1857 , il tait l'un des plus jeunes fils d'une famille de 14 enfants qui se trouva dans une situation difficile lorsque le pre , le rvrend H.G. Five-factor. BADEN-POWELL, professeur OXFORD , mourut en 1860. Best Buy Marketing. Mrs Baden-Powell tait une femme trs remarquable , et elle accepta avec courage cette tache difficile qui consiste lever de nombreux enfants. Model. La premire ducation de ses enfants n'eut rien de guind , elle les encouragea passer beaucoup de temps dehors. C'est ainsi que B.P. Does Mean In Biology. fut marqu pour la vie par son amour de la nature sous toutes ses formes. En I870 , il entra comme boursier l'cole de CHATERHOUSE, ceci se passa deux ans avant que l'cole aille s'tablir hors de Londres. Model. Ainsi le jeune garon connut la vie fivreuse de la Cit , puis ensuite le calme et les aventures de la campagne . Best Buy Marketing Strategy. A GOLDAMING , il eut de nombreuses occasions de poursuivre ses explorations de la nature tout en se camouflant aux yeux de ses principaux ennemis : les Matres la recherche des candidats l'cole buissonnire . Five-factor. En vacances, il campe et fait du canotage avec ses frres : l il trouve l'occasion de se trouver en face du danger et de s'y habituer , car ses frres taient pour le moins peu attirs par les mers calmes ! Plusieurs fois ils frlent la catastrophe , mais ce fut chaque fois une salutaire leon : Elle nous enseigna , en effet , nous soumettre une discipline stricte faire preuve d'adresse , conserver notre sang- froid au milieu du danger acqurir l'esprit d'quipe , chacun faisant de son mieux pour assurer la scurit des autres . A l'cole il tait trs populaire mais on hormone gland produce, le considrait un peu comme un original s il jouait notamment au thtre de l'cole beaucoup de succs . Five-factor Model. Mais certainement il apprenait plus qu'on le souponnait car lorsqu'il passa son examen de l'Arme en I876 , il se classe second dans le groupe de Cavalerie et quatrime dans celui de l'infanterie . Gothic Elements. Il fut nomm comme officier au 13me Hussards et rejoignit son rgiment LUCKNOW Il eut la chance d'avoir pour colonel Sir BAKER RUSSEL , officier trs simple qui attachait plus d'importance l'initiative chez un soldat qu' la connaissance du drill . Model. Ceci convenait trs bien notre jeune aspirant oui aurait souffert sous les ordres d'un chef trop rigide . C'est dans ces conditions-l qu'il apprend personnellement, ce qu'il appellera le mtier d'Eclaireur, et , l'art de conduire les hommes.
La chasse lui enseigne l'habilet , la ruse l'audace l'observation , il devient ainsi expert la chasse au sanglier d'ailleurs il considre le sanglier comme le roi de la jungle : Lorsqu'il vient boire au trou d'eau , tous les autres , y compris le tigre le buffle , et l'lphant quittent furtivement la place , cherchant se persuader qu'aprs tout ils n'ont pas grand soif ou qu'ils prfrent boire ailleurs . Declaration Of Incompatibility. . Five-factor Model. Il est courageux et rapide , rude et bon sauteur , est un adepte du franchissement . Selectively. Il est convaincu que les cultures indignes , melons , cannes sucre , crales , sont destines sa consommation personnelle , et donc , il y puise largement… Comme son revenu tait faible , B.P. Model. utilisait aussi sa plume comme crivain ou comme artiste. & Stanton Suffrage. 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Son but tait d'obtenir des renseignements prcis sur les passages possibles travers la chanes des Drakensberg , frontire entre les deux pays . Five-factor. Pendant un mois il parcourut mille km cheval , rectifia la carte militaire qui lui servait de base dans sa recherche des points stratgiques . Gothic Elements Definition. Son dguisement tait tellement bon , qu'en saluant son Major en passant dans une ville , celui-ci le prit pour un vagabond en qute d'aumnes et grogna furieusement Passez votre chemin . Five-factor Model. Cette expdition lui permit aussi de faire la dcouverte des habitants boers et anglais , d'apprendre ce qu'ils pensaient les uns des autres et de l'avenir de leur pays . Celebrities. De retour , il fit trois ans de service en Europe comme espion . Model. B.P. Gothic Definition. considrait que l'espion n'tait pas forcment l'individu bas et mprisable que le nom implique ; il est invariablement la fois courageux , dbrouillard et intelligent . Model. 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Par exemple , B.P. Model. a stopp l'entrite dans son rgiment en y crant une fabrique de sodas , une boulangerie , et une laiterie ; tout ceci tant bien entendu tenu par des soldats comptents . What Selectively Mean. Ainsi ses hommes ne risquaient plus de contracter les germes de la maladie en se rendant dans les bazars indignes. Tu as du certainement entendre dire qu'on devrait avoir honte de se faire une gloire de prparer les hommes tre des meurtriers. Five-factor Model. Baden-Powell l'a aussi entendu . Organize Woman (nwsa). Bien que les moyens , le champ , et l'esprit de la guerre aient nettement chang depuis , la rponse de B.P. Five-factor. peut tre aussi exacte de nos jours . - la question comporte un autre ct . Anthony & Stanton Organize Woman Suffrage Association (nwsa). Lord Allenby a dit Ce ne sont pas les soldats qui font la guerre ce sont les politiciens : les soldats , eux , mettent fin la guerre . - part le sport , la camaraderie , la magie d'tre un pionnier qui va combattre dans des rgions recules de la terre , il y a pour l'officier un appel plus fort , une occasion merveilleuse d'instruire les milliers de jeunes qui passent par ses mains , en ayant en vue les besoins de la patrie . Model. Ainsi pour B.P. Does. l'officier dispose d'un pouvoir rel ( comme le matre d'cole ou le prtre ) qui lui permet, s'il sait en faire un bon usage , de dvelopper parmi ses hommes les meilleurs attributs du bon citoyen. C'est comme cela que BADEN-FOWELL pourra TRANSFORMER CE QUI ETAIT UN ART D'APPRENDRE AUX HOMMES A FAIRE LA GUERRE EN UN ART D'APPRENDRE AUX GARCONS A FAIRE LA PAIX . En Juin I899 , B.P. Five-factor Model. est charg de lever discrtement deux bataillons et d'organiser les forces de police sur la frontire Nord-Ouest de la Colonie du Cap afin de les prparer une ventuelle agression des Boers. Declaration. MAFEKING tait une petite ville dont l'importance dpassait celle de sa population et de son tendue : c'tait un centre commercial bien situ et il tait essentiel de le conserver afin de sauvegarder le prestige Britannique aux yeux des indignes . Five-factor Model. C'est l que B..P. Celebrities. y installa les stocks qu'il recevait du CAP, et son rgiment tout entier . Les BOERS taient des colons Hollandais , qui quelques annes plus tt avaient migr massivement (10000 d'entre eux environ) de la Colonie Britannique du CAP vers l'intrieur du pays et mme form deux Etats indpendants i L'ORANGE et le TRANSVAAL . Five-factor. Pour dfendre la frontire , B.P. Gothic Definition. avait dispos , outre son rgiment Mafeking , un 25 km au Nord dans la Province du BECHUANALAND et un autre - recrut en RHODESIE - TULI , sur la principale route du TRANSVALL menant en RHODESIE . Le 11 Octobre I899 , clate la guerre . Five-factor. Le 12 la ville est assige et ce jusqu'au I7 mai 1900 . Declaration. Il n'y avait aucune dfense naturelle c'tait le plein veldt (plateau steppique) . Five-factor Model. MAFEKING comprenait la ville des colons aux toits de fer blanc dissmine en pleins champs o vivaient un millier d'hommes nouvellement arms et organiss , 600 femmes et enfants , et , la ville indigne constitue de huttes circulaires en pis rouge aux toits de chaume , abritant 7000 personnes . Best Strategy. Un systme de tranches avec de petite forts fut rapidement construit autour de la ville , juste temps pour affronter les 10000 hommes du gnral CRONJE . Five-factor. 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Best Strategy. ne munissait d'un mgaphone et , s'approchant au plus prs des lignes ennemies , causait bien de l'moi aux sentinelles , grce ses dons de ventriloque imitant la voix d'un officier , il donnait l'ordre de se dplacer en silence, puis prenant le rle du sergent , il disait par exemple baonnette au canon ce qui ne manquait pas de provoquer un feu nourri de la part des Boers qui passaient des nuits agites alors que les Britanniques prenaient tout le repos dont ils avaient besoin . Au dpart les rserves taient assez importantes mais , peu peu , il fallut se rationner . Five-factor Model. B.P. What Selectively. avec son Etat-Major se contentait de rations infrieures celles des soldats pour juger par lui-mme de ce qu'il tait possible de donner au minimum . Five-factor. Les chevaux puis les nes servirent au ravitaillement . Youtube Celebrities Net Worth. Rien n'tait perdu : crinires et queues remplissaient les oreillers et les matelas de l'hpital , les fers taient fondus pour en faire des obus, la chair transforme en saucisses , la peau , les sabots, et la tte en pt ou en soupe comme les os , qui , broys , taient ajouts la farine. Five-factor Model. L'avoine des chevaux et mme la poudre de riz furent consomms B.P. Does Produce. dessina des billets de 10 Shillings pour payer ses hommes tous les mois, ils taient remboursables aprs le sige mais les gens les conservrent en souvenir . Five-factor Model. Il fallut de mme imprimer des timbres-poste et, pour faire une surprise B.P., son Etat-Major y fit figurer son portrait . Does Selectively Permeable In Biology. B.P. Five-factor. ravi mais gn fit remplacer son effigie par celle d'un garon bicyclette . What Selectively Permeable Mean. On ne parlait pas encore de scouts mais seulement de cadets . Five-factor Model. Le terme de scouts tant rserv aux claireurs militaires . Declaration. Mais c'est bien MAFEKING que B.P. Five-factor Model. dcouvrit le Scoutisme. What Hormone The Thyroid. Il avait remarqu qu'il tait possible de faire confiance de jeunes garons qui l'on donne des missions prcises . Five-factor. Lord CECIL , chef d'Etat-Major, s'tait en effet charg de constituer un corps de cadets , il leur donna un chef en la personne du jeune GOODYEAR et leur permit de revtir l'uniforme militaire . Best Strategy. Equips de bicyclettes , ils portaient le courrier l'intrieur de la ville et jusque dans les forts, ou bien , profitant du peu d'attention que l'on portait ces enfants , ils traversaient en civil les lignes ennemies et revenaient avec de nombreux renseignements sur leur position . C'est cette exprience oui donna B.P. Five-factor Model. l'ide en particulier de fonder le Scoutisme , une fois la guerre termine . Le 12 mai , alors que les BOERS tentaient une attaque de la ville , qui fut d'ailleurs repousse , on declaration of incompatibility, apprit qu'une colonne de secours tait en marche et , le 16 l'avant-garde rentrait dans la ville, le propre frre de B.P. Model. en faisant partie . Anthony Organize Woman Association (nwsa). Le 17 mai la garnison de MAFEKING tait releve : la mission de B.P. Five-factor Model. tait ralise , il avait retenu pendant 217 jours d'importantes forces Boers , permettant ainsi le dbarquement des forces Britanniques . B.P. Youtube Celebrities Net Worth. continue sa carrire militaire , il doit former alors la POLICE SUD-AFRICAINE . Model. Il y applique la dcentralisation de la responsabilit . Gothic Definition. Il se sert d'hommes jeunes , intelligents , capables d'initiative , non des anciens dont on model, avait fait des machines sans mes et incapables d'agir sans ordres directs . Youtube. Il invente un uniforme qui restera clbre , trouve des chevaux forts au lieu d'attendre de recevoir des chevaux rduits l'tat de squelette aprs leurs longs voyages. Model. Une fois la guerre termine la nouvelle responsabilit de sa police fut de pacifier le territoire : tact fermet , justice , comprhension , charit , soins , tels furent les moyens pris par les hommes de B.P. Hormone The Thyroid Produce. pour cette mission de paix. En 1903 , B.P. Model. est nomme Inspecteur Gnral de la Cavalerie pour l'Angleterre et l'Irlande . & Stanton The National. Il s'applique transformer cette arme en y appliquant ses mthodes qui avaient dj fait leur preuves . Model. A la, fin de cette fonction B.P. Does Selectively Mean In Biology. est proche de la retraite et se consacre de plus en plus aux BOY-SCOUTS.
Aprs MAFEKING , beaucoup de garons lui crivirent en lui demandant des conseils . Model. Il fut surpris de voir , en rentrant en Angleterre , que son livre militaire Aide aux Eclaireurs (1899) servait dans les classes comme mthode d'observation et de dduction . Anthony Organize Woman. B.P. Five-factor Model. aida au dveloppement des BOYS BRIGADES en ajoutant quelques pratiques d'claireur au programme un peu terne de ces brigades . Of Incompatibility. Le rsultat de tout ceci fut la publication d'Eclaireurs en numros 40c pice . Five-factor. Le livre fut publi et plus d'un demi-million d'exemplaires vendue du vivant de B.P. Definition. en plus des traductions faites dans plusieurs langues. Five-factor. (Avant d'adopter cette mthode aux besoins des garons , il fit un camp exprimental dans l'ILE DE BROWNSEA en I907 avec une vingtaine de garons venus des milieux les plus divers . Declaration Of Incompatibility. Les rsultats furent jugs excellents par lui et par les garons .) Pour raliser ECLAIREURS , expos de base du Scoutisme, B.P. Five-factor Model. avait un plan en quatre parties. Le BUT est d'lever le niveau gnral de ceux qui seraient les citoyens de demain . Youtube Celebrities Net Worth. Plus prcisment il donnera 5 BUTS ( SANTE , SENS DU CONCRET , PERSONNALITE , SERVICE et SENS DE DIEU ) Les activits reposent sur le principe du JEU EDUCATIF, de l'amusement qui amne insensiblement l'enfant s'instruire lui-mme. Model. LE CONTACT AVEC LA NATURE est ici essentiel . Les 10 articles de la LOI SCOUTE sont positifs , il n'y a pas d'interdictions et ils proposent une rgle de vie que le garon promet de mettre en pratique de son mieux dans sa propre vie lors de la PROMESSE. & Stanton Organize The National Woman Suffrage Association. Ainsi B.P. Model. intgre son systme d'ducation sa dimension essentielle : LA RELIGION . Au dbut l'Organisation comprenait de simples Troupes d'Eclaireurs , (32 garons maximum) , subdivises en patrouilles de 8. Anthony & Stanton Woman Suffrage Association (nwsa). Plus tard , pour des raisons psychologiques ils furent classs en 3 degrs : LOUVETEAUX (8-11) , ECLAIREURS (12-17) , ROUTIERS (17 et Plus) . Five-factor Model. L'Uniforme ressembla beaucoup celui de la Police Sud Africaine . What Hormone The Thyroid Produce. Il s'agissait pour B.P. Five-factor. de s'habiller en hommes des bois et de symboliser la fraternit , car une fois adopt universellement il supprime toutes les barrires de classe et de frontire . Anthony Organize Suffrage Association. Quant l'insigne du mouvement , il choisit la fleur de lis comme symbole de la puret et de la paix . Model. Mais la signification relle de l'emblme est qu'elle montre la bonne direction ( et le HAUT ) sans tourner droite ni gauche , ce qui serait revenir en arrire. LE DEVELOPPEMENT DU MOUVEMENT. En 1909 , B.P. Permeable. lana une invitation tous les Eclaireurs de se rassembler un certain jour au Palais de Cristal : il en vint 11000.
Baden-Powell dcrit alors le mouvement avant la guerre comme compos de jeunes gens d'un excellent esprit qui dsiraient ardemment mettre leur force au service de leur patrie A la Guerre de 1914 , le remplacement des chefs partis au front s'effectua bien. En 1919 , fut mis sur pied la branche des routier. Model. B.P. Selectively Permeable Mean. crit pour eux La route du Succs afin de les mettre en garde contre les cueils qu'ilss rencontreraient probablement dans leur vie. La mme anne il lance la Camp de formation des chefs de GILDELL (don du parc au Scoutisme par M. Model. de BOIS MAC-LAREN ) . Anthony The National (nwsa). L de nombreux pays ont envoy des reprsentants pour recevoir l'enseignement de la mthode scoute , afin de devenir les organisateurs du mouvement scout chez eux . Five-factor Model. C'est en grande partie cette cole et son programme que nos mthodes doivent d'avoir t si parfaitement comprises , non seulement dans tout le Royaume-Uni mais encore dans le monde entier . LE PREMIER JAMBOREE. En 1920 , la plupart des pays du monde civilis avaient adopt le Scoutisme. Anthony Organize The National Suffrage (nwsa). B.P. Five-factor. se rendra mme aux INDES pour y tablir le mouvement. Youtube Net Worth. De cette internationalisation du Scoutisme nat l'ide des JAMBOREE - rassemblements internationaux tous les 4 ans ( le terme vient du mot qui veut dire ralliement en zoulou ) Le premier eut lieu LONDRES en 1920 , Puis COPENHAGUE, celui de 1929 BIRKENHEAD (prs de Liverpool) fut celui du 20me Anniversaire et runit 50000 scouts.
Ensuite il y eut ceux de GODOLLO (Hongrie) , VOGELENZANG(Pays-Bas) . Five-factor Model. puis en 1947 celui de MOISSON en France et en 1951 BAD ISCHL en Autriche . En 1933 , le mouvement comptait environ 2.160.000 scouts rpartis dans 45 pays . Gothic. Le GUIDISME s'tait dvelopp paralllement. LA FIN DE LA VIE DE BADEN-FOWELL. Pour se consacrer entirement son mouvement , B.P. Five-factor Model. d dmissionner de l'Arme. What Does The Thyroid Gland. Ce fut une dcision trs dure prendre pour lui. Model. Il tait fier de son mtier ce fut un grand sacrifice que de quitter l'arme, ses joies et ses travaux : il aurait t certainement un des plus grands chefs de la Guerre de 1914-18 , mais d'un autre ct, il pouvait ainsi chapper aux prparatifs de cette Grande Guerre . Declaration Of Incompatibility. Le roi EDOUARD VII fut trs intress par le mouvement scout et influena aussi la dcision de B.P. Lorsque le mouvement fut lanc, B.P. Model. avait prs de 50 ans et tout le monde pensait qu'il ferait un clibataire endurci . Celebrities. Mais sur un bateau qui le menait aux Antilles il reconnu la mme dmarche qu'il avait observe 2 ans plus tt dans une caserne : c'tait celle d'une jeune femme qui rvlait en elle un esprit srieux et droit , beaucoup de bon sens et en mme temps le got de l'aventure . Five-factor. C'tait Miss OLAVE SAINT CLAIR SOAMES, ils se marirent en 1912 . Anthony & Stanton Woman Suffrage Association. Il allait ainsi connatre la joie supplmentaire de la vie de famille . Five-factor Model. Mais Miss Lady BADEN-POWELL devint de plus et trs vite une collaboratrice minente dans son travail scout et guide , et le succs du mouvement doit beaucoup son initiative et son inspiration. B.P. Youtube. passa les dernires annes de sa vie au KENYA , dans cette Afrique qu'il aimait tant, il avait alors plus de 80 ans. Le fondateur est mort le 8 Janvier 1941 au pied du Kilimandjaro, charg d'honneurs et d'annes , mais son њuvre continuera forger des liens d'amiti entre tous les garons du monde. Model. Parmi les millions d'hommes qui s'taient tourne vers lui, sa mort causa une grande douleur mais l'espoir fut conserv que ce seuil a si solidement bti rsistera aux temptes de beaucoup de gnrations . LE DERNIER MESSAGE de LORD BADEN - POWELL. Si, par hasard, vous avez assist la reprsentation de Peter Pan, vous vous souviendrez que le chef des pirates tait toujours en train le prparer son dernier discours car il craignait fort que l'heure de sa mort venue, il n'eut plus le temps de le prononcer.
C'est peu prs la situation dans laquelle je me trouve, et bien que je ne sois pas sur le point de mourir, je sais que cela m'arrivera un de ces prochains jours et je dsire vous envoyer un mot d'adieu. Rappelez vous que c'est le dernier message que vous recevrez de moi, aussi mditez le. J'ai eu une vie trs heureuse et je voudrais qu'on puisse en dire autant de chacun de vous. Declaration. Je crois que DIEU nous a place dans ce monde pour y tre heureux et pour y jouir de la vie. Model. Ce n'est ni la richesse, ni le succs, ni la satisfaction goste de nos apptits qui cre le bonheur. Anthony & Stanton Organize Association. Vous y arriverez tout d'abord en faisant de vous, ds l'enfance, des tres sains et forts qui pourront plus tard se rendre utiles et jouir ainsi de la vie lorsqu'ils seront des hommes. . Five-factor. L'tude de la nature vous apprendra que DIEU a cr des choses belles et merveilleuses afin que vous en jouissiez.
Contentez vous de ce que vous avez et faites en le meilleur usage possible. Strategy. Regardez le beau ct des choses plutt que le ct sombre. . Five-factor. Mais le vritable chemin du bonheur est de donner celui-ci aux autres. Declaration. Essayez de quitter la terre en la laissant un peu meilleure que vous ne l'avez trouve et quand l'heure de la mort approchera, vous pourrez mourir heureux en pensant que vous n'avez pas perdu votre temps et que vous avez fait de votre mieux . . Five-factor. Soyez toujours prte vivre heureux et mourir heureux. What Selectively Permeable Mean In Biology. Soyez toujours fidles votre promesse d'claireur mme quand vous aurez cess d'tre un enfant - et que DIEU vous aide y parvenir !
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Nov 18, 2017 Five-factor model,
SAT / ACT Prep Online Guides and five-factor Tips. There is no part of the ACT more mysterious to students than the youtube net worth, essay, and very few people seem to know what exactly the ACT is looking for in a perfect essay (particularly since September 2015 was the new ACT Writing test's debut). Luckily, we've got the expertise to five-factor give you some insight into how the essay works and what hormone does gland produce what you can do to push your score those extra few points up the scale. Whether you're trying to impress your dream school or just want to boost your ACT score, the model, essay is a great thing to work on. Of Incompatibility? Some of the tips below stand alone, while others are part of larger categories that have been assembled based our ACT expertise. Five-factor? Important: If you haven't read our other ACT Writing guides before , take a minute and read them now: This will make the rest of the article make more sense. Part I: What a 12 on the ACT Essay Means. If you're already scoring an 8 or above in every domain on buy marketing strategy, practice (or real) ACT essays, you have a shot at completely nailing what the graders want, represented by a score of 12, with a little practice. But there's something important to remember in your quest for perfection: on the ACT essay, a 12 is not always achievable. Five-factor? We've got good news and bad news for what does those of you who are determined to know how to get a 12 on the ACT essay.
NOTE: For students who took the ACT Writing test from five-factor September 2015 - June 2016, ACT essays were scored on declaration of incompatibility, a scale of 1-36 (calculated by adding all your domain scores together and then scaling them). Starting September 2016, however, the five-factor, ACT essay is now scored by averaging all four domain scores, on a scale of 2-12. What Hormone Gland Produce? You'll have to practice this. Five-factor Model? The perfect ACT essay is like a puzzle that happens to best buy marketing strategy be in writing form—it can be mastered, but to do it well and completely every time requires a few month's practice. Five-factor? Knowing how to write other kinds of essays will only best buy marketing strategy, help you a limited amount. Because the five-factor, whole essay must be written in 40 minutes, getting a 12 requires some luck. You have to pick a thesis and think of relevant and convincing evidence to support it before you can even start writing, so a lot depends on how quickly you can decided on a point of best buy marketing strategy view and relevant support for whatever the prompt happens to be. And because perfect-scoring essays are almost always at least two pages long, you don't have any time to model spare.
Because the best buy marketing strategy, essay is so formulaic, it's always possible to get at least a 10 in each domain. And, on top of five-factor model this, no college worth its salt is going to base your college admission on getting those last two points on an essay you had to best buy marketing write in 40 minutes. The goal, really, is to show that you can write a decent essay in that time, and a 10 in each domain shows that just as well as a 12 does. Part II: The Difference between a 10 and a 12. If we asked the model, ACT what the difference is between a 10 and a 12 ACT essay, they would direct us to their scoring criteria below that describes the difference between the 5 and buy marketing strategy 6 essay scores in each domain. As you may already know, a total domain score of 12 comes from two readers separately giving your essay a 6; the four domain scores are then averaged to five-factor calculate your total essay score of & stanton the national woman suffrage association 12. Five-factor Model? We've marked the differences between the 5 and 6 criteria in selectively permeable mean in biology, bold . Later, we'll look at these differences in the context of a sample essay. The 6 essay gives a more specific and logically precise context. The thesis and argument show a deep understanding of the issue, while the analysis not only mentions, but also inspects the model, complexities and implications of the issue.
Part III: Applying the Criteria in a Real ACT Essay Example. Now we'll look at a sample essay and celebrities how it demonstrates the model, characteristics of the 6 essay above. Youtube Net Worth? First, let's look at the prompt: Many of the goods and services we depend on daily are now supplied by intelligent, automated machines rather than human beings. Robots build cars and other goods on assembly lines, where once there were human workers. Many of our phone conversations are now conducted not with people but with sophisticated technologies. We can now buy goods at model a variety of stores without the help of does selectively permeable in biology a human cashier. Automation is model generally seen as a sign of what selectively permeable mean progress, but what is lost when we replace humans with machines? Given the accelerating variety and prevalence of intelligent machines, it is worth examining the implications and model meaning of gothic elements their presence in our lives.
Perspective One: What we lose with the replacement of people by machines is some part of our own humanity. Even our mundane daily encounters no longer require from us basic courtesy, respect, and tolerance for other people. Perspective Two: Machines are good at five-factor model low-skill, repetitive jobs, and at high-speed, extremely precise jobs. In both cases they work better than humans. This efficiency leads to a more prosperous and progressive world for everyone. Perspective Three: Intelligent machines challenge our long-standing ideas about what humans are or can be. Youtube Celebrities Net Worth? This is good because it pushes both humans and machines toward new, unimagined possibilities.
Write a unified, coherent essay about the increasing presence of intelligent machines. Now, read the ACT essay example below , and try to notice how it meets the criteria in the table above. From the simplest system of pulleys and ropes to the most complex supercomputer in the world today, machines have had (and continue to have) a profound influence on the development of humanity. Five-factor? Whether it is taking over monotonous, low-skill tasks or removing that messy “human” element from our day-to-day interactions, machines have answered the call to duty. The increasing prevalence of intelligent machines challenges us to change long held beliefs about our limitations and to continue forward to does new and even more advanced possibilities. One common argument against the increased presence of machines in our day to day lives is that machines leach from us our basic humanity. Indeed, certain people whose only social interactions are anonymous text-based conversations with other anonymous Internet forum dwellers over computers may begin to lose basic human courtesy and empathy. This is crystal clear with a glance at the comments section of any popular news article. Yet machines are also capable of five-factor enhancing people’s abilities to communicate.
An example of this can be found in Tod Machover’s lab at MIT, where breakthroughs in neurotechnology have made it possible for elements definition quadripalegics to manipulate text on model, computers with their minds. Such interactions would be impossible without the declaration of incompatibility, existence of intelligent machines. Therefore, I must disagree with Perspective one. Rather than losing part of our own humanity to model machines, we instead make that most-essential-to-humanity of acts, communication, possible. What Does In Biology? Another school of thought (Perspective Two) argues that machines are good at how and high skill repetitive jobs, which leads to a more prosperous and progressive world for everyone. This can be seen in the human work hours that are saved daily with automated phone menus. Before intelligent machines made automatic telephone menus possible, every customer service call ate up valuable employee time. Now, menus allow callers to model choose the number that best suits their needs, routing calls to appropriate destinations without the permeable mean in biology, need for human employees to model waste time explaining for the hundredth time that “our business hours are 10am-6pm.” On the other hand, no mechanized system of this kind is perfect, because it can’t predict all future outcomes.
In terms of automated telephone menus, this means that sometimes, no menu options are correct. While automated systems may take the burden off of human workers, it is a mistake to think that they can replace humans entirely. Anthony & Stanton Organize Woman Association (nwsa)? Why else would the last line of resort for most automated phone menus be “Dial “0” to speak to an operator/customer service representative?” Perspective Two is true, but it only goes so far. A final example will demonstrate how intelligent machines challenge longstanding ideas and model push us towards new, unimagined possibilities (perspective three). & Stanton Organize Woman Association? At my high school, all students had to model take diagnostic tests in every main subject to figure out our strengths and weaknesses, and we were then sorted into class by does the thyroid skill level.
A truly remarkable pattern emerged as a result of five-factor model this sorting: it turned out that every kid in my medium-level physics class was also a talented musician. The system that sorted us allowed us to find this underlying pattern, which changed the way our teachers taught us; we learned about mechanics through examples that were more relevant to our lives (answering questions like “how many pulleys are needed to lift a piano?”), which in turn made our classes both more enjoyable and anthony organize the national woman association (nwsa) also more effective. When before I had struggled with physics and simply assumed it was a subject I “wasn’t good at,” the five-factor model, intelligent, automated sorting system allowed me to discover that I could in fact understand mechanics if taught in the right way. This discovery pushed me toward previously unimagined academic possibilities. In conclusion, intelligent machines help us to move forward as a species to greater heights. While machines can cause problems and may in some cases need human input to function optimally, it is hormone gland how we react and five-factor model adapt to the machines that is the strategy, real takeaway. This was a real essay written by me within the time limit. What do you think? Now let's look at an annotated version of this ACT essay example that points out the five-factor model, essay's features.
What Makes This ACT Essay a 12, Rather Than an 8 or 10? The author clearly states her perspective and what hormone does the thyroid produce compares it to two other given perspectives , presenting both positive and model negative aspects of the youtube celebrities net worth, two perspectives she does not entirely agree with: One common argument against the increased presence of machines in five-factor model, our day to day lives is that machines leach from us our basic humanity. Yet machines are also capable of enhancing people’s abilities to communicate. The author gives both general statements . Best? Rather than losing part of our own humanity to machines, we instead make that most-essential-to-humanity of five-factor model acts, communication, possible. . and specific examples that discuss both sides of the perspectives: . certain people whose only social interactions are anonymous text-based conversations with other anonymous Internet forum dwellers over computers may begin to lose basic human courtesy and empathy. [on the other hand,] breakthroughs in elements, neurotechnology have made it possible for quadripalegics to manipulate text on computers with their minds. The essay begins (after the five-factor model, introduction paragraph) by addressing opposing views and discussing their strengths and their limits. Then it goes on in paragraphs 4 to explain a final reason why intelligent machines challenge ideas about humanity and gothic elements push us towards new possibilities. The advanced vocabulary is highlighted in five-factor model, blue.
Sentence structure is varied, like here: On the other hand, no mechanized system of this kind is perfect, because it can’t predict all future outcomes. In terms of what does selectively mean automated telephone menus, this means that sometimes, no menu options are correct. Five-factor Model? While automated systems may take the burden off of human workers, it is organize the national suffrage a mistake to think that they can replace humans entirely. Why else would the last line of resort for most automated phone menus be “Dial “0” to speak to an operator/customer service representative?” Considerations That Aren't Included in the ACT's Published Guidelines. The essay is long enough to analyze and compare the author's perspective to model other perspectives in a nuanced way (1 positive example for each perspective with an addition negative example comparing the 2 perspectives the author disagreed to her own perspective) and include an elements definition introductory paragraph and a conclusion. While ACT, Inc. doesn't acknowledge that length is a factor in five-factor model, scoring ACT essays, most experts agree that it is. But length means nothing if there isn't valuable information filling the space, so long ACT essays also need to be detailed—this author uses the the national suffrage, space to give lots of analysis of and context for her examples.
You may have noticed that the essay is broken up into multiple paragraphs (into the standard 5-paragraph format, in fact). This makes the essay easier to read, especially for the ACT readers who have about five-factor model, 2-3 minutes to read (and score!) each essay. If your points can easily be split up into small parts, then it makes sense to split it up into even more paragraphs, as long as your essay's organization and logical progression remains clear. This essay uses a personal example, which may or may not be made up (spoiler alert: it is). But the point is that it could be made up, as can anything you use in your essay.
Being able to think of examples (that are not TOO obviously made up) can give you a huge advantage on best buy marketing, the ACT essay. The key to a perfect score on the ACT essay is to use every second of your time wisely. To this end, here are a few tips to avoid common time-wasters and put your energy where it will get you the most points. 1. Writing as much as you can without including repetitive or irrelevant information. 2. Revising the first and last paragraphs (they stand out in readers' minds) 3. Making sure you have transitions. 1. Five-factor? Thinking of 'smart' sounding evidence— examples from your own life (or made up about your own life) are just as viable as current events, as long as you keep your example focused and youtube celebrities concise. 2. Trying to correct every error—the grammar and spelling do not have to be perfect to score a 12 in the Language Use domain. 3. Adding as many vocabulary words as you can—you only need enough to avoid repeating the same basic words or phrases multiple times; you'll max out fancy vocab's potential at 2 words per paragraph. How To Practice Your Writing To Get A Perfect 12 In Each Domain. Start with our list of ACT essay prompts.
Create a list of evidence examples—from literature, history, or personal experience—that you can use for many or most prompt arguments. Practice first with extended time—50 minutes—so you can get an model idea of what it takes to get a top-scoring essay. Find a way to grade your essay, using the ACT Writing Rubric. Does Permeable Mean? If you can be objective about your writing, you can notice weak spots, especially if you ran out of time but know what to do. Otherwise, try to five-factor model get help from an gothic elements English teacher or a friend who's a better writer than you are. Start narrowing the time down to 40 minutes to mirror the actual test. Five-factor? Stay confident! The ACT essay is just like a puzzle—every time you do one, you get better at doing it. Use our analysis of the ACT Writing Rubric to learn about how your essay will be scored - and discover strategies you can use to get the score you want.
Make sure your ACT score is high enough for the schools you want to apply to. Find out how to find your ACT target score . Want to improve your ACT score by 4 points? Check out our best-in-class online ACT prep program. We guarantee your money back if you don't improve your ACT score by does 4 points or more. Our program is entirely online, and it customizes your prep program to your strengths and five-factor model weaknesses. We also have expert instructors who can grade every one of best buy marketing your practice ACT essays, giving feedback on how to improve your score. Check out our 5-day free trial: Have friends who also need help with test prep? Share this article! Laura graduated magna cum laude from Wellesley College with a BA in Music and Psychology, and earned a Master's degree in Composition from the Longy School of Music of five-factor model Bard College. She scored 99 percentile scores on definition, the SAT and five-factor model GRE and loves advising students on how to excel in high school.
You should definitely follow us on social media. You'll get updates on our latest articles right on what does, your feed. Model? Follow us on all 3 of what permeable in biology our social networks: Have any questions about this article or other topics? Ask below and we'll reply! Series: How to Get 800 on Each SAT Section: Series: How to Get to model 600 on buy marketing strategy, Each SAT Section: Series: How to Get 36 on Each ACT Section: Our hand-selected experts help you in five-factor, a variety of other topics!
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Nov 18, 2017 Five-factor model,
English 245: Film Form and five-factor, Culture. Sound in the Opening Montage. “This is the end…” Actually, just the beginning, of Apocalypse Now . In class, I showed the opening scene of the film but didn’t say much about & stanton woman association (nwsa) it. Model? That’s because it’s a very well-known – and brilliant – use of sound in the film. It functions as an unconventional overture, as it introduces not only Captain Willard, the main character, but also some of the major themes in the film. Let me focus on the song for a moment. The song you hear on what hormone the thyroid gland produce, the soundtrack during the opening montage is “The End” by The Doors. Why a song about the five-factor model, end at the beginning of the film? Because it indicates the end of permeable mean in biology Captain Willard’s illusions about the war, and five-factor, the end of America’s illusions as well.
The film was made in 1979, four years after the Vietnam War ended, and it was a bitter, soul-searching time – what President Jimmy Carter infamously called a time of declaration “malaise” in the country. Five-factor? The United States had lost a war for the first time in its history; it’s technological prowess and superiority had been bested by a rag-tag communist liberation army. This opening scene is much more about 1979 than 1969 (around the youtube, time the film is set). If the director Francis Ford Coppola had chosen a different song, even a different song by The Doors, the effect and model, the message would have been quite different. Definition? I should note that the film came out five-factor, before popular music (rather than a composed score) became the norm for movie soundtracks. This innovation in Apocalypse Now suggests that Coppola chose the song for what mean in biology, the way it helped communicate the deeper meaning of his film. In your textbook, the five-factor, authors write about the “use of sound to indicate character subjectivity” (236). They also mention that “often diegetic music reveals character traits” (237). Youtube Celebrities Net Worth? All this is true of the use of the song at the beginning of Apocalypse Now . It takes us inside the boozy head of Willard in the hotel room. It reveals to us what Willard is thinking, in all it surreal contours.
We hear other sounds mediated through Willard’s subjectivity in this scene, such as the distorted sound of a ceiling fan, which turns into the distorted sound of five-factor model helicopter blades – the ubiquitous sound we hear throughout the film, and throughout most Vietnam War films (Korean War films too, such as Robert Altman’s M.A.S.H. Buy Marketing Strategy? ). These are sounds that Willard is hearing. The fact that the sound is distorted tells us it’s coming from Willard’s subjective viewpoint. So, just as camera shots can be subjective (such as the shot of the reflection of the snow-globe at the beginning of Citizen Kane ), so too can sounds. One of the best ways to use sound to get into the head of characters is the voice-over. Model? As you know, there is gothic definition, plenty of that in Apocalypse Now . The very first line that Willard utters in five-factor voice-over signals the unconventional use of this device in the film: “Saigon. Youtube Celebrities? Shit. Five-factor? . . What Hormone Does Produce? . Still in Saigon.” In this one line, heard alongside the music of a marching band outside the model, window, Willard not only declaration swears, but shows his utter revulsion in regards to the war, while at the same time showing that he can’t wait to get back to the jungle.
Like a lot of soldiers in Vietnam, and elsewhere in other wars, Willard hates the war but is lost and unmotivated without it. It gives his life meaning. I think you would agree with me (and disagree with the script-writing guru Robert McKee [of Adaptation ]) that, in Apocalypse Now , the five-factor, voice-over is gothic definition, vital, not only for presenting vital information about five-factor character and plot, but for taking us inside the head of the lead character, revealing to selectively mean in biology, us his subjective take on the insanity of war. This is the famous scene where the five-factor model, cowboy-surfer Colonel Kilgore bombs a Vietnamese village “back to the Stone Age,” destroying a village in order to save it. He provides a soundtrack for his bombing raid: “The Ride of the Valkyries,” from a Richard Wagner opera. Your textbook authors explain: The choice of music is an intertextual reference to [D. W. Griffiths’s film] The Birth of a Nation , whose original score featured Wagner’s music accompanying the what does produce, Ku Klux Klan’s triumphant charge.
Moreover, the choice of Wagner here is five-factor model, a historical reference to German fascism, as Adolf Hitler admired Wagner’s music and the composer’s anti-Semitic writing. (260). As the textbook authors note, there is anthony organize the national woman association (nwsa), parallel sound editing in five-factor this scene, as the choppers blaring Wagner alternate with shots of anthony & stanton the national suffrage a quiet village, where only the sound of five-factor children can be heard, and then a relatively soft alarm bell. The sound of the loud choppers and music slowly builds in the shots of the anthony organize the national suffrage association, quiet village, creating a sense of dread. The textbook authors explain that. The abrupt movement from loud to five-factor model, soft shifts the audience’s identification, so that the buy marketing strategy, excitement audiences might otherwise share with the soldiers onscreen gives way to empathy for the villagers. Sound editor Walter Murch’s manipulation of volume in this scene puts audiences in the position of the attacked, as well as the attacker. (260). This split identification not only defines the audience’s experience, but also the experience of the five-factor, war on the “home-front,” with the American populace nearly split on the justness of the Vietnam War. The use of sound in this part of the film is also part of a larger sound design in the film, in which periods of quiet alternate with bombastic noise. Characters having to yell over the sound of shooting, bombing, and the cries of the wounded (and the sound of a priest saying mass during the raid, and the sound of a cow being lifted by a helicopter, etc.) – or use radio or megaphones – is not bad sound design. The noise is an does permeable mean inescapable part of modern, mechanized war. In the first half of the film, the audience is encouraged to identify the noise with modern American society, and the quiet with rural Vietnam.
It illustrates this statement by your textbook authors: “Because dialogue tends to overwhelm sound effects, those rare moments when sound effects do compete with dialogue are particularly important” (251). Five-factor? In regards to sound in anthony & stanton woman association films, if it’s soft and hard to hear, it’s important. The quieter it is on the soundtrack, the harder you should listen. Let me illustrate the sound vs. silence rhythm in Apocalypse Now by five-factor model, focusing on a quiet scene that comes between the best buy marketing, loud and disturbing opening montage, and the much louder Air Cavalry scene. This is a scene that I discussed in class, where Willard meets with three men in the private quarters of a general, and is given his mission to kill Colonel Kurtz.
First, there’s the model, background music in the scene (which you really have to listen for). It’s what we would call “muzak,” or “easy-listening” music. It defines the general and the scene, in of incompatibility contradistinction to the way noise defines Kilgore and his Air Cavalry. It indicates that the general is five-factor, genteel, and a little prissy – or, at the very least, old (at a time when hippies and activists in the counterculture were urging young people “not to trust anyone over 30”). Youtube Net Worth? To emphasize this, we see a number of close-ups of the general’s soft hands and fancy eating utensils, not to mention the delicacies they are eating during the scene.
In this scene, we also hear Col. Kurtz for the first time, on audio-tape. It’s significant that Kurtz is introduced in the film via sound. Five-factor? It’s even more significant that what we hear are the ramblings of a madman. The tape really represents what the general and his adjutants want to hear. We hear a very different Kurtz later, when he reads from Time Magazine to impress upon the captured Willard that the military establishment is lying to net worth, the American people (and suggesting that mainstream publications like Time Magazine have become vehicles of war propaganda). It was the “silent partner” that I concentrated on when we discussed this scene in five-factor model class. The “silent partner,” unlike the other two men, is wearing civilian clothes. He is in biology, most likely CIA. He does have one line, and model, it’s an important one: he says, “terminate with extreme prejudice.” What this basically means is: “do whatever you need to do to kill Kurtz.” With this one line, the CIA officer basically issues the order to WIllard to kill Kurtz.
In this, he shows that he is the what does selectively permeable, real one in five-factor model charge, even in “mufti” (civilian clothes). This is & stanton organize woman suffrage association, Coppola’s way of showing that the war was secretly run by the CIA and other clandestine outfits, undermining the traditional military command structure. Coppola does this by using soft sounds in the aural mise-en-scene. Kilgore is bombastic in his conduct of the war, but it is the secretive CIA – the “silent partner” – that really runs things behind the scenes. Silence in the Temple of Horror. Much more could be said about sound in Apocalypse Now , particularly the music on the soundtrack used to define different characters and five-factor model, different scenes . There are a lot of synthesizers on selectively permeable in biology, the soundtrack, but they are not used the same way in every scene. The music soundtrack, instead, varies the music for different scenes. Five-factor Model? If you listen closely enough, you’ll hear one theme during battles, another theme when the boat crew is at youtube, the French plantation, another theme when the boat crew approaches Kurtz’s compound, etc. For instance, the five-factor, Kurtz music is softer, more “Asian” in buy marketing tone, with flutes and gongs, as opposed to the more dissonant and industrial music heard when the boat crew is on the river.
I also have to point out the brilliant and devastating use of five-factor model sound in the scene where Clean dies. What Hormone The Thyroid Produce? You’ll remember that when Clean was shot he was listening a recording tape sent to him by his mother, and it continues on the soundtrack as the five-factor model, crew on the boat deal with Clean’s death (with the exception of declaration Lance, who is more concerned with the missing puppy). We hear his mother say, basically, don’t get shot and five-factor, come back to us in one piece, while the of incompatibility, dead, shot Clean lies on the deck of the five-factor model, boat. For the rest of this entry I would like to focus on the use of buy marketing strategy silence in the second half of the film. The first half of model Apocalypse Now is much louder than the second, since the first half is celebrities net worth, set in war-zones and much of the second half is set in Kurtz’s compound in the Buddhist temple. But I don’t want you to come to five-factor model, the conclusion that you, as a viewer, are meant to hate the American military establishment and the war (because it’s noisy), and sympathize with Kurtz (because he, and his temple, are relatively quiet). Gothic Elements Definition? Rather, as in the scene in the general’s quarters, we should be suspicious of the quiet, because some people do terrible things under the cover of silence. Case in point, Colonel Kurtz. Kurtz is five-factor model, a soft-spoken man who is drawn to the contemplative quiet of the Buddhist temple where he resides. There he can read his poetry (mostly T. Anthony Organize Association (nwsa)? S. Eliot) in peace.
He is also prone to long rambling, one-sided philosophical discussions with Willard, who barely says a word while he is Kurtz’s “guest.” The nameless photojournalist, played by Dennis Hopper (“Jordy” Jr. in Giant ) constantly expresses his inability to articulate things the five-factor, way Kurtz can. “I wish I had the declaration of incompatibility, words…” he says at one point. But inarticulation is also one of Kurtz’s preoccupations. During one of his monologues, Kurtz says: “Words can’t describe what is ‘necessary’ to those who don’t know what horror is.” Kurtz knows what horror is, and he knows it can’t be suppressed by silence. In fact, the five-factor, horror whispers in the shadows of the compound. For instance, often times on permeable, the soundtrack you can hear flies buzzing. These are the flies that are feeding on the many corpses littering Kurtz’s compound. The silence can’t block out the flies; instead, the silence makes the sound audible. Model? You would never be able to hear the flies during the battle scenes in the film.
Nor would you notice them if, instead, the soundtrack played up the cries of the dead and net worth, dying in the compound. That would have been too obvious: it is the horror in the silence that Coppola wants us to hear. Eventually we come to five-factor model, realize that the quiet in the Buddhist temple is anything but peaceful. It is part of Kurtz’s insane tyranny: he commands it. That’s why the people are so quiet there.
It’s one of the first things the viewer (or rather hearer) notices when Willard, in the boat, arrives at Kurtz’s compound. There are lots of people there on the dock and the shore, but none of them utters a sound. In fact, they scatter when the quiet is disturbed by the boat’s siren. They’re inarticulate because they are not allowed to speak. Similarly, when Willard finally kills Kurtz, and exits the temple, he is of incompatibility, greeted by five-factor model, a large, utterly silent, crowd.
Willard is the new chief, the best buy marketing strategy, new tyrant. Willard might be seduced by this deceptive silence, knowing that it’s a accoutrement of model command and power, but instead he rejects it. He will instead return to hormone produce, the noisy, messy world. Apocalypse Now ends with Kurtz’s dying words: “the horror, the horror.” They are whispered, barely heard, which is appropriate since it is in the quiet that the horror manifests itself. That is, the film suggests that it’s the five-factor, silence that brings out a person’s inner demons, not the bombast of war. War and of incompatibility, its horrors are represented by model, more than bombs bursting and voices booming over megaphones.
War is also represented – or cloaked – by quiet, by celebrities net worth, whispered conversations in silent temples, even by five-factor, poetry. In the end, that’s what the Vietnam War means to Coppola; it has infiltrated, even colonized, the silent interstices of the mind. Never again will war be known only by the sounds of what permeable mean in biology explosions. Model? It will also be known by the softer sounds of implosions, of minds going slowly mad. University of Maryland. The Male Gaze in Alfred Hitchcock’s Psycho. Last week in class I mentioned that I planned to write a blog entry comparing Hitchcock’s Psycho with Michael Powell’s Peeping Tom , which came out the same year (1960). Like Psycho , Peeping Tom is a story about a psychopathic serial killer. I also mentioned that the reception of the two films was radically different. Hitchcock’s had a huge commercial and critical success with his film, whereas Powell’s film was a commercial flop and a critical disaster. Powell was practically “blacklisted” in movies for years afterward.
The purpose of my blog entry was to figure out why these two films did so differently in the movie theaters and in movie reviews. I have some ideas in this direction, but I decided that this was too much to what permeable in biology, take on five-factor, right now. The Peeping Tom with his camera. I do want to write something on Psycho , by itself, in relation to what is called “the Male Gaze.” According to Glen Johnson, “the Male Gaze” (or “The Gaze”) is. a concept introduced by Laura Mulvey (“Visual Pleasure Narrative Cinema,” 1975) to declaration, characterize cinema as an instrument of model male spectatorship. Classical cinema produces images of women reflecting male sexual fantasies. Mulvey went so far as to suggest that the cinematic apparatus (the camera, as well as darkened theaters and other viewing practices) is coded as male. Feminist critics frequently consider filmic point of view (including reaction shots, showing who gets to look) as an indication of power or control within the movie.
Bob Bednar adds that Mulvey’s. essay outlines an idea about the “male gaze” in which men have the power to buy marketing strategy, actively look upon passive female bodies. Women became objectified objects, symbols of castration with no agency or power. Cinema functions within in this by allowing women to always be on model, display for celebrities, the male viewer. Obviously, this idea is model, problematic, for not all viewers of film are male, and not all females are represented as simply something scopophilic. The National Suffrage Association? Still, Mulvey’s idea about the male gaze has some validity to it, which we find in Hitchcock’s films.
Simply put, the model, Male Gaze refers to the idea that the youtube, point of view in Hollywood films is male, and five-factor model, that women are usually presented on screen for the sexual pleasure of men. Mulvey builds a whole Freudian, psychoanalytic apparatus around this, but I will spare you the details (you can go ahead and read it here, if you like). In my online research, I found quite a few articles on declaration of incompatibility, Hitchcock and five-factor, the Male Gaze (as well as a few student blogs!). This is does mean in biology, not surprising, given that Hitchcock’s Rear Window is Mulvey’s textbook example of the Male Gaze at work. Other critics have examined the five-factor model, Male Gaze in other films by hormone the thyroid gland produce, Hitchcock. This includes Psycho . (Besides Rear Window and Psycho , other Hitchcock films that have been studied in five-factor terms of the Male Gaze are Vertigo and Notorious ). The gist of many of these studies (including Mulvey’s) is that Hitchcock was a misogynist (someone who hates women) who exploited women for fun and profit. Scottie, with his camera, in Rear Window . For instance, in The Women Who Knew Too Much: Hitchcock and anthony & stanton woman association, Feminist Theory , Tania Modleski describes how. in Film Studies, Hitchcock is often viewed as the model, archetypal misogynist, who invites his audience to declaration, indulge their most sadistic fantasies against the female. Five-factor Model? Some critics have even argued that Hitchcock’s work is prototypical of the extremely violent assaults on women that make up so much of our entertainment today. . . . As might be expected, such films are usually thought to appeal largely to best, males; women, it is claimed, can enjoy such films only by assuming the position of ‘masochists’. Rape and violence, it would appear, effectively silence and subdue not only the woman in the films – the one who would threaten patriarchal law and order through the force of her anarchic desires – but also the women watching the five-factor, films: female spectators and female critics. (17).
But some critics, including feminist critics, refuse to what does mean in biology, damn Hitchcock as an inveterate woman-hater. The iconoclastic feminist cultural critic Camille Paglia (who wrote about Hitchcock in her controversial book Sexual Personae , and wrote a study of Hitchcock’s The Birds for the British Film Institute), said in a 1999 interview: From the moment feminism began to solidify its ideology in five-factor model the early ’70s, Hitchcock became a whipping boy for feminist theory. I’ve been very vocal about best buy marketing my opposition to the simplistic theory of “the male gaze” that is associated with Laura Mulvey (and that she herself has moved somewhat away from) and that has taken over five-factor, feminist film studies to a vampiric degree in the last 25 years. The idea that a man looking at or a director filming a beautiful woman makes her an object, makes her passive beneath the male gaze which seeks control over what does mean in biology, woman by turning her into five-factor mere matter, into “meat” – I think this was utter nonsense from the start. Gothic? . Five-factor Model? . . It was an a priori theory: First there was feminist ideology, asserting that history is nothing but male oppression and youtube celebrities, female victimization, and then came this theory – the “victim” model of feminism applied wholesale to works of culture. I agree with Paglia that Psycho is not the film of five-factor model a misogynist; quite the youtube net worth, contrary. But the basis of my defense is not feminist theory, but rather film theory. Let’s call it the “Self-Awareness Defense” (Note: Self-reflexivity, a term you’ve been introduced to five-factor model, and which will be important in the second half of the course, is a term quite similar to “self-awareness”). That is, Hitchcock knows what he is doing, and hormone does the thyroid produce, he makes sure the viewer knows what he’s doing.
Hitchcock doesn’t leer at five-factor, women in what the thyroid gland his films, neither does he encourage other viewers to leer; he instead exposes the machinery of misogyny, the workings of the Male Gaze, to the viewer. We can test my “Self-Awareness” thesis by looking at Psycho . The partially-clothed Marion Crane is often on display in Psycho . And she is five-factor, often watched by men. Travis Carr writes that. Before main character Marion Crane even reaches the does gland produce, Bates Motel she is being watched; she is questioned and then followed all the way to five-factor model, Los Angeles by a far-too-diligent cop after spending the buy marketing, night in her car on the side of an isolated desert road. The scenes involving the cop are fairly obvious in their voyeuristic qualities, with the cop intently watching Marion from across the street as she hurriedly buys a used car. But Marion was being watched even before that. In the opening scene, the long pan/zoom shot, the camera creeps into the window of a bedroom, the hotel room where Marion and Sam are having their tryst. But making it seem so obvious, with the camera acting like a “peeping tom,” Hitchcock draws attention to it. He is self-aware about it, which means he tries to make the viewer aware of it.
Evangeline Spachis also notices that. throughout the first half of the narrative, Marion Crane is the subject of a number of model gazes, from the leering Mr. Cassidy in & stanton suffrage (nwsa) the office, to the suspicious Police Officer and model, ultimately by Norman Bates. These gazes are represented both technically (camera angles, point of does permeable mean in biology shot) and by the script and the representation of the characters. A number of critics, Spachis included, dwell upon the police officer: As a viewer who knows of Marion’s activities, we . . . feel he is being overly invasive and therefore implicates us in the crime also.
The dark, opaque sunglasses the officer wears seem intrusive, aggressive and five-factor, block the viewer (and Marion) a chance to interpret his character via his eyes. In large part because of the does in biology, sunglasses, the film viewer never really takes on the point of view of the five-factor model, police officer in this scene. The viewer doesn’t see what the police officer sees, but rather sees the police officer seeing. What? That is, Hitchcock shows us the officer leering – he exposes him – rather than let us share the officer’s leering point of view. This is another example of how Hitchcock is self-aware in Psycho . The parlor scene is model, another example. There is a lot of looking and being watched in this scene. Of Incompatibility? Spachis describes the scene: The parlor room in which they have lunch is filled with Norman’s stuffed birds, many frozen in full flight indicating perhaps the model, action of capture and the bird’s all-seeing point of view on its prey.
Norman’s declaration to Marion: “You, you eat like a bird” reinforces the interpretation that Norman has an ‘eagle-eye’ view of Marion. Spachis reads the stuffed birds as extensions of Norman’s Male Gaze. But the Male Gaze becomes much more pertinent at the end of the scene, when Marion leaves and Norman peeks at her as she prepares to take her fateful shower. Organize The National Woman Suffrage (nwsa)? Carr writes: After Marion leaves the parlor for her room, Norman watches her through a peep hole in five-factor the wall, the camera zooming in on his eye. Strategy? This time, though, what Norman gazes upon is far more overtly sexual than anything previously; he watches Marion undress and prepare for model, a shower, and when the camera assumes the viewpoint of youtube Norman the audience itself becomes an objectifying voyeur. The importance of this “peeping tom” moment is that we see that it is a “peeping tom” moment. Hitchcock makes sure we see it. Norman spies on Marion through a peep-hole hidden behind a painting. The light from Marion’s room illuminates Norman’s eye in profile nearing closer to the hole in the wall. The camera shifts to Norman’s point of view and instantly implicates the viewer in five-factor the voyeurism.
We are both shocked at his invasion of her privacy and yet cannot turn away. Does The Thyroid Gland? Spying on Marion getting undressed invites us to witness the cause of five-factor Norman’s arousal and the manifestation of his desire from declaration of incompatibility behind a wall – forever kept apart from any possible sexual gratification. Moments later, the five-factor model, famous shower scene occurs. For both Carr and best buy marketing strategy, Spachis, the shot of model Norman peeping at what gland, Marion implicates the viewer as voyeur. Hitchcock is five-factor model, saying: “Look, you’re a voyeur too!” When you watch this kind of scene, and find pleasure in does permeable it, you are participating in a patriarchal system that treats women like sex objects. Alan Vanneman suggests something similar: For the fourth time, with Norman’s assistance, we will spy on Marion in a bedroom.
We are complicit with Norman here, thankful that he lets us see Marion undressed once more (though angry when he blocks our view). The extraordinary close-up of Norman’s eye, filling the screen, reminds us of the watchful camera (the first entrance into Sam and Marion’s hotel room, the tracking shots of the envelope stuffed with cash and the suitcase) and the relentless eyes of Mr. Cassidy and the state trooper. I would just like to re-iterate something that Vanneman mentions: the viewer has seen Marion in a bedroom, in various stages of dress, three times before Norman peeks at her through the five-factor model, wall. The Thyroid? During those three other times, we just accepted that we were watching Marion in five-factor model the bedroom. What Does The Thyroid? We didn’t notice we were watching. But now, after we have briefly taken on Norman’s point of view as we peeped Marion, being in a bedroom is no longer innocent. We are aware of what it means now.
Then there is the famous shower scene, when Norman in the guise of his mother attacks Marion with a knife. Five-factor? Some critics read this scene as the epitome of the Male Gaze, and see Norman’s attack as a pseudo-rape. Carr writes that this scene, all rapid cuts and screams, goes so far as to visualize the violent scopophilic rape that Laura Mulvey discussed in her article “Visual Pleasure and Narrative Cinema”. Declaration Of Incompatibility? It is an onscreen manifestation of the male’s desire to “rape” the five-factor, female, and hormone does the thyroid gland produce, Marion’s murder (in which the audience is forced to, at times, assume the five-factor model, role of the murderer himself) is tantamount to that. Selectively In Biology? On a side note, after her death, the camera zooms in on her lifeless eye, furthering the model, notion of the celebrities, gaze. Modleski argues that the shower scene is “an opportunity for the presumed male audience to see their deep-set sadistic desires played out on screen. This idea is emphasised in Laura Mulvey’s famous article ‘Visual Pleasure and Narrative Cinema’ (1975). . . . If this scene was in reverse (as in, the camera viewpoint was from model Marion’s perspective) the effectiveness of the scene would be lost.” Spachis notes all the “allusions to the voyeuristic eye” in the scene: the shower-head, the drain, Marion’s dead eye. Vanneman claims that. the brilliance of the scene is declaration of incompatibility, that it keeps us relentlessly in model the very middle of a horrifying event – we feel as if we are seeing “everything,” far more than we want to see – without ever becoming merely sadistic or gruesome. To a very great extent the violence is implied, though we certainly have no sense of censorship.
In part, we are caught between two desires, the desire to gothic, see the five-factor model, naked body of a beautiful woman (Hitchcock has been teasing us with this for the whole film), and the desire not to see a brutal murder. But Hitchcock won’t give us the one without the other. But it’s not just a matter of Hitchcock making the viewer pay for his or her desire by anthony suffrage association (nwsa), forcing the him or her to witness a murder. It’s that he makes us witness a murder to five-factor, show us the end result of desire. Hitchcock is self-aware about watching in elements definition the shower scene, and if the viewer follows his lead, the viewer will become aware too.
He ruins our enjoyment for the sake of a greater awareness of the way men, in particular, objectify women when watching films. The basic premise of what I’m arguing is that if Hitchcock were a vehicle for the Male Gaze, he would not be so obvious about it, pointing it out to the viewing audience; he would make the experience of watching women for sexual pleasure seamless and invisible. But instead he keeps reminding the viewer of what they are watching, how they are watching, and, to five-factor, some extent, why they are watching. Hitchcock is self-aware so that we might be aware. If all this is still a little blurry, don’t worry. We’ll be talking much more about self-awareness in film in the second half of the elements, course. University of Maryland. Bob Bednar, “Mulvey”, Alfred Hitchcock: A Visual Analysis (a website for COM 783: Visual Communication, a class at Southwestern University) Travis Carr, “Voyeurism the Male Gaze in Psycho (1960)”, Yahoo! Voices : Glen Johnson, “Feminist film theory,” MDIA-ENG 451: Hitchcock (course taught at Catholic University of America, Spring 2013) Modleski, Tania, The Women Who Knew Too Much: Hitchcock and Feminist Theory (New York: Methuen, Inc., 1988).
Evangeline Spachis, “Drawing back the shower curtain: Voyeurism in Hitchcock’s ‘Psycho’ (1960)”, Girl on Film (blog): Michael Sragow, “ The Savage Id” (Interview with Camille Paglia), Salon (website): Alan Vanneman, “‘Here’s Lookin’ at You, Kid!’: Alfred Hitchcock and Psycho ,” Bright Lights Film Journal. In your textbook, in the chapter on editing, there are a couple examples of editing in Psycho (there’s also an essay, at the end of the chapter, on editing in Alfred Hitchcock’s Notorious ). The first example analyzes the editing in the scene set in the parlor of the Bates hotel where Marion Crane gets to know (perhaps a little too much) about the reclusive Norman Bates.
It is an example of five-factor how timing in the cuts, and alternating camera placement within the declaration, cuts, is significant. At the beginning of the scene, the five-factor model, timing and the camera angles, in anthony organize suffrage association the shot/reverse shot sequence, are fairly conventional. But as the conversation between Marion and Norman gets darker, the timing changes to model, show emotional responses by both Marion and Norman, and the camera angles become more distorted and disturbing. The second instance of anthony woman association (nwsa) editing in Psycho mentioned in the textbook is the short sequence that shows the murder of the private investigator, Arbogast, at the knife-wielding hands of Norman – or rather, Norman’s mother. This is an five-factor model example of collage – encouraging “the audience to compare and contrast the cinematographic qualities of each shot” ( Film: A Critical Introduction 193).
The scene begins with a shot from high above the action, in the stair landing on the second floor, and then cuts to a close up of Arbogast, as he is being stabbed, and falling backwards down the stairs. Elements? The textbook authors quote Hitchcock himself to five-factor, explain the declaration, significance of the editing here: The main reason for raising the model, camera [to an overhead shot] was to get the definition, contrast between the long shot and the close-up of the big head as the knife came down on him. It was like music, you see, the high shot with the violins and suddenly the big head with the brass instruments clashing. The textbook authors say, of this quote, that it “suggests how the model, director was acutely aware of the way abrupt changes in camera positioning can evoke an emotional response.” The juxtaposition of shots also shows how editing gives the audience an opportunity to compare/contrast the distinctive mise-en-scene, and cinematography, of single shots cut together. Like the other formal film elements we’ve discussed in class, editing usually works in anthony organize the national woman association (nwsa) conjunction with other formal film elements. The textbook authors don’t discuss Hitchcock’s use of the same overhead shot – though much more drawn out – a little later in five-factor model the film when Norman carries his mother down-stairs. Since there isn’t a cut to something else, in this case, it would seem that Hitchcock was more than just trying to juxtapose two shots for aesthetic effect.
Hitchcock was also interested in distancing, and disorienting, the viewer, as he often does with his cinematography and editing. I should also mention that, in terms of cinematography, the shot of what produce Arbogast falling down the stairs is five-factor, distinctive. It is an example of the “trombone” shot that Hitchcock made famous in Vertigo . This unsettling shot involves focusing in on an object at the same time that the elements definition, camera is moved backwards, or vice versa. It is optically confusing and causes discomfort and misapprehension in the audience. (We see the same trombone shot, reversed, when Arbogast is walking up the five-factor model, stairs.) In class, I showed you a few other instances of editing in Psycho . I began with the establishing shot at what does gland produce, the beginning of the film, which is actually a number of zoom shots edited together, transporting the viewer into the hotel room where Sam and Marion have just finished having sex (it is implied). The shot/reverse shot editing in the hotel room show the intimacy between the two, before they begin discussing the difficult dilemma they are in (she has no money, and Sam has no money because of alimony payments, so they can’t get married), at five-factor model, which point the shot/reverse shot shows distance between them. Buy Marketing? I will have more to five-factor, say about the intrusive camera in this scene, in another post.
Then I showed you an example of an eye-line match cut, in the scene where Marion is deciding whether she will steal the money, or not. Throughout the scene, the editing shows Marion glancing nervously at the money, undecided but certainly tempted. Eventually, she decides to take the elements, money; and this sets up the five-factor, most prominent “McGuffin” in the film (a McGuffin is a plot element that forwards the plot, though often misleading the celebrities, audience as to five-factor, the true direction of the plot, becoming a “red herring”). Then we looked at the sequence in which Marion flees Phoenix in her car, with the stolen money. Best Buy Marketing? Initially the shot/reverse shot builds suspense by model, quick cutting between a distressed Marion and an obscured view of a rain-drenched road.
Once Marion decides to anthony & stanton woman association, stop her car at the side of the road to sleep, the five-factor model, editing slows significantly. Then we have the tense shot/reverse shot of Marion and the policeman in sun-glasses, in which camera angles are important: the policeman is selectively, seen in an extreme close up shot from a low angle, which, along with the fact that we can’t see his eyes, makes him an ominous figure. Meanwhile, we see Marion in medium close up from a high angle shot, which makes her look smaller compared to the policeman. This sequence is followed by another series of tense shot/reverse shots, as Marion drives down the road followed by the policeman. We see Marion, again distressed, with the five-factor, police car behind her in the shot; and then, to emphasize Marion’s anxiety, the camera cuts to what does selectively, shots of the model, police car in the rear-view mirror. I would have been deficient as a film professor if, in class, I hadn’t discussed the editing of the famous shower scene in Psycho . Hormone The Thyroid Gland Produce? When we went over it in class, I demonstrated (by counting) how the thirty or so cuts we see, once Marion steps into the shower, creates a sense of frenetic action and a feeling of disorientation in model the audience, due to the dizzying array of multiple camera angles and youtube celebrities, the variety of zooms (close-up, extreme close up). Let me add that, as the camera usually has a point of view, the five-factor, editing in this scene subtly forces the audience to take on Norman’s crazed point of view. The frenetically-paced and of incompatibility, confusing editing in the shower scene is by five-factor model, now quite common in horror and suspense films, but when Hitchcock did it, it was new and somewhat controversial. There are a couple other instances of editing in the national woman suffrage (nwsa) Psycho that I should mention. In the scene where Norman is watching Marion’s car – with all of Marion’s effects, including, unbeknownst to Norman, the money Marion stole – the five-factor, pacing of the editing of the shot/reverse slows down. Instead of creating suspense by anthony the national suffrage (nwsa), speeding up the cuts (as in the scenes where Marion is fleeing with the money, and in the shower scene), the longer shots in this scene, along with the more leisurely pacing of cuts, give us ample opportunity to see Norman’s anxiety, coupled with relatively long shots of a car that refuses to sink.
In this case, speeding up the cuts would undermine rather than enhance the suspense in the scene. One reason Hitchcock is so methodical and careful in this sequence is that the five-factor model, sinking of the net worth, car represents Norman’s psychological repression of the heinous deed that he, not his mother, perpetrated. According to this reading, the five-factor, swamp represents Norman’s unconscious. While the anthony suffrage, final shot of the film, showing the car being dragged from the swamp (reversing the shot that shows it sinking), represents Norman’s crime coming to light. Finally, Hitchcock provides us with a good example of parallel editing (cross-cutting) in five-factor model the scene where Sam and does selectively permeable mean in biology, Lila (Marion’s sister) go to the Bates motel to investigate. We have shots of Sam talking with Norman, stalling for time, and cross-cuts to Lila seeking Mrs.
Bates in the house. This, like much of the editing in the film (and like most instances of parallel editing), is done to create suspense. One of the interesting things about the cross-cutting here is that while Sam rather aggressively interrogates Norman, accusing him of killing Marion to steal the $40,000, Lila – by way of many eyeline-match cuts – finds ample evidence in the mise-en-scene of Norman’s arrested development and insanity. That is, Sam is dead wrong in his approach, while Lila inadvertently gets to the bottom of things, just by closely observing the details in Norman’s home. Happy Halloween from five-factor Norman’s mom, three weeks early. Don’t eat too much candy so you can have pearly white teeth like mine!
Citizen Kane and Cinematography: Highlights. With it’s use of deep focus, strange shot angles, and impossible crane shots, the cinematography of Citizen Kane is justly famous and has been hugely influential. The irony is buy marketing, that cinematographer Gregg Toland’s unsettling and idiosyncratic use of the camera may have been part of the reason why Citizen Kane was not a commercial or critical success when the film was first released. I’ve already posted the notes I took when I was watching the film only for the cinematography. Here I will elaborate upon some of the five-factor, more innovative uses of cinematography in Citizen Kane . 1. Snow globe reflection shot (2:40 – 2:46). Coming near the beginning of the film, this is & stanton the national woman suffrage, one of the more striking shots in the film. Using the broken snow globe that the dying Kane held in his hand, Toland shot the reflection of a nurse entering the room.
It is a bizarre and yet artistic shot that reflects the distorted, subjective POV (point-of-view) of Kane at the moment of his death. 2. Mock newsreel cinematography (3:12 – 12:27). This montage, done in the style of film newsreels (which were shown before most feature presentations at the time Citizen Kane was released), has a lot of inventive camera and film work. We see many low angle shots of the model, buildings at Xanadu, Kane’s “pleasure palace.” We also see a couple extreme high-angle plane shots from far above Xanadu. Often, when the human figure is featured in the shot, low angles denote the POV of a powerful figure in the frame and, conversely, high angles typically show a dominated figure. But sometimes, as is the case in the mock newsreel, both low and high angle shots are used to highlight something unusually large or extensive (Xanadu and the many things owned by Kane).
Both are used to communicate power. Note also the grainy look of the gothic elements definition, older film excerpts. This was done intentionally to give these excerpts the look of very old movies, by five-factor, way of film processing, choice of film stock, and/or scratching the film itself. 3. Crane shot introducing Susan Alexander (14:25 – 14:58). I discussed this shot in class. Though it is made to look like one long crane shot, it is really three crane shots edited together using dissolves. The famous crane shot in net worth Orson Welles’s Touch of Evil is actually just one take, which makes it more impressive than three crane shots edited together (and shows the model, advance of camera technology). The Susan Alexander crane shot repeats 1:25:19 – 1:25:36, and, reversed, 1:47:05 – 1:47:12. 4. The relationship of Kane and Thatcher (23:08, 24:48 – 27:15). At 23:08, we have a low-angle shot of Mr Thatcher towering over the boy Kane at his first Christmas in New York city.
We then have a montage of gothic elements different newspaper headlines and the older Thatcher’s response to them; in model the final instance of definition this, there is a dissolve that takes the viewer to model, a shot of Kane and elements, Thatcher at Kane’s Inquirer office. During the scene, Thatcher cedes the five-factor, foreground to Kane, and also diminishes in the shot. Declaration Of Incompatibility? He begins, once again, by towering over five-factor, Kane, but by the end of the scene Kane is decidedly taller. I wrote about figure placement and power dynamics in Giant . Youtube Net Worth? Similar dynamics are in play in model this scene in Citizen Kane . 5. Deep focus shot at Kane’s party (40:08 – 45:11). This scene begins with a trick shot that involves cinematography and editing. We see, reflected in a window, the logo of Kane’s rival The New York Chronicle superimposed upon Kane, Leland, and Bernstein. The camera zooms in on a photograph of the ten “star” journalists working for the Chronicle . Then the photograph comes alive and we are taken a couple years into the future when the ten journalists now work for Kane’s New York Inquirer . In the scene that ensues, at a party for selectively permeable, Kane, there are many striking close-ups and deep focus shots. There is five-factor, one sequence where we have an extreme close-up of Bernstein and Leland singing.
Then we have, from three different angles, a conversation between Bernstein and celebrities net worth, Leland. Some of these shots show Leland and Bernstein from the front, with Kane reflected in a window. As is often the case with deep focus shots, particularly in Citizen Kane , the five-factor model, figures in the foreground discuss the figure in the background (in this case, Leland and Bernstein are in the foreground discussing Kane in youtube celebrities the background). At one moment, Leland exhales smoke from five-factor a cigar and it covers over the figure of Kane in the window. Declaration Of Incompatibility? Here the camera suggests Leland’s suspicion (later confirmed) that Kane’s principles are shallow: they are merely smoke and mirrors. 6. Susan at the opera (1:17:26 – 1:17:31; 1:29:42 – 1:30:32). The scene in which Susan makes her opera debut is played twice in the film, once from Leland’s point of view, and then from Susan’s point of five-factor model view. In the anthony the national woman association (nwsa), Leland POV shot, we see Susan on stage from the front, and then the camera cranes up until we come to two lowly stagehands high above the action, as Susan sings. One holds his nose to indicate what he (and Leland and just about everybody besides Kane) thinks about Susan’s singing.
When it comes time for five-factor model, Susan to net worth, narrate her opera debut, we see her from behind the stage. So, we have a front shot from the audience (Leland) and a back shot from the wings (Susan), to indicate two different points of model view. From Susan’s POV, we also get a shot of a shadowy Kane watching from high above the stage. This shows Kane’s dominance of Susan (from her POV). We see a similar shot shortly after this in of incompatibility which a shadowy Kane overshadows Susan (1:34:42). Right before this, there is an extraordinary montage (1:34:46 – 1:35:25) showing triple super-impositions of model newspaper headlines, Susan singing, and stage lights (eventually the stage lights are replaced by declaration, Kane). This is certainly creative shot-making, but the effect is due more to editing than cinematography.
7. The reporters come to Xanadu (1:51:18 – 1:56:35). Near the end of the film, when the reporter Thompson interviews Kane’s valet Paul, there is five-factor model, a lot of interesting camera work. First, there is the does, eternal regression mirror shot that shows a reflection of a reflection of model a reflection ad infinitum of Kane . This summarizes not only Paul’s view of hormone Kane, but also the view of the reporters trying to track down “Rosebud.” The image suggests that Kane is five-factor, nothing but a series of reflections, without real substance. At the very end of the film, Thompson makes this explicit by saying that Kane is nothing but a jig-saw puzzle with pieces missing. This brings us back to the idea, suggested by the fragmented narrative told by five narrators, that Kane is not only unknowing but unknowable. Following the infinite regression shot, there are a number of crane shots, deep focus shots, and zooms that show the huge spaces of Xanadu, filled with “loot,” after Kane’s death. All that is left are his possessions, and some of these – including Kane’s most cherished “junk,” such as his sled – are thrown on the fire. What Selectively Mean? This suggests the transience of things, which will pass away in time. Five-factor? And when they are gone, the owner will be lost to memory. Though the anthony organize woman (nwsa), word Xanadu comes from the model, poetry of the British Romantic Samuel Taylor Coleridge, another poem by another Romantic poet, Percy Shelley, epitomizes Kane at the end of what gland produce his life: And on the pedestal these words appear: ‘My name is Ozymandias, King of five-factor Kings:
Look on my works, ye mighty, and despair!’ Nothing beside remains. Round the gothic definition, decay. Of that colossal wreck, boundless and model, bare, The lone and level sands stretch far away’ (“Ozymandias”). University of Maryland. Citizen Kane and Cinematography: Film Viewing Notes. opening: crane shot up to show three different kinds of what does the thyroid gland fence (3 shots edited) (repeated at end, but reversed: 1:56:43 – 1:56:56) opening: succession of shots that get closer and closer to five-factor, xanadu.
snow globe shot (distorted POV) mock-newsreel cinematography (low angle shot of xanadu, plane shot, grainy film stock, pans, close ups, hand-held camera) crane shot to introduce susan alexander 14:25 – 14:58. (repeated 1:25:19 – 1:25:36) (repeated, reversed 1:47:05 – 1:47:12) kane and thatcher (movement foreground to background, low and definition, high angle shots) kane sells newspapers (deep focus) from portait picture of five-factor model ten journalists to “come alive” shot (Chronicle to Inquirer journalists) Kane’s party (deep focus) leland’s story (double exposure dissolve) kane political rally (long zoom, distance to object, low and declaration of incompatibility, high angle shots) leland’s view of model opera house (beginning of shot susan from audience POV, crane shot up) susan’s view of opera house (shot now from backstage, showing change to susan’s POV) kane’s view of susan at what does the thyroid gland, opera house (high angle shot) kane towers over susan. montage of susan’s opera reviews (triple impositions) susan ill foreground, (deep focus foreground and background – foreground sedative and glass replaced by doctor’s black bag) kane infinite regress mirror shot. closing up xanadu (crane shots, deep focus, distance to five-factor, objects, zoom out and in) The Controversial Wunderkind Orson Welles.
Before making his first film, Citizen Kane , Orson Welles was already considered something of organize suffrage a boy-wonder, having made a great success on Broadway and on the radio in his early twenties. Welles became a national sensation with his Mercury Theater radio broadcast of H. G. Wells’s The War of the Worlds on Halloween night in five-factor model 1938. As a result, Gary Simmons notes, “Welles was almost universally regarded as a precocious and prodigious talent who was given free rein in the making of Citizen Kane —highly unusual at a time when films were largely controlled and shaped by the studio system” (139). In 1939, RKO Pictures courted the 24-year-old wunderkind and offered him a contract to direct films at RKO. Youtube Celebrities? Welles’s first project was to be Joseph Conrad’s Heart of Darkness , but this was abandoned when he went over pre-production budget. He was given final cut for Citizen Kane if he didn’t go over budget. This time he didn’t. The film was released according to Welles’s vision. Dennis Bingham argues that Citizen Kane “is the studio era’s outstanding anomaly, the work that subverts the system in almost every way while taking full advantage of the resources of the five-factor, studio – the first American mainstream art film” (50).
The Ballad of Hearst and Welles. Even before it was finished, the newspaper magnate William Randolph Hearst had heard the rumors swirling around Hollywood that Welles’s forthcoming Citizen Kane was a thinly veiled attack upon Hearst. Hearst very quickly marshaled his considerable forces in order to destroy the film and Welles himself.Hearst attempted to buy the film negatives and declaration of incompatibility, all copies of Citizen Kane so that he could destroy them. He initiated a campaign in his newspapers demonizing the film and five-factor model, Welles. Hormone Does The Thyroid Gland Produce? Hearst wouldn’t let his newspapers review Citizen Kane , and refused to publicize RKO films. It might not have been just a personal vendetta: Hearst’s film production company, Cosmopolitan Pictures, produced the kind of “Great Man” biopics that Welles was parodying with Citizen Kane . All this is discussed in the 1995 documentary film The Battle of Citizen Kane . Largely as a result of five-factor Hearst’s opposition, after showing in a few movie theaters in big cities, Citizen Kane was locked up in what RKO’s vaults and was unavailable until the late 1950s, only after which it was hailed by critics as one of the best films ever made. Since the model, 1960s, critics have been on the look-out for “Hollywood directors who managed to create interesting and innovative works of film art within the artistic constraints imposed by the studio system. The studio ‘factory’ was seen to have produced its auteurs against the grain of artistic standardisation and economic regulation” (Street 52). Welles is often consider something of a poster child (and cautionary tale) for the Hollywood auteur. The Martyrdom of Orson Welles. It wasn’t just Hearst that had it in for & stanton organize association (nwsa), Welles.
In the history of Hollywood film, Welles is considered by five-factor model, some a tragic figure, an artist brought low by his own hubris and the envy of others. For instance, Welles did not have final cut for The Magnificent Ambersons (1942), the film he made after Citizen Kane . After it tested poorly in previews, largely because the youtube net worth, ending was thought to be depressing, Welles’s producers at RKO cut an hour out of the five-factor model, film and anthony suffrage (nwsa), tacked on a happy ending. They also destroyed the footage they removed so that the film could not be reconstructed. Five-factor? This was done while Welles was in Brazil shooting a documentary. Many – Welles among them – consider this as the best, beginning of the end of Welles’s Hollywood career. He made most of his subsequent films outside of the United States, on five-factor model, shoe-string budgets, the money coming largely from his acting fees. There is what does selectively in biology, good reason to believe that Welles the auteur was destroyed by the Hollywood studio system. This was because, according to David Thomson, he was “a young man who intended to defy Hollywood, and who could have spelled out why its factory was as bad for critical thinking and progress as the New York Inquirer [Kane’s newspaper in Citizen Kane ). Welles was revolutionary and self-destructive, and model, he would be adopted by the many cultural anxieties that perceived Hollywood as a rotten place and a delusion” (45). Best Ever? Not Even the Best of 1941. For many film viewers and critics, it is a terrible scandal that Citizen Kane , supposedly the Greatest Film Ever Made, did not win the Academy Award for Best Picture (or many Academy Awards at all) in 1941.
Instead, the Academy awarded the Best Picture Oscar to How Green Was My Valley , a film adaptation of a British novel about Welsh coal miners, directed by John Ford (he didn’t just do film westerns). In retrospect, critics generally think Ford’s film was fine, but not the earth-shaking aesthetic statement that was Citizen Kane . But there are other reasons, besides artistic merit, that films are awarded a Best Picture Oscar. Often times, the Academy voters want to & stanton organize association, send a message, often a social message. Five-factor Model? The message in this case was a vote of anthony suffrage confidence and solidarity with Great Britain, which was at that time barely fighting off Adolf Hitler and the Nazis in Europe. And the Award for the Greatest Film Ever Goes To… As already mentioned, between its run in 1941 and the mid-1950s, few people had seen Citizen Kane . Once RKO allowed it to be re-released and five-factor model, available for television syndication – and particularly after French critics got a hold of it – Citizen Kane quickly rose to the top of critics’ lists. According to the influential Sight and Sound poll, taken every ten years, Citizen Kane was the Greatest Film Ever Made, for forty straight years. But last year (2012) Citizen Kane fell to strategy, the second spot in the poll. It was bested by Alfred Hitchcock’s Vertigo . This is what the British Film Institute (BFI), publishers of Sight and Sound magazine and the Sight and Sound poll, says about Citizen Kane: The use of deep-focus photography (keeping both foreground and five-factor, background in focus) and abstracted camera angles, the non-chronological narrative structure and overlapping dialogue, were just some of the myriad formal innovations that Welles brought together for his groundbreaking debut.
Such novelty and controversy proved a curse for gland produce, Welles, whose career never enjoyed such indulgence again. They also mention that the film goes “after the dark heart of the five-factor, American dream.” And here is what BFI says about woman suffrage association Vertigo : This classic from the master of suspense was so poorly received upon five-factor release that Alfred Hitchcock later withdrew it from what distribution for several years. Its reputation has since grown and five-factor model, it is now widely regarded as Hitchcock’s finest film, a haunting examination of male desire memorably filmed in real San Francisco locations. . . . Vertigo succeeds as a hallucinatory fable about the traps of desire. Gothic? A thriller of five-factor model dreamlike allure, it’s whipped to dizzying heights by Bernard Herrmann’s Wagner-influenced score. The displacement of Citizen Kane by Vertigo has been controversial. Does Selectively Permeable In Biology? Some critics see dark forces at work. For instance, Richard Rushfield at model, The Daily Beast blames the the current popularity of social networking: The last Sight and Sound poll was conducted in 2002, when the blogosphere was still in diapers. Social media was just a twinkle in a Harvard-bound honor student’s eye, and the idea of communicating in 140 characters was as unimaginable as a cure for declaration, the common cold. Once, however, all these forces were unleashed there was no way Kane could sit fat and content – innovative, visionary, ponderous – atop the field forever.
That is, because of the ubiquity and the ease of five-factor use of social networking platforms like Twitter and blogs, everyone can be a critic. According to Rushfield, this democratizing trend has led to backlash against intellectual film critics, who have been frightened into abandoning aesthetic standards and forced to best, speak for the unwashed masses. Needless to say, the film critics who replaced Citizen Kane with Vertigo would vociferously disagree with Rushfield and, perhaps, point out that Vertigo is really not that popular outside critical circles and five-factor, is admired for the same artistic reasons Citizen Kane is admired. University of Maryland. British Film Institute, “The Greatest Films Poll at celebrities net worth, Sight and Sound,” 2012. Dennis Bingham, Whose Lives Are They Anyway?
The Biopic as Contemporary Film Genre (Piscataway, NJ: Rutgers University Press, 2010). Richard Rushfield, “‘Citizen Kane’ v. ‘Vertigo’: Why ‘Kane’ Fell in the Sight and Sound Poll,” The Daily Beast (August 1 2012). Gary Simmons, “Smoke and Mirrors in Citizen Kane ,” Screen Education 51 (2008), 138-144. Sarah Street, “Film in Context: Citizen Kane ,” History Today 46.3 (March 1996), 48-52. Thomson, David. “The Mark of Kane,” Sight Sound 21.1 (2011), 44-48. Stanley Kubrick and his Conspiratorial Interpreters.
According to five-factor, Angela Watercutter. Stanley Kubrick’s The Shining is arguably the strategy, most cerebral horror film ever made. The film is studied at universities, chronicled in books, and five-factor, has generally inspired levels of academic analysis rivaled only by the work of Talmudic scholars. But despite all the study, there are still few conclusive answers as to what Kubrick was actually trying to gothic elements definition, say with The Shining , opening the model, door for countless interpretations, Adam B. Youtube? Vary adds that The Shining is “a film that has inspired perhaps more deep analysis, explication, and theorizing than pretty much any other major feature film of the last 40 years.” Watercutter and Vary made these remarks as part of model their respective reviews of & stanton the national suffrage association (nwsa) Room 237 , a film documentary by Rodney Ascher that profiles five people who have come up with bizarre, even conspiratorial, interpretations of The Shining . Watercutter briefly looks at five-factor model, ten of the interpretations of best buy marketing these five people; Vary comes up with five additional interpretations.
There are quite a few other quirky interpretations of The Shining , as a search at YouTube will show. Jay Weidner, one of the five interpreters profiled in model Room 237 , argues that The Shining is Kubrick’s cryptic confession that he was involved in the supposed faked moon landing of 1969. He bases his interpretation, in part, on the fact that Room 237 was actually Room 217 in Stephen King’s novel. Watercutter explains Weidner’s thesis further: As evidence, [Weidner] points to the Apollo sweater young Danny wears, the fact that the gothic, moon is about 237,000 miles from Earth (it’s 238,855 on average) and the inscription on the room’s key: ROOM No 237. “There’s only two words that you can come up with that have those letters in them,” Weidner says. “And that’s ‘moon’ and ‘room’ and so on the key, the tag, it says ‘moon room.'” (Those letters also spell “moron,” but that seems like more of a coincidence.)
One of the other Weidner theories mentioned by model, Watercutter is that Kubrick inserted sexual subliminal messages in his film, particularly in the scene where Jack interviews for the caretaker job in Stuart Ullman’s office. According to declaration, Weidner, Ullman’s paper tray closely resembles a phallus. Juli Kearns argues that the window in that scene does not exist in the floor plan on model, the hotel. She should know, because he made a detailed map of the rooms and passages of the anthony & stanton organize the national woman suffrage association (nwsa), Outlook Hotel. Kearns also proposes the interpretation that Jack is the model, Minotaur of classical mythology and the Outlook Hotel is the labyrinth (or maze) built by Dedalus to contain the best strategy, monster. As evidence, Kearns argues that Jack’s face gets progressively bull-like in the film. She also sees a minotaur in a sky poster in model the film.
Her evidence is celebrities, quite circumstantial but it is not a stretch to say that Kubrick meant to allude to model, the myth of the minotaur and the labyrinth in the film. Vary discusses Ascher’s contention that the ski poster that Kearns focuses on gothic definition, also shows evidence of a secret CIA mind-control program called MKUltra (which went by code-name “Monarch,” a word prominently displayed on the poster). One of the more respectable interpreters (in that he is an academic historian) is Geoffrey Cocks, who has written a book on his theories concerning The Shining . Cocks argues that the five-factor model, film has a subtext that concerns the Holocaust. Throughout The Shining Jack’s Adler typewriter goes from a light tan color to a grey-blue with no real explanation. Historian Geoffrey Cocks believes that the typewriter’s color shift has significance to his theory that Kubrick’s film has “a deeply-laid subtext” about the Holocaust. “That typewriter, that German. typewriter – which by the way changes color in what selectively permeable in biology the course of the film, which typewriters don’t generally do – is terribly, terribly important as a referent to that particular historical event.” This is flimsy evidence for such a controversial interpretation put forth by an academic historian (and unlikely to pass peer-review scrutiny). It doesn’t help Cocks’s case that he has equally far-fetched interpretations for what other people would call “continuity errors” (unnoticed mistakes in production) in The Shining . For instance, there is model, a chair that disappears in youtube net worth one scene, which Cocks (not a film critic) explains as Kubrick’s attempt to model, parody the horror genre.
Then there is the disappearing Dopey which Cocks, again, refuses to attribute to continuity error. John Fell Ryan makes the case that The Shining , when run forwards and backwards, offers up many new meanings. He and Akiva Saunders actually translated Ryan’s ideas into concrete action, creating projection technology which allows people to see the film backwards and celebrities, forwards. Ryan doesn’t really build a theory around this as much as play around with the film and deconstruct (or “hack”) it via technology. However, like the other four conspiratorial interpreters, Ryan has other theories about the film. For instance, he argues that in the scene where Jack, just arrived at model, the Overlook, waits for Ullman, he is reading a Playgirl magazine (which featured naked men). Ryan links this to Jack’s abuse of Danny which Ryan (with little evidence) suggests was sexual abuse. Note that the figure on the cover of the magazine is long-haired, most likely a woman (who would not be on the cover of Playgirl magazine). The magazine looks more like Cosmopolitan . Room 237 also features the interpretations of BIll Blakemore, an ABC News reporter.
Watercutter doesn’t say much about Blakemore’s larger theory that the film is & stanton the national association, about the genocide of five-factor Native Americans. In an article he published online, he presents his evidence, which is not very convincing. Blakemore sees the traces of Native Americans all throughout the film (and there is quite a bit of anthony & stanton organize the national association (nwsa) Native American art on the floors and the walls and, in one scene, on Wendy’s clothes), though he admits that no Native Americans are shown in model the film – which is somehow evidence for the presence of Native Americans – and claims that Dick Halloran, a black character, is meant to be read as Native American. The Colorado Room, where Jack works, is strategy, full of five-factor model Native American designs. Blakemore also goes for celebrities net worth, the sexual sublimation thing.
In the art deco design of the carpet in room 237, he sees penises and vaginas copulating. Model? Says Blakemore (quoted in Watercutter): “The design on the rug shows basically – in geometric form with round curves – the act of intercourse itself, one after another after another after another. . . . Sort of what does selectively permeable like the picture of down through the generations of what produces life.” More “evidence” of a sex-crazed Kubrick. In sheer number of theories concerning The Shining , Rob Ager should have – but did not – made the cut in Ascher’s documentary. Most of his ideas are contained in an “in-depth” analysis of The Shining that he published online. You can also find a number of his analysis videos at YouTube, including the one where he contends that the two twin girls in model the film are not Delbert Grady’s daughters, the one where he claims that there is something meaningful in the river of blood, and the one where he asserts that Kubrick inserted a secret message condemning the gold standard, in the photograph that we see at the end of the film. Why are there so many wacky interpretations of what does selectively mean The Shining ? Watercutter attributes much of this conspiratorial theorizing to advances in technology. She writes: There was no internet when The Shining was released and it would be a while after it played in theaters that VHS really took off, so the capacity for obsessive watching and re-watching, frame-by-frame analysis, and sharing of theories online is five-factor, only something that’s been around in the latter part of the film’s history. We can only guess what kind of theories will arise in an even newer technological moment, when anyone at anytime can stream the film, playing it forwards and of incompatibility, backwards to five-factor model, their heart’s content. We are now in what writer Chuck Klosterman recently dubbed “Immersion Criticism”: the kind of what does selectively permeable in-depth interpretations of popular culture that can only come after watching a particular piece of media dozens of times. “It’s not just a matter of noticing things other people miss, because that can be done by anyone who’s perceptive,” Klosterman wrote about Room 237 at Grantland . “It’s a matter of noticing things that the director included to indicate his true, undisclosed intention.”
Vary puts the onus on the director, Stanley Kubrick. Five-factor Model? Vary suggests that Kubrick seeded his film with a lot of mysteries, which guaranteed his film continuous scrutiny. Vary quotes Tim Kirk, the elements, producer of Room 237 : “'[ The Shining ] doesn’t solve things even on a plot level. Model? What happened in room 237? We don’t really know. Rodney has pointed out that the photograph at the end is played almost like a big reveal of ‘Aha!’ But it’s not really.
If anything, it just deepens the mystery’” (qtd. in buy marketing Vary). Kubrick’s reputation as an auteur, an art film director, is also part of the equation. Again, Vary quotes Kirk, who says: “I think the understanding of Kubrick as this meticulous, obsessively detail oriented director does make you think that if you see something in a frame, then he put it there and there’s a reason,” says Kirk. “That is a jumping off point for a lot of people. Five-factor Model? . . . The rest of his movies are all so good and so close to perfection,” he adds, “that if you don’t get something . . . there’s a trust that it’s not that it’s a mistake, it’s that you didn’t figure it out.” All work and no play means too tired to notice obvious continuity errors… This is what I call argument by declaration of incompatibility, mise-en-scene. It’s an five-factor idea that I typically subscribe to: nothing in the shot (visual details) is an accident. But the conspiratorial interpretations of The Shining certainly challenge this idea.
The Shining is a cautionary tale in regards to interpretations. That is, what you say the mise-en-scene isn’t necessarily so. A reading of declaration a visual detail does not, alone, make for a viable interpretation. Many of the visual details cited as evidence by five-factor model, the interpreters discussed in this post could just as easily be continuity errors. At the moviemistakes.com wiki page on The Shining lists 21 continuity errors found and posted by viewers. Hormone Does The Thyroid Produce? (It doesn’t list the five-factor, one I discovered: in the scene where Wendy discusses Danny with a doctor, Wendy mentions that the abuse incident occurred five months before; but when Jack discusses the same incident with the ghostly barman, shortly after this point, he says the incident occurred three years before). “The horror! I will live on forever as a footnote in some crazy person’s conspiracy theory!” So now I present my own conspiratorial interpretation. I argue that Kubrick himself (before his death – or from the organize the national woman, grave ) planted all the model, interpretations mentioned to cover up the fact that he was quite sloppy when making The Shining . He wanted people to be distracted from the what selectively, fact that he messed up on the Grady daughters, the prop left in the river of blood shot, the model, changed typewriter, the missing chair, the missing Dopey, the floor plan of the hotel, and the changed room number.
How else to explain a film that is about the Holocaust, Native American genocide, a faked moon landing, America’s abandonment of the gold standard, AND a CIA mind-control program, all in the same film? The only possibility is that Kubrick floated those theories himself. And we have only scratched the surface of all the conspiracies Kubrick has floated. It’s only a matter of declaration of incompatibility time before someone links The Shining to five-factor, the assassination of President John F. Kennedy and the Mayan Apocalypse. I see all these future theories coming down on us like a river of blood.
Prepare yourself. . . . I’m outta here (before they discover my interpretation is full of holes) Angela Watercutter, “The 10 Most Outrageous Theories About What The Shining Really Means”, Wired Magazine (March 29, 2013). Adam B. Vary. “5 Conspiracy Theories About ‘The Shining’ That Aren’t In ‘Room 237.’ Buzzfeed Entertainment (March 28, 2013).