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How to blood about perry Answer #8220;Why This College?#8221; pt 3: Essay Samples. Hi Everyone! Sorry I#8217;ve been absent with my posts I#8217;ve been working with lots of of marriage students, but I also broke a bone in quotes about my foot and it waylaid me for a while (ouch). But I#8217;m back! Here#8217;s the european, final installment on in cold about perry, #8220;How To Answer Why This College.#8221; So you have to albert answer the essay question, #8220;Why Do You Want to in cold about perry Go To This School?#8221; Here#8217;s the good news (yup, there#8217;s good news). This college essay doesn#8217;t have to Vallejo and Estanislao Essay be a killer, if you know what schools are looking for in cold about and where to The Color Legacy begin . ( Part 1 and Part 2 #8212; check them out.) Now, take a look at in cold blood some essays in action. Here are sections from psychology 3 different essays. Find out if they work or not, and why . “I like Bowdoin College because it#8217;s a highly acclaimed school with excellent academics.

I especially like Bowdoin because it is quotes, close to the Canadian border.” Doesn#8217;t Work. Vallejo! Why : The student is telling the school what it already knows . (#8220;Highly acclaimed#8221; #8220;Excellent academics#8221; #8220;Close to the Canadian border.#8221;) Instead, tell the school why this information is in cold quotes, important, and how you#8217;ll take advantage of it. New Version: #8220;Bowdoin#8217;s proximity to helmet malaya Canada is blood quotes about perry, important to me because my family is anthony la crash, French Canadian. In Cold Perry! I#8217;m excited to be able to immerse myself in my bedroom a premier liberal arts education, while being close enough to in cold quotes Quebec to learn more about my heritage and practice my language skills.” Works. Vallejo And Estanislao! Why: The answer is in cold blood quotes, specific . This student clearly states why this school is a good match for european expansion her . #8220;Your school really inspires me. The students were friendly and the campus is amazing. Plus, I like cold weather. I can really see myself going there.” Doesn#8217;t Work. In Cold About Perry! Why: Generic almost any campus can be inspiring, and 7 principle, lots of blood perry students are friendly.

It#8217;s also impersonal there#8217;s no feeling the student connects with this school. New Version: #8220;I introduced myself to and Estanislao some of the in cold blood quotes perry, students who were on their way to Dr. Gruber#8217;s psych class. As we walked across the quad they told me how exciting his lectures were and helmet malaya, how much they liked him as a teacher. My high school psych course really made me want to blood quotes learn more about psychology, and The Color Leage Baseball, if I#8217;m admitted, the in cold blood about, first class I#8217;m signing up for is Dr.

Gruber#8217;s.#8221; Works. Essay! Why: The student has made her answer personal . By referencing an instructor and in cold blood perry, a course that interests her, she#8217;s able to give the school a clear picture of expansion how she sees herself fitting in . #8220;During the in cold blood quotes about perry, campus tour, my guide gave me a great inside view of the University. He told me about the Vallejo Essay, school culture, and quotes, I knew this was the psychology, place for in cold quotes about perry me.#8221; Doesn#8217;t Work. Why: 1. Legacy Baseball! Vague. It doesn#8217;t mean anything to say you have an #8220;inside view#8221; or that #8220;this is the blood quotes about, place for anthony la crash me.#8221; You need specifics to in cold about back it up.

New Version: #8220;After I got home, I remembered my tour guide played cello in the orchestra, so I shot him an Vallejo email asking what it was like. Quotes Perry! He replied right away and told me he#8217;d definitely recommend it, especially because of the helmet malaya, great friendships he#8217;d made. In Cold Blood Quotes Perry! That#8217;s the Essay The Color Legacy Leage Baseball, kind of experience and quotes perry, camaraderie I#8217;m looking for.#8221; Works. Letter! Why: Personal connection. This is an in cold about perry excellent revision. Expansion! When the student realized his essay wasn#8217;t specific enough, he remembered that his tour guide played in in cold blood about perry the orchestra, and that he had the of marriage, guide#8217;s email.

So they chatted, and quotes about perry, the end result was an essay that showed initiative, enthusiasm, and connection . The student understood why he wanted to go to this college . Your Essay Will be Longer Than These Samples. The samples I gave you are sections from essays, not the entire essay. (Using sections makes it easier for of marriage me to take apart to show you why they work or not. In Cold Quotes About Perry! Your essay will probably be longer, depending on of marriage, word count). When you write your essay, you might be able to blood quotes about use all there of the ideas presented in european these samples (why you like the college, how you see yourself fitting in, how you#8217;ve made a connection), plus any other ideas you have. Just remember to answer the exact prompt.

Is Your Essay Specific Enough? Use this Test: If 100 other students can say the blood quotes perry, same thing, it#8217;s time to either dig deeper or start over. Your essay needs to be unique to you. Every school wants to see two basic things: that you know something specific about psychology what they offer and quotes about perry, that you understand how you#8217;ll fit in. Read the Other Posts in this Series.

Sharon Epstein is helmet malaya, owner of blood perry First Impressions College Consulting in Redding, Connecticut. And Estanislao Essay! A Writers Guild Award-winner and two-time Emmy Award nominee, Sharon lectures extensively on quotes about, essay writing. Sharon teaches students how to 7 principle of marriage master interview skills, write killer resumes, and blood quotes, transform their goals, dreams and experiences into of marriage, memorable college application essays . She works with students everywhere: in-person, by blood quotes perry, phone, Skype and my bedroom, email. Visit her website for more info. Blood About Perry! Connect on Google+ , Pinterest and Twitter . My Bedroom! Leave a comment — let me know what you think!

College consultant, teaching students how to write memorable college application essays, grad school and in cold blood about, prep school essays, and succeed at european job and in cold blood about, college interviews. Effect! 4 thoughts on blood quotes about perry, “ How to Answer #8220;Why This College?#8221; pt 3: Essay Samples ” COLLEGE ESSAY WRITING AND INTERVIEW SKILLS AT YOUR FINGERTIPS. Welcome! I'm a Writers Guild Award Winner and Two-Time Emmy Nominee for writing who teaches people around the fish letter, world how to write memorable college, prep and grad school essays, write outstanding resumes, and in cold, succeed at european college and job interviews. My business is in cold blood quotes about perry, First Impressions College Consulting, based in psychology Redding, Connecticut.

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kubelka munk thesis Improved Acquisition Technique of Underdrawings in Oil-Paintings Using IR-Reflectography. Infrared analysis has long been used in the fields of art history and restoration. It can be used to determine the authenticity of artwork or establish the period of an anonymous work. In Cold About Perry? However, the most commonly used application of european expansion infrared radiation in regards to painting analysis is the unmasking of underdrawings.

Infrared analysis provides an blood quotes easy yet nondestructive means of removing the overlying paint from the underdrawings of many pieces of art. However, most documented processes have only made use of infrared imaging, while ignoring the helmet malaya, possibilities for a clearer, higher contrast image of an about underdrawing by comparing images in the visible and infrared regions. Prior infrared analysis techniques also have been unable to successfully expose portions of underdrawings that are hidden by mediums that reflect infrared radiation. Underdrawings can be found in many works of art from any time period. An underdrawing is a preparatory drawing for a painting sketched directly on a ground.

Underdrawings are typically sketched using charcoal, but artists have been known to also use chalk, pencil, or paint and brush and other media. These underdrawings are later covered with the artist's medium. Underdrawings vary in detail from artist to artist, from simple perspective outlines to detailed sketches. Therefore, an underdrawing can provide much insight into the creative process of an individual artist [1]. The media used by the artist greatly affect whether infrared analysis will be effective. The materials used for the underdrawings must be able to reflect radiation in The Color Legacy in Major Leage Baseball, the infrared region, such as charcoal or graphite. Underdrawings done with red chalk are invisible to infrared and therefore are poor subjects for analysis. White chalk sketched on a dark ground has also been found to be difficult to analyze. Blood Quotes About? For infrared analysis to effectively expose an underdrawing it is also necessary for my bedroom infrared radiation must be able to pass through the paint layer of a piece of art. Blood? Using infrared analysis to image an underdrawing also becomes impossible if the Essay, pigments have large amounts of energy absorbing carbon. As the thickness of the overlaying paint layer increases, the ability to blood about successfully image the underdrawing is diminished [2].

The optical theory of Kubelka-Munk is The Color Legacy in Major Leage needed to understand the in cold blood quotes about, interaction of the paints and infrared radiation. Radiation incident on the paint layer is partly absorbed and partly scattered. Scattering of the initial flux causes diffusion of the Essay in Major Leage, light. Internal reflectance exists when the in cold quotes, diffuse flux reflected from the canvas is then reflected by the under-side of the paint layer [3]. Using Kubelka's work, the european expansion, reflectance of a uniform paint layer (R) of a certain thickness (X) can be found using the formula: where a and b are defined by the equations: where R G is the background of reflectance, S is the scattering coefficient of the paint layer and blood perry K is the absorption coefficient [3]. Therefore the successfulness of exposing the my bedroom, underdrawing is about perry most affected by the scattering power of the paint layer and the thickness of the paint layer. The ability to extract the underdrawing is also affected by the contrast of both layers. Essay The Color? As the wavelength of the radiation increases, the scattering by the particles is reduced. Therefore, at a longer wavelength, the in cold blood about, radiation is able to my bedroom pass through the layers of paint to be reflected or absorbed by the underdrawing. Therefore, infrared radiation is capable of passing through the paint layer while visible radiation is in cold blood about reflected by it. The limitations of helmet malaya wavelength exist in the thermal IR, at about 5.0 mm [4].

There are some limitations that exist in the Kubelka-Munk theory. Since the theory assumes that Lambert's law is true, the specular reflectance from the upper side of the film boundary is not considered. This in turn means that the theory would be applicable only if the pigments are contained in a medium with the same index of in cold blood about perry refraction as the surrounding medium [5]. However, since it is only necessary to find an approximation of the relationship of the paint layer thickness to the radiation wavelength, Lambert's law is unimportant [6]. Another assumption is that there is uniformity of the The Color, scattering and absorption coefficients throughout the paint layer, which rarely occurs in older paintings. The absorption coefficient and scattering coefficient are both related to the pigment/medium ratio, or pigment volume concentration. For many paintings, pigments were hand ground and were therefore not uniform in size [5]. In Cold Blood Quotes? Again, however, various influences such as the spotlight psychology, refractive indices of the media and the need for uniformity of particle size can be disregarded because the relationship between thickness and blood quotes about wavelength must only be approximated [6]. Another limitation of the Kubelka-Munk theory is that its parameters are dependent on helmet malaya wavelength [5]. Although infrared photography was the first form of infrared analysis to perry be applied to paintings, it has now been replaced by infrared reflectography in most instances.

It was discovered in the late 19th century that black and white film normally sensitive to only ultraviolet and visible light could be extended to react to infrared light by adding dyes to Legacy in Major Leage the silver halide crystals. This obviously lengthens the silver halide crystals, which in turn allows the molecules to be sensitive to blood quotes about higher wavelengths. Films that originally were sensitive to a wavelength less than 0.5 m could then respond to wavelengths up to 1.1 m [3]. Unfortunately, this also lowers the upper limit of the film sensitivity, and therefore while the helmet malaya, film still remains sensitive to in cold quotes about perry the red and flesh-tone pigments it can no longer penetrate the blues and greens [7]. In any other regard the procedure is similar to the normal photographic process. Infrared false color film introduces a different method. Similar to normal color film, infrared false color film contains three layers. With normal color film, one layer is sensitive to Essay The Color Legacy in Major Leage the visible blue region, while another is sensitive to the visible green and a third is sensitive to the visible red.

To allow for detection in blood quotes about, the infrared region, the sensitivity of the film must again be shifted. Therefore, while one layer is sensitive to the green band and another is sensitive to the red, the Essay in Major Leage, third is sensitive to in cold quotes about perry the near infrared region. A filter is needed to remove blue radiation from the system, as all three layers are sensitive to it [8]. Obviously, a light source that emits a relatively high concentration of infrared radiation must be used to illuminate the imaged area. Tungsten filament lamps, quartz lamps or an average glass bulb can be used to illuminate the imaged area for either method.

Fluorescent lamps are a poor choice as they emit relatively little infrared radiation. The glass covering of the lamp or bulb should always be clear because the phosphorus coating will decrease the amount of infrared radiation [2]. There are several limitations of infrared photography. The largest obstacle is that often the entire underdrawing is not visible using infrared photography. While the both infrared photography techniques do well in removing certain colors, they are unable to penetrate others. Letter? Paintings in reds, whites and browns provide the best results, while blue and some green parts of paintings can not be penetrated using this technique. Therefore, while the underdrawing is usually visible from under the in cold blood about, lighter-colored areas, blue and some green areas of the paintings will appear entirely black. Asperen de Boer first developed infrared reflectography in the 1960's using a lead-sulfide detector, which had a peak response of 2 microns. While Asperen de Boer initially used a Barnes T-4 Infrared Camera in his research, he soon switched to an infrared vidicon television system when they became available. The Barnes T-4 Infrared Camera was originally chosen because of its high response to a region that extended far beyond the area used by infrared photography.

Although satisfactory results were achieved, the Barnes camera also offered several disadvantages, including difficult mirror optics design, heavy and cumbersome instruments, difficulties in analyzing large paintings, and a high cost. The infrared vidicon television system helped to solve these problems [5]. Infrared reflectography using a vidicon tube system soon became the preferred method of infrared analysis. Vidicon systems typically have a sensitivity that reaches about 2.0 mm. It was determined that the fish letter, 1.5 - 2.0 mm region best reveals underdrawings done in chalk, charcoal, metals and in cold blood quotes perry inks [4]. My Bedroom? In a vidicon tube system, a television camera is fitted with a vidicon tube, which is sensitive to infrared radiation. This is directly connected to a Digital Image Processing system and the resultant image is perry displayed on a monitor. The same lamps used for infrared photography can be used to illuminate the imaged area. Filters can be placed in front of the albert fish, imaged area to remove the visible radiation in order to reduce the resolution of the vidicon tube system [9]. Use of a filter becomes necessary as the thickness of a paint layer increases [3]. However, problems existed with the in cold blood quotes, infrared vidicon television system.

The vidicon tube is highly sensitive and can easily be damaged by over-exposure. Also, as the tube causes thermal noise as it heats up, and the system can only be operated for periods of about an hour at a time [3]. An infrared reflectography system using a silicon CCD camera was first developed in expansion, the 1990's and in cold blood perry is still currently used. Solid state CCD systems can range in sensitivity (typically anywhere in the range of 0.6 to 5.7 mm). A solid state CCD system are better than the vidicon tube system in psychology, terms of geometric distortion, signal stability, linearity and MTF. Blood Perry? All of these characteristics improve the overall image quality [10]. Solid state CCD systems are also superior to vidicon tube systems in regards to sensitivity. This is most likely due to a CCD's high light sensitivity, low noise and high contrast that exists at any resolution [11]. Because a video system is psychology restricted to 640x480 pixels, sampling areas of the blood about perry, painting and piecing them together into albert, a mosaic will obtain the best results. Some overlap should exist between the imaged areas is needed for good registration.

Twenty percent has proved to be a sufficient amount of overlap to in cold blood quotes recognize similar features while still keeping the number of images to a minimum [10]. Unfortunately, this need for a mosaic of images created difficulties. Because edges can appear within the result, there is a need for near-uniform illumination of the image space. To eliminate the need for fish letter a mosaic, D. Blood Quotes? Bertani's research modified the infrared reflectography technique by making use of a scanning method. The infrared detector used in Bertani's procedure was a simple optical head placed at the center of the my bedroom, image. A pinhole with a diameter of 0.4 mm was then placed in front of the detector so an object area of 0.2 mm could be sampled when the optical magnification was 2:1. A translation system was then used to move the optical head and a small illuminator along the X-Y plane. A personal computer made use of a 12-bit analog-to-digital converter to sample and digitize the output signal of the detector. An ATVISTA image-processing board then displayed the final result [12]. The use of a scanner removed the need for a mosaic and the result was a smoother image that requires less manipulation. It was also found that the image exhibited greater definition and in cold quotes about legibility by using the infrared scanning method [12].

Infrared reflectography is able to alleviate some of the problems found in infrared photography. The greatest advantage is the increased sensitivity of infrared reflectography systems over helmet malaya infrared photography systems. Therefore, while an underdrawing will still remain hidden under most blue areas of a painting, the underdrawing is now visible in all green areas of the painting. In Cold Quotes About Perry? Other advantages of spotlight infrared reflectography over infrared photography include speed and the ease of use. The film used in infrared photography must be exposed up to half an hour before developing, where the results from infrared reflectography are nearly instantaneous.

Another drawback to infrared photography is photographs and film will deteriorate with age. However, the final result in in cold blood quotes perry, infrared reflectography is digital, and as a result images captured using this method will not degrade over time. Also, details can be manipulated and enhanced using infrared reflectography. Overall, an infrared reflectography system is less expensive than one for infrared photography [3]. Despite improvements, there are still limitations to the infrared reflectography method. The most difficult of these problems is that this method is still unable to penetrate blue areas of the painting.

A related problem is that this method is unable to letter expose parts of an underdrawing covered by a medium that absorbs and reflects infrared radiation. The use of blood quotes perry filters requires the illumination level of the imaged area to be increased. Spotlight? It is necessary for the X-Y translation of the object on blood quotes a plane that is perpendicular to the camera. Albert Letter? Images can still appear grayish and may therefore have poor contrast. Optical and geometrical distortions can be caused by in cold blood quotes the camera and helmet malaya must therefore be taken into account by the software when analyzing the data. However, the interpolation utilized by the software to correct these problems can also create errors and artifacts in the resulting image [12].

Image B.1: Visible Image of a Sample. Image B.2: Infrared Image of a Sample. Although most infrared analysis research dealt with only the capture of an infrared image, there have been a few studies in in cold quotes, which Digital Image Processing techniques have been used to analyze the data. Legacy? J. Coddington made use of blood about several digital image processing techniques, including contrast enhancement and histogram modifications, to obtain a larger amount of my bedroom useful information from digitized infrared images. For this study, Coddington used an infrared reflectography - vidicon system to capture infrared images. Coddington was then able to use the software package, Mosart, and software included with the Matrox 1024b PIP digitizing board to in cold blood quotes perry mosaic and to accomplish several manipulations to enhance the image. It was found that the The Color in Major Leage, fragments of underdrawings became more visible after expanding the images' histograms [13]. Image B.3: Enhanced Contrast of Infrared Image (Image B.2) The technique that is proposed by this research draws from many of these previous studies.

For this research, the infrared reflectography - CCD camera method was used. The CCD camera captured images of the underdrawing in both the in cold perry, visible and infrared regions. In order to uncover the underdrawing, approximations of the Kubelka-Munk theory were applied to compare the differences between the two images. It was expected that this process would be able to uncover an underdrawing even when behind a medium that is able to helmet malaya reflect infrared radiation. By doing so, this method was expected to offer the best of the previously described procedures; it allows for the entire underdrawing to be visible and will offer higher contrast by using differences between images captured in the visible and in cold infrared regions rather than relying on solely an infrared image. An understanding of the optical theory of Kubelka-Munk is necessary to and Estanislao Essay determine the interaction of blood about perry paint with light, or more specifically for this case the differences between the interaction of paint with visible radiation versus the interaction of effect paint with infrared radiation. The light flux incident on blood a paint layer is partly absorbed and partly scattered. The flux that is neither absorbed nor scattered by the surface of the paint is able to penetrate the paint layer.

Diffusion of the light is created by the initial scattering and the re-scattering of the penetrating flux [5]. Internal reflectance exists when the diffuse flux is reflected by the ground and european then by the under-side of the paint layer [3]. Image T.1: Interaction of in cold perry Light with Paint Layer and Ground. The exact fractions of the light that are scattered and and Estanislao absorbed are defined by the coefficients S and K, respectively. Quotes About? Both of these coefficients are directly dependent on Vallejo Essay the thickness of the paint layer, which is defined by the variable x. The absorption coefficient and the scattering coefficient also vary with regards to the pigments used in a paint. In Cold Quotes About Perry? The difference between the absorption coefficient and the scattering coefficient can be found by the equation: If a paint layer has a black background, it can be considered to albert letter be perfectly absorbing. Therefore, the reflectance of this layer of paint with a finite thickness is found to in cold about be a function of the my bedroom, scattering coefficient: where a and b are defined by blood quotes the equations: Unfortunately, this ideally simplified equation does not usually exist for most situations. Albert Fish Letter? However, by using Kubelka's work varying absorption can be considered when determining the reflectance of in cold blood perry a uniform paint layer of a certain thickness through the use of the following formula: where a and b are defined by the equations: where R G is the ground reflectance, S is the scattering coefficient of the paint layer and K is the absorption coefficient [3]. Spotlight Effect? When an underdrawing exists, the background of a paint layer will have two distinctly different reflectances, R B (background reflectance of the underdrawing) and R W (background reflectance of the ground).

As the paint layer reflectance is dependent on the background reflectance, the paint layer will also exhibit two distinctly different reflectances. The contrast-ratio between these two paint layer reflectances is therefore found to be: where R pB is the paint layer reflectance of the underdrawing and R pG is the in cold perry, paint layer reflectance of the ground. To obtain a certain contrast-ratio the layer thickness must equal the value X D . The contrast-ratio can then be found using the Essay Legacy in Major, equation: The value X D is known as the hiding thickness. Perry? Therefore, an imaging system is able to differentiate between the background reflectance of the underdrawing and the background reflectance of the ground when the paint layer thickness is less than the hiding thickness [5]. To expose the underdrawing of a painting, the above equation must be solved for the background reflectance of the underdrawing (R B ). Two distinct models were used to approximate the Kubelka-Munk equation. While the and Estanislao, exact fractions of the light that are scattered or absorbed are dependent on the thickness of the paint layer, the in cold quotes about perry, paint layer thickness can be disregarded because it is infinitesimally small for this case. In the equations, P VIS (x, y) defines the visible image and P IR (x, y) defines the and Estanislao, infrared image, while the blood quotes about perry, resulting underdrawing image is defined as P UD (x, y).

The variables S and K correspond to the scattering and absorption coefficients. Both equations used a scaling and albert shifting factor (X 1 and about X 2 , respectively). Therefore, an increase in the value of X 1 would create an increase in the contrast of the image, while an increase in the value of X 2 would cause an my bedroom increase in the total brightness of the image. These equations are: Each sample was created using a swatch of canvas approximately 2 by 2 square. Each swatch was prepped by sketching a design on the surface using an artist's charcoal pencil. A thin coating of flake-white oil-based paint was then applied to conceal this sketch.

Flake-white oil-based paint was chosen for this research because its index of in cold blood quotes perry refraction is approximately equal to the index of refraction for linseed oil. This can be partly attributed to the lead found in flake-white. Had it been necessary to use linseed oil to thin the paint, the choice of flake-white paint would have cut out a needless calculation. It has also been determined that lead white paint is the most common admixture found in oil paintings [5]. And Estanislao Essay? After the paint dried, a second sketch was applied to the surface. The second sketch always had a different orientation than the first. This was necessary to help determine. Image M.1: Preparation of Samples. For these samples, the in cold blood about perry, original sketch simulated the underdrawing while the albert fish, oil-based paint and second sketch would simulate the overlying paint layer of a piece of art. The second sketch is of particular interest as previous methods of infrared analysis were unable to remove it. For this research, a Cohu CCD camera was connected to a 386 clone PC with a standard black and white video monitor.

This CCD camera was used because of its sensitivity to a high range of wavelengths, specifically for the visible and infrared regions. A round fluorescent tube, which fit around the camera lens, was used as a source of illumination. Although this lamp wasn't necessary to produce solid results, it helped to in cold quotes create equal illumination across the image. A large tungsten light source was added to increase the amount of infrared radiation reaching the camera. The software program IMLAB was used to capture and save the image. This setup was used to obtain two images of each sample: one in the visible and the other in the infrared. Samples were first imaged in the visible region.

A Kodak Wratten filter 87C then needed to be placed directly in front of the camera lens to capture an infrared image of the sample. The images were analyzed and compared using both a Visual Basic program and MathCAD 7.0. For both, approximations of the Kubelka-Munk theory were used to simulate the scattering and absorption of light caused by the oil-based paint layer. These approximations, as noted in my bedroom, the Theory section, are: For each set of infrared and visible images, the values of S and K were adjusted until the underdrawing was exposed as much as possible. The variable X 1 was used to quotes perry adjust the contrast of the image as needed while the variable X 2 was used to increase the overall brightness of the resulting image. It was determined through the analysis of five samples that both approximations appeared to work equally well to expose the underdrawing from the layers above. Further, it was found that no single value for the scattering coefficient worked equally well for all the letter, samples tested. It was similarly found that no single value for the absorption coefficient appeared to exist.

Image R.1: Visible Image of a Sample. Image R.2: Infrared Image of a Sample. Image R.3: Enhanced Contrast of Infrared Image (Image R.2) Image R.4: Exposed Underdrawing Using Approximation Equation #1. Image R.5: Exposed Underdrawing Using Approximation Equation #2. Image R.6: Enhanced Contrast of Exposed Underdrawing Using Approximation Equation #1. Image R.7: Enhanced Contrast of Exposed Underdrawing Using Approximation Equation #2. As can be seen from the images above, both Images R.4 and R.5 have the overdrawing (horizontal lines) and paint layer removed while allowing for the underdrawing remain. About? This is clearly an improvement over the infrared image (Image R.2). As mentioned before, most other methods have stopped their analysis with the capture of an image in the infrared region. Some will also perform minimal digital image processing such as increasing the european expansion, contrast of the image.

The greatest difference between the blood perry, infrared image and the approximation images is that the charcoal overdrawing can be removed by the approximation equations. An unfortunate problem that exists with this type of helmet malaya research is that it is difficult to determine an acceptable quantitative method to in cold blood perry determine the effectiveness of these equations. Qualitatively, it should be obvious that the analysis of differences between the infrared and visible images using an approximation of Kubelka-Munk offers improvement over prior infrared reflectography methods. Although error could have been caused by several sources during this research, there is no question that the greatest possibility for error lies in the handling of the Kodak Wratten filter 87C. This filter needed to be placed directly against the camera lens in order to allow only infrared radiation to enter the camera when capturing an infrared image. As no suitable device was available to hold the filter in a position close to the camera lens, it was necessary to hold the Essay The Color Legacy in Major Leage Baseball, filter by hand. It was impossible to perry use both hands to keep the filter firmly in place, as one hand was needed to helmet malaya capture the image. Because the filter was flimsy, it is possible for the filter to have bent while being held in place, allowing some visible light to enter the camera lens. About Perry? It is unlikely that the amount of stray visible light remained the helmet malaya, same for each infrared image.

As a result, it is possible that while there is some continuity between images captured in the visible region, no continuity exists between images captured in the infrared region. The amount of stray visible light would not have been enough to in cold blood about perry seriously alter the fish, final outcome of the results, namely, the possibility of uncovering the underdrawing. However, stray visible light illuminating the infrared image would change the values for the scattering coefficient and absorption coefficient for each set of infrared and in cold blood quotes about visible images. Therefore, this possibility of stray visible radiation entering the camera while capturing an infrared image could then explain why no single value for the scattering coefficient or the absorption coefficient could be found. It is also possible that each set of infrared and visible images were not aligned with each other. The infrared and visible images for each sample could not be captured simultaneously or in rapid succession because a filter had to be placed into to the system in order to obtain the infrared image. As a result, any movement of the camera or sample during the my bedroom, time between the capture of the images would cause the infrared and visible images for that sample to be out of registration with each other. The possibility of this occuring was again magnified by the fact that the filter had to be inserted into the system manually. The camera aperture had to be manually opened for the infrared image due to blood about perry the limited amount of radiation passing through the filter. The camera or the table could have been jarred in either instance, causing the images to be out of registration.

The results obtained by this research indicate that it is possible to expose a larger portion of the underdrawing by using approximations of the and Estanislao, Kubelka-Munk theory to evaluate the blood, infrared and visible radiation reflected by a painting. However, there still are several limitations associated with this form of analysis. The proposed incorporation of Kubelka-Munk theory into infrared analysis does nothing to help expose an underdrawing if the underdrawing is composed of a medium that does not reflect infrared radiation. The probability of an exposed underdrawing also decreases if the Essay Leage Baseball, overlying layer that reflects infrared radiation is of the same orientation as the underdrawing. The method will be unable to reveal the underdrawing if the entire paint layer is composed of a medium that reflects infrared radiation. It is obvious errors did exist in in cold about, this research. However, those errors did not affect the ability of this research to albert fish expose an underdrawing nor do they belie the fact that this form of analysis is an improvement over previous methods. Similarly, simple steps can be taken to remove these errors from future use of this method. Stray visible light can be removed from the in cold blood quotes about perry, system by Essay The Color Legacy in Major Baseball developing a method to seal the in cold blood about perry, filter tightly around the camera lens. This could be accomplished by fish letter constructing a border around the blood quotes about, filter out of a material such as cardboard.

This border would help to prevent the filter from bending while being held against the camera lens. If additional money is expansion available an in cold quotes about perry automated method could be developed to place the european expansion, filter in in cold blood quotes, front of the camera lens. By removing the need to manually introduce the filter into the system both the possibility of stray visible light and jarring of the equipment would be reduced. The Color Legacy Leage Baseball? Anchoring the camera with more than one support would help to reduce the in cold blood quotes about perry, possibility of lack of expansion registration. Placing the computer system on about a separate table could also prevent any jarring of the camera equipment or sample. The implication of this research is clear.

The fact that approximations of the Kubelka-Munk theory offer a better image of the underdrawing suggests that an algorithm of the helmet malaya, Kubelka-Munk theory should be developed for the evaluation of underdrawings in oil paintings. By evaluating an underdrawing using a derivation of the blood perry, Kubelka-Munk theory it is likely a greater portion of an underdrawing will be revealed.

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14 Skills and Values Employers Seek in Jobseekers. by Randall S. Blood Quotes About Perry! Hansen, Ph.D., and Katharine Hansen, Ph.D. Job Skills to list on your Resume. Deals with acting in my bedroom, a responsible and fair manner in all your personal and work activities, which is seen as a sign of maturity and in cold quotes about perry self-confidence; avoid being petty. How to describe this skill on your resume: Conscientious go-getter who is highly organized, dedicated, and committed to professionalism. Employers probably respect personal integrity more than any other value, especially in light of the many recent corporate scandals. How to describe this skill on your resume: Seasoned professional whose honesty and integrity create effective leadership and optimal business relationships.

Deals with openness to new ideas and concepts, to working independently or as part of The Color Legacy in Major Leage, a team, and to carrying out multiple tasks or projects. How to describe this skill on your resume: Highly adaptable, mobile, positive, resilient, patient risk-taker who is open to new ideas. Employers seek jobseekers who love what they do and will keep at in cold blood quotes about it until they solve the problem and get the job done. How to describe this skill on your resume: Productive worker with solid work ethic who exerts optimal effort in successfully completing tasks. 5.Dependability/Reliability/Responsibility. Spotlight Psychology! There#8217;s no question that all employers desire employees who will arrive to work every day? on time? and ready to work, and who will take responsibility for their actions. How to describe this skill on your resume: Dependable, responsible contributor committed to excellence and success. Employers want employees who will have a strong devotion to the company? even at times when the company is not necessarily loyal to its employees.

How to describe this skill on your resume: Loyal and dedicated manager with an blood quotes perry, excellent work record. 7.Positive Attitude/Motivation/Energy/Passion. The jobseekers who get hired and Legacy in Major Leage Baseball the employees who get promoted are the in cold blood quotes about ones with drive and passion? and The Color Baseball who demonstrate this enthusiasm through their words and actions. Blood Quotes About! How to describe this skill on your resume: Energetic performer consistently cited for unbridled passion for work, sunny disposition, and upbeat, positive attitude. Look at it this way: if you don#8217;t believe in Essay Baseball, yourself, in your unique mix of skills, education, and abilities, why should a prospective employer? Be confident in yourself and what you can offer employers. How to describe this skill on your resume: Confident, hard-working employee who is committed to achieving excellence.

9.Self-Motivated/Ability to in cold blood Work Without Supervision. Vallejo And Estanislao! While teamwork is always mentioned as an important skill, so is the in cold blood quotes about ability to fish letter work independently, with minimal supervision. How to describe this skill on in cold blood quotes about perry, your resume: Highly motivated self-starter who takes initiative with minimal supervision. No matter what your age, no matter how much experience you have, you should always be willing to learn a new skill or technique. Jobs are constantly changing and psychology evolving, and about perry you must show an Vallejo Essay, openness to grow and in cold blood quotes learn with that change. How to describe this skill on your resume: Enthusiastic, knowledge-hungry learner, eager to meet challenges and my bedroom quickly assimilate new concepts. While there is blood about perry some debate about whether leadership is something people are born with, these skills deal with your ability to take charge and manage your co-workers.

How to describe this skill on your resume: Goal-driven leader who maintains a productive climate and confidently motivates, mobilizes, and letter coaches employees to meet high-performance standards. 12.Multicultural Sensitivity/Awareness. There is possibly no bigger issue in blood about, the workplace than diversity, and jobseekers must demonstrate a sensitivity and awareness to other people and cultures. How to describe this skill on your resume: Personable professional whose strengths include cultural sensitivity and an ability to helmet malaya build rapport with a diverse workforce in multicultural settings. Deals with your ability to design, plan, organize, and implement projects and tasks within an in cold quotes about perry, allotted timeframe.

Also, involves goal-setting. How to describe this skill on Vallejo, your resume: Results-driven achiever with exemplary planning and organizational skills, along with a high degree of blood quotes perry, detail orientation. Because so many jobs involve working in one or more work-groups, you must have the ability to work with others in a professional manner while attempting to achieve a common goal. How to describe this skill on your resume: Resourceful team player who excels at building trusting relationships with customers and colleagues. Final Thoughts on Employment Skills and Values. Employability skills and albert fish personal values are the in cold perry critical tools and traits you need to succeed in the workplace? and they are all elements that you can learn, cultivate, develop, and maintain over your lifetime. Once you have identified the sought-after skills and values and assessed the european degree to which you possess them, begin to market them by building them into your resume, cover letter, and interview answers) for job-search success. See also our Transferable Job Skills for Jobseekers.Click here to begin building your own resume! More Information about Employability Skills:

Skills Employers Seek, reporting on annual results from the National Association of Colleges and blood perry Employers (NACE) survey of employers to determine the top 10 personal qualities/skills employers seek. From the Career Development Center at Binghamton University. Vallejo And Estanislao Essay! Skills Employers Seek, from Loughborough University. Skills Employers Seek, from Psych Web Top 10 Soft Skills in Demand, from LiveCareer Resume Skills Section, from in cold quotes about LiveCareer. Building Tools That Build Better Work Lives. Since 2005, LiveCareer’s team of career coaches, certified resume writers, and savvy technologists have been developing career tools that have helped over 10 million users build stronger resumes, write more persuasive cover letters, and effect develop better interview skills. Use our free samples, templates, and writing guides and our easy-to-use resume builder software to help land the job you want. Dr. Randall S. Hansen.

Dr. Randall S. Hansen is founder of Quintessential Careers, one of the oldest and most comprehensive career development sites on the Web, as well CEO of He is also founder of and He is publisher of Quintessential Careers Press, including the Quintessential Careers electronic newsletter, QuintZine. Dr. Hansen is also a published author, with several books, chapters in books, and hundreds of articles. He’s often quoted in the media and conducts empowering workshops around the country. Finally, Dr. Hansen is also an quotes perry, educator, having taught at the college level for more than 15 years.

Visit his personal Website or reach him by email at Check out spotlight psychology Dr. Hansen on in cold perry, GooglePlus. Katharine Hansen, Ph.D., creative director and associate publisher of Quintessential Careers, is an educator, author, and albert fish letter blogger who provides content for Quintessential Careers, edits QuintZine, an electronic newsletter for jobseekers, and blogs about storytelling in blood about, the job search at A Storied Career. Katharine, who earned her PhD in organizational behavior from Union Institute University, Cincinnati, OH, is author of Dynamic Cover Letters for New Graduates and A Foot in the Door: Networking Your Way into the Hidden Job Market (both published by Ten Speed Press), as well as Top Notch Executive Resumes (Career Press); and spotlight with Randall S. Hansen, Ph.D., Dynamic Cover Letters, Write Your Way to a Higher GPA (Ten Speed), and The Complete Idiot’s Guide to quotes perry Study Skills (Alpha). Visit her personal Website or reach her by e-mail at Check out Dr. Hansen on GooglePlus. I AM A CAREER CHANGER This page is your key source for all things career-change related.

You#8217;ll find some great free career-change tools and resources. Changing careers can be traumatic, especially if you have been in your current career for a long time, but you do not have to go through the process alone or [] Quintessential Careers: Career and Job-Hunting Blog. Albert! Quintessential Careers: Career and Job-Hunting Blog Career and job-search news, trends, and scoops for job-seekers, compiled by the staff of Quintessential Careers.The Quintessential Careers Blog has moved!! These pages remain as an archive of our previous blog posts. Please check out the new and improved Quintessential Careers Blog for Job-Seekers and Careerists. Perry! Interview Advice Job [] The Quintessential Directory of Company Career Centers. The Quintessential Directory of Company Career Centers Where job-seekers can go directly to the job/career/employment section of a specific employer#8217;s Website.Because more and more companies are developing career and employment centers on their corporate Websites, Quintessential Careers has developed this directory, which allows you to go straight to the career and employment section of the [] Quintessential Careers: I am a Career Coach or Counselor. Albert Fish Letter! The Quintessential Directory of Company Career Centers Where job-seekers can go directly to quotes the job/career/employment section of a specific employer#8217;s Website.Because more and more companies are developing career and employment centers on their corporate Websites, Quintessential Careers has developed this directory, which allows you to go straight to expansion the career and employment section of the in cold quotes [] Mighty Recruiter Mighty Recruiter. Customer Service Customer Service. 800-652-8430 Mon- Fri 8am - 8pm CST.

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cohesive essay Learning to Perform in a Ragtime Piano Style. by Bill Edwards: Foundation: Before you learn to in cold about perry, play ragtime, what knowledge of and what foundation do you have for piano performance in general? Typically, children who have played for at least four years and Vallejo Essay young adults on up to seniors who have played for at least two years on a regular basis have some idea of how the piano works, and the relationship between the music and the physical note placement. Without the ability to read the music, or to be able to place your hands on the keys without being constantly conscious of the mechanics of playing, progress will be impeded and the ragtime learning curve will be inordinately steep. Also important to the foundation is the content of in cold blood, what you've learned. People who learn by rote (listening to or watching and therefore learning by example) may have a more difficult time capturing the essence of pieces that they have not heard. Therefore, the ability to read music, while not critical, is certainly an inherently useful factor.

A strong building block is the type of music you have worked with. European Expansion? If your experience is primarily derived from reading out of fake books or simplified editions of pop tunes, don't expect the ability to read and play ragtime to come easily. If, however, you have worked out the in cold blood fundamentals of Bach preludes, Mozart sonatas, Chopin mazurkas, Debussy arabesques, or the my bedroom like, you will be surprised how many elements of each of these exist in a large body of classic and in cold quotes about popular ragtime. Never underestimate the my bedroom curative powers of in cold, exercises such as those formulated by helmet malaya, Czerny or Hanon for in cold quotes about perry finger dexterity and rhythmic accuracy. (See my Hanon Rag for a fun example of this). The last factor is desire. If you really desire to learn ragtime, then that level of enthusiasm should help to overcome the initial frustration you are likely to encounter. If this music is approached with a careless or sloppy attitude, the Essay Legacy in Major Leage Baseball quality of performance will suffer audibly and in cold blood about perry the result will be unfocused and european expansion undesirable.

Learn it correctly. As Artie Matthews noted on his series of Pastime Rags , Don't Fake! Listen: One of the best forms of practice to start out with is to practice listening. If without ever really having heard ragtime you can just sight read through a book of rags or old-time songs and believe you can quickly capture the essence of them, then you are far superior musically to most of the world (seriously, not a judgment call) and should probably be teaching at Julliard or Berklee and composing microtonal operas based on derived quantum physics and string theories. [Actually I did encounter a young lady from rural Australia who learned some classic Scott Joplin rags in that very manner, suggesting that the notation and content informed her how they should likely sound, so it is possible.] Otherwise, listen to that which has already been laid out for you; and not just from one artist. A young Dave Jasen visited the 1950s rag pianist Lou Busch (who most often recorded as Joe Fingers Carr) and demonstrated how accurately he could reproduce his mentor's performances. Busch then turned the lights on blood perry for Dave by telling him he would do much better to create his own style, which Jasen obviously did in the following years as he became a ragtime scholar. So listen to more than just one artist and emulate the aspects of each one of Essay The Color Legacy in Major Leage, them that appeal to you. Quotes About Perry? Collectively, the fusion of all this will become your style.

I have multiple recordings by well over and Estanislao 200 different ragtime artists ranging from Joshua Rifkin and William Bolcom to Ray Turner and George Segal . (Yes, the actor George Segal!!). Although there are some common threads in their style, there are also a wide diversity of individual approaches that can be absorbed with a little effort. For all the in cold blood quotes perry investment you may sink into Essay Legacy Leage Baseball, getting the music in either book or sheet form, an quotes about perry, equal or greater investment should be made in obtaining recordings. Many are now available on streaming services as well, such as iTunes or Spotify , and via YouTube videos , so they are easier to access than ever in this digital age. And yes, I sell recordings also, but I sincerely believe that any experienced artist will echo this sentiment and encourage the same level of helmet malaya, diversity. (For a list of blood quotes, vintage ragtime recordings of the 1940s and 1950s on CD go to my Vintage Recordings Page .) Learn: Eubie Blake said that the european expansion best way to learn ragtime was to first learn it how the composer intended for in cold perry it to be played, then do it the way you want to. (He lived to be 96 years old and played right to the end. You wanna argue with him?) Definitely start out with the Vallejo and Estanislao notes on in cold blood quotes perry the page.

Unlike most forms of music preceding ragtime, the Essay The Color Legacy printed music provides a template for about perry performance rather than an exact guide. The repeat device used in piano rags both allows and encourages improvisation. However, you must first know what you are improvising on. Learning by rote is my bedroom rarely a substitute for actually studying the notes and chords that the composer intended. In Cold Quotes? Failure to do so leads to a faked performance that lacks many of the Vallejo and Estanislao Essay more subtle elements that are the blood about heart and soul of ragtime. The author has had to relearn many pieces he initially picked up by Essay, ear once he actually saw the music for blood quotes perry them! Select a few of the expansion easier rags in the keys of either G/C or Bb/Eb. This allows you to experience the difference between pieces based on in cold quotes about white keys and those based on black keys.

In the beginning, try to helmet malaya, concentrate on the left hand patterns, and even practice the music hands separately. Since there are only a few basic patterns in in cold quotes, all of the keys, the left hand motion will soon become automatic or even intuitive. Fish Letter? Once you have a firm rhythmic foundation established, you can then concentrate more on about the right hand syncopation, and how the syncopated patterns fall into line with the left hand. Helmet Malaya? It requires thinking from both hemispheres of the blood quotes about brain at one time to some extent, but there needs to be some cohesive point of synchronization between the hands. Something that is essential to creating good ragtime performance habits is a metronome. If your electronic keyboard has one, use it. If you need one for your piano, they are relatively cheap, and Vallejo and Estanislao Essay many apps are available for tablets or mobile phones.

Set it slow. Start it at maybe 90 to 100 metronome ticks for eighth notes in 2/4 time, increasing speed as you improve, and switching to quarter note beats as you gain confidence. Blood About Perry? Once you have it down cold, wean yourself slowly from the helmet malaya metronome making sure you avoid the tendency to speed up during a performance. Perry? Then you will need to work on memorization. Memorization: OK. Effect? Stop yelling at me through the screen or via Twitter. I am acutely aware of just how much of a bane this is for a number of pianists. I will, however, adamantly defend the need to be able memorize at least a basic repertoire of in cold blood quotes about perry, ragtime pieces to be a truly effective performer as opposed to just a player. This applies to most music forms in general, and can mean the difference between playing notes and making music.

In order to adequately focus on the interpretation of a piece, you must first be relatively comfortable with its content, avoiding the need to relearn or review the notes each time you play it. European Expansion? The left hand patterns in most ragtime are logical in quotes, nature, and therefore easier to relegate to automatic reflex or intuition. The melody, on the other hand, tells a musical story or ate least follows a repeated pattern. If you can apply (with your imagination) some direction or content to this story, or even visualize the curve of the melody as if a line were drawn through all of the notes, you should be able to memorize it with minimal effort. It is with good reason that musicians often refer to The Color Legacy Leage, printed or written scores as charts . This brings us back to listening. Once you have learned the music, utilize rote methodology to reinforce what you've learned. Either make a recording of yourself or select a recording of the piece in the style you want to emulate, then play it back repeatedly. I always have new projects on blood about my iPod or CD-Rs playing in my car. Also, play along with the recording repeatedly (if you can match your instrument pitch with your playback device).

You will memorize the piece well enough eventually. The repetition also creates a muscle memory, in which the brain processes a certain sequence of muscle impulses to create a set musical passage. That muscle memory can surprisingly persist for years at expansion, a time in some individuals. When and Where to Improvise: Ragtime has a built in device for adding improvisation. It is the blood quotes about perry repeat sign. Helmet Malaya? Actually, this concept predates ragtime by blood perry, perhaps a century. There are many passages in the works of Ludwig von Beethoven , and particularly of Frederic Chopin , that contain specific variations of a theme when it was repeated. While many pianists and letter historians see these as specific, it is blood quotes perry just as valid to view them as suggestions of Essay The Color Legacy Leage, how to present the reiteration of in cold blood quotes about perry, that passage. If you play the repeat of a section of a piano rag in the exact same way each time, it can become something a bit short of The Color Legacy in Major, boring, or even tedious, depending on the nature of that particular piece. The repeat is a license to expand on in cold quotes the template that has been provided for you, and in some instances suggestions are given by helmet malaya, the composer or publisher. Some elements of style can be added at any time in a piece without seriously altering the original nature of in cold, it.

But those improvisations or stylistic devices that inexorably change melodic or rhythmic patterns are often better utilized in the repeat of a section rather than in the original iteration. I will do my best to note this where it applies. Octave Shifts: This is one of the easiest forms of pseudo-improvisation. A number of ragtime scores, such as Scott Joplin's The Entertainer (Hover over or finger tap the examples to enlarge) actually suggest this with the notation Repeat 8va (play the Essay in Major Leage right hand line an octave higher). This simple variation both provides contrast and interest. You can often do the same with the blood quotes perry left hand by expansion, playing the left-hand bass notes (not the chords) an in cold blood perry, octave lower ( 8vb ) on the repeat, although this obviously takes more practice for spotlight accuracy given the greater distance between the bass notes and the chords. There are other creative uses of octave shifts available as well. In some cases, such as the C section or trio of Joplin's Pine Apple Rag where the hands are playing together in relatively close proximity, you can shift both of them up an blood about perry, octave. The Color In Major Baseball? However, octave shifts are rarely done for the full sixteen measures of a section. Most ragtime performers consider a shift back to the original octave for the last four to eight measures of a section to be a good practice. Where this technique is applied depends largely on the nature of each piece, but it should be readily apparent with a little study.

Altering Syncopation: This is a somewhat trickier area of improvisation, and one that should be approached with deliberate caution. As an example, I'll again use Scott Joplin's Pine Apple Rag . The second note of the main theme [F] is the initial syncopation. By shifting that note over by perry, a sixteenth, the first two notes of the measure then create a strict eighth note pattern, which removes at least half of the syncopation from the A section if applied to each iteration of this pattern. European? This alteration, or straightening out of the syncopation, can offer a nice variation here and there, but can also turn a piece into about perry, more of a march than a rag. There are, however, instances were such a subtle change can provide some desired variety. Using the same passage, if the helmet malaya initial right hand chord of the third measure [Bb6] is played just a sixteenth ahead of that measure, you will be adding a syncopation which actually increases the ragginess of the piece with what is called an anticipatory syncopation, one that extends over the bar line. But don't overdo this effect as it can detract from the composer's intentions and sound overly derisive.

Another method of adding syncopation to a phrase is to blood perry, delay the first note or chord of a measure by a sixteenth, an effect which can be applied to psychology, either hand depending on the context of the passage. Yet one other advanced technique is to make the blood quotes perry first beat of a measure a blank sixteenth rest in albert fish, both hands. Classic rag composer Joseph F. Lamb actually used this in in cold about, the opening of one of his last pieces, The Alaskan Rag from 1959. Altering Harmonies: This is another area of improvisation that should be approached with both logic and care. It helps to be familiar with what was acceptable in expansion, terms of harmonies during the ragtime era, or what will not break the character of the piece or your performance.

However, you do not necessarily need to be a musicologist to blood quotes about perry, ascertain what this might entail. Just listen to and emulate what you hear in other performances of the piece, or experiment with and european expansion record the harmonic patterns you may be after, making sure they sound palatable on playback. In most cases, adding a minor or flatted seventh to a chord that anticipates a harmonic change up a fourth is in cold a safe bet. You can also add sixths to a chord for no particular reason. Sixths are quite effective with minor chords, as I have applied them throughout the A and B sections of Artie Matthews' Pastime Rag #3 . Major sevenths are rarely used, and ninths should typically be relegated to pieces in which they are written, such as Eubie Blake's Charleston Rag . In most cases, harmonic alteration should be done in the context of a passing tone, which is where the note or chord after the alteration resolves to the next expected note or chord. You can occasionally alter a full chord progression in the same context. For example, instead of Essay The Color Baseball, two measures in the middle of a section using a |II|VV| harmonic progression, try altering the harmonies for both hands to achieve a |Ivi|IIV| cadence*.

Experiment, but always be careful to not stray too far outside of obvious boundaries, except maybe in the case of an original composition. If a harmony is out of quotes, place, it should be readily apparent, particularly when you play back a recording of helmet malaya, your performance. Two viable alternates to this are. The latter two riffs are strongly favored supplementary left hand patterns used by Stride pianists. One other technique that depends on your hand size and inherent playing ability is the use of blood quotes about, left hand tenths, or even better, tenths that include a fifth or sixth in the middle [based on chord context]. This will not only fatten up the sound a great deal, but provide harmonic interest as well. Even if you can't adequately reach a solid tenth, the application of Vallejo Essay, a quick roll with the lower note ahead of the beat will give you the proper effect. In Cold Quotes About Perry? My colleague, great stride pianist Judy Carmichael , at just over 5' with not-overly big hands, showed me how she could achieve her tenths through simple articulated hand placement at the front of the keyboard with only a slight roll. I occasionally roll octaves as well just to achieve an interesting affect. Most of Vallejo and Estanislao, these techniques are found throughout my recording of Nat Johnson's Calico Rag . Ferdinand Jelly Roll Morton favored the blood quotes use of sixths in the left hand bass, usually in third position with the thumb on the third and one of the Vallejo and Estanislao Essay last two fingers on the fifth below. This helped him achieve a variation of the tenth that also had a trombone like quality, and could substitute for both octave bass notes and chords in some progressions.

One last technique, though rarely applicable in ragtime, is the in cold about use of a boogie style rolling bass, in which the left hand plays alternating octave notes from the bottom up through the harmonic pitches of the current chord. Use this sparingly, if ever, when performing ragtime piano. Learn the my bedroom Entire Song: Most of the in cold blood quotes classic songs in Vallejo Essay, the standard sing-along repertoire have made it through a century and more with the quotes about perry chorus intact. This is usually because that chorus is repeated most often, and it contains the The Color Legacy melodic hook that made the in cold blood quotes about song a recognizable hit to albert, begin with. Perry? But playing choruses will likely lead into medleys rather than individual performances, due to their abbreviated length. European Expansion? This means that you'll have to learn more songs to fill out a set or an in cold blood quotes, evening. However, virtually all of the songs from the Essay The Color Baseball early 1900s had verses. Quotes? The verse can often change the context of a song, adding a new level of interest and telling more of a story.

For example, In My Merry Oldsmobile contains a great deal of mild sexual innuendo in the verses that effectively spill over into the chorus once they have been heard. Effect? Few listeners today realize that Sweet Georgia Brown is actually about a black prostitute of high standing, as the verses reveal. In addition, verses can help add significantly to the length of a song, thus expanding your performance time and blood quotes perry reducing the need for either an european, expansive repertoire or repeat performances in the same evening. For example, Put On Your Old Grey Bonnet has a rather terse chorus, and it turns out in cold blood quotes that the verse is twice as long. You will often find the listeners fascinated with the fact that you know verses, and it will add volumes to the content of Vallejo and Estanislao Essay, your performance of old-time songs. Formatting: Now that you have more content to use in your arrangement, the next step is to find a format that will fit the song you're using.

Rarely do you want to start a song without a four to eight bar introduction. Quotes? It helps to establish key, tempo and style for the listener as well as for the performer. European Expansion? If you have the sheet music for your songs or a book that reproduces the sheet music, the original introduction is likely included. You can use this as a template for the introduction you want to include for a particular song. Follow the introduction with the verse. Unless the music specifically places the chorus up front, starting with the verse allows you more latitude in what you can do before you establish the most familiar part of the in cold blood quotes perry song. In my performance of In My Merry Oldsmobile , I apply rubato to the first verse, which contrasts with the establishment of tempo in the chorus. Helmet Malaya? Then I take part of the second verse into 4/4 time to in cold blood perry, contrast with the 3/4 found throughout the piece. The verses allow me this latitude where simply playing the chorus repeatedly will not.

In the Vallejo Essay case of ensemble performances, as opposed to solo piano, the verse is blood about perry usually played just once, and often in the middle of the arrangement. This will occasionally work with piano alone, but is less interesting and helmet malaya lacks the flexibility of arrangement, much less the story-telling elements made available by putting the verse first. It also adds a bit of mystery, and can become a guessing game for the listener as well. When you reach the chorus, you can usually play it through at least two times before playing the verse again, applying some form of improvisation or alteration to the second iteration. About Perry? In the case of some thirty-two bar choruses, it may be better to save your repeats until after a second iteration of the verse. In the case of fish letter, either sixteen or thirty-two bar choruses, you may also go back to the last half of that chorus for your repeat. If you are singing the piece, a piano solo repeat or break between the first and second verses is in cold blood quotes about advisable, and allows you to show off your playing technique. It also adds to the contrast that can create interest in your performance.

On most songs, with the exception of the more tender ballads, try to european expansion, end big. Big chords; lots of sound; high notes; etc. Modulate upwards either for the last chorus or in the middle of it if possible. All of these techniques are applied to in cold, my ensemble performance of Bill Bailey, Won't You Please Come Home . On ballads, however, you can still go at helmet malaya, it on in cold blood quotes perry the last chorus using your best maudlin style, but bring it down at the very end and apply soft dynamics and rubato for an effect that should make most of your audience weepy if correctly applied. Vallejo? Listen to my renditions of M-O-T-H-E-R or Sonny Boy to hear what I am referring to. Quotes: You can sometimes add interesting facets to a piece through the quoting of other familiar melodies. If you want to be this adventurous then make certain the piece you are quoting from falls within most of the guidelines included here. How long is it? I rarely include more than four to eight measures of blood quotes about, a quote within a piece. One exception is the Essay Legacy in Major inclusion of Old Folks at Home (Swanee River) in blood, the middle of Alexander's Ragtime Band , but it clearly works in european expansion, this context since both the melody and the title phrase are repeated within the song itself. Otherwise, don't lose the focus of the primary melody to an extended quote that creates an unrelated tangent or pulls focus off of the original piece.

Does the quote work musically? You'd be surprised how many times I have heard a quote out of in cold blood quotes perry, left field, particularly an obscure one, in a performance that is drastically altered harmonically by the inclusion of helmet malaya, this unwarranted melody. You can have fun with quotes, but make sure they don't alter the harmonic content of the song. I have often used Wolfgang Mozart's Little Sonata in C Major interspersed throughout the in cold quotes perry third repeat of the A section of Joplin's The Entertainer . I can get away with it for the novelty effect since they are in the same key, the harmonic content is, for the most part, retained, and I continually return to Joplin's melody. Is it familiar? If you quote something that you know but most people will not be familiar with, like Bel´ Bartok's The Fly or some phrase from a Benjamin Britten opera, you will lose the listener as thoughts such as Huh? What? Was that a mistake?

What is this fool doing?! run through their mind. Lastly, don't consider quotes to be plagiarism or sacrilege, since they are included in the context of performance and not that of composition. Quotes are more an homage to the durability and adaptability of the albert original composer's tune. In Cold Quotes? Still, this aspect is one of the better reasons to keep your quotes short. And you can quote me on and Estanislao that!

Experience will tell you that the quotes about perry key most pieces were written in and the spotlight psychology key most people sing them in in cold blood quotes, are often vastly different. My Bedroom? Therefore, you need to be familiar enough with both harmonic piano theory and the piece you are playing in order to shift it into a palatable key for in cold blood quotes about perry vocalizing. My Bedroom? If people are either screeching or singing very low, then you have not found that sweet spot key yet. Give it enough effort over time and you will become good at finding the correct range for nearly any song (short of in cold perry, The Star Spangled Banner ). Lastly, a piece of advice that was kindly given to me years ago by the Velvet Fog, Mr. Mel Torme himself, and which I have found to european expansion, be very useful. Remember that even if someone asks for your least favorite song in in cold quotes about perry, all of time that it may be their most favorite , and will therefore have a great deal of meaning to them. If you know it, play it graciously. If you're not sure, not in the mood, or don't know it, turn them down politely and ask for their next choice. ( P.S.

Never count your tips in front of your audience. It's rude, and if you don't have a poker face they will know exactly what kind of night you had.) Printed Music Use: As noted earlier, memorization is the best possible way to Vallejo and Estanislao Essay, make music out of a pile of in cold quotes about perry, sequential notes, since you don't have to focus on the syntax of those notes. However, even if you have a decent memory, you can't learn and retain everything, and may sometimes get asked for The Color in Major Leage material you are less familiar with. In the in cold quotes about perry 1970s there appeared notebooks of charts consisting of chords and spotlight effect psychology melodies with words. By the in cold about perry 1980s these were published and distributed as fake books, and european came in several different flavors, usually with two to three tunes on each page, sometimes with verses. However, given not only the volume of new music that becomes a hit, then a favorite, then a standard, even in in cold blood quotes about, the second decade of the 21st century (look how fast All About That Bass became an european, oldie, of sorts), and in cold quotes the rediscoveries of older tunes that become popular again, no paper fake book can keep up with that, and hauling forty pounds of paper to effect psychology, every gig, much less thumbing through it, can stop the pace of the evening the same as writing a check at McDonalds would. The answer to this is to consider a 10 or larger tablet, such as an Apple iPad , Sony Experia , Samsung Galaxy , etc.

While not as cheap as a phone, they most certainly outweigh the quotes about perry combined cost and Vallejo and Estanislao Essay difficult of maintenance and material upkeep for blood about perry fake books. Music for more than three centuries of literature is available in PDF format, a surprising amount of it for free. If you roll your own PDF files, it is helpful to trim the images so there are almost no margins, since they will display the music larger. European Expansion? Quickest way to a finished multi-page file is to import images one page at a time into a Word file with 0 margins, then save as using the .pdf format. There are a number of fine programs you can download that will manage and categorize your files, and make searching for them, even using voice, a snap. You can even put together set lists for continual scrolling if you like. Experience has proven to me that a finger swipe is much easier to execute in a hurry than a page turn, and you can even get foot pedals to do that work for you.

Add in the convenience of apps like hyper-accurate tuners, metronomes with both sound and display, and playback capability of several types of files, the about you have a total music winner that weighs less than two pounds, but can store thousands of my bedroom, song files, any of them accessible in seconds. You can even add annotations. In Cold Blood Quotes Perry? There are dozens of services as well that can keep you fed with charts - some in any key - for my bedroom the latest material. Also, you don't absolutely have to in cold quotes perry, get one with a 4G or similar monthly connection plan, as all of them will work fine with a WiFi signal. And when you are not using it for my bedroom performance, you can watch YouTube cat videos anywhere, making it a true win! which is quotes well worth a visit.

The Ragtime Webring-Dedicated to Scott Joplin and the music of the and Estanislao Ragtime Era, this ring is an invaluable resource for jazz music lovers, musicians and historians. Sheet music, midi files, afro-american history, record collectors. Including some of my recommended favorites: Or just search their site using the in cold blood quotes search engine below!