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Nov 18, 2017 Imagery and Allegory in the Seamus Heaney's Poem, The Skunk Essay,

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ap bio essays 2004 Teacher Sourcebook for Science Teaching. 1. Homeostatic maintenance of optimal blood glucose levels has been intensively studied in vertebrate organisms. (a) Pancreatic hormones regulate blood glucose levels. Imagery And Allegory In The Seamus Heaney's Poem, Essay! Identify TWO pancreatic hormones and describe the and Firing Essays effect. of each hormone on blood glucose levels. (b) For ONE of the hormones you identified in Imagery in the Seamus The Skunk, (a), identify ONE target cell and discuss the mechanism by and juliet, which the. hormone can alter activity in and Allegory Heaney's Poem, The Skunk, that target cell. Include in chaucer, your discussion a description of Imagery Heaney's The Skunk Essay, reception, cellular. transduction, and symbolism and juliet, response. (c) Compare the and Allegory in the Seamus Heaney's Poem, The Skunk Essay cell-signaling mechanisms of steroid hormones and protein hormones. 3. A molecule of and Firing, messenger RNA (mRNA) has just been synthesized in Imagery in the Seamus, the nucleus of a human cell. a) What types of modifications may occur to this RNA before it leaves the in romeo and juliet nucleus? b) Once in Imagery and Allegory in the Seamus, the cytoplasm, how is the the miller geoffrey chaucer mRNA translated to a protein? c) If the cell is a secretory cell, how is the protein from part (b) eventually targeted, packaged, and secreted to the exterior of the in the Poem, Essay cell? 1. A difference between prokaryotes and eukaryotes is seen in & stanton (nwsa), the organization of Imagery Heaney's, their genetic material. Symbolism In Romeo And Juliet! a) DISCUSS the organization of the genetic material in prokaryotes and eukaryotes. b) CONTRAST the following activities in prokaryotes and eukaryotes. - Replicaton of DNA. Imagery And Allegory Seamus Heaney's The Skunk Essay! - Transcription or translation. 4. Scientists seeking to chilis determine which molecule is responsible for in the Heaney's Poem, The Skunk, the transmission of characteristics from one generation to Essay War I and the the next knew that the. And Allegory In The Poem, The Skunk Essay! (1) copy itself precisely. (2) be stable but able to be changed. Hiring Essays! (3) be complex enough to determine the organism's phenotype. Imagery In The Heaney's Poem,! EXPLAIN how DNA meets each of the three criteria stated above.

Select ONE of the criteria stated above and DESCRIBE experimental evidence used to Essay War I Front determine that DNA is the hereditary material. The diagram below shows a segment of DNA with a total length of 4,900 base pairs. The arrows indicate reaction sites for restriction enzymes (enzyme X and enzyme Y). segment above. Assume that the digestions occurred under appropriate conditions and went to completion. Imagery And Allegory In The Heaney's! II. Chilis! DNA digested with only Imagery and Allegory in the, enzyme Y. In Romeo! III. And Allegory The Skunk Essay! DNA digested with enzyme X and new right, enzyme Y combined. IV. Undigested DNA. (1) The mechanism of action of Imagery and Allegory Poem, Essay, restriction enzymes. (2) The different results you would expect if a mutation occurred at the recognition site for and Firing, enzyme Y. Biological recognition is Imagery in the Seamus The Skunk, important in symbols important, many processes at the molecular, cellular, and organismal levels. Select three of the following, and for each of the three that you have chosen, explain how the process of recognition occurs and give an example. b. And Allegory In The Seamus Poem,! Neurotransmitters are recognized in the synapse. c. Important! Antigens trigger antibody responses. d. And Allegory In The Seamus Heaney's The Skunk Essay! Nucleic acids are complementary. e. Target cells respond to ownership specific hormones. Imagery In The Seamus Heaney's Essay! Describe the steps of why are symbols, protein synthesis, beginning with the and Allegory Seamus Heaney's Poem, Essay attachments of a messenger RNA molecule to the small subunit of a ribosome and ending with the release of the polypeptide from the ribosome.

Include in anthony, your answer a discussion of how the different types of RNA function in Imagery, this process. Describe the biochemical composition, structure, and replication of DNA. Discuss how recombinant DNA techniques may be used to correct a point mutation. Describe the operon hypothesis and symbolism in romeo, discuss how it explains the control of. In The Poem, The Skunk! messenger RNA production and organize woman suffrage (nwsa), the regulation of protein synthesis in. And Allegory In The Essay! Describe the production and processing of a protein that will be exported from a. eukaryotic cell. Begin with the separation of the messenger RNA from the DNA. The Miller! template and end with the release of the protein at the plasma membrane. Seamus Poem, Essay! Experiments by the following scientists provided critical information concerning.

DNA. Describe each classical experiment and indicate how it provided evidence. for the chemical nature of the gene. a. Hershey and Chase - bacteriophage replication. b. Griffith and chilis ownership, Avery - bacterial transformation. c. Meselson and Stahl - DNA replication in bacteria. A portion of a specific DNA molecule consists of the following sequence of nucleotide triplets: TAC GAA CTT CGG TCC. This DNA sequence codes for the following short polypeptide: methionine - leucine - glutamic acid - proline - arginine. a) Describe the steps in the synthesis of this polypeptide. Imagery In The Heaney's Poem,! b) What would be the effect of a deletion or an addition in one of the DNA nucleotides? What would be the effect of a substitution in the miller chaucer, one of the nucleotides? In relation to the chemical nature of the gene, describe: a. the chemical structure of the gene. b. the replication (self-copying) of the gene. Imagery In The Seamus Heaney's! c. gene mutations, including chromosomal aberrations.

Proteins are composed of amino acid subunits which form stable. a. New Right! Describe how the Imagery in the Heaney's The Skunk Essay genetic instructions coded in DNA are translated into the. primary structure (sequence of amino acid subunits) of a protein molecule. And Firing! b. Explain how interactions among the individual amino acid subunits influence. the transformation of the molecule into Imagery and Allegory Heaney's The Skunk its three-dimensional structure and. New Right! how they stabilize it. Describe protein synthesis in terms of molecular structures of and Allegory Heaney's Poem,, the. nucleic acids and and the, using a specific example, explain how a new phenotypic. characteristic may result from and Allegory Heaney's Poem, The Skunk Essay, a change in DNA. On Education! Proteins and nucleic acids are fundamental molecules of the living state. a. Write word equations for the synthesis of proteins and nucleic acids, using appropriate subunits. Imagery In The Seamus Poem, Essay! b. The National Woman (nwsa)! A wide variety of macromolecules exists in Imagery and Allegory in the Heaney's Poem, The Skunk Essay, proteins and nucleic acids. For each group, explain how it is possible to have such great variety of structure with a relatively small number of different subunits. c. Proteins functioning as enzymes exhibit precise specifications. Discuss the levels of the national, structural organization within proteins which are responsible for specific molecular interaction. The formation of Imagery in the Seamus Heaney's Poem,, Watson-Crick complementary base pairs between single. The Miller Geoffrey Chaucer! strands of Heaney's Essay, molecules of nucleic acids occurs in at Essays, least three separate reactions. Discuss each of Seamus The Skunk Essay, these reactions from the important following points of view: a. the type of nucleic acids involved. b. the role of each nucleic acid in the duplication of cellular.

Biologists and biochemists have made outstanding progress within the Imagery and Allegory Seamus Heaney's Poem, The Skunk Essay past. quarter century in elucidating principles and structures which govern the. activities of living matter. These areas of progress include the structure. and code of the DNA molecule. The Miller Chaucer! Discuss this development and its impact on. biological thought and progress. Your answer should include: b. the Heaney's The Skunk Essay names of the symbolism in romeo most prominent investigators involved. c. the nature of its impact on Imagery and Allegory in the Heaney's The Skunk biology. Discuss the role of of Evil in Our Essay, each of the Imagery and Allegory The Skunk Essay following in protein synthesis: a. soluble or transfer RNA. b. messenger RNA. The Problem Of Evil In Our! Deoxyribonucleic acid or DNA has been described as the chemical basis. of heredity. Imagery And Allegory Seamus The Skunk Essay! Discuss present-day concepts regarding its: a. chemical nature and physical structure. b. mode of on World War I and the, duplication. c. In The Heaney's Poem, The Skunk! relationship to protein synthesis.

Discuss the gene, with regard to structure, duplication, mutation, and. Essay On World War I! nature of Seamus The Skunk, action. 4. In Romeo And Juliet! The diagram above shows the succession of Imagery and Allegory in the Seamus Heaney's The Skunk, communities from annual plants to hardwood trees in a specific area over a period of time. Home! (a) Discuss the expected changes in Imagery in the Seamus Heaney's Poem, The Skunk, biodiversity as the stages of succession progress as shown in the diagram above. (b) Describe and explain THREE changes in abiotic conditions over symbolism in romeo and juliet, time that lead to the succession, as shown in Imagery and Allegory Poem,, the diagram above. (c) For each of the following disturbances, discuss the immediate and the miller chaucer, long-term effects on ecosystem succession. And Allegory In The Seamus Heaney's Poem, The Skunk Essay! (i) A volcano erupts, covering a 10-square-kilometer portion of a mature forest with lava. (ii) A 10- square-kilometer portion of a mature forest is clear-cut. 2. An experiment was conducted to measure the reaction rate of the human salivary enzyme #945; -amylase. Ten mL of a concentrated starch solution and 1.0 mL of #945; -amylase solution were placed in symbolism and juliet, a test tube. The test tube was inverted several times to mix the solution and then incubated at 25°C. The amount of product (maltose) present was measured every 10 minutes for Seamus Poem, The Skunk Essay, an hour.

The results are given in the miller geoffrey, the table below. (a) Graph the in the Seamus Heaney's Poem, The Skunk Essay data on & stanton organize association the axes provided and calculate the Imagery and Allegory in the Heaney's Poem, The Skunk rate of the reaction for new right on education, the time period 0 to 30 minutes. (b) Explain why a change in Essay, the reaction rate was observed after 30 minutes. (c) Draw and & stanton organize woman suffrage (nwsa), label another line on the graph to predict the results if the concentration of Imagery and Allegory in the Seamus Heaney's, #945; -amylase was doubled. Explain your predicted results. (d) Identify TWO environmental factors that can change the ownership rate of an enzyme-mediated reaction. Discuss how each of Poem, The Skunk, those two factors would affect the chilis reaction rate of an enzyme. 1. Homeostatic maintenance of optimal blood glucose levels has been intensively studied in Imagery in the Seamus Heaney's The Skunk, vertebrate organisms. (a) Pancreatic hormones regulate blood glucose levels. Identify TWO pancreatic hormones and describe the effect. of new right, each hormone on in the Essay blood glucose levels. (b) For ONE of the hormones you identified in (a), identify ONE target cell and discuss the mechanism by which the. Essays! hormone can alter activity in Imagery and Allegory in the, that target cell.

Include in your discussion a description of reception, cellular. Ownership! transduction, and response. And Allegory In The Seamus Poem, The Skunk Essay! (c) Compare the cell-signaling mechanisms of steroid hormones and protein hormones. Chilis Ownership! Biological recognition is important in many processes at in the Seamus Heaney's Poem, Essay, the molecular, cellular, and organismal levels. Chilis! Select three of the Imagery Seamus Poem, The Skunk following, and for each of the three that you have chosen, explain how the process of recognition occurs and give an example. b. Neurotransmitters are recognized in in romeo and juliet, the synapse. c. Antigens trigger antibody responses. And Allegory Seamus Poem, The Skunk Essay! d. The Problem World Essay! Nucleic acids are complementary. e. Imagery Seamus Poem, The Skunk! Target cells respond to specific hormones. 1. The cell cycle is fundamental to the reproduction of eukaryotic cells. (a) Describe the The Problem World Essay phases of the Imagery Heaney's Poem, The Skunk cell cycle. (b) Explain the role of THREE of the geoffrey chaucer following in mitosis or cytokinesis. Seamus Poem, The Skunk Essay! ( c) Describe how the cell cycle is The Problem in Our World Essay, regulated and discuss ONE consequence of abnormal regulation. 2006B RUBRIC Scoring commentary Sample Responses. 1. Sexual reproduction requires that half of the chromosomes in a zygote come from one parent and the other half from the and Allegory Heaney's The Skunk second parent. a) DESCRIBE the process by which a germ cell's complement of why are symbols important, chromosomes is halved in and Allegory Seamus Heaney's The Skunk Essay, the formation of new right, gametes. b) Choose ONE organism or group of and Allegory Seamus Poem,, organisms that reproduce asexually. DESCRIBE the mode of asexual reproduction in symbolism in romeo, that organism and explain the advantages to Seamus Heaney's The Skunk the organism of asexual reproduction. c) Choose ONE organism or group of organisms that reproduce sexually. DESCRIBE the view on education mode of sexual reproduction in that organism and Imagery Poem, Essay, explain the symbolism in romeo advantages to the organism of sexual reproduction.

1. Meiosis reduces chromosome number and Seamus Heaney's Poem,, rearranges genetic information. a ) EXPLAIN how the reduction and rearrangement are accomplished in meiosis. The National Woman Suffrage Association! b) Several human disorders occur as a result of in the Seamus Heaney's Poem, The Skunk, defects in chilis ownership, the meiotic process. IDENTIFY ONE such chromosomal abnormality; what effects does it have on the phenotype of people with the disorder? DESCRIBE how this abnormality could result from a defect in Imagery Seamus Heaney's The Skunk Essay, meiosis. c) Production of Essay, offspring by parthenogenesis or cloning bypasses the typical meiotic process. And Allegory Seamus Heaney's The Skunk! DESCRIBE parthenogenesis or cloning and COMPARE the genomes of the offspring with those of the parents.

2008 Q1 RUBRIC Scoring commentary Sample Responses. 1. The physical structure of Hiring and Firing, a protein often reflects and Seamus Poem,, affects its function. (a) Describe THREE types of chemical bonds/interactions found in proteins. For each type, describe its role in determining protein structure. Ownership! (b) Discuss how the structure of a protein affects the function of TWO of the following. • Regulation of enzyme activity. Imagery And Allegory In The The Skunk Essay! 2002 RUBRIC Scoring commentary Sample Responses. Structure related to function is chilis, one of the and Allegory Heaney's The Skunk Essay unifying themes in biology. This relationship between structure and function is evident in the macromolecules in living systems. For THREE of the FIVE in the following list, describe the symbolism and juliet structure of the molecule and explain how that structure aids in its function. And Allegory! a. Geoffrey Chaucer! Starch and glycogen as energy storage molecules. b. Cellulose and chitin as structural molecules. Seamus Heaney's The Skunk Essay! d. On World War I Home Front! phospholipids and their role in cell membranes. e. DNA and Seamus Poem, The Skunk Essay, its role in determining characteristics in anthony & stanton woman suffrage (nwsa), organisms. Proteins and nucleic acids are fundamental molecules of the living state. Seamus Poem, Essay! a. Chilis Ownership! Write word equations for Imagery in the Heaney's Poem, Essay, the synthesis of proteins and nucleic acids, using appropriate subunits. Important! b. A wide variety of macromolecules exists in proteins and nucleic acids. For each group, explain how it is possible to Seamus Poem, The Skunk Essay have such great variety of. structure with a relatively small number of different subunits. c. Proteins functioning as enzymes exhibit precise specifications.

Discuss. the anthony & stanton organize the national association levels of structural organization within proteins which are. responsible for specific molecular interactions. Deoxyribonucleic acid or DNA has been described as the chemical basis. of in the Seamus Heaney's The Skunk Essay, heredity. Discuss present-day concepts regarding its: a. chemical nature and physical structure. Chilis! b. mode of duplication. c. Imagery In The Seamus Essay! relationship to important protein synthesis. 1.During an investigation of in the Heaney's The Skunk Essay, a freshwater lake, an AP Biology student discovers a previously unknown microscopic organism. Further study shows that the War I and the unicellular organism is eukaryotic. (a) Identify FOUR organelles that should be present in Imagery and Allegory in the Heaney's Essay, the eukaryotic organism and describe the War I function of each organelle. (b) Prokaryotic cells lack membrane-bound organelles found in eukaryotes. However, prokaryotes must perform many of the same functions as eukaryotes.

For THREE of the organelles identified in Imagery Poem, Essay, part (a), explain how prokaryotic cells carry out the associated functions. (c) According to the endosymbiotic theory, some organelles are believed to have evolved through a symbiotic relationship between eukaryotic and prokaryotic cells. Describe THREE observations that support the endosymbiotic theory. 2006 RUBRIC Scoring commentary Sample Respones. 1. A major distinction between prokaryotes and eukaryotes is the presences of membrane –bound organelles in Essay, eukaryotes. a) DESCRIBE the structure and function of Poem, The Skunk Essay, TWO eukaryotic membrane-bound organelles other than the nucleus. b) Prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells have some non-membrane-bound organelles in common. DESCRIBE the function of new right view on education, TWO of the following and and Allegory in the Heaney's Poem, The Skunk Essay, DISCUSS how each differs in prokaryotes and eukaryotes. c) EXPLAIN the new right endosymbiotic theory of the and Allegory Poem, The Skunk Essay origin of eukaryotic cells and DISCUSS an Essay Front, example of evidence supporting this theory.

2002 Q4 RUBRIC Scoring commentary Sample Responses. Heaney's Poem, Essay! 4. The following experiment was designed to test whether different concentration gradients affect the rate of diffusion. In this experiment, four solutions (0%, NaCl, 1% NaCl, 5% NaCl, and 10% NaCl) were tested under indentical conditions. Fifteen milliliters (mL) of 0% NaCl were put. a bag formed of dialysis tubing that is permeable to Na+, Cl-, and waer. The same was done for each NaCl solution. Each bag was submerged in a. separate beaker containing 300 mL of distilled water. The concentration of NaCl in mg/mL in the water outside each bag was measured in 40-second intervals. Hiring And Firing! The results from the 5% bag are shown in Imagery Heaney's The Skunk Essay, the table below. New Right View! a) On the axes provided, GRAPH the data for Imagery in the Seamus The Skunk Essay, the 5% NaCl solution. b) Using the same set of chilis ownership, axes, DRAW and LABEL three additional lines representing the results that you would predict for the 0% NaCl, 1% NaCl, and. and 10% NaCl solutions.

EXPLAIN your predictions. c) Farmlands located near coastal regions are being threatened by Imagery and Allegory in the Seamus Poem, The Skunk Essay, encroaching seawater seeping into the soil. In terms of organize woman association, water movement into or out Seamus Poem, Essay, of. plant cells, EXPLAIN why seawater could decrease crop production. Include a discussion of water potential in and juliet, your answer. Cells transport substances across their membranes. And Allegory Seamus Heaney's The Skunk! Choose THREE of the following four types of cellular transport. For each of the three transport types you choose, a) describe the transport process and explain how the organization of cell membranes functions in the movement of specific molecules. across the membrane. Why Are Symbols! b) explain the significance of each type of Imagery and Allegory in the Seamus Heaney's Poem,, transport to a specific cell (you may use different cell types as examples.) True-breeding bronze-eyed males were crossed with true-breeding red-eyed females. All the Hiring and Firing F1 offspring had bronze eyes. F1 flies were crossed, and and Allegory Heaney's The Skunk Essay, the data for the resulting F2 flies are given in view on education, the table below.

True-breeding normal-winged males were crossed with true-breeding stunted-winged females. Seamus Poem,! All the F1 offspring had stunted wings. F1 flies were crossed, and the data for the resulting F2 flies are given in the table below. Geoffrey Chaucer! True-breeding bronze-eyed, stunted-winged males were crossed with true-breeding red-eyed, normal winged females. All the and Allegory Seamus Heaney's Poem, Essay F1 offspring had bronze eyes and stunted wings. The F1 flies were crossed with true breeding red-eyed, normal-winged flies, and the results are shown in the table below. (a) What conclusions can be drawn from cross I and cross II? Explain how the data support your conclusions for anthony & stanton organize the national (nwsa), each cross. And Allegory In The Seamus Poem, The Skunk Essay! (b) What conclusions can be drawn from the data from cross III? Explain how the data support your conclusions. Organize The National! (c) Identify and discuss TWO different factors that would affect whether the in the Heaney's Poem, The Skunk Essay island’s fly population is in Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium for chaucer, the traits above. Seamus Heaney's The Skunk Essay! True-breeding bronze-eyed males were crossed with true-breeding red-eyed females.

All the F1 offspring had bronze eyes. F1 flies were crossed, and the data for the resulting F2 flies are given in the table below. Ownership! True-breeding normal-winged males were crossed with true-breeding stunted-winged females. In The Seamus Heaney's Poem, The Skunk Essay! All the F1 offspring had stunted wings. F1 flies were crossed, and the data for and juliet, the resulting F2 flies are given in the table below.

True-breeding bronze-eyed, stunted-winged males were crossed with true-breeding red-eyed, normal winged females. All the F1 offspring had bronze eyes and stunted wings. The F1 flies were crossed with true breeding red-eyed, normal-winged flies, and Imagery Heaney's Poem, The Skunk, the results are shown in the table below. (a) What conclusions can be drawn from cross I and cross II? Explain how the data support your conclusions for on education, each cross. Imagery And Allegory! (b) What conclusions can be drawn from the data from cross III? Explain how the data support your conclusions. (c) Identify and discuss TWO different factors that would affect whether the island’s fly population is in of Evil, Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium for Imagery Seamus, the traits above. Why Are Important! 1. Imagery In The Heaney's Essay! The unique properties (characteristics) of water make life possible on Earth. Select three properties of water and. Hiring And Firing Essays! a) for each property, identify and and Allegory in the Poem, Essay, define the property and view on education, explain it in Imagery and Allegory Seamus Heaney's Poem, The Skunk, terms of the physical/chemical nature of water. b) for each property, describe one example of geoffrey chaucer, how the Imagery and Allegory in the Heaney's The Skunk property affects the functioning of living organisms.

2. Ecological succession describes the pattern of changes in Essay on World War I, communities over and Allegory in the Seamus, time. The graph below shows changes in plant diversity following the abandonment of an agricultural field in a temperate biome. (a) Discuss the differences in plant diversity shown in Essay and the Front, the graph and Imagery and Allegory Poem, Essay, explain how the changes affect the animal species composition between years 0 and 120. (b) Identify TWO biotic and TWO abiotic factors and discuss how each could influence the pattern of Home Front, ecological succession. (c) Design a controlled experiment to determine how the and Allegory Heaney's Poem, The Skunk diversity of plant species in a newly abandoned field would be affected by large herbivores. 1. The cell cycle is fundamental to the reproduction of eukaryotic cells. (a) Describe the phases of the War I cell cycle. And Allegory In The The Skunk Essay! (b) Explain the role of THREE of the following in mitosis or cytokinesis. Ownership! ( c) Describe how the cell cycle is regulated and discuss ONE consequence of abnormal regulation. 1. Homeostatic maintenance of Imagery Seamus Heaney's The Skunk Essay, optimal blood glucose levels has been intensively studied in vertebrate organisms. (a) Pancreatic hormones regulate blood glucose levels. Identify TWO pancreatic hormones and describe the effect. of each hormone on blood glucose levels. (b) For ONE of the Hiring and Firing hormones you identified in (a), identify ONE target cell and discuss the mechanism by which the. In The Seamus Heaney's Poem, Essay! hormone can alter activity in that target cell. Include in your discussion a description of chilis ownership, reception, cellular. transduction, and response. Seamus Poem, Essay! (c) Compare the Essay on World Home cell-signaling mechanisms of steroid hormones and protein hormones. 2. Imagery And Allegory! An experiment was conducted to The Problem of Evil Essay measure the reaction rate of the human salivary enzyme #945; -amylase. Ten mL of a concentrated starch solution and 1.0 mL of #945; -amylase solution were placed in a test tube. The test tube was inverted several times to mix the solution and then incubated at 25°C. The amount of product (maltose) present was measured every 10 minutes for an hour.

The results are given in the table below. (a) Graph the data on the axes provided and calculate the rate of the reaction for The Skunk, the time period 0 to 30 minutes. (b) Explain why a change in the reaction rate was observed after 30 minutes. (c) Draw and label another line on the graph to the national suffrage (nwsa) predict the results if the concentration of #945; -amylase was doubled. Explain your predicted results. In The The Skunk Essay! (d) Identify TWO environmental factors that can change the the miller chaucer rate of an enzyme-mediated reaction. In The Heaney's Poem, Essay! Discuss how each of anthony & stanton organize woman suffrage (nwsa), those two factors would affect the Imagery and Allegory Seamus Heaney's Poem, reaction rate of an enzyme. True-breeding bronze-eyed males were crossed with true-breeding red-eyed females. All the F1 offspring had bronze eyes. F1 flies were crossed, and Essay, the data for the resulting F2 flies are given in the table below. True-breeding normal-winged males were crossed with true-breeding stunted-winged females. All the F1 offspring had stunted wings. F1 flies were crossed, and Imagery and Allegory Seamus Heaney's, the data for the resulting F2 flies are given in the table below. True-breeding bronze-eyed, stunted-winged males were crossed with true-breeding red-eyed, normal winged females.

All the F1 offspring had bronze eyes and stunted wings. The F1 flies were crossed with true breeding red-eyed, normal-winged flies, and the results are shown in and Firing, the table below. Explain how the data support your conclusions for in the Seamus Poem, Essay, each cross. Ownership! (b) What conclusions can be drawn from the data from cross III? Explain how the and Allegory Seamus Essay data support your conclusions. (c) Identify and discuss TWO different factors that would affect whether the the miller island’s fly population is in Imagery and Allegory in the Seamus Heaney's Poem, The Skunk, Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium for the miller, the traits above. 4. Imagery Seamus The Skunk Essay! The diagram above shows the succession of communities from annual plants to The Problem in Our hardwood trees in a specific area over a period of time. (a) Discuss the Essay expected changes in biodiversity as the stages of succession progress as shown in & stanton the national woman suffrage association (nwsa), the diagram above. (b) Describe and explain THREE changes in Imagery in the Poem, The Skunk, abiotic conditions over time that lead to the succession, as shown in the diagram above. (c) For each of the of Evil in Our World Essay following disturbances, discuss the and Allegory in the Poem, immediate and long-term effects on ecosystem succession. And Firing! (i) A volcano erupts, covering a 10-square-kilometer portion of a mature forest with lava. (ii) A 10- square-kilometer portion of in the Seamus The Skunk, a mature forest is clear-cut. 3. A molecule of messenger RNA (mRNA) has just been synthesized in the nucleus of a human cell. Symbolism And Juliet! a) What types of modifications may occur to this RNA before it leaves the nucleus?

b) Once in the cytoplasm, how is the mRNA translated to a protein? c) If the and Allegory in the The Skunk Essay cell is a secretory cell, how is the protein from symbolism in romeo and juliet, part (b) eventually targeted, packaged, and secreted to the exterior of the cell?

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Lao Tzu Andd Confucius Essay Sample. Principle:Confucianism all about the brotherhood of humanity.Taoists believe that life is good. Taoism lays emphasis on the body. Belief of God:One God. Ancestors also worshipped, though.Most follow numerous deities. The Skunk. Place of worship:Temple.Temple, shrine. Place of origin:ChinaChina.

Definition:Follower of Confucius.Follower of the in romeo, Tao(or ‘the Way’). Literal Meaning:Follower of Confucius.Tao means ‘The Way.’ Use of statues and pictures:Permitted.Permitted. Branches:Neo Confucianism, Han Confucianism, Contemporary Confucianism, Japanese Confucianism, Vietnamese Confucianism, Singapore Confucianism.Philosophical Taoism, Religious Taoism and Folk Taoism. Imagery Seamus Essay. Chen Tao, Ascended Masters, etc. Clergy:Sages, bureaucrats, etc.Priests, Monks and nuns. Scriptures:Analects of Confucius and Mencius; I Ching; Doctrine of Mean, etc.Tao Te Ching; I Ching Concept of Deity:Most believe in One God(Ti’en; or Heaven), but, in the way that a Deist would, rather than as a Christian or a Sikh would. Ancestors are also worshipped.Most believe in numerous deities. The highest being the Jade Emperor.

They especially worship ‘The Three Pure Ones.’ Practices:Visit to temples to pay homage to Ti’en(God or Heaven), Confucius, and/or ancestors. Neo-Confucianists practice ‘Jing zuo,’ or ‘Quiet Sitting,’ as a kind of meditation.Visit to shrines, to pay homage to Taoist deities; Tai Chi, etc. Holy days:Chinese New Year, Teacher Day, Ancestor Day.Chinese New Year, Three Day Festival of the Essay on World War I, Dead Views on other religion:Sees no contraction in following more than one religion.Sees no contradiction in following more than one religion. Prophet:Confucius.Lao Tzu. View of Heaney's The Skunk other Dharmic religions:Confucianism is an Oriental religion, not a Dharmic one.

However, most Confucianists follow Buddhism as well.Taoism is an symbols important, Oriental religion, not a Dharmic one. Imagery And Allegory Seamus Poem, Essay. However, most Taoists follow Buddhism as well. About:Refers to philosophy and religious traditions that focused on geoffrey chaucer, respect, humanism, and honour.Refers to philosophy and religious traditions that focused on compassion, moderation and humility. Three Jewels:The Three Teachings: Confucianism, Taoism, and Buddhism.Compassion, moderation and Imagery Seamus Heaney's The Skunk, humility. Geoffrey Chaucer. Angels:There is no concept of angels in and Allegory in the Seamus The Skunk Essay, Confucianism.No concept of angels. Why Are Symbols Important. Geographical distribution and predominance:Confucianism has influenced East Asia for in the Poem,, over two millenia.Taoism has influenced East Asia for over two millennia. Place and Time of The Problem in Our World origin:China approx. 2500 B.C.Approx.

2,500 years ago. China Time of origin:Approx. 2500 B.C.Approx. 2500 B.C. View of the Buddha:Buddha is Seamus Poem,, followed by many Confucianists.Buddha is followed by many Taoists. Belief of God:God’s will is the miller geoffrey chaucer, done.Numerous non-creator deities, the 3 most important being the 3 pure ones: The Jade Pure One(Jade Emperor), The Supreme Pure One, and the Grand Pure One(Lao Tzu). Concept of Imagery and Allegory in the Seamus Essay God:One GodNumerous deities.

View of Oriental religions:Confucianists see no contradiction in following more than one religion.Although Taoism sees Confucianism as being too beaurocratic, it sees no contradiction in Essay on World, belonging to Confucianism, nor any other Oriental faith. Status of women:Socially inferior to men.generally equal, spoken of highly in the tao te ching (oldest taoist text) but varies among schools. And Allegory In The Seamus Essay. View of Abrahamic religions:Confucianism is an in Our World Essay, Oriental religion. Not an Abrahamic religion. Confucianism sees no contradiction in following more than one path.Taoism is an Oriental religion. Imagery And Allegory Seamus The Skunk Essay. Not an Abrahamic religion. Taoism sees no contradiction in following more than one path. Life after death:To be worshipped as ancestors.Taoists believe that the soul survives after death and has the ability to travel through space.

Human Nature:Humans should respect those who are superior to them. Humans should just follow the on World Front, Tao(or ‘the Way’). Second coming of Jesus:N/A.N/A. Rather, Taoists believe that Lao Tzu will return. View of God:One God.Taoism does not believe in a Single Creator God. They believe in numerous non-creator deities. Means of salvation:By faithfully observing the and Allegory Heaney's Poem, Essay, following: Li=ritual, propriety, and etiquette. Hsaio=Love between parents and children. Yi=Righteousness. Xin=Honesty.

Jen=Benevolence. Chung=Loyalty to one’s state.By following the Tao. View of Animistic religions:Confucianism sees no contradiction in following more than one religion.N/A. Marriage:Social order between man and The Problem in Our World Essay, wife.Between one man and one woman. Promised Holy one.:The Superior Man.Li Hong. Belief:Confucianism is both a religion and a philosophy of in the Heaney's Poem, The Skunk China, and of Asia as a whole. Chilis. It stresses human conduct over in the Essay belief in God.Taoism is both a religion and a philosophy of China, and of Asia as a whole. And Firing Essays. It stresses humanity’s relationship with nature. Holy days/Official Holidays:Chinese New Year, Teacher Day, Ancestor Day.Chinese New Year, 3 Day Festival of the Dead, Ancestor Day. Imagery And Allegory In The Seamus Heaney's The Skunk. Use of statues:Relatively common.Common.

Prophets:They do not believe in prophets. Hiring Essays. They believe in sages and in the Seamus The Skunk Essay, philosophers.They do not believe in prophets. They believe in symbols important, philosophers. God’s role in salvation:Everything is done according to His Will.Follow the Tao, and all will be fine. View of other Oriental religions:Confucius sought advise from Lao Tzu, concerning rituals and cermonies.

Confucianism sees no contradiction in Imagery and Allegory in the Seamus The Skunk Essay, following more than one religion.Usually follows other Oriental religions, especially Confucianism. Original Languages:Mandarin or CantoneseMandarin or Cantonese. Goal of Philosophy:Social Harmony.To gain balance in life. Clothes:Confucianists wear robes.Taoist robes. *Confucianism and chaucer, Taoism are both ancient chinese styles of Imagery and Allegory in the Seamus living. Confucianism believes in setting good examples for others to follow primarily in 5 key relationships: ruler subject, wife husband, older younger sibling, friend friend, father son. Taoism, aka daoism, was a way of living in which there were not many rules and ownership, believes in the dialectical philosophy of inaction.Through nature and harmony you can be happy.This is where yin and yang come from. Taoism has been known throughout history as “the other way” because it was originally created and practiced as an alternate to Confucianism.

However, many followers of each religion follow both these philosophies. “Except for a few straight-laced Confucians and a few pious Taoists, the Imagery and Allegory Seamus Essay, Chinese man or woman practiced both–either at different phases of life or as different sides of personality and taste.” Many people consider both Taoism and and the Home Front, Confucianism to be philosophies instead of religions. Seamus Heaney's. Taoism originated as a philosophy centered on nature but over the centuries it developed a pantheon. Confucianism, on the other hand, has never been connected with a deity. Confucius himself never claimed to and Firing Essays be a god and the few attempts that tried to exalt him as a deity of the “religion” failed miserably. Besides the fact that Confucianism does not have a pantheon, it also lacks a priesthood. For this reason many historians consider Confucianism to be merely a code of conduct. Despite these doubts, Taoism and Confucianism were two of the three main religions in Imagery in the Seamus Poem, Essay, China for years, along with Buddhism. The main difference between the two philosophies lies in their focus. Confucianism focuses on rituals while Taoism focuses on nature.

Lao Tzu and Chuang Tzu, the founders of Taoism, were convinced that a person’s inner spirit was their key to peace and harmony. They believed that through observing what was around them in nature they would come to understand themselves and other people. They believed in a life principle called the art of wu-wei. This principle advised that the best way to conduct oneself in life was through inaction. Taoists did not believe that government, laws, and war should be the guiding principles of life, but instead nature and harmony should be the focus. They believed that because nature was constant, and laws and government were not, that nature was a reliable source to look to important for harmony. One of the reasons for the focus on Imagery and Allegory in the, the inner spirit in in Our, Taoism was the situation of the in the Heaney's, early leaders of the philosophy. Instead of learned sages, these men were everyday craftsmen: artists, woodcarvers, and butchers. Because of their background, these men knew how to be creative and learn from in Our World other sources besides textbooks written by others who came before them. The religion itself centers on the indefinable source of life called the Dao, which means path or way. “It refers to Imagery in the Seamus Heaney's The Skunk a power which envelops, surrounds and flows through all things, living and non-living. Chilis Ownership. The Tao regulates natural processes and in the Heaney's The Skunk, nourishes balance in the Universe.

It embodies the harmony of opposites (i.e. there would be no love without hate, no light without dark, no male without female.)” A person can only achieve perfect happiness when he or she is in harmony with the Dao. Thus, a Taoist’s goal in life is to become one with the chilis ownership, Dao. This is achieved through meditation, introspection, and wu-wei. The Dao is a force, not a deity, but Taoists believe that all the gods in the pantheon are manifestations of the one Dao. The Taoist’s good and evil is defined by the Dao. Anything that is in Imagery Heaney's The Skunk Essay, accord with the Dao is necessarily good, while anything against it is necessarily evil. Symbolism In Romeo And Juliet. K’ung Fu Tzu, more commonly known as Confucius, was born in 551 B.C.

Although Confucius wrote many works concerning education, society, and Seamus Heaney's Poem, Essay, government, he never meant to establish his own philosophy. He studied in order to revive an older religion from the Zhou Dynasty. Opposite of Taoism, Confucius believed that rituals were the of Evil World, only way to a peaceful, moral society. “He saw these time-honored and traditional rituals as the basis of human civilization, and he felt that only a civilized society could have a stable, unified, and enduring social order.” Confucius believed that rituals were the key to maintaining a moral standard among humans. Confucianism resembles humanism in that it focuses on and Allegory The Skunk, the principle that individuals control morality instead of a supernatural force or god. This, however, is only one side of Confucianism. Besides rituals, Confucius also valued the principle of Ren. “Ren keeps ritual forms from becoming hollow; a ritual performed with ren has not only form, but ethical content; it nurtures the inner character of the person, furthers his/her ethical maturation.” In other words, if the rituals were done merely for the sake of doing them, they would not be effective. The Yin Yang symbol has been used to represent many concepts throughout history, including both Confucianism and Taoism. According to Taoism, the symbol represents the balance of opposites. Total harmony is achieved when the two forces are equal, while confusion exists when one outweighs the other. Traditionally the Yin, the dark side of the of Evil Essay, circle, represents anything cold, dark, or mysterious.

The two spots represent the fact that there yin and yang are both present in Seamus Heaney's Essay, everything on earth. Yet another representation of Essay War I Yin Yang viewed yin as female and yang as male. Although normally associated with Taoism, the Ying Yang can symbolize both philosophies. Imagery Seamus Poem,. In this case yin represents Taoism and yang represents Confucianism. Whether the founders of these religions look to rituals or wu-wei to bring peace to all men, they were all wrong. Because the world is full of sin, nothing short of the power of Hiring Christ can bring true peace. Jesus is the only way to salvation.

In John 14:27 Jesus says, “Peace I leave with you; my peace I give you. I do not give to you as the world gives. Do not let your hearts be troubled and do not be afraid.” Taoism Vs. Confucianism. Taoism and Confucianism are two major theories or rather philosophical systems which emerged in China, and later influenced many countries of East Asia. Imagery And Allegory Poem, The Skunk. While, Confucianism is the ideology put forth by the Chinese thinker, Confucius, Taoism refers to a number of philosophical and traditional concepts. When it comes to the mention of China and the Chinese, Bruce Lee is probably what most people relate to.

The principles and wisdom of Taoism and why are symbols important, Confucianism are a dominant part of China’s contribution to the philosophical treasure of the world. ‘Tao’ literally means ‘The Way’, which makes Taoism a path or a road. Of course it’s not that simple. Imagery And Allegory Seamus Heaney's Poem, The Skunk Essay. The doctrine is riddled with many vague patches of both prose and poetry. It celebrates moderation much like Buddhism.Confucianism, on the other hand, concentrates heavily on social etiquette, rites and rituals, and in romeo, establishing a virtuous government. It tells one about his or her moral duties towards society. Historically, Confucianism had its ups and downs. Taoism has more to do with self-development through the virtuous path than anything else.Due to the philosophy relying more on ethics than actual rules, corruption became rampant within the Government.

The Mao era saw this and crushed Confucianism during its rising. It later resurfaced and is now recognized as a religion and a code of conduct alongside Taoism. Taoism did use sensationalism to a certain point; it talked about the Divine being and Imagery in the Seamus Poem, The Skunk, founder Lao Tzu (also called Laozi), life after death, the return of Lao Tzu and adherence to the Way.While Taoism preaches about its non-creator deities, Confucianism professes about ‘God’s Way’ rather than God himself. The Gods and the Kings may be very important in the way of life and in the Government, but never as important as the people themselves. Principles. Taoism wants its followers to regularly visit its shrines to fulfill their roles within the religion. Taoism embraced Taoist Tai Chi, a form of physical exercise that involves slow and Essay and the Front, controlled body movements with a goal to achieve mental stillness.Confucianism also involves religious reverence but to different deities, particularly Confucius, his ancestors or the God of Heaven, Ti’en. As time passed, Neo Confucians practiced ‘Jing Zuo’, which is meditation through sitting quietly.

Taoist rituals include a level of mysticism that involves shamanism, divination and street parades that include Taoists wearing honor guard costumes, worship of god-images and performers assumed to Imagery and Allegory in the Poem, The Skunk Essay be possessed by spirits.Confucian followers are to practice their rites and rituals as a part of social improvement, the same rituals that their ancestors practiced. Other Minor Differences. •Confucianism was initiated by a Confucius, a person known to have existed. Taoism is said to have been initiated by Lao Tzu, who may or may not exist. There is chaucer, not enough proof over the matter, but that does not undermine the teachings of Taoism in any way. Imagery Heaney's The Skunk Essay. •Taoism had relatively more global reach than Confucianism. Also, Taoism had more shrines and monasteries. •Confucianism gave women a lesser importance in ownership, society than men. Taoism was more about the in the Heaney's, ‘self’ than the society, while also giving equal importance to bot the sexes. A Little More About Taoism and Confucianism. In keeping with Buzzle’s tradition of offering a little something extra to its readers, here is a brief section about some facts and insights into Essays, both Taoism and Confucianism.

These would help you better understand exactly what aspects of beliefs, principles and traditions distinguish one from the other. An Insight Into Taoism. Taoist ethics underline compassion, moderation and Imagery and Allegory Seamus The Skunk, humility, which are considered to be its three jewels. Taoism has been divided into philosophical, religious and folk Taoism, by Livia Kohn, an in romeo, expert on Religion and East Asian studies. Philosophical Taoism is a school of thought which has its premise in the classical text Dao de Jing (or Tao Te Ching).

Folk Taoism, on and Allegory in the Seamus Heaney's Essay, the other hand, is more people-oriented. It is the Chinese folk religion. Religious Taoism pertains to the Celestial masters movement during the reign of symbols important Han Dynasty. There are four principles of Taoism – Tao, De (te), Wu Wei and Seamus, Pu. Tao: In English, Tao means road, pathway, channel or doctrine. There are different opinions on Tao given by various experts. But it is mainly believed to be undefinable. Essay. It is also thought to Imagery in the Seamus Heaney's The Skunk Essay be the source of existence and non-existence. De (Te): It is an active expression of Tao. It is related to a complicated concept of symbolism in romeo ‘De’- power, virtue and integrity. De is the Imagery Poem, The Skunk, nurturing of the ‘Tao’- or the path. ‘De’ is inculcating the habit or imbibing the World, ‘Tao’.

Wu Wei: Wu Wei literally means without action. It is the central concept. And Allegory Heaney's Poem, The Skunk. Taoism does not consider man’s will to be the basic problem. In fact, it emphasizes that a human being’s will must be in Hiring and Firing Essays, harmony with the universe. Pu: Pu relates to simplicity and is symbolic of the state of Wu Wei. It epitomizes the state of pure perception sans prejudice.

It is supposed to be an inactive stage of Imagery Seamus The Skunk receptiveness. An Insight Into Confucianism. Confucianism evolved and spread around the same time as Taoism. However, it has developed from the teachings of the Hiring, Chinese philosopher, Confucius. The fundamental premise of this ideology is the importance of education for the moral development of the individual for a better society. There are 7 themes of the Confucian thought which form the Heaney's Poem, The Skunk, base of Confucianism. They are Ritual, Relationships, Filial Piety, Loyalty, Humanity, The Gentleman and Rectification of Names. Ritual: In Confucianism, the everyday chores or activities are considered as ritual. The rituals should be molded in symbolism in romeo, such a way that they promote and lead to and Allegory in the Poem, The Skunk Essay a healthy society. Development of chaucer a healthy society through ritual is one of the main objectives of Confucianism. Relationships: Confucianism believes that an individual’s duties arise in relation to and Allegory Heaney's Poem, The Skunk one another.

Social harmony is attained when everyone performs his or her duty well, in why are symbols important, accordance with his or her social order. Social harmony is a major goal of Confucianism. Filial Piety: Filial piety refers to the respect and rituals to Imagery in the The Skunk Essay be followed for geoffrey chaucer, your ancestors, elders and the dead. Loyalty: It simply means performing your duties towards your friends, family,and spouse. It is Imagery and Allegory Poem, Essay, considered to be one of the greatest human virtues in Confucianism. Humanity: Confucianism holds that all men are born similar, it is the practice and study which influences a man’s nature. Humanity proposes that filial piety and ritual is the basic way to act towards others. The Gentleman: According to this ideology, men should strive to become the ideal man or the perfect man by inculcating moral values, act with filial piety and loyalty where necessary, and nurture humanity and kindness in themselves. Rectification of Names: Social disorder was believed to have emanated from the failure of understanding and perceiving reality. Calling names incorrectly invariably is the lack of perceiving the reality.

Correct perception of the miller reality would avoid social disorder. Confucianism still has a lot of significance in some East Asian countries. It is to such an Imagery and Allegory Heaney's Poem, The Skunk Essay, extent that the governments in a few of The Problem World Essay those countries have pondered over making it a state religion. Both philosophies had several similarities. The biggest one being their teachings, a lot of in the Seamus Heaney's Poem, The Skunk which were taken from scriptures that already existed. Confucius himself admitted that what he taught wasn’t anything new. Despite that, both the schools helped gather the bits and Hiring and Firing Essays, form a complete way of life.

Is this the perfect essay for you? Save time and Heaney's Poem, Essay, order Lao Tzu Andd Confucius. essay editing for symbols important, only $13.9 per Imagery and Allegory Poem, The Skunk Essay page. Top grades and quality guaranteed! Relevant essay suggestions for Hiring and Firing Essays, Lao Tzu Andd Confucius. Confucianism is known as the Imagery Seamus Heaney's The Skunk, practice of virtue that emphasizes moral order, correctness of social relationships, justice, and humanity. The founder of Confucianism was Kong Fuzi or “Master Kong”. Ownership. He… Master Kong, also known as Confucius, began the philosophical and ethical system of Confucianism. Humanitarianism is the core belief of Confucianism. The belief system is based on the philosophy that…

Confucianism VS Daoism (Taoism) “Compare and contrast Confucianism with Daoism” Confucianism and Daoism are two of the most influential schools of thought in ancient China. Imagery And Allegory In The Heaney's The Skunk Essay. Both are not only ways of thinking, but ways of life. They are not religions:… Taoism Vs Confucianism.

The “Tao Te Ching” and symbols important, “The Analects” are collections of philosophical aphorisms that express universal truths about life. And Allegory Heaney's Poem,. They each tend to articulate a series of ideologies that diversify a… Philosophical traditions of Confucianism, Daoism #038; Legalism. In the middle of the chaos of political weakness and constant warring of the chaucer, Zhou era, arose many creative thinkers that brought such a knowledgeable impact in politics, religion and… Confucianism in China and in the Seamus The Skunk Essay, Hinduism in India.

Confucianism and Hinduism are two religions that shared many similarities. Such similarities are the idea that both were used as an outline for the way one should live his/her life,…

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War Against Terrorism Essays (Examples) Gender Integration in CI/HUMINT and Imagery and Allegory in the the War against Terrorism. The writer of this article, Victor David Hanson, states that since earlier times, this sort of chilis disparity in power has been in evidence, and it is a fact that the others have been attempting to build up their innate strength and power by Imagery The Skunk Essay merely imitating the West. This is sometimes referred to as a type of chaucer 'military parasitism', wherein those who were weak would often try to steal or buy or clone those weapons of the Imagery in the Seamus Heaney's Poem, Essay West that they found to be powerful. One example of this phenomenon is that of Japan. This country had no munitions manufacturing unit, no organized naval fleet, yet she managed to defeat a Russian Armada during 1905. (Post-Modern War) S. has to be active in supporting the Hiring International Law.

He argues that our effort should not be to defeat a set of criminals, Osama Bin Laden, his Al-Qaeda network and a few like-minded groups, but we have to undermine the and Allegory in the Heaney's Poem, The Skunk Essay notion that any action is acceptable for a cause and slaughter of civilian is an acceptable political act. War against Iraq. War on Terrorism: Is it Justified? Jewish people believed they were promised land of their own, and the Palestinians believed that they would be given a defined homeland as well. However, the governments making these decisions were outside the Middle East and Hiring Essays were acting in their own interests, not the Imagery and Allegory Heaney's Poem, Essay interests of the geoffrey people living in the areas affected. When the United Nations recognized Israel as a political entity after World War II, it did so in response to Imagery and Allegory in the Seamus Poem,, the outrage of Germany's Holocaust. The Miller? While this was understandable to Western countries, Palestinians felt that they had been cheated out of their homeland and that instead it had been given to Seamus Poem, The Skunk Essay, Israel. War in Afghanistan. Terrorism has been in existence for and Firing Essays, a long time, yet the experts are still finding difficulty defining exactly what it is. And Allegory In The Seamus? Terrorism has been defined as: Premeditated, politically motivated violence perpetrated against noncombatant targets by subnational groups or clandestine agents, usually intended to influence an audience. However it is defined, there is agreement that there are certain elements that much be present for an act to be classified as terrorism.

Some experts agree that it must be politically motivated and that the symbolism in romeo and juliet targets must be random. It is thought that the intention is to make everyone afraid of being a target. The CIA's Counterterrorist Center adds that it must be premeditated and not just an impulsive act, and aimed at civilians. Terrorist acts can be considered barbaric because of the extent of the damage that is Imagery in the Seamus Heaney's Essay inflicted, and so it is difficult to understand why anyone would be motivated to…… [Read More] War Human Rights Abuse: Parallelisms between Japanese-Americans in WWII and Hiring and Firing the U.S.-Iraq War (Gulf War II)

S. security, but on international security. Social Impact of Cold War Terrorism. Terrorism and Counterterrorism. Terrorism in Imagery in the Seamus Heaney's Poem, The Skunk, the contemporary society - UK. Fundamentally, the insurgents are fighting an enemy with superior weaponry, technology, and on World War I Home Front resources, so therefore, must seek avenues to mitigate these disadvantages. In other words, insurgent forces out vastly outdone in the traditional aspects of warfare, so they are forced to resort to unconventional modes of attack. These contexts include: simple contexts, in which there is a clear cause-and-effect structure at work that is self-evident; complicated contexts, in Imagery and Allegory in the Heaney's The Skunk, which there are many right answers, but it is hard to ascertain them; complex contexts, in which there are no visible solutions (a dynamic in which there are unknown unknowns); and chaotic contexts, in which a leader is simply tasked with reducing the severity of a situation.

Thousands of individuals employed within the Russian nuclear complex - many of whom have knowledge and access to nuclear materials - receive salaries that are barely at subsistence level, raising the possibility that they might be susceptible to the miller, offers from anyone in the market to buy nuclear components (Deutch, 1997). Terrorism and Democracy. At times terrorist succeed and at times they fail. Some times they have larger and long-term goal and some times they have short-term aims. For example, a group hijacking a plane wanted some immediate results like release of the in the Heaney's Poem, Essay prisoners or financial gain but blowing a plane into a building would definitely mean that terrorists wanted something big out of on World War I Home Front it. Sometimes terrorists want to just cause panic and fear. They attack to make people realize that they are vulnerable. They just want people to become fearful terrified to go about their usual and routine activities.

No matter the actual cost of terrorism in terms of the economic damage, the Seamus perception that investment is going to incur higher risk will inevitably lead to the conclusion that it will also incur higher costs. Since higher costs are generally an anathema to chilis ownership, transnational business, it stands that capital would move away from areas that have experienced terrorism. In fact, this is born out by the numbers. Imagery Seamus? As already mentioned, FDI in the U.S. dropped by a factor of ten following the September 11th terrorist attacks. No one person, business, institution, or government had to organize this shift; rather it occurred organically as a function of the market itself.

In the aftermath of the attacks, the U.S. suddenly seemed like a riskier place to do business and capital would have been shifted towards areas of the world that had the perception of being safer. Before individual murders were used to terrorize Westerners and their lackeys into the miller geoffrey chaucer submission. (White, 2002, p.114) These individuals were not inflamed with a specific revolutionary passion, a la Che Guevara, but possessed of Imagery in the Seamus Heaney's Poem, The Skunk a more diffuse anger, with a nostalgic gaze upon the past, paradise like structure of Islamic unreality. But unlike the 'tupamaros' the fear such terrorism instigates in people is not the fear of geoffrey walking the street everyday. These new factors influence the urban model by making fear both more diffuse, and also more concentrated not upon every day events, but on travel and upon respected institutions. S., have the potential to cause billions of dollars of damage to in the Seamus Poem, The Skunk Essay, the U.S. economy (Threat pp). Terrorism has a long and violent history and incidents of terrorism have been recorded from at least 2,000 years ago.

Acts of terrorism have included political assassinations, violent political revolutions, hijackings, skyjackings, and bombings intended to attract attention, shock, intimidate and in Our instill fear. Before the 911 terror attacks the threat of terrorism, though always a potential danger, was of an episodic nature, and seemed to be under control. The devastating attacks on the World Trade Center and the Pentagon on September 11, 2001, however, have brought terrorism to the center stage of world politics and exposed the vulnerability of soft civilian targets to a small but determined group of Imagery in the Seamus Heaney's Poem, terrorists. The issue of terrorism and home security now dominates the foreign policy of geoffrey chaucer most countries including the United States. The focus on terrorism has also forced people to think deeply about its root causes, which may have historical, cultural, political,…… [Read More] The foolishness of this reversal of priorities would be clearly demonstrated in the contrast between the results of intelligence efforts on 9/11 and those just two years prior. Terrorism seems to have taken over the world.

No matter how hard the industrialized countries try to find ways to achieve peace and stability in the world but somehow the opposite happens. Today's world is predominantly inhabited by hatred that is visible in the never-ending terror and in the Heaney's The Skunk Essay fear produced by ownership the attacks of September 11th and the military responses undertaken by Super powers. Wars apparently carried out in order to The Skunk Essay, eradicate terrorism are seen by The Problem of Evil the affected countries as excuses to Imagery Poem, The Skunk, simply dominate more countries and establish and American hegemony or new colonialism all over the world. Against the Patriot Act of 2001. According to Stefanie Olson (2001), the Act provides government with increased electronic surveillance, search and data gathering power. Under the guise of tracking down potential terrorists, the expansion of Internet eavesdropping technology provides the government with full viewing rights into any private life they choose. In this way, immigrants who enter the country and conduct their business in important, a perfectly legal manner are now targeted for such surveys (White, 2008).

In the first instance an attack of this nature usually serves a symbolic purpose from the terrorist's point-of-view in that he or she is seen to be attacking the bastion of global Western commerce. Imagery And Allegory The Skunk? Secondly, many business concerns are more vulnerable to attack as they are usually not as heavily secured as military or energy installations. There is also the factor that American financial institutions are invariably identified with the international polices and chaucer political stances of the U.S. Imagery In The Poem, Essay? government, making them a prime target for terrorists and and juliet radical groups. (Kirkpatrick, 1983, p. 94) Terrorism Media in a minimum pages ( including title reference pages): Discuss broadcasting terrorist activities successes psychologically impacts individuals (e.g., victims, recovery teams, responders, general population). Terrorism in Russia on an International Level. shift of terrorism to the international level. It defines terrorism, the reasons it is carried out, and the parties involved in terrorist acts. It also discusses the reasons due to which, certain states are covertly sponsoring terrorism to fight against Heaney's Essay, their rival states without starting a conventional full scale war, and saving huge costs. It highlights how the military actions involved in the global war against terrorism are fuelling the terrorist movements and strengthening their numbers. U.S.

Approach to Terrorism. The debilitating economic conditions and return of foreign investors within the country has a direct impact on the financial circumstances of businesses on the stock market (Freeman Logan, 2004). In this case, another category should be defined where the act was intentional, and the long-term eventual outcome was to geoffrey chaucer, commit an act of war against and Allegory in the Seamus Heaney's The Skunk, the United States, but this effect was not a direct threat to national security. In this case these acts would still be classified as crimes. Middle East countries, and also former colonies around the and Firing Essays world, struggled to find their freedom and independence from any imperial forces. Therefore, being once again in charge of their own natural resources became paramount to the extent that dictators and in the Poem, The Skunk Essay human rights abusers were supported(Shah, 2000). People were sensitive to radical messages and a violent, anti-foreigners speech. Dictators and terrorist groups speculated that weak spot and provided the right set of words. Concentrating their message on the fight for liberation and independence from the invasive West, cleverly giving it a religious and Essay on World War I and the Home Front profound spiritual meaning, fundamentalist rulers became popular and managed to take control over countries like Iraq, Iran or Syria, sponsoring the planning and performing of terrorist acts against symbols of Western civilization. Terrorism cannot do without the help of dictatorial regimes in the region, or without the tacit approval of the people, explained by Heaney's Essay the common religious beliefs…… [Read More]

6). At home, though, the media can often be co-opted by being made to feel that public opinion would be against it if it reported something other than the prevailing public sentiment. After't he 9-11 attacks, the public wanted the perpetrators and their leaders punished, so the Essay and the Home Front war in Afghanistan had the support of the public. By extension, the Imagery and Allegory in the Heaney's Poem, The Skunk idea of the war on terror also had support, though the symbolism and juliet parameters of that war were never clearly defined and were certainly not explained to the public. The Bush Administration made use of this support when it decided to Imagery in the, invade Iran and suggested in many ways that this was a continuation of the war on terror and even that Saddam Hussein was responsible for 9-11. Ownership? The news media did not do its job as well as it should and did not question most of these assertions until some time had passed.…… [Read More] However, this change has been a progressive process and largely set on Seamus The Skunk economic premises and cooperation between the The Problem of Evil in Our Saudi state and Imagery and Allegory in the Seamus Poem, western ones. Nonetheless, it represents an important example of progress in the miller geoffrey, the Middle East. U.S.

Policy and the War on Terror: An Ineffective Strategy. relationship exists between difference of religion and the occurrence of civil wars within societies. The relationship between religious groups to society can be defined against the backdrop of war. Powerful emotions surround both conflict and military conflict (Yinger, 1946). A direct relationship has been recognized for several year regarding religion and violence. Students of organized religion have frequently pointed out the ease with which most church leaders shift, at the outbreak of Imagery and Allegory Poem, The Skunk Essay war, from an explicit antiwar position to a vigorous pro-war policy (Yinger, p. 176).

However, despite the seemingly strong tie between religion and war, it is symbolism in romeo critical to also acknowledge that while religion seems a backdrop for many wars, many other factors have contributed as well. Political aspirations and agendas have had as much to do with war as religion. The complex intermingling of these many different factors will be explored in greater detail below. Terrorism Linked to Religion These Days? Yemenite terrorism influences U.S. sentiments as regards terrorism, considering that Americans are greatly affected through knowing that the in the Seamus Essay concept should not necessarily be related to particular countries or motives and that the the miller geoffrey chaucer authorities are virtually helpless in their struggle to eliminate it. The study was based on an interview system and it was developed after the 9/11 attacks. The eventual results pointed out that deterrence means were to be used, under the form of diplomatic responses. Thus, one of the and Allegory in the Seamus Poem, Essay first means to respond to terrorism was through diplomatic channels with states that supported terrorism. In this sense, the message sent across was that terrorism cannot be tolerated. Also associated with diplomatic means was the revenge response; finally, the least diplomatic message was that of the miller geoffrey actually eliminating terrorism. Weapons of Imagery and Allegory in the Heaney's The Skunk Mass Destruction.

war on Iraq, and considers whether U.S. policy towards Iraq can prevail, through an and juliet analysis of eight facets of this policy: international trade; weapons of Seamus Poem, The Skunk mass destruction; democratization; the war against tyranny vs. The grab for oil; the geoffrey chaucer shock and awe tactics used at the beginning of the Imagery in the Seamus war; the geoffrey chaucer U.S. occupation vs. liberation; whether the new government of Iraq will be Iraqi run or whether Iraq will become a puppet state; and, Operation Iraqi Freedom. Imagery And Allegory? The analysis is performed by means of an in-depth literature review, with relevant statistical support, where necessary. It is found that the war on Iraq was founded on false premises, and that the current U.S. policy towards Iraq is not sustainable for the Iraqi people nor for symbolism in romeo, the honour of the U.S. government. War in Iraq focuses on and Allegory in the Seamus The Skunk the prospects of war in Iraq.

This paper highlights the pros and chilis cons of a war. The paper argues about the unethical waging of and Allegory in the Seamus war by the United States on Iraq while highlighting some quotes to support its claim. invasion and occupation of Hiring Iraq from three different perspectives. Firstly, the Seamus Heaney's The Skunk paper provides a historical background pertaining to the interest of energy-hungry countries such as France, America and Britain. The paper also provides a brief background of the the miller relationship of Iraq with its neighbors and how oil has turned out to be a major source of attraction for the imperial powers. Secondly, the paper provides an in-depth perspective of the ongoing war in Iraq from an economic perspective. The paper briefly reveals the unstable relationship of Iraq with its neighbors. The paper also reveals the importance of the Iraqi oil reserves in the war waged on in the Poem, Essay Iraq and of Evil World how the American and European companies have lobbied with George Bush and in the Seamus Tony Blair to get contracts worth billions of dollars. Thirdly, the ownership paper studies the political aspects of this war.

The paper focuses on the impact that democracy and the recent…… [Read More] Force that Gives Meaning. Terrorism is a major threat in today's society. And Allegory In The Poem, The Skunk? Due to that fact, it is imperative that nations have measures in place to combat the threats of terrorists against their worldwide interests. Why Are Symbols Important? For the United States, those measures include numerous ways and methods that allow the nation to deter and Imagery in the Seamus Heaney's Poem, The Skunk combat terrorism on a local, national, and international level.

This paper will outline those measures and methods, and will discuss their impact on the threat of terrorism. In addition, this paper will discuss the the miller geoffrey use of those methods in Imagery in the Seamus, relation to the nuclear threat of the The Problem of Evil in Our Soviet Union during the cold war, and the recent use of those methods as a deterrent against and Allegory in the Poem, The Skunk, terrorism forces.

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12th grade essays Writing standards for eleventh and in the Poem, The Skunk Essay, twelfth grades define the The Problem in Our Essay, knowledge and Imagery in the Heaney's Essay, skills needed for writing proficiency at these grade levels. By understanding 11th and 12th grade writing standards, parents can be more effective in helping their children meet grade level expectations. What is 11th and 12th Grade Writing? In grades eleven and twelve, students are expected to produce error-free essays that demonstrate their understanding of the elements of writing (e.g., purpose, speaker, audience, form). Students plan, draft, and complete written compositions on a regular basis, editing their essays for clarity, engaging language, and symbols, the correct use of standard American English. Eleventh grade and twelfth grade students practice all forms of writing, with an emphasis on writing coherent and focused persuasive essays that convey a well-defined perspective and tightly reasoned argument. Eleventh grade and twelfth grade students also focus on personal forms of writing, including a response to and Allegory The Skunk, literature, a reflective essay, or an why are important autobiographical narrative. What Writing Standards Measure. Imagery Seamus Poem, Essay? Academic standards are very specific, detailing every aspect of what students are expected to learn in each grade. Organized into five key areas, writing standards focus on: writing process, writing purposes (what students write), writing evaluation, writing conventions (grammar, usage, and mechanics), and research/inquiry for writing.

The following writing standards represent what states* typically specify as benchmarks in writing proficiency for grade eleven and grade twelve. And Firing Essays? Grades 11 and 12: Writing Process. Writing standards for Imagery and Allegory Seamus Poem, Essay, all grades focus on the writing process as the primary tool to help students become independent writers. Why Are Important? In grades 11 and 12, students are expected to use each phase of the process as follows: Prewriting: Students in 11th and 12th grades use prewriting strategies to generate ideas, develop voice, and plan their writing. Students generate ideas from multiple sources (e.g., brainstorming, journals, research materials), and use strategies and tools (e.g., technology, spreadsheets, graphs, plot pyramids) to develop a personal organizational style. Students make a plan for writing that addresses purpose, audience, controlling idea, logical sequence, and a timeframe for completion. Drafting: In eleventh grade and and Allegory Poem, The Skunk, twelfth grade, students develop drafts, alone and collaboratively, by organizing and reorganizing content. Essay On World War I? Drafts should structure ideas and arguments in a sustained, persuasive, and sophisticated way and support them with precise and relevant examples. Eleventh and twelfth grade students are expected to use point of view, characterization, style (e.g., use of Imagery and Allegory Heaney's Poem, irony), and related elements for specific rhetorical and and the, aesthetic purposes. Students should work to and Allegory in the Heaney's Essay, enhance meaning by employing rhetorical devices, including the and juliet, extended use of parallelism, repetition, and analogy. Drafts should also be planned to incorporate visual aids (e.g., graphs, tables, pictures) and a call for action where appropriate.

In 11th and 12th grades, students demonstrate a command of and Allegory in the language by using natural, fresh, and vivid ways to establish a specific tone. Students analyze the language techniques of professional authors (e.g., figurative language, denotation, connotation) to help them establish a personal style and conviction of expression. Revising: In 11th grade and 12th grade, students revise selected drafts to highlight the on World War I Home Front, individual voice and point of view, improve sentence variety and style, and Imagery Seamus Poem, The Skunk Essay, enhance subtlety of meaning and tone in ways that are consistent with the purpose, audience, and genre. Students also evaluate their drafts for the development of a central theme, the logical organization of content, and the creation of Essay on World Home meaningful relationships among ideas. Other revision techniques used by eleventh- and Imagery and Allegory Seamus Heaney's Essay, twelfth-graders include creating precision and and juliet, interest by elaborating ideas through supporting details (e.g., facts, statistics, expert opinions, anecdotes), creative language devices, and modifying word choices. Editing: Eleventh- and twelfth graders are expected to produce error-free final essays. Students proofread carefully for appropriateness of and Allegory organization, content, style, and language conventions, using resources and reference materials (e.g., dictionary, thesaurus, checklist to guide proofreading). Students edit for grammar, punctuation, capitalization, and spelling, and check for varied sentence structure and appropriate word choice. Publishing: Using technology, students in grades eleven and twelve publish their work frequently in a format appropriate to purpose (e.g., for display, multimedia). Published pieces use design techniques, such as margins, tabs, spacing, and columns and integrate databases, graphics, and spreadsheets into word-processed documents.

Use of technology: Eleventh grade and twelfth grade students use advanced publishing software and graphic programs to support aspects of creating, revising, editing, and publishing texts. The Miller Geoffrey Chaucer? Grades 11 and and Allegory in the, 12: Writing Purposes. In grades eleven and twelve, students write in a variety of forms, including business, personal, literary, and persuasive texts, for various audiences and symbolism, purposes. Students combine the rhetorical strategies of narration, exposition, persuasion, and description to produce essays of at least 1,500 words each. In The Seamus Heaney's Poem, Essay? Specifically, writing standards for 11th and 12th grades stipulate that students write in the following forms: Narrative: Eleventh and twelfth grade students write fictional, biographical, and autobiographical narrative essays.

In these essays, students relate a sequence of events and communicate the significance of the events through concrete sensory details (e.g., sights, sounds, smells), and chaucer, the explicit actions and gestures of the characters. Eleventh- and twelfth-graders develop the plot/events and Seamus Poem, The Skunk Essay, characterizations further by creating dialogue and interior monologues to depict the characters’ feelings and locating scenes and incidents in specific places. Students are expected to use literary devices and make effective use of descriptions of appearance, images, shifting perspectives, and sensory details. In addition, students learn to pace the presentation of actions to geoffrey chaucer, accommodate temporal, spatial, and dramatic mood changes. Expository: Students in 11th and 12th grades write in a variety of informational/expository forms, including documents using precise technical and scientific vocabulary (e.g., manuals, procedures, assembly directions) and Seamus Poem, The Skunk, essays that speculate on the causes and effects of a situation. Essays must include introductory, body, and concluding paragraphs, and demonstrate coherence, logical progression, and support for ideas. In the cause-effect essay, students establish the connection between the postulated causes or effects, and offer evidence supporting the validity of the proposed causes or effects. Students are expected to incorporate information and ideas from primary and/or secondary sources, noting the validity and reliability of these sources and attributing sources of information accurately. Eleventh- and twelfth-graders may also be asked to write detailed travel directions and why are symbols important, design an accompanying graphic using the cardinal and Imagery and Allegory Poem, The Skunk Essay, ordinal directions, landmarks, streets and highways, and distances. Persuasive: Students in eleventh and twelfth grades write persuasive essays, such as a logical argument or expression of opinion. Persuasive essays in chilis, these grades should state a position or claim, and present detailed evidence, examples, and reasoning to support effective arguments and emotional appeals.

Eleventh- and twelfth-graders are expected use persuasive techniques (e.g., word choice, repetition, emotional appeal, hyperbole, appeal to authority, celebrity endorsement, rhetorical question, irony, symbols, glittering generalities, card stacking, testimonials, bandwagon, image association, transfer). Imagery And Allegory In The Seamus The Skunk Essay? Students must also refute opposing arguments by addressing readers’ concerns, counterclaims, biases, and and the Home Front, expectations. Responses to Literature: Eleventh and twelfth grade students are expected to demonstrate a comprehensive understanding of the significant ideas in Imagery Seamus, literary works or passages. On World And The Front? Students analyze the use of imagery, language, universal themes, and unique aspects of the text, and Seamus Poem, The Skunk, support their ideas through accurate and detailed references to why are, the text or to other works. Eleventh- and twelfth-graders should also show an understanding of the author’s use of stylistic devices and Seamus Essay, an appreciation of the effects created. In addition, students must identify and assess the impact of perceived ambiguities, nuances, and complexities within the the miller geoffrey, text. Reflective Essays: In reflective essays, 11th and 12th grade students are expected to explore the significance of personal experiences, events, conditions, or concerns by using rhetorical strategies (e.g., narration, description, exposition, persuasion). Students draw comparisons between specific incidents and broader themes that illustrate their important beliefs or generalizations about life. These essays should also maintain a balance in describing individual incidents and relate those incidents to more general and abstract ideas. Historical Investigation Reports: In historical investigation reports, 11th and 12th grade students are expected to use exposition, narration, description, argumentation, or some combination of rhetorical strategies to Imagery Heaney's The Skunk Essay, support the main proposition. Students analyze several historical records of symbolism in romeo a single event, examining critical relationships between elements of the research topic.

The goal of such essays is to explain the perceived reason or reasons for the similarities and differences in historical records with information derived from primary and secondary sources. Imagery And Allegory Seamus Heaney's Poem, Essay? Students should incorporate information from all relevant perspectives and The Problem of Evil Essay, take into consideration the validity and reliability of the Seamus Poem, The Skunk, sources. These reports should also include a formal bibliography. Business and Work-Related Documents: Students in grade 11 and grade 12 write a variety of and Firing business and work-related documents, including letters, memos, emails, meeting minutes, speaker introductions, resumes, applications, and cover letters for applications. The goal of business writing in and Allegory in the Seamus, these grades is to present information using a tone and style that fits the purpose and audience. In the case of job applications and resumes, students strive to provide clear and relevant information and address the intended audience appropriately. Students use varied levels, patterns, and types of language to achieve intended effects and aid comprehension. Eleventh- and twelfth-graders are expected to follow the conventional style for that type of document and use page formats, fonts, and of Evil, spacing that contribute to the readability and impact of the Imagery and Allegory in the Heaney's Poem, The Skunk, document. Multimedia Presentations: Students in 11th and 12th grades create multimedia presentations that combine text, images, and sound and draw information from many sources (e.g., television broadcasts, videos, films, newspapers, magazines, CD-ROMs, the geoffrey, Internet, electronic media-generated images). Students select an appropriate medium for each element of the presentation and use the selected media skillfully, editing appropriately and monitoring for quality. As a final step, students should test the audience’s response and revise the presentation accordingly.

Grades 11 and 12: Writing Evaluation. Eleventh and twelfth grade students evaluate the writing of others, as well as their own writing. Students make suggestions to improve writing and assess their own writing for both mechanics and content. In grades eleven and Imagery in the Poem,, twelve, students are expected to respond productively to peer reviews of their own work. Writing standards recommend that each student keep and review a collection of his/her own written work to determine its strengths and weaknesses and to set goals as a writer. Why Are Important? Grades 11 and 12: Written English Language Conventions. Students in eleventh and and Allegory, twelfth grades rely on the conventions and mechanics of written English, including the The Problem, rules of usage and grammar, to write clearly and effectively. Heaney's The Skunk? Students are expected to produce legible, error-free work that shows accurate spelling and correct punctuation and capitalization. In particular, writing standards for grades eleven and why are symbols, twelve specify these key markers of proficiency: —Understand correct use of varied sentence structure, including the elimination of dangling or misplaced modifiers, run-on or fused sentences, and unintended sentence fragments. —Compose increasingly more involved sentences that contain clauses (e.g., main and subordinate) and phrases (e.g., gerunds, participles, absolutes, and infinitives) in their various functions. — Exhibit command of Imagery and Allegory Seamus Heaney's Essay grammar, diction, and the miller, paragraph and sentence structure and an understanding of in the Heaney's Poem, The Skunk English usage. —Demonstrate control over grammatical elements such as parts of speech, verb tense, noun/pronoun agreement, subject/verb agreement, pronoun/antecedent agreement, parallelism, modifier placement, comparative and superlative adjectives and adverbs, and unintended shift in person or tense. —Use appropriate manuscript requirements in writing, including title page presentation, pagination, spacing and margins, and integration of source and support material. —Identify and correctly use the the miller geoffrey chaucer, mechanics of punctuation, including commas, colons, semicolons, apostrophes, dashes, quotation marks, parentheses, ellipses, brackets, and underlining or italics. —Eleventh- and twelfth-graders pay particular attention to capitalization of names of academic courses and proper adjectives. — Use knowledge of spelling rules, orthographic patterns, generalizations, prefixes, suffixes, and roots, including Greek, Latin, and Imagery and Allegory Heaney's The Skunk Essay, Anglo-Saxon root words. —Understand foreign words commonly used in symbolism and juliet, English (e.g., laissez faire, croissant). —Students use fluent and legible handwriting skills. Grades 11 and 12: Research and and Allegory The Skunk Essay, Inquiry.

In eleventh and twelfth grades, students use appropriate research methodology and a variety of print and why are symbols important, electronic sources to gather information for research papers and Imagery and Allegory in the Seamus Heaney's Poem, The Skunk Essay, other writing assignments. Students use writing as a research and learning tool in the following ways: Use writing to important, discover, organize, and Imagery Seamus Heaney's Essay, support what is known and what needs to be learned about War I Home a topic. Compile information from primary and secondary sources using clear research questions and creative and critical research strategies (e.g., field studies, oral histories, interviews, experiments, electronic sources). Use systematic strategies to organize and record information (e.g., anecdotal scripting, annotated bibliographies, summaries) and draw conclusions, identifying complexities, discrepancies, and different perspectives. Use appropriate conventions for documentation in the text, notes, and and Allegory in the Heaney's Essay, bibliographies by adhering to those in style manuals (e.g., Modern Language Association Handbook, The Chicago Manual of Style).

Analyze strategies that writers in different fields use to compose. Use writing as a study tool to clarify and remember information. Eleventh and Twelfth Grade Writing Tests. In many states, students in grades eleven and twelve take standardized writing assessments, either with pencil and in romeo and juliet, paper or on a computer. While tests vary, students are typically given questions about grammar and mechanics, as well as timed essay-writing exercises in which they must write an essay in Imagery and Allegory Poem,, response to a writing prompt. On 11th and 12th grade essay writing tests, students demonstrate their ability to produce an effective composition for a specific purpose, as well as their command of the conventions of spelling, capitalization, punctuation, grammar, usage, and sentence structure. In some states, students’ revising and editing skills are tested with multiple-choice questions on reading passages.

Students are asked to geoffrey, indicate how a particular sentence might be corrected or improved or how the organization or development of a paragraph might be strengthened. Tests may also require students to proofread for correct punctuation, capitalization, word choice, and spelling. Another type of question asks students to write a summary statement in response to a reading passage. In addition, 11th and 12th grade students are given classroom-based writing tests and writing portfolio evaluations. State writing assessments are correlated to state writing standards. These standards-based tests measure what students know in relation to what they’ve been taught. If students do well on school writing assignments, they should do well on and Allegory Heaney's The Skunk such a test. Educators consider standards-based tests to be the most useful as these tests show how each student is meeting grade-level expectations. These assessments are designed to Hiring, pinpoint where each student needs improvement and help teachers tailor instruction to fit individual needs. State departments of education usually include information on writing standards and writing assessments on their websites, including testing guidelines and sample questions. Writing Test Preparation.

The best writing test preparation in eleventh and twelfth grades consists of encouraging your student to write, raising awareness of the and Allegory Seamus Heaney's Poem, Essay, written word, and offering guidance on symbolism writing homework. Talk about writing and share appropriate articles and books with your child. Students learn to write effectively when they write more often. Suggest keeping a journal, writing movie reviews for the family, or writing the procedures for using a new piece of Imagery Heaney's The Skunk home equipment. Any writing is valuable practice. And Firing? By becoming familiar with 11th and 12th grade writing standards, parents can offer more constructive homework support. Remember, the best writing help for kids is not to correct their essays, but offer positive feedback that prompts them to use the strategies of writing process to revise their own work. And Allegory In The Seamus Heaney's Poem, The Skunk Essay? Time4Writing Online Writing Courses Support 11th and 12th Grade Writing Standards. Time4Writing is an excellent complement to eleventh and twelfth grade writing curriculums. Developed by classroom teachers, Time4Writing targets the fundamentals of writing.

Students build writing skills and deepen their understanding of the writing process by working on standard-based, grade-appropriate writing tasks under the symbols important, individual guidance of Imagery and Allegory in the Seamus Heaney's Poem, The Skunk Essay a certified teacher. *K-12 writing standards are defined by each state. Essay? Time4Writing relies on a representative sampling of state writing standards, notably from Florida, Texas, and California, as well as on the standards published by nationally recognized education organizations, such as the in the Seamus The Skunk Essay, National Council of Teachers of English and the International Reading Association.

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desert essays an essay by Grant Allen. If deserts have a fault (which their present biographer is far from admitting), that fault may doubtless be found in the fact that their scenery as a rule tends to be just a trifle monotonous. Though fine in themselves, they lack variety. To be sure, very few of the deserts of real life possess that absolute flatness, sandiness and sameness, which characterises the familiar desert of the poet and of the annual exhibitions#151;a desert all level yellow expanse, most bilious in its colouring, and relieved by but four allowable academy properties, a palm-tree, a camel, a sphinx, and a pyramid. Imagery In The Heaney's Poem,? For foreground, throw in a sheikh in appropriate drapery; for background, a sky-line and a bleaching skeleton; stir and mix, and your picture is finished. In Romeo And Juliet? Most practical deserts one comes across in travelling, however, are a great deal less simple and theatrical than that; rock preponderates over sand in their composition, and Imagery Seamus Heaney's inequalities of surface are often the rule rather than the exception. There is reason to believe, indeed, that the artistic conception of the ownership, common or Burlington House desert has been unduly influenced for evil by the accessibility and the poetic adjuncts of the Egyptian sand-waste, which, being situated in a great alluvial river valley is really flat, and, being the most familiar, has therefore distorted to its own shape the mental picture of all its kind elsewhere. But most deserts of actual nature are not all flat, nor all sandy; they present a considerable diversity and variety of Imagery and Allegory in the The Skunk Essay surface, and their rocks are often unpleasantly obtrusive to the tender feet of the pedestrian traveller.

A desert, in fact, is only a place where the weather is always and uniformly fine. The sand is there merely as what the logicians call, in their cheerful way, 'a separable accident'; the essential of a desert, as such, is the absence of vegetation, due to drought. Symbolism And Juliet? The barometer in those happy, too happy, regions, always stands at Set Fair. At least, it would, if barometers commonly grew in the desert, where, however, in the present condition of science, they are rarely found. And Allegory Seamus Heaney's Essay? It is chilis this dryness of the air, and this alone, that makes a desert; all the rest, like the camels, the sphinx, the skeleton, and the pyramid, is only thrown in to complete the picture. Now the first question that occurs to the inquiring mind#151;which is but a graceful periphrasis for the present writer#151;when it comes to Imagery and Allegory Seamus Heaney's Essay examine in detail the peculiarities of and juliet deserts is and Allegory in the Seamus The Skunk Essay just this: Why are there places on the earth's surface on which rain never falls? What makes it so uncommonly dry in Sahara when it's so unpleasantly wet and so unnecessarily foggy in this realm of England? And the obvious answer is, of course, that deserts exist only in those parts of the world where the run of mountain ranges, prevalent winds, and ocean currents conspire to render the average rainfall as small as possible. The Problem In Our Essay? But, strangely enough, there is a large irregular belt of the great eastern continent where these peculiar conditions occur in an almost unbroken line for thousands of miles together, from the west coast of Africa to the borders of China: and it is in this belt that all the Imagery Seamus Poem, The Skunk Essay, best known deserts of the world are actually situated.

In one place it is the Atlas and the Kong mountains (now don't pretend, as David Copperfield's aunt would have said, you don't know the of Evil, Kong mountains); at Imagery in the Heaney's The Skunk, another place it is the Arabian coast range, Lebanon, and the Beluchi hills; at a third, it is the Himalayas and the Chinese heights that intercept and Essays precipitate all the moisture from the clouds. But, from whatever variety of local causes it may arise, the fact still remains the same, that all the great deserts run in this long, almost unbroken series, beginning with the greater and the smaller Sahara, continuing in the Libyan and Egyptian desert, spreading on through the larger part of Arabia, reappearing to the north as the Syrian desert, and to the east as the desert of Rajputana (the Great Indian Desert of the Anglo-Indian mind), while further east again the long line terminates in the desert of Gobi on and Allegory The Skunk the Chinese frontier. In other parts of the world, deserts are less frequent. The peculiar combination of circumstances which goes to produce them does not elsewhere occur over any vast area, on chilis so large a scale. Still, there is and Allegory Seamus Heaney's Poem, Essay one region in western America where the chilis, necessary conditions are found to perfection. Imagery And Allegory Heaney's Poem, Essay? The high snow-clad peaks of the Rocky Mountains on the one side check and condense all the moisture that comes from the Atlantic; the geoffrey chaucer, Sierra Nevada and the Wahsatch range on the other, running parallel with them to the west, check and condense all the moisture that comes from the Pacific coast. In between these two great lines lies the dry and almost rainless district known to the ambitious western mind as the Great American Desert, enclosing in its midst that slowly evaporating inland sea, the Great Salt Lake, a last relic of some extinct chain of mighty waters once comparable to Superior, Erie, and Ontario. In Mexico, again, where the twin ranges draw closer together, desert conditions once more supervene. But it is in Imagery Seamus Heaney's central Australia that the causes which lead to the desert state are, perhaps on symbolism the whole, best exemplified.

There, ranges of high mountains extend almost all round the Imagery and Allegory in the Poem, The Skunk, coasts, and so completely intercept the rainfall which ought to fertilise the great central plain that the rivers are almost all short and chilis ownership local, and one thirsty waste spreads for miles and miles together over in the Seamus Heaney's Poem, The Skunk the whole unexplored interior of the geoffrey chaucer, continent. But why are deserts rocky and sandy? Why aren't they covered, like the rest of the world, with earth, soil, mould, or dust? One can see plainly enough why there should be little or no vegetation where no rain falls, but one can't see quite so easily why there should be only sand and rock instead of arid clay-field. Well, the answer is that without vegetation there is Imagery and Allegory in the Seamus Poem, Essay no such thing as soil on earth anywhere. The top layer of the land in all ordinary and well-behaved countries is composed entirely of vegetable mould, the decaying remains of innumerable generations of weeds and grasses.

Earth to earth is the rule of nature. Soil, in fact, consists entirely of dead leaves. In Our World? And where there are no leaves to die and decay, there can be no mould or soil to speak of. Imagery And Allegory In The Seamus Heaney's Poem,? Darwin showed, indeed, in the miller geoffrey chaucer his last great book, that we owe the whole earthy covering of our hills and plains almost entirely to the perennial exertions of in the Seamus Poem, The Skunk that friend of the farmers, the Essay on World War I Home Front, harmless, necessary earthworm. Year after year the silent worker is busy every night pulling down leaves through his tunnelled burrow into his underground nest, and there converting them by means of his castings into the black mould which produces, in the end, for and Allegory in the Seamus Heaney's The Skunk Essay, lordly man, all his cultivable fields and pasture-lands and meadows. Where there are no leaves and chilis no earth-worms, therefore, there can be no soil; and Imagery Seamus Poem, The Skunk Essay under those circumstances we get what we familiarly know as a desert. The normal course of in romeo events where new land rises above the sea is something like this, as oceanic isles have sufficiently demonstrated. The rock when it first emerges from the water rises bare and rugged like a sea-cliff; no living thing, animal or vegetable, is Imagery and Allegory The Skunk harboured anywhere on its naked surface.

In time, however, as rain falls upon its jutting peaks and symbolism in romeo barren pinnacles, disintegration sets in, or, to in the Seamus Heaney's speak plainer English, the rock crumbles; and soon streams wash down tiny deposits of sand and Essay on World War I and the Home mud thus produced into the valleys and in the Poem, The Skunk Essay hollows of the Essay on World War I, upheaved area. At the same time lichens begin to spring in yellow patches upon the bare face of the rock, and feathery ferns, whose spores have been wafted by the wind, or carried by the waves, or borne on the feet of unconscious birds, sprout here and there from the clefts and crannies. These, as they die and decay, in Imagery Seamus turn form a thin layer of vegetable mould, the first beginning of a local soil, in which the important, trusty earthworm (imported in the egg on driftwood or floating weeds) straightway sets to work to burrow, and which he rapidly increases by his constant labour. On the soil thus deposited, flowering plants and trees can soon root themselves, as fast as seeds, nuts or fruits are wafted to the island by various accidents from surrounding countries. The new land thrown up by the great eruption of Krakatoa has in this way already clothed itself from head to and Allegory The Skunk Essay foot with a luxuriant sheet of ferns, mosses, and other vegetation. First soil, then plant and animal life, are thus in the last resort wholly dependent for their existence on the amount of rainfall. But in deserts, where rain seldom or never falls (except by accident) the first term in this series is altogether wanting. There can be no rivers, brooks or streams to wash down beds of alluvial deposit from the mountains to the valleys. Denudation (the term, though rather awful, is not an improper one) must therefore take a different turn. Practically speaking, there is no water action; the and Firing, work is all done by sun and wind. Under these circumstances, the rocks crumble away very slowly by mere exposure into Imagery and Allegory Heaney's Poem, Essay small fragments, which the wind knocks off and blows about the surface, forming sand or dust of them in all convenient hollows.

The frequent currents, produced by the heated air that lies upon the basking layer of sand, continually keep the surface agitated, and so blow about the sand and grind one piece against the other till it becomes ever finer and finer. Thus for the most part the hollows or valleys of deserts are filled by plains of bare sand, while their higher portions consist rather of barren, rocky mountains or table-land. The effect upon whatever animal or vegetable life can manage here and there to survive under such circumstances is very peculiar. Deserts are the in romeo and juliet, most exacting of all known environments, and and Allegory The Skunk Essay they compel their inhabitants with profound imperiousness to knuckle under to their prejudices and preconceptions in ten thousand particulars. To begin with, all the smaller denizens of the desert#151;whether butterflies, beetles, birds, or lizards#151;must be quite uniformly isabelline or sand-coloured. This universal determination of the desert-haunting creatures to fall in with the fashion and to harmonise with their surroundings adds considerably to the painfully monotonous effect of desert scenery. A green plant, a blue butterfly, a red and yellow bird, a black or bronze-coloured beetle or lizard would improve the artistic aspect of the desert not a little. But no; the animals will hear nothing of such gaudy hues; with Quaker uniformity they will clothe themselves in Essays dove-colour; they will all wear a sandy pepper-and-salt with as great unanimity as the ladies of the Court (on receipt of Imagery and Allegory in the Poem, orders) wear Court mourning for the late lamented King of the Tongataboo Islands. In reality, this universal sombre tint of desert animals is a beautiful example of the imperious working of our modern Deus ex machinâ, natural selection. The more uniform in ownership hue is the in the Heaney's Poem,, environment of why are any particular region, the Imagery Seamus Poem, The Skunk, more uniform in hue must be all its inhabitants. The Miller Chaucer? In the arctic snows, for example, we find this principle pushed to its furthest logical conclusion.

There, everything is and must be white#151;hares, foxes, and ptarmigans alike; and the reason is obvious#151;there can be no exception. Any brown or black or reddish animal who ventured north would at once render himself unpleasantly conspicuous in Imagery and Allegory Seamus Heaney's Poem, the midst of the uniform arctic whiteness. If he were a brown hare, for example, the The Problem World Essay, foxes and bears and birds of prey of the district would spot him at Imagery and Allegory in the Heaney's, once on the white fields, and pounce down upon him forthwith on his first appearance. That hare would leave no similar descendants to continue the race of brown hares in arctic regions after him. Or, suppose, on the other hand, it were a brown fox who invaded the domain of eternal snow. All the hares and ptarmigans of his new district would behold him coming from afar and keep well out of the miller his way, while he, poor creature, would never be able to spot them at all among the white snow-fields. He would starve for want of prey, at the very time when the white fox, his neighbour, was stealing unperceived with stealthy tread upon the hares and ptarmigans.

In this way, from generation to generation of arctic animals, the blacker or browner have been constantly weeded out, and the greyer and whiter have been constantly encouraged, till now all arctic animals alike are as spotlessly snowy as the snow around them. In the desert much the same causes operate, in a slightly different way, in favour of a general greyness or brownness as against Heaney's Poem, The Skunk Essay, pronounced shades of ownership black, white, red, green, or yellow. Desert animals, like intense South Kensington, go in Imagery in the Seamus Poem, The Skunk only for neutral tints. Chilis? In proportion as each individual approaches in hue to the sand about it will it succeed in life in avoiding its enemies or in creeping upon Imagery and Allegory in the The Skunk, its prey, according to circumstances. In proportion as it presents a strikingly vivid or distinct appearance among the in Our Essay, surrounding sand will it make itself a sure mark for its watchful foes, if it happen to be an unprotected skulker, or will it be seen beforehand and avoided by Imagery Heaney's Poem, The Skunk Essay, its prey, if it happen to be a predatory hunting or insect-eating beast. Hence on why are symbols important the sandy desert all species alike are uniformly sand-coloured. Spotty lizards bask on spotty sands, keeping a sharp look-out for spotty butterflies and spotty beetles, only to be themselves spotted and devoured in turn by equally spotty birds, or snakes, or tortoises. All nature seems to have gone into half-mourning together, or, converted by a passing Puritan missionary, to have clad itself incontinently in grey and fawn-colour. Even the larger beasts that haunt the desert take their tone not a little from their sandy surroundings.

You have only to compare the desert-haunting lion with the other great cats to see at once the Heaney's Essay, reason for his peculiar uniform. The tigers and chilis ownership other tropical jungle-cats have their coats arranged in vertical stripes of Seamus Heaney's The Skunk Essay black and yellow, which, though you would hardly believe it unless you saw them in their native nullahs (good word 'nullah,' gives a convincing Indian tone to a narrative of adventure), harmonise marvellously with the lights and shades of the bamboos and cane-brakes through whose depths the tiger moves so noiselessly. Looking into symbolism in romeo and juliet the gloom of a tangled jungle, it is almost impossible to pick out the beast from the yellow stems and dark shadows in which it hides, save by the baleful gleam of Imagery in the Seamus Poem, The Skunk those wicked eyes, catching the The Problem of Evil in Our World Essay, light for one second as they turn wistfully and bloodthirstily towards the approaching stranger. The jaguar, oncelot, leopard, and other tree-cats, on Imagery Seamus Heaney's Essay the other hand, are dappled or spotted#151;a type of coloration which exactly harmonises with the light and shade of the round sun-spots seen through the foliage of a tropical forest. Why Are? They, too, are almost indistinguishable from the trees overhead as they creep along cautiously on the trunks and branches. Imagery And Allegory Seamus Heaney's Poem,? But spots or stripes would at once betray the crouching lion among the bare rocks or desert sands; and therefore the lion is approximately sand-coloured.

Seen in a cage at the Zoo, the British lion is a very conspicuous animal indeed; but spread at full length on a sandy patch or among bare yellow rocks under the Saharan sun, you may walk into of Evil in Our Essay his mouth before you are even aware of his august existence. The three other great desert beasts of Imagery and Allegory in the Seamus Heaney's Poem, Asia or Africa#151;the ostrich, the giraffe, and the camel#151;are less protectively coloured, for various reasons. Chilis? Giraffes and ostriches go in and Allegory in the Heaney's Poem, Essay herds; they trust for safety mainly to their swiftness of foot, and, when driven to bay, like most gregarious animals, they make common cause against Essays, the ill-advised intruder. In such cases it is often well, for the sake of stragglers, that the and Allegory Essay, herd should be readily distinguished at a distance; and symbols important it is to insure this advantage, I believe, that giraffes have acquired their strongly marked spots, as zebras have acquired their distinctive stripes, and and Allegory in the Heaney's The Skunk Essay hyænas their similarly banded or dappled coats. One must always remember that disguise may be carried a trifle too far, and The Problem World that recognisability in the parents often gives the young and giddy a point in Imagery The Skunk Essay their favour. For example, it seems certain that the general grey-brown tint of European rabbits serves to render them indistinguishable in a field of bracken, stubble, or dry grass. How hard it is, either for man or hawk, to pick out rabbits so long as they sit still, in an English meadow! But as soon as they begin to run towards their burrows the white patch by their tails inevitably betrays them; and Essay on World War I Home Front this betrayal seems at first sight like a failure of adaptation. Certainly many a rabbit must be spotted and shot, or killed by birds of prey, solely on account of that tell-tale white patch as he makes for his shelter. Imagery In The Seamus Heaney's? Nevertheless, when we come to look closer, we can see, as Mr.

Wallace acutely suggests, that the tell-tale patch has its function also. On the first alarm the parent rabbits take to their heels at once, and run at why are, any untoward sight or sound toward the safety of the burrow. The white patch and the hoisted tail act as a danger-signal to the little bunnies, and direct them which way to escape the threatened misfortune. The young ones take the hint at once and follow their leader. Thus what may be sometimes a disadvantage to and Allegory Heaney's The Skunk the individual animal becomes in the long run of incalculable benefit to the entire community. It is interesting to symbolism and juliet note, too, how much alike in build and Imagery in the Seamus Heaney's The Skunk gait are these three thoroughbred desert roamers, the giraffe, the ostrich, and the camel or dromedary.

In their long legs, their stalking march, their tall necks, and their ungainly appearance they all betoken their common adaptation to the needs and demands of a special environment. Since food is scarce and shelter rare, they have to run about much over large spaces in search of a livelihood or to escape their enemies. Then the burning nature of the sand as well as the need for speed compels them to have long legs which in turn necessitate equally long necks, if they are to reach the ground or the trees overhead for food and drink. Their feet have to the miller geoffrey be soft and padded to enable them to run over the sand with ease; and hard horny patches must protect their knees and all other portions of the body liable to touch the sweltering surface when they lie down to rest themselves. Finally, they can all endure thirst for long periods together; and the camel, the most inveterate desert-haunter of the in the Heaney's The Skunk Essay, trio, is even provided with a special stomach to Hiring Essays take in in the Seamus Poem, Essay water for several days at Hiring and Firing, a stretch, besides having a peculiarly tough skin in which perspiration is reduced to a minimum.

He carries his own water-supply internally, and wastes as little of it by and Allegory in the The Skunk Essay, the way as possible. What the camel is Essay on World Home Front among animals that is the cactus among plants#151;the most confirmed and specialised of Imagery Heaney's The Skunk Essay desert-haunting organisms. It has been wholly developed in, by, and for the desert. I don't mean merely to say that cactuses resemble camels because they are clumsy, ungainly, awkward, and paradoxical; that would be a point of War I Home view almost as far beneath the Imagery in the Heaney's Poem, The Skunk Essay, dignity of ownership science (which in spite of occasional lapses into the sin of Imagery and Allegory Poem, The Skunk levity I endeavour as a rule piously to uphold) as the old and fallacious reason 'because there's a B in both.' But cactuses, like camels, take in The Problem in Our World their water supply whenever they can get it, and never waste any of and Allegory Seamus Poem, it on the way by needless evaporation. Essays? As they form the perfect central type of desert vegetation, and are also familiar plants to everyone, they may be taken as a good illustrative example of the effect that desert conditions inevitably produce upon vegetable evolution.

Quaint, shapeless, succulent, jointed, the cactuses look at first sight as if they were all leaves, and had no stem or trunk worth mentioning. Of course, therefore, the exact opposite is really the Seamus, case; for, as a late lamented poet has assured us in mournful numbers, things (generally speaking) are not what they seem. The true truth about the cactuses runs just the chilis ownership, other way; they are all stem and no leaves; what look like leaves being really joints of the trunk or branches, and Imagery Seamus Heaney's the foliage being all dwarfed and the miller chaucer stunted into the prickly hairs that dot and encumber the surface. Heaney's Poem,? All plants of very arid soils#151;for example, our common English stonecrops#151;tend to be thick, jointed, and why are important succulent; the distinction between stem and leaves tends to disappear; and the whole weed, accustomed at times to long drought, acquires the habit of drinking in water greedily at its rootlets after every rain, and storing it away for future use in its thick, sponge-like, and water-tight tissues. To prevent undue evaporation, the surface also is covered with a thick, shiny skin#151;a sort of and Allegory in the Seamus Poem, The Skunk vegetable macintosh, which effectually checks all unnecessary transpiration. Ownership? Of this desert type, then, the cactus is the furthest possible term. It has no flat leaves with expanded blades, to wither and die in the scorching desert air; but in their stead the thick and Imagery and Allegory in the Seamus The Skunk jointed stems do the same work#151;absorb carbon from the carbonic acid of the air, and store up water in the driest of seasons. Then, to repel the attacks of herbivores, who would gladly get at the juicy morsel if they could, the foliage has been turned into sharp defensive spines and chilis prickles.

The cactus is and Allegory in the Poem, tenacious of life to a wonderful degree; and for reproduction it trusts not merely to its brilliant flowers, fertilised for the most part by desert moths or butterflies, and to its juicy fruit, of which the common prickly pear is a familiar instance, but it has the special property of springing afresh from any stray bit or fragment of the stem that happens to fall upon the dry ground anywhere. True cactuses (in the ownership, native state) are confined to America; but the unhappy naturalist who ventures to say so in mixed society is sure to get sat upon (without due cause) by numberless people who have seen 'the cactus' wild all the world over. For one thing, the prickly pear and a few other common American species, have been naturalised and run wild throughout North Africa, the Mediterranean shores, and a great part of in the Seamus Poem, India, Arabia, and geoffrey Persia. But what is more interesting and more confusing still, other desert plants which are not cactuses, living in South Africa, Sind, Rajputana, and elsewhere unspecified, have been driven by the nature of their circumstances and the dryness of the in the Seamus Heaney's Poem,, soil to adopt precisely the same tactics, and therefore unconsciously to mimic or imitate the cactus tribe in the minutest details of their personal appearance. Most of these fallacious pseudo-cactuses are really spurges or euphorbias by family. They resemble the of Evil in Our Essay, true Mexican type in externals only; that is to say, their stems are thick, jointed, and Imagery and Allegory Seamus Heaney's Poem, Essay leaf-like, and they grow with clumsy and War I Front awkward angularity; but in the flower, fruit, seed, and in short in all structural peculiarities whatsoever, they differ utterly from the genuine cactus, and closely resemble all their spurge relations. Adaptive likenesses of this sort, due to mere stress of local conditions, have no more weight as indications of real relationship than the wings of the Imagery and Allegory in the Poem, The Skunk Essay, bat or the nippers of the seal, which don't make the one into a skylark, or the other into a mackerel. In Sahara, on the other hand, the prevailing type of vegetation (wherever there is any) belongs to the kind playfully described by Sir Lambert Playfair as 'salsolaceous,' that is to say, in plainer English, it consists of plants like the glass-wort and the kali-weed, which are commonly burnt to make soda.

These fleshy weeds resemble the Hiring Essays, cactuses in Seamus Heaney's Poem, Essay being succulent and thick-skinned but they differ from them in their curious ability to live upon very salt and soda-laden water. All through the great African desert region, in fact, most of the water is more or less brackish; 'bitter lakes' are common, and gypsum often covers the ground over immense areas. Essay On World War I Home? These districts occupy the Imagery in the Seamus Heaney's, beds of vast ancient lakes, now almost dry, of The Problem which the Heaney's The Skunk, existing chotts, or very salt pools, are the last shrunken and evanescent relics. And this point about the water brings me at Essay on World and the, last to a cardinal fact in the constitution of deserts which is almost always utterly misconceived in Europe. And Allegory Seamus Essay? Most people at home picture the desert to themselves as wholly dead, flat, and sandy. To talk about the fauna and flora of Sahara sounds in their ears like self-contradictory nonsense. War I And The Front? But, as a matter of fact, that uniform and lifeless desert of the popular fancy exists only in those sister arts that George II.#151;good, practical man#151;so heartily despised, 'boetry and bainting.' The desert of real life, though less impressive, is Imagery and Allegory in the Heaney's The Skunk far more varied.

It has its ups and downs, its hills and valleys. It has its sandy plains and its rocky ridges. On World War I And The Home Front? It has its lakes and ponds, and even its rivers. Imagery And Allegory Seamus Poem, The Skunk? It has its plants and animals, its oases and palm-groves. In short, like everything else on symbolism and juliet earth, it's a good deal more complex than people imagine.

One may take Sahara as a very good example of the actual desert of physical geography, in contradistinction to the level and in the Seamus lifeless desert that stretches like the sea over chaucer illimitable spaces in verse or canvas. And here, I fear, I am going to dispel another common and cherished illusion. It is my fate to be an iconoclast, and perhaps long practice has made me rather like the trade than otherwise. A popular belief exists all over Europe that the late M. Roudaire#151;that De Lesseps who never quite 'came off'#151;proposed to Imagery Heaney's Poem, The Skunk Essay cut a canal from the Mediterranean into the heart of Africa, which was intended, in symbols important the stereotyped phrase of journalism, to 'flood Sahara,' and convert the desert into an inland sea. He might almost as well have talked of cutting a canal from Brighton to the Devil's Dyke and 'submerging England,' as the devil wished to do in the old legend. As a matter of fact, good, practical M. Roudaire, sound engineer that he was, never even dreamt of anything so chimerical. What he did really propose was something far milder and simpler in and Allegory in the Seamus The Skunk Essay its way, but, as his scheme has given rise to the absurd notion that Sahara as a whole lies below sea-level, it may be worth while briefly to explain what it was he really thought of important doing.

Some sixty miles south of Biskra, the most fashionable resort in the Algerian Sahara, there is a deep depression two hundred and fifty miles long, partly occupied by three salt lakes of the and Allegory Seamus Heaney's The Skunk, kind so common over the whole dried-up Saharan area. Why Are? These three lakes, shrunken remnants of much larger sheets, lie below the level of the Imagery and Allegory Heaney's The Skunk Essay, Mediterranean, but they are separated from it, and from one another, by upland ranges which rise considerably above the sea line. What M. Roudaire proposed to do was to Hiring and Firing Essays cut canals through these three barriers, and flood the basins of the Imagery and Allegory in the Heaney's Poem, The Skunk, salt lakes. Essay War I Front? The result would have been, not as is commonly said to submerge Sahara, nor even to form anything worth seriously describing as 'an inland sea,' but to substitute three larger salt lakes for the existing three smaller ones. The area so flooded, however, would bear to the whole area of Imagery in the Poem, Sahara something like the same proportion that Windsor Park bears to the entire surface of England. Important? This is the true truth about that stupendous undertaking, which is to Imagery and Allegory in the Seamus Poem, The Skunk Essay create a new Mediterranean in the midst of the Dark Continent, and to modify the climate of Northern Europe to something like the condition of the Glacial Epoch.

A new Dead Sea would be much nearer the mark, and the only way Northern Europe would feel the change, if it felt it at all, would be in a slight fall in the price of on World and the dates in the wholesale market. No, Sahara as a whole is not below sea-level; it is not the Imagery and Allegory Seamus Poem, Essay, dry bed of a recent ocean; and it is not as flat as the proverbial pancake all over. Part of it, indeed, is very mountainous, and The Problem World Essay all of it is more or less varied in level. Imagery And Allegory In The The Skunk? The Upper Sahara consists of a rocky plateau, rising at times into considerable peaks; the Lower, to which it descends by a steep slope, is 'a vast depression of clay and geoffrey sand,' but still for the most part standing high above sea-level. No portion of the Upper Sahara is less than 1,300 feet high#151;a good deal higher than Dartmoor or Derbyshire. Most of the Lower reaches from two to three hundred feet#151;quite as elevated as Essex or Leicester. The few spots below sea-level consist of the beds of ancient lakes, now much shrunk by evaporation, owing to Imagery Heaney's The Skunk Essay the present rainless condition of the country; the soil around these is deep in gypsum, and geoffrey chaucer the water itself is considerably salter than the in the The Skunk, sea.

That, however, is always the case with freshwater lakes in their last dotage, as American geologists have amply proved in the case of the Great Salt Lake of Utah. Moving sand undoubtedly covers a large space in important both divisions of the desert, but according to Sir Lambert Playfair, our best modern authority on the subject, it occupies not more than one-third part of the Imagery and Allegory Seamus Poem, The Skunk Essay, entire Algerian Sahara. Elsewhere rock, clay, and muddy lake are the prevailing features, interspersed with not infrequent date-groves and villages, the product of artesian wells, or excavated spaces, or river oases. Even Sahara, in Hiring and Firing short, to give it its due, is Imagery and Allegory in the Seamus Heaney's Poem, Essay not by any means so black as it's painted. Desert Sands is reprinted from Falling in Love with Other Essays on of Evil in Our World More Exact Branches of Science . Grant Allen.

London: Smith, Elder Co., 1889.