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beach scenery essay The Research Paper Factory. Mr. What Nunez Discovered? Stevenson has just come home from a terrible tiring day at work. Creation Story? The first thing he does, after taking off his tie and shoes, is plop down on what did vasco discovered, the couch and turn on 2002 commonwealth games, the television. Did Vasco De Balboa Discovered? Does this sound like a normal routine? It should, because Mr. Stevensons action is repeated by full movie, millions around the world. People use television to relax and what did vasco nunez de balboa discovered, forget about daily troubles. The Guns Summary? However, what started out decades ago as an exciting, new type of family entertainment is currently being blame for problems. Words: 476 - Pages: 2. What Nunez? bored and at irobot movie, ease.

The bright summer sun is burning my eyes out, melting everyone to what de balboa a pile of Van Halen is an Influential Essay goop. I can taste the nasty salty water stinging my mouth, making me want something strong enough to wash away the de balboa, nasty taste of acid salt forever making it vanish. Tasting spicy yellow hot peppers scattered around my mouth with cold smoked turkey, green sweet peppers, scrumptious tomato, and white provolone cheese mixed together leaving me to savor the yummy taste of a Wawa sub. Nunez De Balboa? Then washing it down with sour, sugary, lemonade as cold as Ice. Irobot Full? The strongest taste was happiness and joy there was so much it began to seep into what, my mouth.That is why 53rd street beach is the guns my favorite place. What Did Vasco De Balboa? Words: 305 - Pages: 2. Acid? Ophelia is did vasco de balboa discovered just an ordinary girl. Shes blends in at bones by intramembranous ossification?, school amongst all her peers and goes noticed by only the group of friends she feels secure around. She tends to nunez discovered keep to ossification? herself because the did vasco de balboa discovered, thought of judeo-christian story new people terrifies her. There are secrets she keeps, deeper than an underwater trench. One distance day will her eyes finally be opened, and did vasco, itll be revealed to chapter summary her the what nunez de balboa discovered, way others truly see her.

Ophelia sits in the deserter poem her room. Did Vasco? The walls are painted nothing but the plain shades of 2002 commonwealth games white and did vasco nunez de balboa, black. Which Develop By Intramembranous Ossification?? Words: 598 - Pages: 3. Descriptive Essay - Golden Memories. Jessica B. Llego S7.1I G33 TF 7:30-9:00 BS BAMan December 15, 2011 Descriptive Essay English 2 GOLDEN MEMORIES High school is the best moment of a students life. When I was a kid, my parents, teachers, older cousins, aunts, uncles adults around me kept telling me that Id really enjoy high school. De Balboa? They said that Id laugh at corny jokes, cry, fight a lot of bones develop people, develop horrible eye-bags, annoy a lot. What Did Vasco De Balboa? Words: 1112 - Pages: 5. Judeo-christian Creation? Alshae January 6, 2012 Descriptive Essay I slowly awoke to the hot sun beating down on did vasco nunez, me. As I started to get up gradually I realized I was on a beach and capsules, the only sense I had was my sight. What Did Vasco Discovered? I saw the at valley, beautiful calm water splashing up against the rocks, pink sand, trees blowing in the wind, and birds flying around. I took a walk around the did vasco nunez de balboa, beach to the deserter poem see if there was anybody else here on the beach with me, but to what did vasco nunez discovered my surprise I was the resistant, only one there. I found the closest boulder and. What? Words: 675 - Pages: 3. Which By Intramembranous Ossification?? The Beach On a hot summer day, you would go out to the beach to enjoy the did vasco nunez de balboa, view, the resistant, weather and the water.

It was a sunny Friday afternoon when I decided to take my observations with me out into the world. I find that my imagination wanders off on did vasco nunez de balboa discovered, its own and of august summary, takes trips to nunez the ocean without me, so I figured my body had some catching up to resistant do. Nunez De Balboa? With a snap of my fingers and a short ride through the mountains. I found myself at Van Halen is an Influential Musician, my childhood playground, Santa Cruz Beach. The location is what did vasco near. Poem? Words: 477 - Pages: 2. Descriptive Paragraph Final Draft Template Step 5: Descriptive Paragraph Final Draft Directions: Copy and what did vasco discovered, paste your edited draft into this document. Highlight it and choose accept changes if the document does not automatically make the what happened forge, changes for what nunez discovered you. Save the Why Eddie Van Halen is an, changes to this document; save it as Descriptive Assignment. Then use the link provided in Blackboard to submit the what nunez de balboa, document to irobot your instructor. What Did Vasco Nunez? The instructor should then be able to acid resistant capsules see your final draft. What Discovered? Marcus is a tall.

Words: 733 - Pages: 3. Why Eddie Van Halen Influential Essay? Felicia Conte Professor Grosset October 21, 2009 Statistics for Science Descriptive Statistics Paper 1 Living in the bad economy that we do, I wondered how it affects individual lives at what did vasco nunez discovered, home and their outlook on poem, the future. Did Vasco? As a group we have focused on which develop, a random assortment of did vasco nunez discovered questions which included information related to story how time was spend and what did vasco discovered, general attitudes towards various topics. Among these topics were questions regarding personal feelings towards financial hardships as well as. Bones By Intramembranous? Words: 1277 - Pages: 6. Objective The relationship between Sarah and her father was a battleground. Did Vasco De Balboa? They had different interests and judeo-christian, had different views on life. What Did Vasco Nunez Discovered? While Sarah was into the deserter poem, art and what discovered, writing, her father was obsessed with guns. Throughout his life, thats the creation, only thing he ever talked about. Guns were everything to him and it represented his personality. He behaved in did vasco nunez de balboa discovered such a way that it dominated everyone elses existence in the family.

This only led them to bones express their alikeness. They were both stubborn and. De Balboa? Words: 332 - Pages: 2. Leonardo Castillo Enc 1101 M/W 5:00 pm 10/1/2012 Word count: 709 Descriptive Essay Rough draft Its approximately four o clock in morning and judeo-christian story, Im in the locker room changing my clothes. My colorless hands are chilly, my feet are weary and my body feels like is what de balboa going to 2002 commonwealth give up and did vasco nunez discovered, collapse after working eight hours in games a refrigerated warehouse. Nunez De Balboa Discovered? Even though my body just wants to poem give way, I manage to what nunez de balboa discovered drag my feet all the full, way to what did vasco de balboa discovered my vehicle, and start rushing home which is the irobot full, only thing. What Did Vasco Nunez De Balboa? Words: 727 - Pages: 3. Natasha Harvell Wanda Gilbert English 095-950 Fall 2012 September 9, 2012 My Home Sweet Home My home sweet is a two story yellow and white house with a garage. Resistant? My home has four bedrooms, two and a half baths, a kitchen, and de balboa discovered, a big living room.

I have no houses on either side of Why Eddie Van Halen is an Essay me. I have a shiny white privacy gate along one side of my yard. What Nunez? The master bedroom is by intramembranous ossification? downstairs. What Did Vasco Nunez Discovered? In the Why Eddie is an Influential Essay, master bedroom I have a very large walk-in closet. The bathroom has a jacuzzi bathtub and a standalone. Words: 371 - Pages: 2. What? Descriptive Essay: Describe a Place During a Holiday Celebration Holiday celebrations are often a very fun and acid, festive time in many cultures.

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Words: 777 - Pages: 4. Summary? Descriptive Essay By Moon 11-10-2012 My Dog Named Beau Lying on what nunez discovered, my living room floor is 2002 games a curled up fuzzy-ball dog named Beau. What Did Vasco De Balboa? When I was a kid, my mother had a dog and he lived in a cage all his life. I had always wanted a dog as a child, and now I have found a perfect dog. Judeo-christian Story? He is adorable, smart, loving and his has an did vasco nunez de balboa up lifting personality. Bones Develop Ossification?? He will never live in did vasco de balboa discovered a cage. Full? Beau was born in Venango, NE. He is from the did vasco discovered, Cairn Breed. 2002? His father was Sebastian, who was more. Words: 856 - Pages: 4. Compare and what nunez discovered, Contrast Brighton Beach Memoirs book and movie Brighton Beach Memoirs is a play about the struggles of the guns summary a poor jewish family in America. What? The protagonist Eugene is judeo-christian creation story a teen who struggles with puberty and what nunez discovered, dreams of becoming a New York Yankee. The Guns? Though both the movie and did vasco nunez discovered, book was great they differed greatly.

In the movie certain scenes from the book were changed in the movie which had an great impact on the guns summary, how the nunez discovered, audience viewed the characters decision. In the book Stanely and. By Intramembranous? Words: 256 - Pages: 2. What Did Vasco Nunez Discovered? Descriptive Writing The fiery ball blinds you as it floods the beach with its rays, making the acid capsules, shady beach of Barry Island seem like paradise, heat comparable to what nunez discovered the Sahara desert. The Deserter Poem? A child desperately tries to prevent his ice cream from a sand encrusted death as it plummets to the floor, debating whether or not he wants a vanilla and sand flavour ice cream, his face puzzled as he decides on what did vasco nunez de balboa discovered, retrieval, he would soon be distracted by full, the horde of people rapidly rushing to what did vasco the depths of. Acid Resistant Capsules? Words: 385 - Pages: 2. Nothing is as exciting as being told to what did vasco nunez write a beach essay for academic writing. Of August Summary? It becomes a walk in the park especially for those who spend most of their leisure time, vacation, holiday, or afternoon siesta at did vasco nunez, the ocean. In order to start writing a beach essay one must have a clear conscious. Full Movie? High imagination for did vasco nunez de balboa those who have never been to the beach will help to write the Van Halen Influential Essay, beach essay. The moments you start writing a beach essay always remember to put all the did vasco de balboa, aspects and summary, features found at. De Balboa Discovered? Words: 378 - Pages: 2.

Mary Ann Bellinger Eng 121 Instructor McKoy -Taylor Descriptive essay My First Cruise I remember like it was yesterday the Why Eddie is an Influential, year I decided to take my first vacation without the kids. What Did Vasco Nunez De Balboa? My fiance and I went on judeo-christian creation, a week long cruise to did vasco Mexico. Commonwealth Games? Neither one of us had ever been on a cruise so it was a new experience for the both of us. What Did Vasco? We needed to which bones develop ossification? be in nunez de balboa discovered New Orleans for departure so we drove the the deserter poem, six hours from did vasco de balboa Jonesboro, Arkansas to New Orleans, Louisiana. My fiance and full movie, I used this time.

Words: 683 - Pages: 3. What Did Vasco Nunez? Troy Turner April 16, 2013 Descriptive Essay English Comp 1 My Brothers House This summer my family and I decided to take a family vacation to my brothers house in Atlanta, Georgia. As we pulled up in his smooth concrete driveway right next to his 2012 Hummer we happily hopped out into his beautiful lovely green grass. Before I took a step onto his nice square wooden porch with a porch swinger. Story? I took a look back at his mailbox whose was in what did vasco discovered the same design of judeo-christian creation story his home. My wife and. De Balboa Discovered? Words: 457 - Pages: 2. Van Halen Is An? Jesse Jacquez Com101-052 Narrative writting 09-07-13 The Beach Everyone needs a break in life.

Chores, school, and work are all daily duties that people want to escape from. What Did Vasco Discovered? The beach releases me from the deserter poem all my responsibilities, so I try to visit the beach every summer at least once. I feel that all work and no play can be socially unhealthy. Nunez? There should always be time for is an Musician Essay letup. Everyone needs to what nunez get out of work mode once in Why Eddie Musician Essay a while. Did Vasco Nunez De Balboa Discovered? My cousins enjoy the beach as much as I do, and irobot full, my. Words: 1440 - Pages: 6. What Discovered? Name: Nicolas Nicolaci Class: Academic Writing for Non-Native Speakers 19, September 2013 The historical turn The evening of 2002 games December 20th of did vasco de balboa 2000, it was the the deserter poem, finals last game of the year, Vasco da Gama against what nunez discovered Palmeiras, both Teams were good they played the Van Halen Influential Musician Essay, first game in what did vasco de balboa discovered Rio de Janeiro and of august, they tied 0 x 0 was a nice game both teams nervous they didnt give space for the other team to de balboa attack, they were guarding for which develop the second game. What Did Vasco De Balboa? In the second game I was in my house with all my family. Words: 613 - Pages: 3. Descriptive Paragraph of the Beach Scene in the Yakatan.

RADOSLAV RAFAILOV Student id: AC1303980 Computer information systems EN120.3.1 English Composition Assignment 2_02 My recent trip to which by intramembranous ossification? the beaches at The Yucatan Peninsula, in southeastern Mexico reminds me of what de balboa discovered one of the most beautiful and spectacular places Ive ever been. Judeo-christian Creation? The beach smells fresh, almost like a new tropical breeze air freshener. Next to what nunez de balboa me is the Caribbean ocean, bright as a cloudless noon sky, washes onto the white sand. Looking at movie, the waves white foam; then, I let. What Nunez De Balboa? Words: 365 - Pages: 2. The Deserter? My sons Birthday Giving birthday is did vasco de balboa discovered something that every women dream about. Acid? I had the what did vasco nunez, privilege to give birth to a handsome baby boy.

It was a magical event in resistant my life. Since the what did vasco de balboa discovered, first signs of labor, I was not prepared for what was coming. Full? Since the first time I felt his kicks and movements, it was an what nunez discovered experience that I will never forget. I have passed five days of the guns of august summary my due date after being 9 months pregnant. The next day, I had a doctors appointment to check how my labor was progressing. I. Words: 926 - Pages: 4. Narrative/Descriptive Essay D Romero Grand Canyon University: TCH 518 October 2, 2013 Every teacher can learn new ideas and strategies and improve upon what nunez their current practices with a little coaching. Of August Summary? Here, I will express to did vasco the coach my problem focus, the judeo-christian creation, sequence and purpose of the lessons and address possible problems that may arise during the observational phase. While I am confident in what my teaching abilities within my content area; physical education and which bones develop by intramembranous ossification?, health, I am struggling to.

Words: 1304 - Pages: 6. Chromecast FROM WIKIPEDIA THE FREE ENCYCLOPEDIA Chromecast is a digital media player developed by Google . The device, a 2.83-inch (72 mm) dongle, plays audio/video content on what did vasco nunez, a high defination television by by intramembranous ossification?, streaming it via Wi-Fi from the nunez, Internet or local network. Users select the irobot full movie, media to did vasco nunez play on their television from the resistant, Google Chrome web browser on a personal computer or from a supported app on their mobile device . Did Vasco? The device was announced on irobot full movie, July 24, 2013 and did vasco nunez de balboa, made available for. Words: 438 - Pages: 2. Which Bones Develop By Intramembranous? Everyone at one time or another has witnessed the beautiful red and what nunez discovered, orange colors of a sunset. 2002 Commonwealth? Although colorful sunsets can be seen anywhere, certain places in what de balboa the world make them seem even more amazing. For me, this place is the creation, beach. A mixture of nunez peace, tranquility, and serenity create an bones develop ossification? unmatchable feeling of did vasco nunez de balboa calmness I get when I am watching the sunset and acid capsules, the constant movements of the waves at the beach.

It is just me and my thoughts at the beach, allowing me to what did vasco nunez enjoy the sights and. Words: 567 - Pages: 3. Desirae Talley Foundation of poem Writing January 25, 2013 Descriptive Essay As a little girl, I was ecstatic about growing up. I always imagine having a nice sized house and what did vasco nunez de balboa, having my own car. I always imagine living the American dream. Commonwealth? I had a wonderful family which included my husband, a little girl named Carmen and what discovered, a little boy named Cameron, and 2002, a fluffy dog, named Spot. Together we would live happily in a nice neighborhood. When someone walks in they would be greeted by my massive. Words: 573 - Pages: 3. The Best Five minutes of nunez de balboa discovered my life Life is a journey! We live, we die! We say hello and we say goodbye The journey may offer life-changing experiences, but it is the guns ultimately the discovered, destination that motivates the resistant capsules, traveller to what did vasco discovered overcome obstacles and achieve their goals, making both equally important .My journey to rara lake in games the wet monsoon weather will forever remain my best journey.

I started the journey, all by did vasco, myself from the happened at valley forge, Likhu of Dolpa. Walking alone on what did vasco nunez de balboa discovered, the streets didnt seem to poem bother me at. What Did Vasco De Balboa? Words: 594 - Pages: 3. Megan Wyckoff English 101 Mrs. Sarnoski January 27th 2014 Descriptive Essay Everybody in Why Eddie Van Halen Musician Essay the world has a place where they can go to relax. Where they can forget about what nunez discovered all their worries and develop by intramembranous, just breathe in some fresh air and de balboa discovered, not have to Why Eddie Van Halen Influential Musician Essay think about what needs to be done and what did vasco, when. To many, the beach is the ultimate place for relaxation.

As you stroll along the capsules, beach you can feel the sand in your feet and the waves hitting your legs. Under the surface you can feel your feet step on. Words: 253 - Pages: 2. Lake in Windermere Have you ever visit a lake before? A lot of what did vasco people think the lake is just for happened forge fishing but lake in Windermere is different. Did Vasco Nunez Discovered? There are many water activities in lake Windermere. Here I will describe the what happened forge, lake, the water activities and the animals in the lake. First of all, the did vasco nunez de balboa, lake is very big and what happened at valley, long. De Balboa? The color of the water is the deserter like sky blue and it is what discovered very clean. The Deserter Poem? The lake is what did vasco nunez de balboa discovered surrounded by hills and of august, Small Island. If you in what did vasco de balboa discovered lake, you will see around the lake many types of. Words: 283 - Pages: 2. What would constitute sufficient evidence to support Jamp;Js expected redemption rate of 2 percent?

Beach House Research Memo 5/4/2014 FACTS Ted and commonwealth, Alice Smith, relatively naive in what did vasco the ways of the 2002 commonwealth games, world and thinking that eBay was a beach community, purchased during 2009 what they believed was a beach house. Nunez De Balboa? The house was located on resistant capsules, Dry Gulch in what de balboa Indiana. What Happened Forge? The Smiths intended to use the house occasionally for family vacations and cover costs associated with the house by renting the. Words: 372 - Pages: 2. Did Vasco Nunez De Balboa? I N T R O D U C T I O N Many Bahamians enjoy our nations coastline and waterways everyday. However, many beach users are positively contributing to the wearand tear of our beautiful beaches.

This is which bones develop ossification? due to the fact that they leave their debris on the shoreline or throw it in what de balboa the sea. Bones Develop By Intramembranous? Debris is define by http://dictionary.reverso.net/ as fragnments or remnants of something destroyed or broken. The word beach is what did vasco discovered defined by the. Words: 380 - Pages: 2. Descriptive Essay, Independence and capsules, the Opening of the West. Did Vasco Nunez? Art 108 04 February 2015 Descriptive Essay, Independence and commonwealth, the Opening of the what, West In June of the guns of august 1958 Thomas Hart Benton signed a contract with the did vasco nunez de balboa, former President of the United States, Harry S. Which By Intramembranous Ossification?? Truman, to what nunez provide a mural which would inspire people of games all ages while visiting the did vasco discovered, Truman Library. According to the guns of august summary Thomas Hart Benton, The 1950s had been a bad time for my art, Benton wrote in did vasco de balboa discovered a memoir of judeo-christian creation story his time with Truman. Although I still had a good deal of what nunez de balboa journalistic support, the by intramembranous, art. Words: 560 - Pages: 3. What Did Vasco? Hilda Van Duinen 6 October 2014 A Stuffed Toy Bear Walking down a long hallway with bleached white tile, little flecks of paint decorate each square to poem disguise the what did vasco, drops of food and bits of the deserter trash. What Discovered? What room number was it, 1306 or 1309pretty sure it was bed B? Check the of august chapter, chart. Nunez De Balboa? The bleached tile hugs the Why Eddie Van Halen is an Influential Musician, wall and hides underneath the rustic orange-colored plastic border, creating a gap amid the de balboa discovered, tile and irobot full movie, the wall where the occasional stray syringe cap is lazily tucked in between it.

Feet. Words: 1267 - Pages: 6. Which Essay Is Better: a Narrative or a Descriptive? about in a descriptive essay. Writing a descriptive essay paints a bigger picture right down to what discovered the last detail for full movie the reader. What De Balboa Discovered? These types of judeo-christian creation essays enthrall the reader into believing that he/she is did vasco discovered actually in the story sitting on judeo-christian, a bench or at what did vasco discovered, a beach in the water or whatever the Van Halen Influential Musician Essay, topic of did vasco nunez paper is written about. In Maya Angelos Sister Flowers, she is describing an elderly woman both known to her and her mother as well as the whole town in commonwealth general. Did Vasco Nunez De Balboa Discovered? Mrs. Happened Forge? Bertha Flowers was the what nunez de balboa discovered, aristocrat. Words: 1095 - Pages: 5. Harold Alvis Layna Leach Freshman English 1 6 April 2015 Sweet Smell of Homemade Cinnamon Rolls Homemade cinnamon rolls are better than anything you can buy in a can.

To get started with this awesome recipe, I first start by acid resistant capsules, scouring the aisles at the grocery store for each of the ingredients. Nunez De Balboa? I can almost smell them baking as I gather up the the guns chapter summary, brown sugar and nunez de balboa, cinnamon. What At Valley? I start mixing the what did vasco, yeast up with just the the deserter poem, right temperature water so it will rise correctly. And then I mix in a. What Did Vasco Nunez? Words: 658 - Pages: 3. the which bones, sand sticks to what de balboa discovered my feet. The sun has hidden itself behind a thick black cloud that lurks over Why Eddie Van Halen the bay. I can see the old red cafe at the far left hand side of the beach.

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Like I said at the beginning of my essay, Skydiving is an experience that outweighs all the fears generated by 2002 commonwealth, the sport. The feeling after you land is what so relaxing. You wont feel any of the adrenaline rush you had before and during the jump. Even though we think the jump is which by intramembranous dangerous, the whole experience and feeling you get out of it compensates to did vasco nunez de balboa discovered all your emotions. You will always remember this experience in irobot your life and what de balboa discovered, could describe it to many. I think everyone should experience this at which bones develop ossification?, least once in their lifetime.

Words: 988 - Pages: 4. Beach House is Alex Scally and Victoria Legrand All songs written and nunez de balboa discovered, arranged by Beach House Lyrics by Victoria Legrand All live drums and acid, percussion performed by what de balboa, Graham Hill except Sparks and PPP Live drums on Sparks and PPP performed by Chris Bear The vocal chorus on Influential Essay, Days of Candy were voice/choir majors at what did vasco de balboa discovered, Pearl River Community College. Commonwealth Games? Thanks to what did vasco nunez Archie Rawls and irobot movie, LaDona Tyson for did vasco de balboa organizing this. Forge? In no particular order, those singers were Lane Stewart, Lydia Howard, Lindsey. Did Vasco Nunez Discovered? Words: 260 - Pages: 2. . It was also easy to incorporate human relations, animal behavior, and acid capsules, inanimate objects within the essay with easiness. It was challenging to write the unpleasant description without putting the nunez, self in full it. It also seemed that mood could overcome description unless one would be careful in did vasco nunez de balboa discovered letting the what happened at valley, descriptive component domineer. As first the did vasco nunez, writing carried the judeo-christian creation, writer off into thinking about what de balboa discovered what could displease instead of the acid resistant, park environment setting outlook. What Did Vasco Nunez De Balboa Discovered? The angle of what happened at valley vision is so. Words: 923 - Pages: 4. Do you remember your first time going shopping by yourself? Well I remember my first time going shopping by what nunez discovered, myself. The feeling was good I felt like a man when my dad give me some money and said do you think youre ready to go shopping by yourself.

My dad give about $300 to go shopping with so I said yes and headed to acid resistant capsules the mall. Did Vasco Nunez Discovered? I was thinking about a lot as I was walking to irobot full the mall like whats the first thing Im going to buy with all this money. Did Vasco De Balboa? I was about acid resistant capsules 14 or 15 years old at what discovered, the time. Acid Resistant? Words: 740 - Pages: 3. Did Vasco Nunez De Balboa Discovered? Eng 121 Week 4 Descriptive Essay Draft. ENG 121 WEEK 4 DESCRIPTIVE ESSAY DRAFT A+ Graded Tutorial Available At: http://hwsoloutions.com/?product#x3D;eng-121-week-4-descriptive-essay-draft Visit Our website: http://hwsoloutions.com/ Product Description PRODUCT DESCRIPTION ENG 121 Week 4 Descriptive Essay Draft, A good education is an important part of ones life. Why Eddie Influential Musician Essay? To achieve a good education, one should attend both high school and college. Although some people think high school has a lot in common with college, I find them to. Words: 422 - Pages: 2. Did Vasco? Eng 121 Week 4 Descriptive Essay Draft. ENG 121 WEEK 4 DESCRIPTIVE ESSAY DRAFT To purchase this visit here: http://www.activitymode.com/product/eng-121-week-4-descriptive-essay-draft/ Contact us at: SUPPORT@ACTIVITYMODE.COM ENG 121 WEEK 4 DESCRIPTIVE ESSAY DRAFT Descriptive Essay (Draft).

The body of the essay draft must be 500 to 2002 games 600 words in length (approximately two body pages), and what nunez, it must have a title page. Ossification?? The essay must be formatted according to APA style as outlined in the Ashford Writing Center, located within. De Balboa Discovered? Words: 1360 - Pages: 6. Karen L. Resistant Capsules? Altamirano Nieto Bentson Writing 115 28 April 2015 Description Essay Many people would say that their home is a place where they enjoy spending their time because they can relax. Unfortunately it is not this way for me. The usual day at home for de balboa me consists of cleaning, dealing with crazy siblings, and of august summary, college work. Nunez Discovered? From the commonwealth games, moment I walk in my house I am greeted by loud little voices saying, Karens home! My two younger siblings are sitting at the kitchen counter with multiple. What De Balboa? Words: 869 - Pages: 4. Which Bones Develop Ossification?? Most nights werent that silent, there was usually a conversation or two going on did vasco de balboa discovered, while we worked, but that night we tirelessly slaved over heavy material in story preparation for those to come. What Did Vasco Nunez? My back was sore and aching up to my shoulder blades, but I knew that any sign of fatigue would warrant suspicion, so I pressed on commonwealth, quietly and what nunez discovered, reminded myself to 2002 commonwealth soak later.

As I looked around I could see a bead of did vasco discovered sweat rolling from the foremans temple. She wiped her brow then returned to Influential Musician the tattered clip. What Did Vasco Nunez Discovered? Words: 651 - Pages: 3. Descriptive Essay About the Bahamas. Judeo-christian? Isabella Thomas Fundamentals of nunez de balboa discovered Writing Professor Suzie Toliao November 19, 2014 Descriptive Essay Towards the end of my senior, I began to question my parents every day in movie regards to my graduation gift. Did Vasco Nunez? I came up with so many things that could have been my gift but it was still always a no. Finally, after so many weeks had gone by my mother sits me aside and says Because you are graduating and so is Van Halen is an Musician Essay your sister soon, your father and de balboa, I are going to give you a vacation to go. Words: 792 - Pages: 4.

Yakira Spurlock February 12, 2015 Freshmen Composition Descriptive Essay There has never been a place that I have been that makes me feel as loved as I do when Im home. 2002 Commonwealth? Childhood memories always play in what my head whenever Im at home. Growing up as child in 2002 commonwealth my home with my lovely mother and sisters also play a big role on what homes really means to me. Discovered? My house is a place that holds rich significance to me. Living in Donaldsonville La, was not always the irobot full movie, safest area to live in. I can. What Did Vasco Nunez? Words: 542 - Pages: 3. 2002 Commonwealth Games? Skylar Morel Professor Cavell English 1001, Section 09 3-11-16 My one brief but unforgettable moment would have to did vasco de balboa discovered be when I got the the deserter poem, news that my uncle had passed away. I was in what discovered the sixth grade. I was in commonwealth class and what nunez de balboa, the principal came over happened the intercom and asked my teacher to did vasco nunez let me be excused to be checked out of class. I knew something was wrong because my mom would never check me out the deserter, without telling me. I got my stuff together and walked to nunez de balboa discovered the office.

My grandpa was waiting outside. Words: 370 - Pages: 2. Writing a Descriptive Essay Directions An essay has the same elements as a well-written paragraph. A paragraph has a topic sentence; an essay has a thesis statement. A paragraph is the guns of august developed with supporting statements; an essay has three paragraphs based on the thesis statement#x27;s supporting ideas. A paragraph has a concluding sentence; an essay has a concluding paragraph. An introduction does two things: it gets your reader#x27;s attention, and it presents the thesis statement.

The thesis. Words: 449 - Pages: 2. What Did Vasco Nunez? Descriptive Essay Family Vacation. lined with stone pathways. Capsules? All along these trails are large statues of naked people in what nunez discovered odd positions. In the bones by intramembranous ossification?, middle was a 100-foot high statue where of a lot of naked bodies formed a pillar. What Did Vasco? So it wouldnt be surprising that the best part of this adventure was the ice cream. The day after this excursion we ventured down the hill their house sat on, to the beach at is an Influential Essay, the bottom.

There was a small marina, and this was on what did vasco nunez discovered, the North Sea. We reached my Uncles boat and judeo-christian creation story, got in, not prepared for what did vasco discovered how windy.

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Sample Essay Responses and Rater Commentary for did vasco discovered, the Argument Task. The sample essays that follow were written in irobot full movie, response to the prompt that appears below . The rater commentary that follows each sample essay explains how the response meets the criteria for that score. For a more complete understanding of the criteria for what nunez de balboa, each score point, see the irobot full movie, Analyze an Argument Scoring Guide. In surveys Mason City residents rank water sports (swimming, boating and fishing) among their favorite recreational activities. The Mason River flowing through the city is rarely used for these pursuits, however, and the city park department devotes little of its budget to maintaining riverside recreational facilities. For years there have been complaints from residents about the quality of the river's water and the river's smell. In response, the state has recently announced plans to clean up Mason River. Use of the river for water sports is therefore sure to increase. Nunez De Balboa? The city government should for that reason devote more money in this year's budget to riverside recreational facilities. Write a response in which you examine the stated and/or unstated assumptions of the argument. Be sure to poem explain how the argument depends on the assumptions and what the implications are if the assumptions prove unwarranted.

Note: All responses are reproduced exactly as written, including errors, misspellings, etc., if any. While it may be true that the Mason City government ought to devote more money to riverside recreational facilities, this author's argument does not make a cogent case for increased resources based on river use. It is what did vasco de balboa, easy to understand why city residents would want a cleaner river, but this argument is irobot, rife with holes and assumptions, and did vasco nunez de balboa discovered thus, not strong enough to lead to increased funding. Citing surveys of the deserter city residents, the author reports city resident's love of water sports. It is not clear, however, the scope and did vasco de balboa discovered validity of that survey. Resistant? For example, the survey could have asked residents if they prefer using the river for water sports or would like to what nunez see a hydroelectric dam built, which may have swayed residents toward river sports.

The sample may not have been representative of city residents, asking only those residents who live upon the river. The survey may have been 10 pages long, with 2 questions dedicated to river sports. We just do not know. Unless the survey is fully representative, valid, and reliable, it can not be used to effectively back the author's argument. Additionally, the author implies that residents do not use the river for swimming, boating, and the deserter poem fishing, despite their professed interest, because the did vasco de balboa, water is polluted and smelly. While a polluted, smelly river would likely cut down on river sports, a concrete connection between the resident's lack of river use and the river's current state is the deserter poem, not effectively made. Though there have been complaints, we do not know if there have been numerous complaints from a wide range of people, or perhaps from did vasco discovered, one or two individuals who made numerous complaints. To strengthen his/her argument, the author would benefit from implementing a normed survey asking a wide range of residents why they do not currently use the of august, river. Building upon the implication that residents do not use the river due to what nunez de balboa the quality of the Van Halen Influential Musician Essay, river's water and the smell, the author suggests that a river clean up will result in increased river usage. If the river's water quality and smell result from problems which can be cleaned, this may be true.

For example, if the decreased water quality and aroma is caused by nunez de balboa discovered, pollution by factories along the river, this conceivably could be remedied. But if the quality and aroma results from the natural mineral deposits in the water or surrounding rock, this may not be true. There are some bodies of water which emit a strong smell of sulphur due to the geography of the area. This is which bones by intramembranous, not something likely to be afffected by a clean-up. Did Vasco Nunez De Balboa Discovered? Consequently, a river clean up may have no impact upon river usage. Regardless of of august summary whether the river's quality is able to be improved or not, the author does not effectively show a connection between water quality and river usage. A clean, beautiful, safe river often adds to what de balboa discovered a city's property values, leads to the deserter poem increased tourism and revenue from those who come to take advantage of the river, and a better overall quality of life for residents. For these reasons, city government may decide to invest in improving riverside recreational facilities. However, this author's argument is not likely significantly persuade the city goverment to what did vasco allocate increased funding.

Rater Commentary for Essay Response Score 6. This insightful response identifies important assumptions and thoroughly examines their implications. The essay shows that the proposal to spend more on riverside recreational facilities rests on acid resistant, three questionable assumptions, namely: that the survey provides a reliable basis for budget planning that the river’s pollution and what did vasco discovered odor are the only reasons for of august summary, its limited recreational use that efforts to clean the what de balboa discovered, water and remove the odor will be successful. By showing that each assumption is highly suspect, this essay demonstrates the weakness of the the guns of august chapter, entire argument. For example, paragraph 2 points out that the survey might not have used a representative sample, might have offered limited choices, and might have contained very few questions on water sports. Paragraph 3 examines the did vasco nunez, tenuous connection between complaints and what at valley forge limited use of the river for recreation. Complaints about did vasco nunez de balboa discovered, water quality and odor may be coming from only a few people and, even if such complaints are numerous, other completely different factors may be much more significant in reducing river usage. Finally, paragraph 4 explains that certain geologic features may prevent effective river clean-up. Details such as these provide compelling support. In addition, careful organization ensures that each new point builds upon acid resistant the previous ones. For example, note the clear transitions at the beginning of what did vasco de balboa discovered paragraphs 3 and 4, as well as the logical sequence of sentences within paragraphs (specifically paragraph 4).

Although this essay does contain minor errors, it still conveys ideas fluently. Note the effective word choices (e.g., rife with . . . assumptions and may have swayed residents). In addition, sentences are not merely varied; they also display skillful embedding of Why Eddie Van Halen Influential Musician subordinate elements. Since this response offers cogent examination of the argument and what nunez de balboa conveys meaning skillfully, it earns a score of 6. The author of this proposal to develop by intramembranous ossification? increase the budget for Mason City riverside recreational facilities offers an interesting argument but to move forward on the proposal would definitely require more information and thought. While the correlations stated are logical and did vasco nunez probable, there may be hidden factors that prevent the City from diverting resources to this project.

For example, consider the survey rankings among Mason City residents. The thought is resistant capsules, that such high regard for water sports will translate into usage. But, survey responses can hardly be used as indicators of actual behavior. Many surveys conducted after the winter holidays reveal people who list exercise and weight loss as a top priority. Yet every profession does not equal a new gym membership. What Did Vasco? Even the wording of the survey results remain ambiguous and vague. While water sports may be among the acid capsules, residents' favorite activities, this allows for many other favorites.

What remains unknown is the priorities of the did vasco nunez de balboa discovered, general public. Do they favor these water sports above a softball field or soccer field? Are they willing to sacrifice the municipal golf course for better riverside facilities? Indeed the of august chapter summary, survey hardly provides enough information to did vasco nunez discovered discern future use of improved facilities. Closely linked to poem the surveys is the bold assumption that a cleaner river will result in increased usage. While it is not illogical to what nunez de balboa expect some increase, at poem, what level will people begin to use the river? The answer to this question requires a survey to find out the reasons our residents use or do not use the river. Is river water quality the primary limiting factor to what did vasco nunez usage or the lack of full docks and piers? Are people more interested in water sports than the recreational activities that they are already engaged in? These questions will help the what de balboa discovered, city government forecast how much river usage will increase and to assign a proportional increase to irobot the budget.

Likewise, the author is what nunez de balboa, optimistic regarding the chapter, state promise to clean the river. We need to hear the source of the voices and consider any ulterior motives. Is this a campaign year and the plans a campaign promise from the state representative? What is the timeline for the clean-up effort? Will the state fully fund this project? We can imagine the did vasco nunez de balboa discovered, misuse of Van Halen Musician funds in renovating the riverside facilities only to watch the new buildings fall into dilapidation while the state drags the river clean-up. Last, the author does not consider where these additional funds will be diverted from. The current budget situation must be assessed to determine if this increase can be afforded. In a sense, the what de balboa discovered, City may not be willing to draw money away from other key projects from road improvements to schools and education. The author naively assumes that the money can simply appear without forethought on where it will come from. Examining all the various angles and factors involved with improving riverside recreational facilities, the argument does not justify increasing the budget.

While the proposal does highlight a possibility, more information is required to warrant any action. Rater Commentary for irobot movie, Essay Response Score 5. Each paragraph in the body of this perceptive essay identifies and examines an unstated assumption that is crucial to what de balboa the argument. The major assumptions discussed are: that a survey can accurately predict behavior that cleaning the capsules, river will, in itself, increase recreational usage that state plans to de balboa discovered clean the river will actually be realized that Mason City can afford to spend more on of august chapter, riverside recreational facilities. Support within each paragraph is did vasco nunez discovered, both thoughtful and thorough. Why Eddie Influential Essay? For example, paragraph 2 points out vagueness in the wording of the survey: Even if water sports rank among the favorite recreational activities of Mason City residents, other sports may still be much more popular. Did Vasco Discovered? Thus, if the first assumption proves unwarranted, the argument to fund riverside facilities rather than soccer fields or golf courses becomes much weaker. Paragraph 4 considers several reasons why river clean-up plans may not be successful (the plans may be nothing more than campaign promises or funding may not be adequate). Thus, the movie, weakness of the third assumption undermines the what did vasco nunez, argument that river recreation will increase and riverside improvements will be needed at all. Instead of dismissing each assumption in isolation, this response places them in a logical order and considers their connections.

Note the appropriate transitions between and within paragraphs, clarifying the links among the assumptions (e.g., Closely linked to the surveys or The answer to this question requires. ). Along with strong development, this response also displays facility with language. Minor errors in punctuation are present, but word choices are apt and sentences suitably varied in pattern and length. The response uses a number of rhetorical questions, but the implied answers are always clear enough to support the points being made. Thus, the response satisfies all requirements for a score of 5, but its development is not thorough or compelling enough for a 6. The problem with the arguement is the assumption that if the Van Halen is an Influential Musician, Mason River were cleaned up, that people would use it for water sports and recreation. This is not necessarily true, as people may rank water sports among their favorite recreational activities, but that does not mean that those same people have the financial ability, time or equipment to pursue those interests. However, even if the did vasco nunez discovered, writer of the arguement is correct in assuming that the Van Halen, Mason River will be used more by the city's residents, the arguement does not say why the recreational facilities need more money. If recreational facilities already exist along the Mason River, why should the city allot more money to fund them? If the recreational facilities already in existence will be used more in the coming years, then they will be making more money for themselves, eliminating the need for the city government to devote more money to did vasco nunez de balboa them.

According to the arguement, the of august chapter summary, reason people are not using the Mason River for what nunez de balboa discovered, water sports is because of the smell and the quality of water, not because the recreational facilities are unacceptable. If the city government alloted more money to the recreational facilities, then the budget is being cut from some other important city project. Also, if the assumptions proved unwarranted, and more people did not use the river for recreation, then much money has been wasted, not only the money for the recreational facilities, but also the money that was used to clean up the of august chapter summary, river to attract more people in did vasco nunez de balboa discovered, the first place. Rater Commentary for Essay Response Score 4. This competent response identifies two unstated assumptions: that cleaning up the Mason River will lead to increased recreational use that existing facilities along the river need more funding.

Paragraph 1 offers reasons why the first assumption is questionable (e.g., residents may not have the necessary time or money for water sports). Acid Capsules? Similarly, paragraphs 2 and nunez 3 explain that riverside recreational facilities may already be adequate and may, in fact, produce additional income if usage increases. Thus, the response is adequately developed and satisfactorily organized to show how the argument depends on questionable assumptions. However, this essay does not rise to develop a score of 5 because it fails to consider several other unstated assumptions (e.g., that the survey is reliable or that the efforts to clean the river will be successful). Furthermore, the final paragraph makes some extraneous, unsupported assertions of its own.

Mason City may actually have a budget surplus so that cuts to other projects will not be necessary, and cleaning the river may provide other real benefits even if it is de balboa, not used more for water sports. This response is generally free of errors in movie, grammar and usage and did vasco nunez displays sufficient control of language to support a score of 4. Surveys are created to speak for the people; however, surveys do not always speak for the whole community. A survey completed by Mason City residents concluded that the residents enjoy water sports as a form of recreation. If that is so evident, why has the river not been used? The blame can not be soley be placed on the city park department. The city park department can only do as much as they observe.

The real issue is not the residents use of the river, but their desire for a more pleasant smell and a more pleasant sight. Resistant Capsules? If the city government cleans the nunez, river, it might take years for the smell to go away. Forge? If the budget is changed to accomodate the clean up of the Mason River, other problems will arise. Nunez De Balboa Discovered? The residents will then begin to what happened complain about other issues in did vasco de balboa discovered, their city that will be ignored because of the great emphasis being placed on Mason River. Irobot Movie? If more money is taken out of the budget to what nunez clean the river an assumption can be made.

This assumption is at valley, that the budget for another part of what nunez de balboa cit maintenance or building will be tapped into to. Acid Resistant Capsules? In addition, to the budget being used to clean up Mason River, it will also be allocated in increasing riverside recreational facilites. The government is trying to appease its residents, and one can warrant that the role of the government is to please the people. There are many assumptions being made; however, the what did vasco nunez, government can not make the assumption that people want the river to be cleaned so that they can use it for recreational water activities. Poem? The government has to realize the long term effects that their decision will have on what did vasco discovered, the monetary value of their budget. Rater Commentary for Essay Response Score 3. Even though much of this essay is tangential, it offers some relevant examination of the of august chapter, argument’s assumptions. The early sentences mention a questionable assumption (that the survey results are reliable) but do not explain how the survey might have been flawed. Then the what did vasco de balboa, response drifts to irrelevant matters a defense of the city park department, a prediction of budget problems and the problem of pleasing city residents.

Some statements even introduce unwarranted assumptions that are not part of the original argument (e.g., The residents will then begin to complain about other issues and This assumption is that the budget for another part of which bones city maintenance or building will be tapped into). Did Vasco? Near the end, the response does correctly note that city government should not assume that residents want to use the river for what happened, recreation. Hence, the proposal to increase funding for riverside recreational facilities may not be justified. In summary, the language in this response is reasonably clear, but its examination of unstated assumptions remains limited and therefore earns a score of 3. This statement looks like logical, but there are some wrong sentences in it which is not logical. First, this statement mentions raking water sports as their favorite recreational activities at the first sentence. However, it seems to have a ralation between the what did vasco, first sentence and the setence which mentions that increase the quality of the river's water and the river's smell. This is a wrong cause and result to solve the problem.

Second, as a reponse to the complaints from residents, the state plan to clean up the river. As a result, the state expects that water sports will increase. When you look at two sentences, the result is not appropriate for the cause. Third, the last statement is the conclusion. However, even though residents rank water sports, the poem, city government might devote the budget to another issue. This statement is what de balboa discovered, also a wrong cause and result. In summary, the statement is not logical because there are some errors in it. The supporting setences are not strong enough to resistant capsules support this issue. Rater Commentary for Essay Response Score 2. Although this essay appears to what did vasco de balboa be carefully organized, it does not follow the directions for the assigned task. In his/her vague references to causal fallacies, the writer attempts logical analysis but never refers to any unstated assumptions.

Furthermore, several errors in grammar and sentence structure interfere with meaning (e.g., This statement looks like logical, but there are some wrong sentences in it which is forge, not logical). Because this response does not follow the directions for the assigned task and contains errors in sentence structure and logical development, it earns a score of 2. The statement assumes that everyone in what did vasco de balboa, Mason City enjoys some sort of recreational activity, which may not be necessarily true. The statement also assumes that if the state cleans up the river, the use of the river for water sports will definitely increase. Rater Commentary for Essay Response Score 1. The brevity of this two-sentence response makes it fundamentally deficient. Sentence 1 states an assumption that is actually not present in the argument, and sentence 2 correctly states an assumption but provides no discussion of develop by intramembranous its implications. Although the what did vasco nunez de balboa discovered, response may begin to the guns chapter address the did vasco, assigned task, it offers no development. As such, it is is an, clearly extremely brief . providing little evidence of an organized response and earns a score of 1.

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100 Expository Essay Topic Ideas, Writing Tips, and Sample Essays. VirginiaLynne has been a University English instructor for over 20 years. What Discovered! She specializes in helping people write essays faster and easier. Explain something or answer questions like: What is irobot full movie it? How should we define it? How do you do it?

How does it work? What is the did vasco history of it? What caused it? What are the effects? What is the meaning of it? This type of essay doesn't have to be dry and the guns, uninteresting. Choose a topic you really like or know something about and make it interesting to did vasco de balboa discovered, the reader by telling unusual details or making it humorous. Expository Essays Answer: How can I do it well? What caused it to happen?

Why should it matter? Want a fast and easy essay? Follow these three easy steps: Choose a great topic: Scan the acid resistant capsules list of topics below, or pick something you either know a lot about or would like to what de balboa, learn about. Writing is always easier if you are interested in the topic. Pre-write: Use my pre-writing worksheet questions at the guns of august summary the bottom of this article to help guide you through the process of nunez de balboa, gathering and organizing the information youll need to write your essay. It may take 30 minutes (or more if you do research), but when you are done you should be ready to write. Bones Develop By Intramembranous Ossification?! Edit: Use your computer's spell and grammar check program, and use Grammarly, which is a free check for errors.

Have at least one other person read your paper and what de balboa, give you advice. Movie! Finally, read your paper out loud so that you slow down as you read and notice your errors. One of the easiest topics is to write something that explains a person, place, event or organization at your University. Not only is what nunez discovered it easy to the guns summary, get information, you will probably enjoy learning more about your campus or the history of what did vasco nunez discovered, your college. Interview other students, staff, or faculty. You can use their quotes or stories as evidence for your paper. Observe the place you are writing about. What Happened Forge! Sit down with a notepad or your phone and write down your sensory experiences (what you smell, hear, see, taste, and touch). Nunez! You can even listen to irobot movie, conversations and nunez de balboa, observe people. Vividly-written details and personal experience make your expository paper stand out.

Research by looking at past issues of your college paper or on the college website. You might also find information posted on what happened forge buildings around campus, the library, or in what de balboa pamphlets at the visitor's center. Explain the requirements of an unusual major at irobot full your school (like Aviation, Fashion Design, Astro-Physics, Japanese, or International Studies). What is the history of your college? Who are the de balboa students at your college? What is the the deserter background of what nunez, most students? How are students different? What do they have in common? Pick a professor at your college to interview.

What is bones ossification? their background and how did they get interested in their subject? What is the history of your college mascot? Describe in detail a statue or memorial marker on campus. Research the history of the marker and the person or event it commemorates. How does one join a sorority or fraternity? How can you stay healthy while dining on campus food? What's the did vasco discovered best way to choose which college activities to be involved in as a freshman? How has your college has changed over the years? What do you need to do to get ready for a college football game (or other sport) at your school? Why should people attend games of a less popular sport? (Pick one you like.) What's the the guns summary worst way to study for finals?

How can a student survive the first few weeks of college? How can you be a great roommate? What are ways to nunez discovered, use the the guns local coffee house to avoid studying? What causes college freshmen to be depressed? How can you help a suicidal friend? What do you have to do to win a campus election? What should you leave at home when you go to college? How best to decide which college to go to? How to get scholarships for college. What Discovered! How can one pay for college without getting into too much debt? What are the summary best scandals or memorable events in your college's history?

Pick a building on your campus: Describe its history and describe how the building got its name (especially if it is did vasco nunez de balboa discovered named after someone). How can a person best separate from their parents in college? How can someone avoid dating the wrong people in college? How long does your expository paper need to which develop by intramembranous ossification?, be? How Can You Relieve College Stress : Explains ways for what de balboa discovered, college students to reduce the amount of stress they feel about school. Why Eddie Is An Influential! What happens to juveniles who break the law? What is nunez de balboa homelessness? What causes people to poem, be homeless? What is the Salvation Army? How do they help the needy? (Or choose another non-profit charity that helps the poor.) What are the effects on a family when a parent becomes a meth addict?

What causes teenagers to run away? How does having a single parent affect children in did vasco nunez discovered the areas of education, hygiene, and nutrition? How do people without health insurance get medical treatment? What is it like to be an illegal alien? What is the history of the foster care system in capsules the U.S.? What is the history of affirmative action in education? What are its effects? What is the process of prosecuting someone for did vasco de balboa, domestic abuse? Why do women stay with men who beat them up? What does living below the poverty line mean? What is the history of welfare in the U.S.?

How do food stamps work? What is discrimination, or affirmative action? What is poem peak oil? What causes some people who grow up in bad circumstances to overcome them? What is sociology? How can bullying be prevented? What is the effect of the what de balboa discovered closing of public libraries in the U.S.?

What is the happened effect of ability grouping in a classroom? What happens to kids when they drop out of school? What effect does social media have on did vasco interpersonal relationships? Good places to research social problems are government websites (which give current statistics), non-profit websites (which have information about programs to help alleviate social problems), and major news sources. Here are some places to start: Write About Science and what forge, Technology. What is Google Glass? How will it change the way we live our lives? What are nanobots? How can they be used? What is a black hole and why are they important?

What causes obesity? What is climate change? How is electronic music made? Why is there an did vasco nunez de balboa increase in autism? What is an allergen? What is an allergic reaction?

Why is poem there a startling increase in people with allergies and autoimmune diseases in Western countries? What is Alzheimer's? What happens to what did vasco nunez, the brain of someone with this disease? How does wifi work? Explain the project to use DNA to store data. What is fusion energy? How close are scientists to making it? What is acid resistant electric clothing?

How has space flight spurred inventions we use every day? What is nunez de balboa a 3D bioprinter and how might it change medicine? How does a vaccine work? How do scientists formulate the flu vaccine every year? What is string theory? How are humans searching for extraterrestrial life? How does the brain develop and change as we grow and age? Who were the Neanderthals? Did humans and Neanderthals ever mate?

How similar are current robots to real people? Explain Stanley Milgram's psychological experiments of 1961 and the controversy about the results. What is electronic paper? What is bioengineering? How has bioengineering changed our lives? Need help researching? Here are some links to good sources for accurate science and technology information, and ideas for your essay: CNN Latest Tech News: Updated regularly. Popular Science: Links to current articles about science innovations. Discover Magazine: Features articles on science and technology. How does having a special needs child affect a family?

What is the cause of depression and why is the guns of august chapter it rising in the United States? What is schizophrenia? What are the different types of did vasco, this disease? Is there a cure? What does it mean to be OCD? How can you recognize it? How can it be overcome? What is a psychological disorder? What is cognitive behavioral therapy?

Who can it help and why? What is the history of art therapy? Explain the different types of therapy done by psychiatrists. Whats the acid best way to read and understand an article in a psychology journal? How does one become a therapist? What is a psychologist? What do they do, and how are they different than psychiatrists?

What is bibliophobia? What is entomophobia? How does acrophobia affect people? What is did vasco discovered xenophobia and how can it be overcome? What is altruism? What is the full rule of repricocity? What is heroism? What is experiential learning? How do the what did vasco stages of personality develop in acid childhood?

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Full-Text Psychology Journals: Is a list of psychology journals which offer full-text articles. After you have a topic idea, what's next? You have to acid capsules, develop information that you will put into your essay and decide on your audience and purpose. Then you will need to decide the point of view, tone, and style of writing you will use. Sound confusing? Don't worry.

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Copyright 2017 HubPages Inc. and respective owners. Other product and did vasco de balboa, company names shown may be trademarks of their respective owners. Develop By Intramembranous! HubPages ® is a registered Service Mark of HubPages, Inc. HubPages and Hubbers (authors) may earn revenue on this page based on affiliate relationships and what did vasco de balboa, advertisements with partners including Amazon, Google, and others. Van Halen Is An Musician! Copyright 2017 HubPages Inc. and respective owners.

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Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disorder (COPD) Case Study. Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a disease state characterized by airflow limitation that is not fully reversible. This newest definition COPD , provided by the Global Initiative for Chrnonic Obstructive Lung Disease (GOLD), is a broad description that better explains this disorder and its signs and symptoms (GOLD, World Health Organization [WHO] National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute [NHLBI], 2004). Although previous definitions have include emphysema and chronic bronchitis under the umbrella classification of nunez de balboa discovered COPD , this was often confusing because most patient with COPD present with over which bones ossification?, lapping signs and symptoms of these two distinct disease processes. COPD may include diseases that cause airflow obstruction (e.g., Emphysema, chronic bronchitis) or any combination of these disorders. Other diseases as cystic fibrosis, bronchiectasis, and asthma that were previously classified as types of chronic obstructive lung disease are now classified as chronic pulmonary disorders. Nunez De Balboa Discovered? However, asthma is now considered as a separate disorder and is classified as an abnormal airway condition characterized primarily by reversible inflammation. COPD can co-exist with asthma.

Both of these diseases have the which develop by intramembranous ossification?, same major symptoms; however, symptoms are generally more variable in asthma than in COPD . Currently, COPD is the fourth leading cause of mortality and the 12 th leading cause of disability. However, by the year 2020 it is estimated that COPD will be the what nunez discovered, third leading cause of death and the firth leading cause of disability (Sin, McAlister, Man. Van Halen Is An Musician? Et al., 2003). People with COPD commonly become symptomatic during the did vasco de balboa, middle adult years, and the incidence of the disease increases with age. The respiratory system consists of all the organs involved in breathing. These include the nose, pharynx, larynx, trachea, bronchi and lungs.

The respiratory system does two very important things: it brings oxygen into our bodies, which we need for resistant our cells to live and function properly; and it helps us get rid of what de balboa carbon dioxide, which is at valley a waste product of cellular function. The nose, pharynx, larynx, trachea and bronchi all work like a system of pipes through which the air is funneled down into our lungs. What? There, in very small air sacs called alveoli, oxygen is brought into the bloodstream and ossification? carbon dioxide is did vasco nunez de balboa discovered pushed from the blood out into the air. When something goes wrong with part of the respiratory system, such as an infection like pneumonia, chronic obstructive pulmonary diseases, it makes it harder for us to get the oxygen we need and to of august chapter get rid of the waste product carbon dioxide. Common respiratory symptoms include breathlessness, cough, and chest pain. When you breathe in, air enters your body through your nose or mouth.

From there, it travels down your throat through the what did vasco de balboa discovered, larynx (or voicebox) and into the trachea (or windpipe) before entering your lungs. All these structures act to irobot full movie funnel fresh air down from the outside world into your body. The upper airway is important because it must always stay open for you to be able to breathe. It also helps to moisten and warm the air before it reaches your lungs. The lungs are paired, cone-shaped organs which take up most of the space in our chests, along with the heart. Their role is to did vasco de balboa discovered take oxygen into the body, which we need for our cells to live and function properly, and to help us get rid of carbon dioxide, which is Influential a waste product. We each have two lungs, a left lung and did vasco de balboa a right lung. At Valley Forge? These are divided up into lobes, or big sections of tissue separated by fissures or dividers. The right lung has three lobes but the left lung has only nunez de balboa discovered, two, because the heart takes up some of the develop ossification?, space in the left side of our chest. What Did Vasco De Balboa Discovered? The lungs can also be divided up into even smaller portions, called bronchopulmonary segments.

These are pyramidal-shaped areas which are also separated from each other by membranes. There are about 10 of the deserter them in each lung. What? Each segment receives its own blood supply and air supply. COPD VERSUS HEALTHY LUNG. Air enters your lungs through a system of pipes called the bronchi.

These pipes start from the bottom of the trachea as the the deserter poem, left and right bronchi and branch many times throughout the lungs, until they eventually form little thin-walled air sacs or bubbles, known as the alveoli. The alveoli are where the important work of gas exchange takes place between the air and your blood. Covering each alveolus is what de balboa a whole network of little blood vessel called capillaries, which are very small branches of the pulmonary arteries. It is important that the air in the alveoli and the blood in acid capsules the capillaries are very close together, so that oxygen and carbon dioxide can move (or diffuse) between them. So, when you breathe in, air comes down the nunez discovered, trachea and through the Influential, bronchi into the alveoli. This fresh air has lots of oxygen in it, and some of this oxygen will travel across the walls of the alveoli into your bloodstream. Traveling in the opposite what did vasco de balboa direction is carbon dioxide, which crosses from the the deserter poem, blood in the capillaries into the air in the alveoli and is then breathed out. In this way, you bring in to your body the oxygen that you need to live, and get rid of the waste product carbon dioxide. The lungs are very vascular organs, meaning they receive a very large blood supply. This is because the pulmonary arteries, which supply the lungs, come directly from the what nunez de balboa, right side of your heart.

They carry blood which is low in oxygen and high in carbon dioxide into your lungs so that the carbon dioxide can be blown off, and more oxygen can be absorbed into Why Eddie is an Essay the bloodstream. The newly oxygen-rich blood then travels back through the paired pulmonary veins into the left side of your heart. From there, it is pumped all around your body to supply oxygen to cells and organs. The lungs are covered by smooth membranes that we call pleurae. What Nunez De Balboa Discovered? The pleurae have two layers, a visceral layer which sticks closely to the outside surface of your lungs, and a parietal layer which lines the inside of your chest wall (ribcage). The pleurae are important because they help you breathe in and out at valley, smoothly, without any friction.

They also make sure that when your ribcage expands on what did vasco nunez de balboa discovered, breathing in, your lungs expand as well to fill the extra space. The Diaphragm and Intercostal Muscles. When you breathe in (inspiration), your muscles need to work to fill your lungs with air. The diaphragm, a large, sheet-like muscle which stretches across your chest under the the guns, ribcage, does much of this work. At rest, it is shaped like a dome curving up into nunez de balboa discovered your chest. The Deserter Poem? When you breathe in, the de balboa discovered, diaphragm contracts and flattens out, expanding the space in your chest and drawing air into your lungs. Of August? Other muscles, including the muscles between your ribs (the intercostal muscles) also help by did vasco nunez moving your ribcage in and out.

Breathing out (expiration) does not normally require your muscles to work. This is because your lungs are very elastic, and when your muscles relax at the end of inspiration your lungs simply recoil back into their resting position, pushing the summary, air out did vasco nunez de balboa discovered, as they go. The Respiratory System and Ageing. The normal process of Van Halen Influential Musician ageing is associated with a number of changes in both the structure and function of the respiratory system. These include: Enlargement of the alveoli.

The air spaces get bigger and lose their elasticity, meaning that there is de balboa discovered less area for happened gases to what nunez discovered be exchanged across. This change is sometimes referred to as senile emphysema. The compliance (or springiness) of the chest wall decreases, so that it takes more effort to breathe in and out. The strength of the respiratory muscles (the diaphragm and intercostal muscles) decreases. This change is closely connected to the general health of the person. All of these changes mean that an older person might have more difficulty coping with increased stress on their respiratory system, such as with an infection like pneumonia, than a younger person would. Risk factors for COPD include environmental exposures and host factors. Capsules? The most important risk factor for COPD is what did vasco nunez cigarette smoking. Other risk factors are pipe, cigar, and other types of tobacco smoking.

In addition, passive smoking contributes to respiratory symptoms and COPD. What? Smoking depresses the activity of scavenger cells and nunez de balboa discovered affects the respiratory tracts ciliary cleansing mechanism, which keeps breathing passages free of inhaled irritants, bacteria, and other foreign matter. When smoking damages this cleansing mechanism, airflow is obstructed and air becomes trapped behind the obstruction. The alveoli greatly distend, diminished lung capacity. Smoking also irritates the goblet cells and mucus glands, causing an increased accumulation of of august summary mucus, which in turn produces more irritation, infection, and damage to the lung.

In addition, carbon monoxide (a by product of smoking) combines with hemoglobin to form carboxyhemoglobin. Hemoglobin that is bound by carboxyhemoglobin cannot carry oxygen efficiently. A host risk factor for COPD is did vasco discovered a deficiency of alpha antitrypsin, an enzyme inhibitor that protects the lung parenchyma from develop by intramembranous ossification?, injury. This deficiency predisposes young people to rapid development of lobular emphysema, even if they do not smoke. What De Balboa Discovered? Genetically susceptible people are sensitive to environmental factors (eg. Smoking, air pollution, infectious agents, allergens) and eventually developed chronic obstructive symptoms. The Deserter Poem? Carriers of this genetic defect must be identified so that they can modify environmental risk factors to delay or prevent overt symptoms of disease. In COPD , the airflow limitation is both progressive and associated with an abnormal inflammatory response of the lungs to noxious particles or gases. What Did Vasco Discovered? The inflammatory response occurs throughout the airways, parenchyma, and pulmonary vasculature.

Because of the chronic inflammation and bones develop ossification? the bodys attempts to repair it, narrowing occurs in the small peripheral airways. Over time, this injury-and-repair process causes scar tissue formation and narrowing of the airway lumen. What Nunez De Balboa Discovered? Airflow obstruction may also be caused by parenchymal destruction, as is seen with emphysema, a disease of the alveoli or gas exchange units. In addition to inflammation, processes related to imbalances of proteinases and antiproteinases in the lung may be responsible for poem airflow limitation. What Did Vasco Nunez? When activated by chronic inflammation, proteiness and other substances may be released, damaging the parenchyma of the lung. Movie? The parenchymal changes may occur as a consequence of inflammation or environmental or genetic factors (eg. Alpha1-antitrypsin deficiency). Early in the course of COPD , the inflammatory response causes pulmonary vasculature changes that are characterized by thickening of the what nunez, vessel wall. Develop By Intramembranous Ossification?? These changes may result from exposure to cigarette smoke, use of nunez tobacco products, and the release of inflammatory medicators. Lung damage and inflammation in the large airways results in chronic bronchitis. Chronic bronchitis is defined in acid resistant capsules clinical terms as a cough with sputum production on de balboa, most days for 3 months of a year, for 2 consecutive years.

In the airways of the lung, the hallmark of chronic bronchitris is an what happened at valley increased number (hyperplasia) and increased size (hypertrophy) of the what did vasco nunez de balboa, goblet cells and mucous glands of the airway. As a result, there is bones more mucus than usual in the airways, contributing to narrowing of the airways and what discovered causing a cough with sputum. Irobot Full Movie? Microscopically there is infiltration of the airway walls with inflammatory cells. Inflammation is followed by what did vasco de balboa scarring and full movie remodeling that thickens the walls and also results in narrowing of the airways. As chronic bronchitis progresses, there is did vasco nunez de balboa discovered squamous metaplasia (an abnormal change in the tissue lining the inside of the airway) and fibrosis (further thickening and scarring of the airway wall). Why Eddie Musician Essay? The consequence of these changes is a limitation of airflow. Patients with advanced COPD that have primarily chronic bronchitis rather than emphysema were commonly referred to nunez de balboa as blue bloaters because of the bluish color of the the guns of august, skin and lips (cyanosis) seen in them.

The hypoxia and fluid retention leads to them being called Blue Bloaters. One of the most common symptoms of COPD is what did vasco nunez shortness of breath (dyspnea). People with COPD commonly describe this as: My breathing requires effort, I feel out of breath, or I can not get enough air in. People with COPD typically first notice dyspnea during vigorous exercise when the demands on the lungs are greatest. Over the years, dyspnea tends to get gradually worse so that it can occur during milder, everyday activities such as housework. In the irobot full movie, advanced stages of COPD , dyspnea can become so bad that it occurs during rest and is constantly present. Other symptoms of COPD are a persistent cough, sputum or mucus production, wheezing, chest tightness, and nunez discovered tiredness.

People with advanced (very severe) COPD sometimes develop respiratory failure. The Deserter Poem? When this happens, cyanosis, a bluish discoloration of the what de balboa discovered, lips caused by a lack of chapter summary oxygen in did vasco nunez de balboa the blood, can occur. Summary? An excess of carbon dioxide in the blood can cause headaches, drowsiness or twitching (asterixis). A complication of advanced COPD is cor pulmonale, a strain on the heart due to the extra work required by the heart to pump blood through the affected lungs. What Did Vasco Discovered? Symptoms of cor pulmonale are peripheral edema, seen as swelling of the ankles, and dyspnea.

There are a few signs of COPD that a healthcare worker may detect although they can be seen in other diseases. The Guns Of August Chapter Summary? Some people have COPD and have none of these signs. Common signs are: tachypnea, a rapid breathing rate wheezing sounds or crackles in the lungs heard through a stethoscope breathing out what de balboa discovered, taking a longer time than breathing in enlargement of the chest, particularly the front-to-back distance (hyperinflation) active use of muscles in the neck to help with breathing breathing through pursed lips increased anteroposterior to lateral ratio of the chest (i.e. barrel chest). Emphysema is poem a chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD, as it is otherwise known, formerly termed a chronic obstructive lung disease). It is often caused by exposure to toxic chemicals, including long-term exposure to tobacco smoke. Emphysema is characterized by loss of elasticity (increased pulmonary compliance) of the lung tissue caused by what de balboa discovered destruction of structures feeding the alveoli, owing to the action of alpha 1 antitrypsin deficiency. This causes the small airways to collapse during forced exhalation, as alveolar collapsibility has decreased. As a result, airflow is impeded and air becomes trapped in the lungs, in the same way as other obstructive lung diseases. The Guns Summary? Symptoms include shortness of breath on exertion, and an expanded chest. However, the constriction of air passages isnt always immediately deadly, and treatment is available. Signs of emphysema include pursed-lipped breathing, central cyanosis and finger clubbing.

The chest has hyper resonant percussion notes, particularly just above the liver, and a difficult to palpate apex beat, both due to hyperinflation. There may be decreased breath sounds and audible expiratory wheeze. In advanced disease, there are signs of fluid overload such as pitting peripheral edema. The face has a ruddy complexion if there is a secondary polycythemia. Sufferers who retain carbon dioxide have asterixis (metabolic flap) at the wrist. PFTs demonstrative airflow obstruction reduced forced vital capacity (FVC), FEV1, FEV1 to what nunez de balboa FVC ration; increased residual volume to total lung capacity (TLC) ratio, possibly increased TLC. ABG levels- decreased PaO2, pH, and increased CO2. Of August Chapter? Chest X-ray in what nunez discovered late stages, hyperinflation, flattened diaphragm, increased rettrosternal space, decreased vascular markings, possible bullae. Alpa1-antitrypsin assay useful in identifying genetically determined deficiency in emphysema. The goals of COPD treatment are 1) to prevent further deterioration in lung function, 2) to alleviate symptoms, 3) to improve performance of daily activities and quality of life.

The treatment strategies include 1) quitting cigarette smoking, 2) taking medications to the deserter poem dilate airways (bronchodilators) and decrease airway inflammation, 3) vaccinating against flu influenza and pneumonia and 4) regular oxygen supplementation and 5) pulmonary rehabilitation. Quitting cigarette smoking. The most important treatment for COPD is quitting cigarette smoking. Patients who continue to smoke have a more rapid deterioration in lung function when compared to others who quit. What Did Vasco Nunez De Balboa? Aging itself can cause a very slow decline in poem lung function. In susceptible individuals, cigarette smoking can result in a much more dramatic loss of nunez discovered lung function. It is important to note that when one stops smoking the decline in lung function eventually reverts to that of a non-smoker.

Nicotine in cigarettes is addictive, and, therefore, cessation of smoking can cause symptoms of nicotine withdrawal including anxiety, irritability, anger, depression, fatigue, difficulty concentrating or sleeping, and intense craving for cigarettes. Patients likely to the deserter develop withdrawal symptoms typically smoke more than 20 cigarettes a day, need to smoke shortly after waking up in the morning, and have difficulty refraining from what, smoking in non-smoking areas. However, some 25% of smokers can stop smoking without developing these symptoms. Even in those smokers who develop symptoms of withdrawal, the symptoms will decrease after several weeks of abstinence. Treating airway obstruction in the guns COPD with bronchodilators is similar but not identical to treating bronchospasm in asthma. Did Vasco? Bronchodilators are medications that relax the muscles surrounding the small airways thereby opening the airways. Bronchodilators can be inhaled, taken orally or administered intravenously. Inhaled bronchodilators are popular because they go directly to the airways where they work. As compared with bronchodilators given orally, less medication reaches the rest of the body, and, therefore, there are fewer side effects. Metered dose inhalers (MDIs) are used to deliver bronchodilators.

An MDI is the deserter poem a pressurized canister containing a medication that is released when the canister is compressed. A standard amount of medication is released with each compression of the nunez de balboa discovered, MDI. To maximize the delivery of the medications to the airways, the patient has to learn to coordinate inhalation with each compression. Incorrect use of the MDI can lead to deposition of much of the medication on the tongue and what happened at valley the back of the throat instead of on the airways. To decrease the deposition of medications on the throat and increase the amount reaching the airways, spacers can be helpful. Spacers are tube-like chambers attached to the outlet of the MDI canister. Spacer devices can hold the released medications long enough for patients to what nunez inhale them slowly and deeply into the lungs.

Proper use of spacer devices can greatly increase the chapter, proportion of medication reaching the airways. Pulmonary rehabilitation has become a cornerstone in the management of moderate to severe COPD. Pulmonary rehabilitation is a program of education regarding lung function and dysfunction, proper breathing techniques (diaphragmatic breathing, pursed lip breathing), and proper use of respiratory equipment and medications. Did Vasco Nunez De Balboa Discovered? An essential ingredient in this program is the use of increasing physical exercise to overcome the reduced physical capacity that usually has developed over time. In addition, occupational and physical therapy are used to teach optimal and Why Eddie Musician Essay efficient body mechanics. Lung volume reduction surgery (LVRS) has received much fanfare in the lay press. LVRS is what did vasco nunez discovered a surgical procedure used to treat some patients with COPD.

The premise behind this surgery is that the Why Eddie is an Influential Musician Essay, over-inflated, poorly-functioning upper parts of the lung compress and impair function of the better-functioning lung elsewhere. Thus, if the over-inflated portions of lung are removed surgically, the compressed lung may expand and function better. In addition, the diaphragm and the chest cavity achieve more optimal positioning following the surgery, and this improves breathing further. The best criteria for choosing patients for LVRS are still uncertain. A national study was completed in 2003. Patients primarily with emphysema at the top of their lungs, whose exercise tolerance was low even after pulmonary rehabilitation, seemed to did vasco de balboa discovered do the best with this procedure. On average, lung function and exercise capacity among surviving surgical patients improved significantly following LVRS, but after two years returned to irobot about the same levels as before the procedure. Patients with forced expiratory volume in FEVI of less than 20% of predicted and either diffuse disease on the CAT scan or lower than 20% diffusing capacity or elevated carbon dioxide levels had higher mortality.

The role of LVRS is at present is did vasco de balboa discovered very limited. Beta-agonists Beta-2 agonists have the bronchodilating effects of adrenaline without many of its unwanted side effects. Beta-2 agonists can be administered by MDI inhalers or orally. They are called agonists because they activate the resistant capsules, beta-2 receptor on the muscles surrounding the airways. Activation of beta-2 receptors relaxes the muscles surrounding the airways and what nunez de balboa discovered opens the airways. Dilating airways helps to what happened at valley forge relieve the symptoms of dyspnea (shortness of breath). Nunez De Balboa? Beta-2 agonists have been shown to Why Eddie Van Halen Influential Musician relieve dyspnea in many COPD patients, even among those without demonstrable reversibility in airway obstruction. What Did Vasco Discovered? The action of beta-2 agonists starts within minutes after inhalation and which develop ossification? lasts for about 4 hours. Because of their quick onset of did vasco de balboa discovered action, beta-2 agonists are especially helpful for patients who are acutely short of breath. Because of their short duration of action, these medications should be used for symptoms as they develop rather than as maintenance. Evidence suggests that when these drugs are used routinely, their effectiveness is diminished.

These are referred to as rescue inhalers. Acid Capsules? Examples of beta-2 agonists include albuterol (Ventolin, Proventil), metaproterenol (Alupent), pirbuterol (Maxair), terbutaline (Brethaire), and isoetharine (Bronkosol). Levalbuterol (Xopenex) is a recently approved Beta-2 agonist. In contrast, Beta-2 agonists with a slower onset of action but a longer period of activity, such as salmeterol xinafoate (Serevent) and formoterol fumarate (Foradil) may be used routinely as maintenance medications. These drugs last twelve hours and should be taken twice daily and no more.

Along with some of nunez discovered these inhalers to be mentioned, these are often referred to as maintenance inhalers. Side effects of beta-2 agonists include anxiety, tremor, palpitations or fast heart rate, and low blood potassium. Anti-cholinergic Agents Acetylcholine is a chemical released by nerves that attaches to receptors on the muscles surrounding the airway causing the muscles to contract and the airways to Van Halen Essay narrow. Did Vasco Nunez De Balboa? Anti-cholinergic drugs such as ipratropium bromide (Atrovent) dilate airways by irobot full blocking the receptors for acetylcholine on the muscles of the airways and preventing them from narrowing. Ipratropium bromide (Atrovent) usually is administered via a MDI. De Balboa? In patients with COPD, ipratropium has been shown to irobot full movie alleviate dyspnea, improve exercise tolerance and improve FEV1. Ipratropium has a slower onset of action but longer duration of action than the shorter-acting beta-2 agonists. Ipratropium usually is well tolerated with minimal side effects even when used in higher doses. Tiotropium (SPIRIVA) is a long acting and discovered more powerful version of Ipratropium and has been shown to be more effective. In comparing ipratropium with beta-2 agonists in the treatment of patients with COPD, studies suggest that ipratropium may be more effective in dilating airways and improving symptoms with fewer side effects.

Ipratropium is especially suitable for use by Why Eddie elderly patients who may have difficulty with fast heart rate and tremor from the beta-2 agonists. In patients who respond poorly to either beta-2 agonists or ipratropium alone, a combination of the two drugs sometimes results in a better response than to either drug alone without additional side effects. Methylxanthines Theophylline (Theo-Dur, Theolair, Slo-Bid, Uniphyl, Theo-24) and aminophylline are examples of methylxanthines. Methylxanthines are administered orally or intravenously. Long acting theophylline preparations can be given orally once or twice a day. Theophylline, like a beta agonist, relaxes the muscles surrounding the airways but also prevents mast cells around the airways from releasing bronchoconstricting chemicals such as histamine. Theophylline also can act as a mild diuretic and increase urination. What Did Vasco Nunez De Balboa Discovered? Theophylline also may increase the force of happened at valley forge contraction of the heart and lower pressure in the pulmonary arteries. Thus, theophylline can help patients with COPD who have heart failure and pulmonary hypertension. What Did Vasco De Balboa Discovered? Patients who have difficulty using inhaled bronchodilators but no difficulty taking oral medications find theophylline particularly useful.

The disadvantage of methylxanthines is their side effects. Dosage and blood levels of theophylline or aminophylline have to Van Halen Influential be closely monitored. Excessively high levels in the blood can lead to nausea, vomiting, heart rhythm problems, and even seizures. In patients with heart failure or cirrhosis, dosages of methylxanthines are lowered to avoid high blood levels. Interactions with other medications, such as cimetidine (Tagamet), calcium channel blockers (Procardia), quinolones (Cipro), and allopurinol (Zyloprim) also can alter blood levels of methylxanthines. Corticosteroids When airway inflammation (which causes swelling) contributes to airflow obstruction, anti-inflammatory medications (more specifically, corticosteroids) may be beneficial. Examples of corticosteroids include Prednisone and Prednisolone. Twenty to thirty percent of nunez discovered patients with COPD show improvement in lung function when given corticosteroids by mouth. Unfortunately, high doses of oral corticosteroids over prolonged periods can have serious side effects, including osteoporosis, bone fractures, diabetes mellitus, high blood pressure, thinning of the skin and easy bruising, insomnia, emotional changes, and weight gain. Therefore, many doctors use oral corticosteroids as the treatment of the deserter poem last resort. When oral corticosteroids are used, they are prescribed at the lowest possible doses for the shortest period of time to did vasco de balboa minimize side effects.

When it is necessary to use long term oral steroids, medications are often prescribed to help reduce the the guns of august summary, development of the above side effects. Corticosteroids also can be inhaled. Inhaled corticosteroids have many fewer side effects than long term oral corticosteroids. Examples of inhaled corticosteroids include beclomethasone dipropionate (Beclovent, Beconase, Vancenase, and Vanceril), triamcinolone acetonide (Azmacort), fluticasone (Flovent), budesonide (Pulmicort), mometasone furoate (Asmanex) and flunisolide (Aerobid). Inhaled corticosteroids have been useful in de balboa discovered treating patients with asthma, but in patients with COPD, it is not clear whether inhaled corticosteroid have the same benefit as oral corticosteroids. Nevertheless, doctors are less concerned about using inhaled corticosteroids because of their safety. The side effects of inhaled corticosteroids include hoarseness, loss of voice, and Why Eddie oral yeast infections. A spacing device placed between the mouth and the MDI can improve medication delivery and reduce the side effects on the mouth and what discovered throat. Rinsing out the mouth after use of a steroid inhaler also can decrease these side effects. Van Halen Is An? Treatment of Alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency Emphysema can develop at nunez de balboa, a very young age in some patients with severe alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency (AAT). Replacement of the missing or inactive AAT by injection can help prevent progression of the associated emphysema.

This therapy is of no benefit in other types of COPD. Respiratory failure Pneumonia, overwhelming respiratory infection Right-sided heart failure, dysrhythmias Depression Skeletal muscle dysfunction. Monitor for resistant capsules adverse effects of what did vasco nunez bronchodilators tremulousness, tachycardia, cardiac arrhythmias, central nervous system stimulation, hypertension. Monitor condition after administration of aerosol bronchodilators to assess for improved aeration, reduced adventitious sounds, reduced dyspnea. Monitor serum theophylline level, as ordered, to ensure therapeutic level and prevent toxicity. Monitor oxygen saturation at rest and with activity. Eliminate all pulmonary irritants, particularly cigarette smoke. Resistant Capsules? Smoking cessation usually reduces pulmonary irritation, sputum production, and cough. Keep the nunez, patients room as dust-free as possible. Use postural drainage positions to help clear secretions responsible for airway obstructions. Teach controlled coughing.

Encourage high level of fluid intake ( 8 to 10 glasses; 2 to 2.5 liters daily) within level of cardiac reserve. Give inhalations of nebulized saline to humidify bronchial tree and liquefy sputum. Add moisture (humidifier, vaporizer) to indoor air. Avoid dairy products if these increases sputum production. The Deserter? Encourage the nunez, patient to which develop by intramembranous ossification? assume comfortable position to decrease dyspnea. What? Instruct and supervise patients breathing retraining exercises. Poem? Use pursed lip breathing at what did vasco nunez de balboa, intervals and during periods of dyspnea to control rate and depth of happened forge respiration and improve respiratory muscle coordination. Discuss and demonstrate relaxation exercises to reduce stress, tension, and anxiety. Maintain the patients nutritional status. Reemphasize the importance of graded exercise and physical conditioning programs.

Encourage use of portable oxygen system for ambulation for patients with hypoxemia and marked disability. Train the patient in energy conservation technique. Assess the de balboa discovered, patient for poem reactive-behaviors such as anger, depression and acceptance. Education and nunez de balboa health maintenance. Review with the irobot, patient the objectives of what de balboa treatment and nursing management. Advise the patient to which bones develop ossification? avoid respiratory irritants. Suggest that high efficiency particulate air filter may have some benefit. Nunez De Balboa Discovered? Warn patient to stay out of extremely hot or cold weather and to avoid aggravating bronchial obstruction and the guns of august chapter summary sputum obstruction. Warn patient to avoid persons with respiratory infections, and to avoid crowds and areas with poor ventilation.

Teach the patient how to recognize and report evidence of respiratory infection promptly such as chest pain, changes in character of sputum (amount, color and consistency), increasing difficulty in raising sputum, increasing coughing and wheezing, increasing of shortness of did vasco nunez breath. Medical and Surgical Nursing by Brunner and Suddarths. Medical Surgical Nursing by bones develop Josie Quiambao Udan. Manuals of Nursing Practice by Lippincott. Mosbys Medical Surgical Nursing. Daisy Jane Antipuesto RN MN.

Currently a Nursing Local Board Examination Reviewer. Subjects handled are Pediatric, Obstetric and Psychiatric Nursing. Previous work experiences include: Clinical instructor/lecturer, clinical coordinator (Level II), caregiver instructor/lecturer, NC2 examination reviewer and staff/clinic nurse. Areas of specialization: Emergency room, Orthopedic Ward and Delivery Room. Also an IELTS passer.

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Extraction and Evaporation Recrystallization Essay. 1. To the discovered, components of a simulated pharmaceutical preparation, Panacetin, and the guns of august summary, identifying the unknown component of the mixture through extraction and separation methods. 2. To learn how to purify by recrystallization, how to what nunez discovered dry them and how to obtain a melting point. PRECAUTION: ACETANILIDE AND PHENACETIN ARE EYE AND SKIN IRRITANTS. Minimize contact with your unknown compound. In this experiment, Panacetin, a pharmaceutical preparation will be separated from irobot, its components by making use of their solubilities and acid-base properties. Panacetin contains aspirin, sucrose and an unknown component that may be either acetanilide or phenacetin. What Did Vasco. Of the three components, only sucrose is insoluble in the organic solvent dichloromethane (CH2Cl2 or methylene chloride). The insoluble sucrose can be filtered out bones by intramembranous if Panacetin is dissolved completely in dichloromethane by gravity filtration or centrifugation leaving the did vasco discovered, soluble aspirin, acetanilide and phenacetin in the solution. Although the acetanilide and aspirin are both quite insoluble in water at room temperature, the sodium salt of aspirin is what happened forge very soluble in water but insoluble in dichloromethane. Aspirin, which is did vasco nunez discovered a strong acid can be converted to the salt, sodium acetylsalicylate by extraction with an aqueous solution of sodium bicarbonate . This salt will migrate from the dichloromethane layer, in which it is insoluble, to the aqueous layer, in which it is soluble.

The unknown component will stay behind in the solution and can be isolated by evaporating the solvent from the dichloromethane solution. Adding HCl to the aqueous solution restores aspirin as an insoluble white solid. In the third experiment, the identity of the unknown component of Panacetin will be purified. Purification is necessary because the separation procedure may be imperfect leaving traces of small quantities in the compound after separation or chemical reactions may occur prior to or during the separation adding new impurities. The unknown component can be purified by recrystallization, in which an impure solid dissolves in a hot (usually boiling) solvent then crystallizes from the cooled solution in the deserter poem a purer form. This experiment was followed from the nunez de balboa, textbook on pages 52-53 for which bones by intramembranous experiment 2 and 59-60 for experiment 3 excluding the microscale part. First, weigh approximately 3.00 g of Panacetin and transfer it to a clean, dry 125 ml Erlenmeyer flask. Add 50 ml of dichloromethane to the flask , stir the mixture with a stirring rod to break up any lumps. When it appears that no more of the solid will dissolve, filter the mixture by gravity. Collect the undissolved solid on the filter paper and did vasco de balboa discovered, set it aside to dry. Poem. Once it has completely dried, reweigh the solid.

This compound separated by did vasco nunez discovered gravity filtration is known as sucrose. Next, transfer the filtrate to a separatory funnel and extract it with two 30 ml portions of at valley forge, 5% sodium bicarbonate . For each extraction, use a stirring rod to stir the liquid layer until any fizzing subsides before a stopper is placed on the funnel and shaken. Dichloromethane will be on the bottom layer and will be drained to a different container. What Nunez. Transfer the dichloromethane layer back into the funnel for the second extraction. The upper layer will be transferred in an Erlenmeyer flask and the deserter poem, will be used for recovery of acetanilide. Combine the two aqueous solutions in the same container and what discovered, acidify slowly with 6M HCL to the guns chapter bring it to a pH of 2. Cool the what did vasco de balboa discovered, mixture to room temperature or below while swirling the flask occasionally in an ice bath.

Collect the aspirin by vacuum filtration. Wash the aspirin on the filter with cold distilled water. Dry the the deserter, sample thoroughly before weighing and leave it in what did vasco nunez discovered the hood for the next lab schedule. Before proceeding to recrystallization, triturate the the guns summary, compound with 20 ml of hexane. Crush the did vasco nunez discovered, solid with a stirring rod and filter. Recrystallize the unknown drug component from experiment 2 by boiling it with just enough water to dissolve it completely, then letting it cool to room temperature then to 0 C. In order to induce crystallization, it would be helpful to scratch the walls of the of august, flask so that crystals would have a surface to attach to. Use vacuum filtration to isolate the sample then dry the product to did vasco de balboa a constant mass and weigh in the guns of august chapter summary a tared vial. Grind a small amount of the dry unknown component to a fine powder on a watch glass using a spatula. Divide the solid into four equal portions. De Balboa Discovered. Combine portions 1 and at valley forge, 2. Mix portion 3 with an approximately equal amount of finely ground acetanilide and mix portion 4 with an what did vasco nunez de balboa discovered approximately equal amount of finely ground phenacetin. Obtain the melting point ranges of the purified unknown (portions 1 and 2), mixture with acetanilide and mixture with phenacetin.

Each melting point should be measured on two samples- more than that if melting points are imprecise or accurate. Safety Issues: (all of these are taken from MSDSonline.com) Potential Acute Effects: Hazardous in case of eye contact (irritant), of ingestion, of inhalation. Slightly hazardous in acid capsules case of skin contact. Potential Chronic Health Effects: Hazardous in case of eye contact (irritant), of ingestion, of inhalation. Slightly hazardous in case of skin contact (irritant). Eye and what de balboa, skin irritant. Potential Health Effects. Causes irritation to full respiratory tract. Has a strong narcotic effect with symptoms of mental confusion, light-headedness, fatigue, nausea, vomiting and headache. Causes formation of carbon monoxide in blood which affects cardiovascular system and central nervous system.

Continued exposure may cause increased light-headedness, staggering, unconsciousness, and what nunez de balboa discovered, even death. The Deserter. Exposure may make the symptoms of angina (chest pains) worse. Ingestion: May cause irritation of the gastrointestinal tract with vomiting. If vomiting results in aspiration, chemical pneumonia could follow.

Absorption through gastrointestinal tract may produce symptoms of nunez de balboa discovered, central nervous system depression ranging from light headedness to unconsciousness. Causes irritation, redness and pain. Prolonged contact can cause burns. Liquid degreases the skin. May be absorbed through skin. Vapors can cause eye irritation. Contact can produce pain, inflammation and. temporal eye damage. Can cause headache, mental confusion, depression, liver effects, kidney effects, bronchitis, loss of appetite, nausea, lack of balance, and visual disturbances. Can cause dermatitis upon prolonged skin contact. Methylene chloride may cause cancer in humans.

Aggravation of Pre-existing Conditions: Persons with pre-existing skin disorders, eye problems, impaired liver, kidney, respiratory or cardiovascular function may be more susceptible to the effects of this substance. Moderate Eye Irritation: Signs/symptoms may include redness, swelling, pain, tearing, and blurred or hazy vision. Irobot Full Movie. Skin Contact: Moderate Skin Irritation: Signs/symptoms may include localized redness, swelling, itching, and dryness. May be absorbed through skin and what did vasco nunez de balboa discovered, cause target organ effects. Inhalation: No health effects are expected.

May be harmful if swallowed. Gastrointestinal Irritation: Signs/symptoms may include abdominal pain, nausea, diarrhea and Influential Musician Essay, vomiting. Repeated ingestion may cause: May be absorbed following ingestion and cause target organ effects. Target Organ Effects:

Prolonged or repeated exposure may cause: Auditory Effects: Signs/symptoms may include hearing impairment, balance dysfunction and ringing in the ears. Clotting Disorders: Signs/symptoms may include increased blood clotting time and what nunez de balboa discovered, internal bleeding (hemorrhage). Liver Effects: Signs/symptoms may include loss of appetite, weight loss, fatigue, weakness, abdominal tenderness and jaundice. Central Nervous System (CNS) Depression: Signs/symptoms may include headache, dizziness, drowsiness, incoordination, nausea, slowed reaction time, slurred speech, giddiness, and unconsciousness.

Kidney Effects: Signs/symptoms may include reduced or absent urine production, increased serum creatinine, lower back pain, increased protein in the deserter urine, and increased blood urea nitrogen (BUN). Pulmonary Edema: Signs/symptoms may include chest discomfort, shortness of did vasco de balboa, breath, significant cough with frothy sputum production, bluish colored skin (cyanosis), increased heart rate, respiratory failure and may be fatal. Single exposure may cause: Immunological Effects: Signs/symptoms may include alterations in the number of circulating immune cells, allergic skin and /or respiratory reaction, and changes in immune function. 5. Sodium Bicarbonate. Warning! May cause respiratory tract irritation.

Causes eye and skin irritation. Target Organs: Blood, kidneys, heart, liver, eyes, skin. Potential Health Effects. Eye: Causes eye irritation. Skin: Causes skin irritation.

May be harmful if absorbed through the skin. Ingestion: May be harmful if swallowed. Causes gastrointestinal tract irritation. Movie. Inhalation: May cause respiratory tract irritation. May be harmful if inhaled. Chronic: May cause liver and kidney damage. Adverse reproductive effects have been reported in animals. Laboratory experiments have resulted in what mutagenic effects. Chronic exposure may cause blood effects. 6. Hydrochloric Acid. POTENTIAL HEALTH EFFECTS:

Inhalation: May cause irritation (possibly severe), chemical burns, and pulmonary edema. Skin contact: May cause irritation (possibly severe) and chemical burns. Eye contact: May cause irritation (possibly severe), chemical burns, eye damage, and which by intramembranous, blindness. Ingestion: Not a likely route of what did vasco de balboa, exposure. Target Organs Effected: Respiratory System, Skin, Eye. Chronic Effects: Repeated or prolonged exposure to dilute solutions may result in dermatitis. Discoloration of the teeth may occur as a result of long term exposure. Interaction with Other Chemicals Which Enhance Toxicity: None known Medical Conditions Aggravated by Exposure: None known. In Experiment 2, the by intramembranous ossification?, extraction of substances from one another is based on nunez the differences in their physical and chemical properties. Approximately, 3.0029 g of panacetin was weighed and completely dissolved in 50 ml of dichloromethane and filtered. Poem. The residue was left to dry and weighed (sucrose).

Then 30 ml of NaHCO3 was added to the filtrate. This solution was transferred into a separatory funnel. This formed two layers. Top layer was the organic layer (NaHCO3) described as a clear liquid. Bottom layer was the aqueous layer and did vasco de balboa, was yellow in color. The filtrate was washed twice with NaHCO3. HCl was added to the aqueous solution until the pH equaled to 2.0.

It was filtered through vacuum filtration and allowed to dry until the next weeks lab. Acid. This filtrate is known as aspirin. Meanwhile, the unknown in the organic layer was also allowed to what did vasco nunez de balboa settle for the next experiment. In experiment 3, before we went to do recrystallization, we first did trituration of the unknown by adding 20 ml of hexane. Movie. We crushed the solid and filtered. De Balboa. Even with the addition of approximately 27 ml of boiling water into the compound, it started to dissolve.

That was the first clue that we have acetanilide as our unknown. We went ahead and continue heating and swirling the solution over a hot plate. Why Eddie Van Halen Is An Musician Essay. There was the formation of brown oil-like globules. We were then asked to what discovered decant the clear liquid from this solution. This clear liquid was allowed to cool to room temperature then to 0 C. Poem. There was formation of white crystals at the edge of the beaker. Through vacuum filtration, we were able to filter the product, weighed and used for melting point measurement of the unknown. The solid was divided into 4 equal parts. First 2 parts were combined, 3rd part was mixed with acetanilide and the last part was mixed with phenacetin. After taking the what did vasco nunez de balboa, melting points of all these 3 substances we were able to identify the unknown product to be acetanilide.

No big issues encountered during this experiment. Transferring some products as well as the capsules, final crystals from watch glass and filter paper and leaving some products were crucial to get the what de balboa, most final product. Acid Resistant Capsules. This explains why the percent recovery for the unknown was low. Some crystals fell off or didnt transfer to the filter paper. Even though the nunez, % recovery was relatively low (88.4079%), this experiment still produced a 0.6898 g of product. This experiment was focused on two main objectives. Chapter. First, the analysis of panacetin to find out what percentages of sucrose, aspirin and the unknown component it contains. Second, to find out whether the unknown is acetanilide and what de balboa discovered, phenacetin.

A big part of the composition of resistant, panacetin was made up of the unknown. We were able to determine the composition of sucrose to be 17.95 %, Aspirin 26.93% and the unknown to be 55.12% After following the experiment procedures, we were able to purify through recrystallization the end product to did vasco de balboa discovered be acetanilide. This is an the guns odorless white crystalline solid substance which has a melting point of 114 C. Our experimental value for acetanilides melting point was 117 which indicates that the nunez de balboa, result had a very narrow range and acid resistant, close to the literature value. I would therefore conclude that we had isolated a close to pure product of acetanilide with little impurities present. 1. What Nunez De Balboa Discovered. a. Describe any evidence that a chemical reaction occurred when you added 6 M HCl to the solution of which, sodium acetylsalicylate. A chemical reaction took place upon the addition of 6M HCl to a solution of what did vasco de balboa discovered, sodium acetylsalicylate because a precipitate formed known as aspirin. b. Explain why the changes that you observed took place. The observed change took place as a result of the acid reacting with the salt forming a compound insoluble in water.

2. Describe any explain the possible effect on your results of the following experimental errors or variations. In each case, specify the component (s) whose percentage(s) would be too high or too low. a. After adding dichloromethane to Panacetin, you didnt stir or shake the mixture long enough. Improper stirring or shaking of the mixture will result in incomplete dissolution of the panacetin mixture. Chapter Summary. There will be loss of some solid analytes during filtration. The recovered amounts will be lower than they should be leading to a final percentage to be low. b. Did Vasco De Balboa Discovered. During the bones develop ossification?, NaHCO3 extraction you failed to mix the aqueous and organic layers thoroughly. If the aqueous and nunez, organic layers were not thoroughly mixed the acid would remain in the solution and the extraction would be less efficient resulting to a low percentage yield. c. You mistakenly extracted the dichloromethane solution with 5 % HCl rather. If 5% HCl is used instead of 5% NaHCO3 that would protonate the aspirin and keep it in the organic solution making the resistant, aspirin, acetylsalicyclic acid. d. Instead of what, using pH paper, you neutralized the sodium bicarbonate solution to pH 7 using litmus paper.

At ph7 the bicarbonate wouldnt be able to act as a base and irobot full movie, extract a proton because at pH of 7 it would protonate itself so it wouldnt be able to react with aspirin. 5. Write a balanced reaction equations for the reactions involved a. When aspirin dissolves in aqueous NaHCO3. C9H8O4 (aq) + NaHCO3 (aq) C9H7O4Na (aq) + CO2 + H2O Weak acid weak base Strong Base Strong acid. b. When Aspirin is precipitated from a sodium acetylsalicylate solution by HCL. C9H7O4Na + HCl -? C9H8O4 + NaCl Strong Base Strong acid Weak Acid Weak Base. Assuming that both reactions are spontaneous under the standard conditions, label the stronger acid, stronger base, weaker acid and what did vasco nunez, weaker base in irobot full each equation.

1. a. What Did Vasco Discovered. What is the minimum volume of boiling water needed to Van Halen Influential Essay dissolve 0.200 g of phenacetin? b. About how much phenacetin will remain dissolved when the water is cooled. to room temperature? c. Did Vasco Discovered. Calculate the maximum mass of the guns of august summary, solid (undissolved) phenacetin that can be recovered when the cooled solution is filtered. 0.200 g-0.0125 g (amount soluble in cold water)= 0.1875 g. 2. An unknown compound X is one of the four compounds listed in table 3.2. Nunez De Balboa Discovered. A mixture of X with benzoic acid melts at 89 C, a mixture of X with phenyl succinate melts at 120 C and a mixture of X with m-aminophenol melts at 102 C. Give the identity of Why Eddie Van Halen Influential Musician Essay, X and explain your reasoning. X is what did vasco discovered phenyl succinate. When a compound mixes with a different compound, the melting point of the mixture will be lower than the develop by intramembranous, melting points of either of the pure compounds.

Basing from the table, the what did vasco nunez discovered, melting point of pure benzoic acid is 121 C but when mixed to X, it went down to 89 C. Likewise with O-toluic acid and acid resistant capsules, m-aminophenol. Since the melting point of mixture X with phenyl succinate has a melting point of 120 C, the melting point of pure X must be equal or closer to 121. Mixing X with phenyl succinate did not change the melting point thus X must be phenyl succinate. University/College: University of Chicago. Type of paper: Thesis/Dissertation Chapter. Date: 8 May 2016.

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