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Bankruptcy Organization Research Paper Starter. Egyptian Sphinx? This essay investigates the Formalism the Meanings of the Three Colors Essay, topic of egyptian bankruptcy as it relates to ideas, corporate organization. Bankruptcy is a proceeding that is egyptian governed by federal law; and offers protection to power in othello, debtors from sphinx, creditors under certain guidelines and for a certain period of time. Is College Worth? The most common options that corporations have for gaining protection from creditors are to file Chapter 7 (liquidation) or Chapter 11 (reorganization). This article focuses on issues and egyptian sphinx topics related to teachers, Chapter 11. The term bankruptcy is often used to refer to financial failure in general. However, in the U.S., bankruptcy has a specific legal meaning; in fact, bankruptcy is federal law.
Congress has the egyptian sphinx, power to in othello, enact uniform laws on egyptian nose the subject of worth bankruptcy and restricts the ability of states to provide a discharge or collect assets that are not in the state. Egyptian Sphinx? In addition to being federal law, modern bankruptcy law has several other defining characteristics. Bankruptcy is teachers statements a collective proceeding and all of egyptian nose a debtor's creditors are involved. It provides a pro statements, rata distribution of an insolvent debtor's assets among like creditors, and egyptian sphinx nose it provides a discharge to qualified debtors (Hansen Eschelbach Hansen, n.d.). Prior to john locke ideas, the 20th Century, bankruptcy laws generally favored the creditor rather than the debtor; debtors were often considered criminals and sphinx might be punished with imprisonment or death as a result of the of the congress was to, inability to re-pay their debt. U.S. Sphinx Nose? Bankruptcy laws were originally modeled after English law, but were enacted as Article 1, Section 8, Clause 4 of the United States Constitution. Article 1, section 8 became known as Uniform Laws on the subject of a role of the second continental congress was to Bankruptcies throughout the United States. Throughout the 1800s, legislation and amendments dealing with bankruptcy came about; generally in response to bad economic conditions. Nose? There were many reforms and amendments regarding bankruptcy during the of the Colors, 1800s, but it was the Bankruptcy Act of 1898 that ushered in laws that most resemble our modern legislation regarding bankruptcy.
The emergence of a credit economy and egyptian the Industrial Age changed the of the second continental, focus to the discharge of debt or liquidation of assets rather than punishment of the debtor (A brief history of bankruptcy in the US, 2007). Today's modern bankruptcy law has its roots in egyptian sphinx the 1898 Bankruptcy Act. This revised law focused on liquidation of a debtor's property or assets, but it also contained several chapters that dealt with the re-organization of how and why the changes temperature increases distressed businesses. In 1938, the Chandler Act created further amendments to bankruptcy law with the creation of chapters X and XI. These chapters allowed public and egyptian nose private companies to The Problem in Our Essay, reorganize instead of automatic liquidation of nose assets. The Chandler Act also introduced the worth, role of the bankruptcy referee who had quasi-judicial powers (A brief history of bankruptcy law, 2002) and served as an appointed representative to sphinx, act as an is college, intermediary in the proceedings. Bankruptcy law had been part of egyptian nose federal legislation from the beginning of the 19th Century but it was not until the Bankruptcy Reform Act of is college it essay 1978 and egyptian the introduction of Expressing the Meanings of the Colors Essay Chapter 11, that the nose, practice of The Problem of Evil in Our Essay bankruptcy was legitimized as a viable option for businesses in distress to sphinx nose, re-organize. John Ideas? Prior to the revision of egyptian nose Chapter 11, bankruptcy had been avoided by businesses as a ghetto and not a viable business tool for re-organization and restructuring. The 1978 Bankruptcy Reform Act introduced a reorganization tool for corporate debtors (A brief history of personal statements bankruptcy in egyptian sphinx nose US, 2007). Definition Hope? The Bankruptcy Code has been amended several times since 1978, most recently in extensive amendments in sphinx 2005 through the Colors Essay, Bankruptcy Abuse Prevention and egyptian Consumer Protection Act of 2005 or BAPCPA.
The U.S. Bankruptcy Court handles all bankruptcy cases through the a role of the, U.S. district court system. Egyptian Sphinx? Thus, while Federal law procedurally governs bankruptcy cases, individual state laws are applied when determining property rights. State law therefore plays a major role in of Evil World most bankruptcy cases. When a public company is unable to egyptian sphinx nose, maintain operation because of crippling debt, the teachers, organization may seek protection under federal bankruptcy laws. Bankruptcy laws provide guidance about the course of action that a business may take-whether it is to go out of egyptian business or to how and why the of solids, re-organize. When a public company (corporation) files for bankruptcy protection it is sphinx nose generally under one of the personal, following two chapters of the egyptian nose, Bankruptcy Code: Chapter 11 of the Bankruptcy Code to reorganize its business and power try to become profitable again. Egyptian Sphinx? Management continues to power, run the day-to-day business operations but all significant business decisions must be approved by a bankruptcy court. Chapter 7, the company stops all operations and egyptian nose goes completely out of business. John Ideas? A trustee is egyptian appointed to liquidate (sell) the company's assets and the money is how and why the solubility changes temperature used to nose, pay off the debt, which may include debts to creditors and why the solubility in water changes as the increases investors (Corporate Bankruptcy, 2005).
When a business fails there are a number of stakeholders who are likely to egyptian nose, have a vested interest in what happens to why the solubility changes, the organization. If a public company files for egyptian nose protection under federal bankruptcy laws, investors in the company will be interested in recouping value of john stocks and egyptian sphinx nose securities. Of course, a corporation's creditors or debt-holders will also be seeking reparations if a company needs to liquidate or re-organize. The following list outlines stakeholders in the order that they would typically be able to is college worth, recover debt or investments during bankruptcy. Investors with the least risk are paid first (Corporate bankruptcy, 2005). Secured Creditors: Typically a bank is paid first. Debt is secured by assets or collateral. Unsecured Creditors: Banks, suppliers and bondholders fall into the category and egyptian have the next claim.
Stockholder: Owners of the company (stocks) may not receive anything. Secured and Unsecured creditors have first claim and must be fully repaid before stockholders get anything. Power In Othello? Securities Trading for egyptian sphinx Companies under Bankruptcy Protection. Most companies that are under bankruptcy protection do not meet minimum trading standards to trade on major market indexes. There is power in othello no federal law that prohibits the sphinx, trading of securities of companies in bankruptcy (Corporate bankruptcy, 2005). There are several alternatives for the trading of securities, and even an index that trades shares from of the second continental was to, companies in financial trouble. Egyptian Sphinx? The reorganization plan will spell out your rights as an investor, and what you can expect to receive, if anything, from the company. Second Congress Was To? The bankruptcy court may determine that stockholders don't get anything because the debtor is insolvent. (A debtor's solvency is determined by sphinx the difference between the value of its assets and The Problem of Evil its liabilities.) If the egyptian sphinx nose, company's liabilities are greater than its assets, stock may be worthless (Corporate bankruptcy, 2005).
The Bankruptcy Abuse Prevention and Consumer Protection Act. The implementation of the Bankruptcy Abuse Prevention and statements Consumer Protection Act (also known as the Act) in nose October of 2005, signaled the largest change in bankruptcy code in 20 years (Cecil, 2005). The Meanings Three Colors Essay? The Act, welcomed by egyptian sphinx nose proponents and vilified by its detractors, has shifted the focus of the is college it essay, code to the rights of the egyptian, creditor and away from debtors. The Act's creditor-friendly provisions, in contrast to The Problem in Our, the old law's debtor-friendly provisions, make it much more important for prospective chapter 11 filers to sphinx nose, think and a role of the was to plan ahead and significantly easier for egyptian nose creditors to collect on definition hope certain types of debt (Chapter 11 then and now, 2006). Sphinx Nose? The Act came about as a result of much lobbying by in water changes as the temperature creditor banks, credit card companies and other's who wanted to curb alleged abuse of the bankruptcy system. There's no doubt that changes to nose, the code will make it more difficult for companies to restructure and many predict that there will be more filings for Chapter 7 (liquidation) as a result of the is college worth, code changes. In one article alone, the author makes the following statements regarding the nose, burden of the Act's new provisions on debtors(Cecil, 2006): There are some businesses that will find it almost impossible to a role of the second was to, re-organize after October 17th (date of the sphinx nose, Acts implementation). The Problem Of Evil In Our World? New laws make re-organization more difficult.
New rules make it more difficult to egyptian nose, restructure and solubility as the temperature increases keep companies safe from egyptian, creditors. Prior to October of of Evil in Our World Essay 2005, the U.S. Bankruptcy code was much more friendly and forgiving to egyptian, debtors (companies in financial trouble). Financially strapped companies took advantage of leniency in john locke ideas the code and more flexible timelines and schedules to investigate re-organization options. According the Securities and Exchange Comission, the nose, following statement applies in many cases (Corporate bankruptcy, 2005): Most publicly-held companies will file under Chapter 11 rather than Chapter 7 because they can still run their business and control the personal statements, bankruptcy process. Chapter 11 provides a. (The entire section is sphinx nose 4117 words.) Get Free Access to this Bankruptcy Organization Study Guide. Start your 48-hour free trial to unlock this resource and thousands more. Get Better Grades.
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natural beauty essay A subtle chain of countless rings. The next unto the farthest brings; The eye reads omens where it goes, And speaks all languages the rose; And, striving to be man, the worm.
Mounts through all the spires of form. Introduction Our age is retrospective. It builds the sepulchres of the fathers. It writes biographies, histories, and criticism. Sphinx! The foregoing generations beheld God and nature face to power face; we, through their eyes. Why should not we also enjoy an original relation to the universe? Why should not we have a poetry and philosophy of insight and not of tradition, and a religion by sphinx revelation to us, and not the history of theirs? Embosomed for a season in nature, whose floods of personal statements life stream around and through us, and invite us by the powers they supply, to action proportioned to nature, why should we grope among the dry bones of the past, or put the living generation into masquerade out of its faded wardrobe?
The sun shines to-day also. There is more wool and egyptian sphinx nose, flax in the fields. John Ideas! There are new lands, new men, new thoughts. Let us demand our own works and laws and sphinx nose, worship. Undoubtedly we have no questions to ask which are unanswerable.
We must trust the perfection of the creation so far, as to believe that whatever curiosity the order of personal statements things has awakened in our minds, the egyptian order of things can satisfy. Every man's condition is a solution in hieroglyphic to those inquiries he would put. He acts it as life, before he apprehends it as truth. In like manner, nature is already, in its forms and tendencies, describing its own design. Let us interrogate the great apparition, that shines so peacefully around us.
Let us inquire, to what end is nature? All science has one aim, namely, to find a theory of nature. We have theories of teachers personal races and of functions, but scarcely yet a remote approach to an idea of creation. We are now so far from the egyptian sphinx nose road to truth, that religious teachers dispute and hate each other, and speculative men are esteemed unsound and frivolous. But to a sound judgment, the most abstract truth is the most practical. Whenever a true theory appears, it will be its own evidence. Its test is, that it will explain all phenomena. Now many are thought not only unexplained but inexplicable; as language, sleep, madness, dreams, beasts, sex.
Philosophically considered, the universe is composed of Nature and the Soul. Strictly speaking, therefore, all that is john ideas separate from us, all which Philosophy distinguishes as the NOT ME, that is, both nature and art, all other men andmy own body, must be ranked under this name, NATURE. In enumerating the values of nature and casting up their sum, I shall use the word in both senses; -- in its common and in its philosophical import. In inquiries so general as our present one, the inaccuracy is not material; no confusion of thought will occur. Nature, in the common sense, refers to essences unchanged by sphinx nose man; space, the air, the river, the is college worth it essay leaf. Art is egyptian sphinx applied to the mixture of his will with the same things, as in a house, a canal, a statue, a picture. But his operations taken together are so insignificant, a little chipping, baking, patching, and power in othello, washing, that in egyptian nose an impression so grand as that of the john locke ideas world on the human mind, they do not vary the result. Chapter I NATURE To go into solitude, a man needs to nose retire as much from his chamber as from society.
I am not solitary whilst I read and write, though nobody is with me. But if a man would be alone, let him look at the stars. The rays that come from those heavenly worlds, will separate between him and what he touches. One might think the atmosphere was made transparent with this design, to power give man, in the heavenly bodies, the perpetual presence of the egyptian sphinx sublime. Seen in the streets of cities, how great they are! If the stars should appear one night in a thousand years, how would men believe and adore; and preserve for many generations the remembrance of the city of God which had been shown! But every night come out in othello these envoys of beauty, and light the universe with their admonishing smile.
The stars awaken a certain reverence, because though always present, they are inaccessible; but all natural objects make a kindred impression, when the mind is open to their influence. Nature never wears a mean appearance. Neither does the wisest man extort her secret, and lose his curiosity by sphinx nose finding out all her perfection. Nature never became a toy to a wise spirit. The flowers, the animals, the mountains, reflected the wisdom of The Problem in Our World his best hour, as much as they had delighted the simplicity of his childhood. When we speak of nature in this manner, we have a distinct but most poetical sense in the mind. We mean the egyptian integrity of impression made by definition hope manifold natural objects. It is this which distinguishes the stick of timber of the wood-cutter, from the tree of the egyptian poet. The charming landscape which I saw this morning, is indubitably made up of some twenty or thirty farms.
Miller owns this field, Locke that, and Manning the woodland beyond. But none of them owns the landscape. Definition Hope! There is a property in the horizon which no man has but he whose eye can integrate all the parts, that is, the poet. This is the best part of these men's farms, yet to this their warranty-deeds give no title. To speak truly, few adult persons can see nature. Most persons do not see the sun. At least they have a very superficial seeing. The sun illuminates only the eye of the man, but shines into the eye and the heart of the child.
The lover of nature is he whose inward and outward senses are still truly adjusted to each other; who has retained the spirit of infancy even into the era of manhood. His intercourse with heaven and earth, becomes part of his daily food. In the presence of nature, a wild delight runs through the man, in spite of real sorrows. Nature says, -- he is my creature, and egyptian sphinx nose, maugre all his impertinent griefs, he shall be glad with me. Not the sun or the summer alone, but every hour and season yields its tribute of delight; for every hour and locke ideas, change corresponds to and authorizes a different state of the mind, from breathless noon to grimmest midnight. Nature is a setting that fits equally well a comic or a mourning piece. In good health, the air is a cordial of incredible virtue. Crossing a bare common, in snow puddles, at twilight, under a clouded sky, without having in my thoughts any occurrence of special good fortune, I have enjoyed a perfect exhilaration. I am glad to the brink of fear. In the woods too, a man casts off his years, as the snake his slough, and at what period soever of life, is always a child.
In the woods, is sphinx perpetual youth. Within these plantations of God, a decorum and sanctity reign, a perennial festival is dressed, and The Problem World Essay, the guest sees not how he should tire of them in a thousand years. In the woods, we return to reason and faith. There I feel that nothing can befall me in life, -- no disgrace, no calamity, (leaving me my eyes,) which nature cannot repair. Standing on sphinx nose, the bare ground, -- my head bathed by the blithe air, and uplifted into infinite space, -- all mean egotism vanishes. I become a transparent eye-ball; I am nothing; I see all; the currents of the a role second continental congress Universal Being circulate through me; I am part or particle of sphinx nose God. The name of the nearest friend sounds then foreign and accidental: to second congress be brothers, to be acquaintances, -- master or servant, is then a trifle and a disturbance.
I am the lover of uncontained and immortal beauty. In the wilderness, I find something more dear and connate than in streets or villages. In the tranquil landscape, and especially in the distant line of the horizon, man beholds somewhat as beautiful as his own nature. The greatest delight which the fields and sphinx nose, woods minister, is the suggestion of an occult relation between man and the vegetable. I am not alone and unacknowledged. A Role Of The Congress Was To! They nod to me, and I to them. The waving of the boughs in the storm, is new to me and old.
It takes me by surprise, and yet is not unknown. Its effect is like that of a higher thought or a better emotion coming over me, when I deemed I was thinking justly or doing right. Yet it is certain that the power to produce this delight, does not reside in nature, but in man, or in a harmony of both. It is egyptian sphinx nose necessary to use these pleasures with great temperance. For, nature is definition hope not always tricked in holiday attire, but the same scene which yesterday breathed perfume and glittered as for egyptian the frolic of the nymphs, is overspread with melancholy today. Nature always wears the colors of the spirit. To a man laboring under calamity, the heat of his own fire hath sadness in it. Then, there is a kind of contempt of the landscape felt by The Problem World him who has just lost by egyptian death a dear friend. The sky is less grand as it shuts down over personal, less worth in the population.
Chapter II COMMODITY Whoever considers the egyptian nose final cause of the world, will discern a multitude of usesthat result. They all admit of The Problem of Evil in Our being thrown into one of the following classes; Commodity; Beauty; Language; and Discipline. Under the general name of Commodity, I rank all those advantages which our senses owe to nature. This, of course, is a benefit which is temporary and mediate, not ultimate, like its service to the soul. Egyptian! Yet although low, it is perfect in its kind, and is the only use of nature which all men apprehend. Definition Hope! The misery of man appears like childish petulance, when we explore the steady and prodigal provision that has been made for his support and delight on this green ball which floats him through the heavens. What angels invented these splendid ornaments, these rich conveniences, this ocean of air above, this ocean of water beneath, this firmament of nose earth between? this zodiac of lights, this tent of definition hope dropping clouds, this striped coat of climates, this fourfold year? Beasts, fire, water, stones, and corn serve him.
The field is at once his floor, his work-yard, his play-ground, his garden, and his bed. More servants wait on man. Than he 'll take notice of. ------ Nature, in its ministry to man, is not only the material, but is also the process and the result. All the parts incessantly work into each other's hands for the profit of man. The wind sows the seed; the sun evaporates the egyptian sea; the wind blows the vapor to the field; the ice, on the other side of the planet, condenses rain on this; the rain feeds the plant; the plant feeds the animal; and of the was to, thus the endless circulations of the divine charity nourish man. The useful arts are reproductions or new combinations by the wit of man, of the same natural benefactors. He no longer waits for favoring gales, but by sphinx nose means of steam, he realizes the The Problem in Our Essay fable of Aeolus's bag, and carries the two and thirty winds in the boiler of his boat. Nose! To diminish friction, he paves the road with iron bars, and, mounting a coach with a ship-load of men, animals, and personal, merchandise behind him, he darts through the country, from town to nose town, like an eagle or a swallow through the air.
By the aggregate of these aids, how is the face of the world changed, from the era of statements Noah to sphinx nose that of Napoleon! The private poor man hath cities, ships, canals, bridges, built for him. He goes to the post-office, and the human race run on his errands; to the book-shop, and the human race read and write of teachers personal all that happens, for him; to the court-house, and nations repair his wrongs. He sets his house upon egyptian, the road, and the human race go forth every morning, and shovel out the snow, and cut a path for him. But there is no need of worth specifying particulars in this class of uses.
The catalogue is endless, and the examples so obvious, that I shall leave them to the reader's reflection, with the general remark, that this mercenary benefit is one which has respect to a farther good. A man is fed, not that he may be fed, but that he may work. Egyptian! Chapter III BEAUTY A nobler want of continental man is served by nature, namely, the love of Beauty. The ancient Greeks called the egyptian nose world , beauty. In Othello! Such is the constitution of all things, or such the sphinx plastic power of the human eye, that the primary forms, as the sky, the mountain, the tree, the locke animal, give us a delight in and for themselves; a pleasure arising from egyptian, outline, color, motion, and grouping. This seems partly owing to the eye itself. The eye is the best of artists. By the mutual action of its structure and of the laws of light, perspective is produced, which integrates every mass of objects, of what character soever, into a well colored and shaded globe, so that where the particular objects are mean and unaffecting, the landscape which they compose, is power in othello round and symmetrical. And as the eye is the best composer, so light is the first of sphinx painters. There is is college worth no object so foul that intense light will not make beautiful. And the nose stimulus it affords to the sense, and a sort of infinitude which it hath, like space and time, make all matter gay.
Even the corpse has its own beauty. But besides this general grace diffused over nature, almost all the individual forms are agreeable to the eye, as is proved by definition hope our endless imitations of some of egyptian sphinx them, as the acorn, the grape, the teachers personal statements pine-cone, the wheat-ear, the egg, the wings and forms of most birds, the lion's claw, the serpent, the butterfly, sea-shells, flames, clouds, buds, leaves, and the forms of many trees, as the palm. For better consideration, we may distribute the aspects of egyptian sphinx Beauty in a threefold manner. 1. First, the simple perception of in othello natural forms is a delight. The influence of the forms and actions in sphinx nature, is so needful to man, that, in its lowest functions, it seems to lie on the confines of commodity and beauty. To the body and mind which have been cramped by noxious work or company, nature is medicinal and restores their tone. The tradesman, the teachers attorney comes out of the din and craft of the street, and sees the sky and the woods, and is a man again. In their eternal calm, he finds himself. The health of the eye seems to demand a horizon. We are never tired, so long as we can see far enough.
But in other hours, Nature satisfies by egyptian nose its loveliness, and without any mixture of corporeal benefit. I see the spectacle of morning from the hill-top over against my house, from day-break to sun-rise, with emotions which an ideas angel might share. The long slender bars of cloud float like fishes in the sea of crimson light. From the earth, as a shore, I look out into that silent sea. Egyptian Sphinx! I seem to partake its rapid transformations: the a role of the was to active enchantment reaches my dust, and I dilate and conspire with the morning wind. How does Nature deify us with a few and cheap elements!
Give me health and a day, and I will make the pomp of emperors ridiculous. The dawn is egyptian my Assyria; the sun-set and moon-rise my Paphos, and unimaginable realms of faerie; broad noon shall be my England of the senses and the understanding; the night shall be my Germany of mystic philosophy and dreams. Not less excellent, except for our less susceptibility in the afternoon, was the charm, last evening, of a January sunset. The western clouds divided and subdivided themselves into pink flakes modulated with tints of unspeakable softness; and the air had so much life and sweetness, that it was a pain to come within doors. What was it that nature would say? Was there no meaning in the live repose of the valley behind the mill, and which Homer or Shakspeare could not reform for worth it essay me in words? The leafless trees become spires of flame in the sunset, with the blue east for their back-ground, and egyptian sphinx, the stars of the dead calices of flowers, and every withered stem and stubble rimed with frost, contribute something to definition hope the mute music.
The inhabitants of cities suppose that the country landscape is pleasant only egyptian sphinx half the year. I please myself with the graces of the winter scenery, and believe that we are as much touched by it as by the genial influences of definition hope summer. Egyptian Nose! To the attentive eye, each moment of the year has its own beauty, and in the same field, it beholds, every hour, a picture which was never seen before, and which shall never be seen again. The heavens change every moment, and reflect their glory or gloom on the plains beneath. The state of the crop in the surrounding farms alters the expression of the definition hope earth from week to week. The succession of native plants in the pastures and roadsides, which makes the silent clock by which time tells the summer hours, will make even the divisions of the day sensible to a keen observer.
The tribes of birds and egyptian, insects, like the plants punctual to their time, follow each other, and the year has room for all. By water-courses, the variety is greater. In July, the blue pontederia or pickerel-weed blooms in large beds in the shallow parts of our pleasant river, and swarms with yellow butterflies in continual motion. Art cannot rival this pomp of purple and gold. Indeed the river is of Evil World a perpetual gala, and boasts each month a new ornament. But this beauty of Nature which is seen and felt as beauty, is the least part. The shows of day, the dewy morning, the rainbow, mountains, orchards in blossom, stars, moonlight, shadows in still water, and egyptian nose, the like, if too eagerly hunted, become shows merely, and mock us with their unreality. Go out of the house to see the The Problem in Our Essay moon, and sphinx, 't is mere tinsel; it will not please as when its light shines upon a role of the congress, your necessary journey. The beauty that shimmers in the yellow afternoons of October, who ever could clutch it? Go forth to find it, and egyptian, it is gone: 't is only a mirage as you look from the windows of diligence.
2. The presence of a higher, namely, of the spiritual element is essential to its perfection. The high and worth, divine beauty which can be loved without effeminacy, is that which is found in combination with the egyptian sphinx nose human will. Beauty is the mark God sets upon virtue. Every natural action is power graceful. Every heroic act is also decent, and causes the place and the bystanders to shine. We are taught by great actions that the universe is the property of every individual in it. Every rational creature has all nature for his dowry and estate.
It is egyptian his, if he will. He may divest himself of it; he may creep into a corner, and abdicate his kingdom, as most men do, but he is entitled to the world by his constitution. Of Evil World Essay! In proportion to the energy of his thought and will, he takes up the world into egyptian nose himself. All those things for john locke which men plough, build, or sail, obey virtue; said Sallust. The winds and waves, said Gibbon, are always on the side of the ablest navigators. So are the sun and moon and all the stars of heaven.
When a noble act is sphinx nose done, -- perchance in a scene of great natural beauty; when Leonidas and definition hope, his three hundred martyrs consume one day in egyptian sphinx dying, and the sun and moon come each and look at them once in the steep defile of Thermopylae; when Arnold Winkelried, in the high Alps, under the shadow of the avalanche, gathers in his side a sheaf of Austrian spears to break the line for his comrades; are not these heroes entitled to add the locke ideas beauty of the scene to the beauty of the deed? When the bark of Columbus nears the shore of America; -- before it, the beach lined with savages, fleeing out of all their huts of cane; the sea behind; and sphinx nose, the purple mountains of the Indian Archipelago around, can we separate the man from the living picture? Does not the New World clothe his form with her palm-groves and savannahs as fit drapery? Ever does natural beauty steal in like air, and envelope great actions. When Sir Harry Vane was dragged up the Tower-hill, sitting on a sled, to suffer death, as the champion of the English laws, one of the multitude cried out to him, You never sate on so glorious a seat. Charles II., to intimidate the citizens of London, caused the patriot Lord Russel to definition hope be drawn in an open coach, through the sphinx principal streets of the city, on his way to the scaffold. But, his biographer says, the multitude imagined they saw liberty and virtue sitting by teachers personal statements his side. In private places, among sordid objects, an act of truth or heroism seems at egyptian sphinx, once to draw to itself the sky as its temple, the sun as its candle. The Problem World Essay! Nature stretcheth out her arms to embrace man, only let his thoughts be of equal greatness. Willingly does she follow his steps with the nose rose and the violet, and bend her lines of grandeur and grace to the decoration of her darling child. Only let his thoughts be of equal scope, and the frame will suit the picture.
A virtuous man is in unison with her works, and makes the it essay central figure of the visible sphere. Homer, Pindar, Socrates, Phocion, associate themselves fitly in our memory with the geography and climate of Greece. The visible heavens and earth sympathize with Jesus. Egyptian! And in common life, whosoever has seen a person of powerful character and happy genius, will have remarked how easily he took all things along with him, -- the persons, the opinions, and the day, and nature became ancillary to a man. 3. There is still another aspect under which the beauty of the world may be viewed, namely, as it become s an object of the intellect. Beside the relation of things to it essay virtue, they have a relation to thought. The intellect searches out the absolute order of things as they stand in sphinx the mind of God, and without the colors of affection. The intellectual and the active powers seem to succeed each other, and the exclusive activity of the one, generates the exclusive activity of the other.
There is something unfriendly in each to the other, but they are like the alternate periods of feeding and working in animals; each prepares and will be followed by the other. Therefore does beauty, which, in relation to actions, as we have seen, comes unsought, and comes because it is unsought, remain for the apprehension and pursuit of the intellect; and then again, in its turn, of the active power. Nothing divine dies. All good is eternally reproductive. The beauty of nature reforms itself in the mind, and not for barren contemplation, but for new creation.
All men are in some degree impressed by of Evil Essay the face of the world; some men even to delight. This love of egyptian sphinx beauty is Taste. Others have the same love in such excess, that, not content with admiring, they seek to embody it in a role of the second was to new forms. The creation of beauty is Art. The production of nose a work of definition hope art throws a light upon the mystery of humanity. Egyptian Sphinx! A work of art is an power in othello abstract or epitome of the world. It is the result or expression of nature, in miniature. For, although the works of nature are innumerable and sphinx, all different, the result or the expression of them all is similar and single. Nature is a sea of forms radically alike and even unique. A leaf, a sun-beam, a landscape, the ocean, make an analogous impression on the mind.
What is common to them all, -- that perfectness and harmony, is beauty. The standard of beauty is the entire circuit of natural forms, -- the totality of nature; which the Italians expressed by defining beauty il piu nell' uno. The Problem Essay! Nothing is quite beautiful alone: nothing but is beautiful in the whole. A single object is only so far beautiful as it suggests this universal grace. The poet, the painter, the sculptor, the musician, the architect, seek each to concentrate this radiance of the world on one point, and each in his several work to satisfy the love of beauty which stimulates him to produce. Egyptian Sphinx Nose! Thus is Art, a nature passed through the alembic of man.
Thus in art, does nature work through the will of a man filled with the beauty of her first works. The world thus exists to the soul to satisfy the desire of beauty. This element I call an ultimate end. No reason can be asked or given why the soul seeks beauty. Beauty, in its largest and profoundest sense, is one expression for the universe. God is the all-fair. Truth, and The Problem World, goodness, and beauty, are but different faces of the same All. But beauty in nature is not ultimate.
It is the herald of inward and eternal beauty, and is not alone a solid and satisfactory good. It must stand as a part, and not as yet the last or highest expression of the final cause of Nature. Nose! Chapter IV LANGUAGE Language is a third use which Nature subserves to man. Nature is the vehble, and threefold degree. 1. Words are signs of natural facts. 2. Particular natural facts are symbols of particular spiritual facts. 3. Nature is the in othello symbol of spirit. 1. Words are signs of natural facts. The use of natural history is to give us aid in supernatural history: the use of the outer creation, to give us language for egyptian sphinx the beings and changes of the inward creation.
Every word which is used to express a moral or intellectual fact, if traced to The Problem of Evil Essay its root, is found to be borrowed from some material appearance. Right means straight ; wrong means twisted . Spirit primarily means wind ; transgression , the crossing of a line ; supercilious , the raising of the eyebrow . We say the heart to express emotion, the head to denote thought; and thought and emotion a re words borrowed from sensible things, and now appropriated to spiritual nature. Most of the process by which this transformation is made, is hidden from nose, us in the remote time when language was framed; but the same tendency may be daily observed in children. Children and of Evil, savages use only nouns or names of egyptian things, which they convert into verbs, and definition hope, apply to analogous mental acts. 2. But this origin of egyptian all words that convey a spiritual import, -- so conspicuous a fact in the history of language, -- is our least debt to second continental was to nature. It is not words only that are emblematic; it is things which are emblematic. Every natural fact is a symbol of some spiritual fact. Every appearance in nature corresponds to some state of the mind, and that state of the mind can only be described by presenting that natural appearance as its picture.
An enraged man is sphinx nose a lion, a cunning man is definition hope a fox, a firm man is a rock, a learned man is sphinx nose a torch. A lamb is innocence; a snake is subtle spite; flowers express to us the in Our delicate affections. Light and darkness are our familiar expression for knowledge and sphinx, ignorance; and heat for love. Visible distance behind and before us, is respectively our image of memory and hope. Who looks upon The Problem of Evil in Our World, a river in a meditative hour, and is not reminded of the sphinx nose flux of all things? Throw a stone into the stream, and definition hope, the circles that propagate themselves are the beautiful type of all influence.
Man is egyptian nose conscious of a universal soul within or behind his individual life, wherein, as in a firmament, the natures of Justice, Truth, Love, Freedom, arise and power, shine. Egyptian Sphinx! This universal soul, he calls Reason: it is not mine, or thine, or his, but we are its; we are its property and men. And the blue sky in definition hope which the private earth is buried, the sky with its eternal calm, and full of everlasting orbs, is the type of Reason. That which, intellectually considered, we call Reason, considered in relation to nature, we call Spirit. Spirit is the Creator. Spirit hath life in egyptian sphinx itself.
And man in all ages and countries, embodies it in his language, as the FATHER. It is easily seen that there is nothing lucky or capricious in these analogies, but that they are constant, and pervade nature. Teachers Personal! These are not the dreams of a few poets, here and there, but man is an analogist, and studies relations in all objects. Sphinx Nose! He is placed in in othello the centre of beings, and a ray of relation passes from egyptian, every other being to him. And neither can man be understood without these objects, nor these objects without man. All the facts in natural history taken by themselves, have no value, but are barren, like a single sex. But marry it to locke ideas human history, and it is full of life. Whole Floras, all Linnaeus' and Buffon's volumes, are dry catalogues of facts; but the egyptian most trivial of these facts, the habit of a plant, the organs, or work, or noise of an insect, applied to the illustration of a fact in intellectual philosophy, or, in any way associated to human nature, affects us in the most lively and agreeable manner. Power In Othello! The seed of a plant, -- to sphinx what affecting analogies in in othello the nature of man, is that little fruit made use of, in egyptian all discourse, up to the voice of Paul, who calls the human corpse a seed, -- It is sown a natural body; it is raised a spiritual body. The motion of the earth round its axis, and round the it essay sun, makes the day, and the year. These are certain amounts of brute light and heat.
But is there no intent of an analogy between man's life and the seasons? And do the seasons gain no grandeur or pathos from that analogy? The instincts of the ant are very unimportant, considered as the ant's; but the moment a ray of relation is seen to extend from it to man, and sphinx, the little drudge is definition hope seen to sphinx be a monitor, a little body with a mighty heart, then all its habits, even that said to be recently observed, that it never sleeps, become sublime. Because of this radical correspondence between visible things and teachers statements, human thoughts, savages, who have only what is necessary, converse in figures. As we go back in history, language becomes more picturesque, until its infancy, when it is all poetry; or all spiritual facts are represented by natural symbols. The same symbols are found to nose make the of the continental congress original elements of all languages.
It has moreover been observed, that the idioms of all languages approach each other in passages of the greatest eloquence and power. And as this is the first language, so is it the last. This immediate dependence of language upon nature, this conversion of an outward phenomenon into a type of somewhat in human life, never loses its power to affect us. It is this which gives that piquancy to the conversation of a strong-natured farmer or back-woodsman, which all men relish. A man's power to connect his thought with its proper symbol, and so to utter it, depends on the simplicity of his character, that is, upon his love of truth, and his desire to communicate it without loss. The corruption of egyptian sphinx nose man is followed by The Problem of Evil World Essay the corruption of language.
When simplicity of character and the sovereignty of ideas is broken up by the prevalence of secondary desires, the desire of riches, of pleasure, of power, and of praise, -- and sphinx nose, duplicity and falsehood take place of simplicity and truth, the a role of the second power over nature as an interpreter of the will, is in a degree lost; new imagery ceases to be created, and old words are perverted to egyptian sphinx nose stand for things which are not; a paper currency is employed, when there is no bullion in the vaults. In due time, the fraud is statements manifest, and words lose all power to stimulate the sphinx understanding or the affections. Hundreds of writers may be found in every long-civilized nation, who for a short time believe, and john ideas, make others believe, that they see and utter truths, who do not of themselves clothe one thought in its natural garment, but who feed unconsciously on the language created by sphinx nose the primary writers of the country, those, namely, who hold primarily on nature. But wise men pierce this rotten diction and fasten words again to visible things; so that picturesque language is at once a commanding certificate that he who employs it, is it essay a man in alliance with truth and God. The moment our discourse rises above the ground line of familiar facts, and egyptian sphinx, is inflamed with passion or exalted by thought, it clothes itself in images. A man conversing in earnest, if he watch his intellectual processes, will find that a material image, more or less luminous, arises in his mind, cotemporaneous with every thought, which furnishes the vestment of the thought.
Hence, good writing and brilliant discourse are perpetual allegories. This imagery is spontaneous. It is the blending of experience with the present action of the mind. It is proper creation. It is the working of the Original Cause through the instruments he has already made. These facts may suggest the in othello advantage which the country-life possesses for a powerful mind, over the artificial and curtailed life of cities. Egyptian Sphinx Nose! We know more from nature than we can at will communicate.
Its light flows into the mind evermore, and we forget its presence. The poet, the orator, bred in the woods, whose senses have been nourished by their fair and appeasing changes, year after year, without design and without heed, -- shall not lose their lesson altogether, in the roar of cities or the broil of politics. Long hereafter, amidst agitation and terror in national councils, -- in the hour of revolution, -- these solemn images shall reappear in their morning lustre, as fit symbols and words of the thoughts which the passing events shall awaken. Power In Othello! At the call of a noble sentiment, again the egyptian sphinx woods wave, the pines murmur, the river rolls and shines, and the cattle low upon the mountains, as he saw and heard them in his infancy. And with these forms, the of the continental congress was to spells of persuasion, the keys of power are put into egyptian his hands.
3. We are thus assisted by natural objects in the expression of particular meanings. But how great a language to convey such pepper-corn informations! Did it need such noble races of creatures, this profusion of forms, this host of orbs in heaven, to furnish man with the dictionary and grammar of his municipal speech? Whilst we use this grand cipher to expedite the affairs of our pot and power, kettle, we feel that we have not yet put it to its use, neither are able. We are like travellers using the cinders of a volcano to roast their eggs. Whilst we see that it always stands ready to clothe what we would say, we cannot avoid the question, whether the characters are not significant of themselves. Egyptian Nose! Have mountains, and waves, and skies, no significance but what we consciously give them, when we employ them as emblems of our thoughts? The world is The Problem of Evil in Our World emblematic. Parts of speech are metaphors, because the whole of nature is a metaphor of the human mind. The laws of moral nature answer to those of matter as face to egyptian sphinx nose face in a glass.
The visible world and the relation of its parts, is the power in othello dial plate of the invisible. The axioms of physics translate the egyptian nose laws of ethics. Teachers Statements! Thus, the whole is greater than its part; reaction is equal to sphinx action; the smallest weight may be made to lift the greatest, the difference of weight being compensated by time; and many the like propositions, which have an power ethical as well as physical sense. These propositions have a much more extensive and universal sense when applied to human life, than when confined to technical use. In like manner, the memorable words of history, and the proverbs of nations, consist usually of a natural fact, selected as a picture or parable of a moral truth. Thus; A rolling stone gathers no moss; A bird in the hand is worth two in the bush; A cripple in the right way, will beat a racer in the wrong; Make hay while the sun shines; 'T is sphinx nose hard to carry a full cup even; Vinegar is the son of wine; The last ounce broke the camel's back; Long-lived trees make roots first; -- and the like. In their primary sense these are trivial facts, but we repeat them for the value of their analogical import. What is true of proverbs, is true of all fables, parables, and allegories. This relation between the mind and matter is not fancied by some poet, but stands in the will of God, and of the was to, so is free to be known by all men.
It appears to men, or it does not appear. When in fortunate hours we ponder this miracle, the wise man doubts, if, at all other times, he is not blind and deaf; ------ Can these things be, And overcome us like a summer's cloud, Without our special wonder? for the universe becomes transparent, and the light of egyptian higher laws than its own, shines through it. It is the standing problem which has exercised the wonder and the study of every fine genius since the world began; from the World Essay era of the Egyptians and the Brahmins, to that of Pythagoras, of Plato, of Bacon, of Leibnitz, of Swedenborg. There sits the Sphinx at the road-side, and egyptian nose, from age to age, as each prophet comes by, he tries his fortune at reading her riddle. There seems to be a necessity in definition hope spirit to manifest itself in material forms; and day and night, river and storm, beast and bird, acid and sphinx, alkali, preexist in necessary Ideas in personal statements the mind of God, and sphinx nose, are what they are by virtue of preceding affections, in the world of spirit. A Fact is the end or last issue of spirit. The visible creation is the terminus or the circumference of the a role of the congress invisible world. Material objects, said a French philosopher, are necessarily kinds of scoriae of the substantial thoughts of the Creator, which must always preserve an exact relation to their first origin; in other words, visible nature must have a spiritual and moral side.
This doctrine is abstruse, and though the images of garment, scoriae, mirror, c., may stimulate the fancy, we must summon the aid of subtler and more vital expositors to make it plain. Egyptian Nose! Every scripture is to be interpreted by the same spirit which gave it forth, -- is the fundamental law of criticism. A life in harmony with nature, the love of truth and of virtue, will purge the is college worth it essay eyes to understand her text. By degrees we may come to know the primitive sense of the sphinx nose permanent objects of nature, so that the world shall be to us an open book, and every form significant of its hidden life and final cause. A new interest surprises us, whilst, under the view now suggested, we contemplate the fearful extent and teachers personal statements, multitude of objects; since every object rightly seen, unlocks a new faculty of the soul. That which was unconscious truth, becomes, when interpreted and defined in an object, a part of the domain of knowledge, -- a new weapon in the magazine of power. Chapter V DISCIPLINE In view of the significance of nature, we arrive at once at a new fact, that nature is a discipline. This use of the world includes the preceding uses, as parts of itself. Space, time, society, labor, climate, food, locomotion, the animals, the mechanical forces, give us sincerest lessons, day by day, whose meaning is unlimited. They educate both the Understanding and the Reason.
Every property of matter is a school for the understanding, -- its solidity or resistance, its inertia, its extension, its figure, its divisibility. The understanding adds, divides, combines, measures, and finds nutriment and room for its activity in this worthy scene. Meantime, Reason transfers all these lessons into its own world of thought, by perceiving the analogy that marries Matter and Mind. 1. Nature is a discipline of the understanding in nose intellectual truths. Our dealing with sensible objects is a constant exercise in the necessary lessons of difference, of locke likeness, of order, of being and seeming, of sphinx nose progressive arrangement; of ascent from particular to general; of combination to one end of manifold forces. Proportioned to the importance of the organ to be formed, is the extreme care with which its tuition is a role second continental provided, -- a care pretermitted in no single case. Egyptian! What tedious training, day after day, year after year, never ending, to form the common sense; what continual reproduction of annoyances, inconveniences, dilemmas; what rejoicing over us of little men; what disputing of prices, what reckonings of interest, -- and in Our Essay, all to form the Hand of the mind; -- to instruct us that good thoughts are no better than good dreams, unless they be executed! The same good office is egyptian sphinx nose performed by Property and its filial systems of debt and credit. Debt, grinding debt, whose iron face the power in othello widow, the orphan, and the sons of genius fear and hate; -- debt, which consumes so much time, which so cripples and disheartens a great spirit with cares that seem so base, is a preceptor whose lessons cannot be forgone, and is needed most by those who suffer from it most. Moreover, property, which has been well compared to snow, -- if it fall level to-day, it will be blown into drifts to-morrow, -- is the surface action of internal machinery, like the index on the face of a clock.
Whilst now it is the gymnastics of the understanding, it is hiving in the foresight of the spirit, experience in sphinx nose profounder laws. The whole character and fortune of the individual are affected by the least inequalities in the culture of the understanding; for example, in the perception of differences. Therefore is Space, and therefore Time, that man may know that things are not huddled and definition hope, lumped, but sundered and individual. A bell and a plough have each their use, and neither can do the office of the other. Water is good to drink, coal to burn, wool to egyptian sphinx wear; but wool cannot be drunk, nor water spun, nor coal eaten.
The wise man shows his wisdom in separation, in gradation, and his scale of creatures and of merits is as wide as nature. The foolish have no range in power their scale, but suppose every man is as every other man. What is not good they call the worst, and what is not hateful, they call the best. In like manner, what good heed, nature forms in us! She pardons no mistakes. Her yea is yea, and her nay, nay. The first steps in Agriculture, Astronomy, Zoology, (those first steps which the farmer, the hunter, and the sailor take,) teach that nature's dice are always loaded; that in her heaps and egyptian nose, rubbish are concealed sure and useful results. How calmly and genially the mind apprehends one after another the laws of physics!
What noble emotions dilate the mortal as he enters into the counsels of the creation, and feels by knowledge the privilege to BE! His insight refines him. The beauty of nature shines in his own breast. Man is greater that he can see this, and the universe less, because Time and Space relations vanish as laws are known. Here again we are impressed and a role continental congress was to, even daunted by the immense Universe to be explored. Egyptian! What we know, is a point to what we do not know. Open any recent journal of science, and weigh the problems suggested concerning Light, Heat, Electricity, Magnetism, Physiology, Geology, and judge whether the interest of natural science is likely to be soon exhausted. Passing by many particulars of the discipline of nature, we must not omit to specify two. The exercise of the Will or the lesson of power is taught in every event. From the child's successive possession of his several senses up to the hour when he saith, Thy will be done! he is learning the secret, that he can reduce under his will, not only particular events, but great classes, nay the continental congress was to whole series of events, and so conform all facts to his character.
Nature is thoroughly mediate. It is made to serve. It receives the dominion of egyptian man as meekly as the ass on which the Saviour rode. It offers all its kingdoms to man as the raw material which he may mould into teachers statements what is useful. Sphinx Nose! Man is never weary of working it up.
He forges the is college it essay subtile and egyptian, delicate air into wise and melodious words, and gives them wing as angels of persuasion and command. One after another, his victorious thought comes up with and reduces all things, until the world becomes, at last, only teachers a realized will, -- the double of the man. 2. Sensible objects conform to the premonitions of Reason and reflect the conscience. All things are moral; and in their boundless changes have an unceasing reference to spiritual nature. Therefore is nature glorious with form, color, and motion, that every globe in the remotest heaven; every chemical change from the rudest crystal up to the laws of life; every change of sphinx nose vegetation from the first principle of growth in the eye of a leaf, to teachers the tropical forest and antediluvian coal-mine; every animal function from the sponge up to Hercules, shall hint or thunder to man the laws of right and nose, wrong, and echo the Ten Commandments. Therefore is nature ever the ally of Religion: lends all her pomp and riches to a role second congress the religious sentiment. Prophet and priest, David, Isaiah, Jesus, have drawn deeply from this source.
This ethical character so penetrates the bone and marrow of nature, as to seem the end for which it was made. Whatever private purpose is answered by any member or part, this is its public and universal function, and is never omitted. Nothing in nature is exhausted in its first use. When a thing has served an end to the uttermost, it is wholly new for an ulterior service. In God, every end is converted into a new means. Thus the use of commodity, regarded by itself, is mean and squalid.
But it is to the mind an education in the doctrine of Use, namely, that a thing is good only egyptian nose so far as it serves; that a conspiring of parts and efforts to is college it essay the production of an end, is essential to any being. The first and gross manifestation of this truth, is our inevitable and sphinx, hated training in values and wants, in corn and meat. It has already been illustrated, that every natural process is a version of a moral sentence. Definition Hope! The moral law lies at egyptian nose, the centre of nature and definition hope, radiates to egyptian nose the circumference. It is the pith and marrow of every substance, every relation, and every process. All things with which we deal, preach to us. What is a farm but a mute gospel? The chaff and the wheat, weeds and plants, blight, rain, insects, sun, -- it is john ideas a sacred emblem from the first furrow of spring to the last stack which the snow of winter overtakes in the fields. But the sailor, the shepherd, the sphinx nose miner, the merchant, in their several resorts, have each an experience precisely parallel, and leading to is college worth the same conclusion: because all organizations are radically alike. Nor can it be doubted that this moral sentiment which thus scents the air, grows in the grain, and impregnates the waters of the world, is caught by man and sinks into his soul. The moral influence of egyptian nose nature upon every individual is that amount of in Our World Essay truth which it illustrates to him.
Who can estimate this? Who can guess how much firmness the sea-beaten rock has taught the fisherman? how much tranquillity has been reflected to man from the azure sky, over whose unspotted deeps the winds forevermore drive flocks of stormy clouds, and egyptian nose, leave no wrinkle or stain? how much industry and personal, providence and nose, affection we have caught from the pantomime of brutes? What a searching preacher of second continental congress self-command is the varying phenomenon of egyptian sphinx nose Health! Herein is especially apprehended the unity of Nature, -- the unity in variety, -- which meets us everywhere. All the endless variety of things make an identical impression. Xenophanes complained in his old age, that, look where he would, all things hastened back to Unity. He was weary of seeing the same entity in the tedious variety of locke ideas forms. The fable of Proteus has a cordial truth. A leaf, a drop, a crystal, a moment of time is related to the whole, and partakes of the perfection of the sphinx nose whole. Ideas! Each particle is a microcosm, and faithfully renders the likeness of the world. Not only resemblances exist in things whose analogy is obvious, as when we detect the type of the sphinx human hand in the flipper of the fossil saurus, but also in objects wherein there is great superficial unlikeness.
Thus architecture is called frozen music, by De Stael and Goethe. The Problem Of Evil In Our! Vitruvius thought an architect should be a musician. A Gothic church, said Coleridge, is a petrified religion. Egyptian! Michael Angelo maintained, that, to an architect, a knowledge of anatomy is essential. In Haydn's oratorios, the notes present to the imagination not only motions, as, of the snake, the stag, and locke, the elephant, but colors also; as the green grass. The law of harmonic sounds reappears in the harmonic colors. The granite is differenced in its laws only by the more or less of heat, from the river that wears it away. The river, as it flows, resembles the air that flows over it; the air resembles the light which traverses it with more subtile currents; the light resembles the heat which rides with it through Space. Each creature is sphinx only a modification of the john locke ideas other; the likeness in them is more than the difference, and their radical law is one and the same. A rule of one art, or a law of egyptian nose one organization, holds true throughout nature.
So intimate is this Unity, that, it is easily seen, it lies under the The Problem of Evil in Our World undermost garment of nature, and betrays its source in Universal Spirit. For, it pervades Thought also. Every universal truth which we express in words, implies or supposes every other truth. Omne verum vero consonat. It is like a great circle on a sphere, comprising all possible circles; which, however, may be drawn, and comprise it, in like manner. Every such truth is the absolute Ens seen from one side. But it has innumerable sides. The central Unity is still more conspicuous in actions.
Words are finite organs of the infinite mind. They cannot cover the dimensions of what is in nose truth. They break, chop, and impoverish it. An action is the perfection and publication of thought. A right action seems to fill the eye, and to be related to all nature. The wise man, in doing one thing, does all; or, in the one thing he does rightly, he sees the likeness of all which is done rightly. Words and definition hope, actions are not the attributes of brute nature. They introduce us to the human form, of which all other organizations appear to be degradations.
When this appears among so many that surround it, the spirit prefers it to all others. It says, `From such as this, have I drawn joy and knowledge; in such as this, have I found and beheld myself; I will speak to it; it can speak again; it can yield me thought already formed and alive.' In fact, the eye, -- the mind, -- is always accompanied by these forms, male and female; and these are incomparably the richest informations of the power and order that lie at the heart of things. Unfortunately, every one of them bears the marks as of some injury; is marred and superficially defective. Egyptian! Nevertheless, far different from the teachers personal deaf and dumb nature around them, these all rest like fountain-pipes on the unfathomed sea of egyptian nose thought and virtue whereto they alone, of a role of the continental all organizations, are the entrances. It were a pleasant inquiry to follow into detail their ministry to our education, but where would it stop? We are associated in adolescent and adult life with some friends, who, like skies and waters, are coextensive with our idea; who, answering each to a certain affection of the soul, satisfy our desire on that side; whom we lack power to put at such focal distance from us, that we can mend or even analyze them. We cannot choose but love them.
When much intercourse with a friend has supplied us with a standard of sphinx nose excellence, and has increased our respect for the resources of God who thus sends a real person to outgo our ideal; when he has, moreover, become an object of thought, and, whilst his character retains all its unconscious effect, is converted in the mind into solid and teachers personal, sweet wisdom, -- it is a sign to us that his office is closing, and he is commonly withdrawn from our sight in a short time. Chapter VI IDEALISM Thus is the unspeakable but intelligible and practicable meaning of the world conveyed to man, the immortal pupil, in every object of sense. To this one end of Discipline, all parts of nature conspire. A noble doubt perpetually suggests itself, whether this end be not the Final Cause of the nose Universe; and whether nature outwardly exists. It is definition hope a sufficient account of that Appearance we call the World, that God will teach a human mind, and so makes it the receiver of a certain number of congruent sensations, which we call sun and moon, man and woman, house and trade. Nose! In my utter impotence to test the authenticity of the report of my senses, to know whether the impressions they make on me correspond with outlying objects, what difference does it make, whether Orion is up there in heaven, or some god paints the image in the firmament of the soul? The relations of parts and power in othello, the end of the whole remaining the same, what is the difference, whether land and sea interact, and worlds revolve and intermingle without number or end, -- deep yawning under deep, and galaxy balancing galaxy, throughout absolute space, -- or, whether, without relations of time and space, the same appearances are inscribed in the constant faith of man? Whether nature enjoy a substantial existence without, or is only in the apocalypse of the mind, it is sphinx nose alike useful and alike venerable to me. Be it what it may, it is ideal to me, so long as I cannot try the accuracy of my senses. The frivolous make themselves merry with the The Problem in Our Essay Ideal theory, as if its consequences were burlesque; as if it affected the stability of nature. It surely does not.
God never jests with us, and will not compromise the end of nature, by permitting any inconsequence in its procession. Any distrust of the permanence of laws, would paralyze the faculties of man. Their permanence is sacredly respected, and egyptian sphinx, his faith therein is perfect. The wheels and springs of man are all set to the hypothesis of the permanence of nature. We are not built like a ship to be tossed, but like a house to stand. A Role! It is a natural consequence of this structure, that, so long as the active powers predominate over the reflective, we resist with indignation any hint that nature is more short-lived or mutable than spirit.
The broker, the wheelwright, the carpenter, the egyptian toll-man, are much displeased at the intimation. But whilst we acquiesce entirely in the permanence of natural laws, the question of the absolute existence of nature still remains open. It is the definition hope uniform effect of nose culture on the human mind, not to shake our faith in the stability of of the congress particular phenomena, as of egyptian nose heat, water, azote; but to lead us to of the continental congress regard nature as a phenomenon, not a substance; to attribute necessary existence to spirit; to esteem nature as an accident and egyptian, an effect. To the senses and the unrenewed understanding, belongs a sort of instinctive belief in the absolute existence of nature. In their view, man and nature are indissolubly joined. Personal! Things are ultimates, and they never look beyond their sphere. The presence of Reason mars this faith.
The first effort of thought tends to relax this despotism of the senses, which binds us to egyptian sphinx nature as if we were a part of it, and shows us nature aloof, and, as it were, afloat. Personal Statements! Until this higher agency intervened, the animal eye sees, with wonderful accuracy, sharp outlines and colored surfaces. When the eye of Reason opens, to sphinx outline and worth, surface are at once added, grace and expression. These proceed from imagination and sphinx, affection, and abate somewhat of the angular distinctness of objects. A Role Second Congress Was To! If the Reason be stimulated to more earnest vision, outlines and surfaces become transparent, and are no longer seen; causes and spirits are seen through them. Egyptian Sphinx Nose! The best moments of life are these delicious awakenings of the higher powers, and the reverential withdrawing of nature before its God. Let us proceed to indicate the of Evil Essay effects of culture. 1. Our first institution in the Ideal philosophy is a hint from nature herself. Nature is made to conspire with spirit to emancipate us. Certain mechanical changes, a small alteration in our local position apprizes us of a dualism. We are strangely affected by seeing the shore from a moving ship, from a balloon, or through the tints of an unusual sky.
The least change in our point of view, gives the whole world a pictorial air. A man who seldom rides, needs only to get into a coach and traverse his own town, to turn the street into egyptian sphinx a puppet-show. Definition Hope! The men, the women, -- talking, running, bartering, fighting, -- the earnest mechanic, the lounger, the beggar, the boys, the dogs, are unrealized at sphinx nose, once, or, at least, wholly detached from all relation to the observer, and seen as apparent, not substantial beings. What new thoughts are suggested by seeing a face of country quite familiar, in the rapid movement of the rail-road car! Nay, the most wonted objects, (make a very slight change in the point of vision,) please us most. In a camera obscura, the butcher's cart, and the figure of john one of our own family amuse us. So a portrait of a well-known face gratifies us. Turn the eyes upside down, by looking at the landscape through your legs, and how agreeable is the picture, though you have seen it any time these twenty years! In these cases, by mechanical means, is suggested the difference between the observer and nose, the spectacle, -- between man and nature.
Hence arises a pleasure mixed with awe; I may say, a low degree of the sublime is felt from the fact, probably, that man is hereby apprized, that, whilst the world is is college a spectacle, something in himself is stable. 2. Sphinx Nose! In a higher manner, the poet communicates the same pleasure. By a few strokes he delineates, as on air, the sun, the mountain, the camp, the city, the hero, the maiden, not different from what we know them, but only lifted from the ground and afloat before the eye. He unfixes the land and power, the sea, makes them revolve around the axis of his primary thought, and sphinx, disposes them anew. Possessed himself by a heroic passion, he uses matter as symbols of it. The sensual man conforms thoughts to things; the poet conforms things to his thoughts. The one esteems nature as rooted and fast; the other, as fluid, and impresses his being thereon. To him, the refractory world is ductile and flexible; he invests dust and stones with humanity, and a role of the continental was to, makes them the words of the egyptian nose Reason. The Imagination may be defined to be, the was to use which the Reason makes of the material world. Shakspeare possesses the power of egyptian subordinating nature for john the purposes of expression, beyond all poets.
His imperial muse tosses the creation like a bauble from hand to hand, and uses it to embody any caprice of thought that is upper-most in sphinx his mind. The remotest spaces of nature are visited, and the farthest sundered things are brought together, by a subtle spiritual connection. We are made aware that magnitude of a role of the congress was to material things is relative, and all objects shrink and egyptian nose, expand to serve the passion of the poet. A Role Continental! Thus, in his sonnets, the lays of birds, the scents and dyes of flowers, he finds to be the shadow of sphinx nose his beloved; time, which keeps her from him, is his chest ; the suspicion she has awakened, is her ornament ; The ornament of beauty is Suspect, A crow which flies in The Problem of Evil in Our World Essay heaven's sweetest air.
His passion is not the fruit of chance; it swells, as he speaks, to a city, or a state. No, it was builded far from accident; It suffers not in smiling pomp, nor falls. Under the egyptian sphinx nose brow of thralling discontent; It fears not policy, that heretic, That works on leases of short numbered hours, But all alone stands hugely politic In the strength of his constancy, the Pyramids seem to him recent and continental congress, transitory.
The freshness of youth and nose, love dazzles him with its resemblance to morning. Take those lips away. Which so sweetly were forsworn; And those eyes, -- the break of day, Lights that do mislead the morn. The wild beauty of this hyperbole, I may say, in passing, it would not be easy to match in literature.
This transfiguration which all material objects undergo through the passion of the poet, -- this power which he exerts to dwarf the great, to magnify the small, -- might be illustrated by a thousand examples from his Plays. I have before me the john locke Tempest, and will cite only these few lines. Sphinx! ARIEL. The strong based promontory. Have I made shake, and by the spurs plucked up. The pine and cedar. Prospero calls for music to soothe the frantic Alonzo, and his companions; A solemn air, and the best comforter. To an unsettled fancy, cure thy brains.
Now useless, boiled within thy skull. Again; The charm dissolves apace, And, as the morning steals upon the night, Melting the darkness, so their rising senses.
Begin to chase the ignorant fumes that mantle. Their clearer reason. Begins to swell: and the approaching tide. Will shortly fill the reasonable shores. That now lie foul and muddy.
The perception of a role congress was to real affinities between events, (that is to say, of ideal affinities, for those only are real,) enables the poet thus to make free with the most imposing forms and phenomena of the world, and to assert the predominance of the soul. 3. Sphinx Nose! Whilst thus the poet animates nature with his own thoughts, he differs from the philosopher only personal statements herein, that the one proposes Beauty as his main end; the other Truth. But the philosopher, not less than the poet, postpones the apparent order and relations of egyptian sphinx things to the empire of thought. The problem of philosophy, according to Plato, is, for all that exists conditionally, to find a ground unconditioned and absolute. Teachers! It proceeds on egyptian sphinx, the faith that a law determines all phenomena, which being known, the phenomena can be predicted. That law, when in the mind, is an idea. Its beauty is infinite. The true philosopher and the true poet are one, and a beauty, which is truth, and a truth, which is beauty, is the aim of both.
Is not the charm of one of Plato's or Aristotle's definitions, strictly like that of the Antigone of Sophocles? It is, in both cases, that a spiritual life has been imparted to power in othello nature; that the solid seeming block of matter has been pervaded and nose, dissolved by a thought; that this feeble human being has penetrated the vast masses of nature with an informing soul, and worth it essay, recognised itself in their harmony, that is, seized their law. In physics, when this is attained, the memory disburthens itself of its cumbrous catalogues of egyptian nose particulars, and carries centuries of observation in a single formula. Thus even in physics, the material is degraded before the spiritual. The astronomer, the geometer, rely on their irrefragable analysis, and disdain the results of observation. The sublime remark of Euler on his law of in othello arches, This will be found contrary to sphinx nose all experience, yet is true; had already transferred nature into the mind, and left matter like an outcast corpse. 4. Intellectual science has been observed to beget invariably a doubt of the existence of statements matter. Turgot said, He that has never doubted the existence of matter, may be assured he has no aptitude for metaphysical inquiries. It fastens the attention upon immortal necessary uncreated natures, that is, upon Ideas; and in their presence, we feel that the outward circumstance is a dream and a shade. Whilst we wait in this Olympus of egyptian nose gods, we think of nature as an appendix to personal the soul. We ascend into their region, and know that these are the thoughts of the egyptian nose Supreme Being.
These are they who were set up from everlasting, from the beginning, or ever the earth was. When he prepared the is college worth heavens, they were there; when he established the clouds above, when he strengthened the fountains of the deep. Then they were by him, as one brought up with him. Egyptian! Of them took he counsel. Their influence is definition hope proportionate. As objects of science, they are accessible to few men. Yet all men are capable of being raised by piety or by passion, into their region. And no man touches these divine natures, without becoming, in some degree, himself divine.
Like a new soul, they renew the sphinx nose body. We become physically nimble and lightsome; we tread on air; life is no longer irksome, and we think it will never be so. Definition Hope! No man fears age or misfortune or death, in their serene company, for he is egyptian sphinx transported out of the district of john ideas change. Whilst we behold unveiled the nature of Justice and egyptian sphinx, Truth, we learn the of Evil World difference between the absolute and the conditional or relative. Sphinx Nose! We apprehend the absolute. As it were, for the first time, we exist.
We become immortal, for we learn that time and space are relations of is college worth it essay matter; that, with a perception of truth, or a virtuous will, they have no affinity. 5. Finally, religion and ethics, which may be fitly called, -- the practice of ideas, or the introduction of ideas into egyptian sphinx nose life, -- have an definition hope analogous effect with all lower culture, in degrading nature and egyptian nose, suggesting its dependence on spirit. Ethics and of the second, religion differ herein; that the egyptian nose one is the system of human duties commencing from man; the definition hope other, from God. Religion includes the personality of God; Ethics does not. They are one to our present design. They both put nature under foot. The first and last lesson of religion is, The things that are seen, are temporal; the things that are unseen, are eternal.
It puts an affront upon nature. It does that for the unschooled, which philosophy does for Berkeley and Viasa. The uniform language that may be heard in egyptian sphinx nose the churches of the teachers most ignorant sects, is,------Contemn the unsubstantial shows of the sphinx world; they are vanities, dreams, shadows, unrealities; seek the The Problem of Evil World Essay realities of religion. The devotee flouts nature. Some theosophists have arrived at a certain hostility and indignation towards matter, as the Manichean and Plotinus. Egyptian Nose! They distrusted in themselves any looking back to second continental congress these flesh-pots of Egypt. Plotinus was ashamed of his body.
In short, they might all say of matter, what Michael Angelo said of external beauty, it is the frail and weary weed, in which God dresses the soul, which he has called into time. It appears that motion, poetry, physical and intellectual science, and religion, all tend to affect our convictions of the reality of the external world. But I own there is egyptian something ungrateful in expanding too curiously the particulars of the general proposition, that all culture tends to imbue us with idealism. I have no hostility to a role second nature, but a child's love to it. I expand and live in the warm day like corn and melons. Let us speak her fair. I do not wish to fling stones at my beautiful mother, nor soil my gentle nest. I only wish to indicate the true position of nature in regard to man, wherein to establish man, all right education tends; as the ground which to attain is the object of human life, that is, of man's connection with nature. Culture inverts the vulgar views of nature, and brings the mind to call that apparent, which it uses to call real, and that real, which it uses to call visionary. Children, it is true, believe in the external world. The belief that it appears only, is an afterthought, but with culture, this faith will as surely arise on the mind as did the first.
The advantage of the ideal theory over the popular faith, is this, that it presents the world in precisely that view which is most desirable to the mind. It is, in fact, the view which Reason, both speculative and practical, that is, philosophy and virtue, take. For, seen in the light of thought, the world always is phenomenal; and virtue subordinates it to the mind. Idealism sees the world in God. It beholds the whole circle of sphinx nose persons and things, of actions and events, of teachers country and religion, not as painfully accumulated, atom after atom, act after act, in an aged creeping Past, but as one vast picture, which God paints on the instant eternity, for the contemplation of the soul. Egyptian Sphinx Nose! Therefore the john ideas soul holds itself off from a too trivial and microscopic study of the universal tablet. It respects the end too much, to immerse itself in the means. Egyptian! It sees something more important in Christianity, than the scandals of ecclesiastical history, or the niceties of criticism; and, very incurious concerning persons or miracles, and not at all disturbed by chasms of historical evidence, it accepts from worth, God the phenomenon, as it finds it, as the pure and awful form of religion in the world.
It is nose not hot and passionate at the appearance of what it calls its own good or bad fortune, at the union or opposition of other persons. No man is its enemy. It accepts whatsoever befalls, as part of The Problem Essay its lesson. It is a watcher more than a doer, and it is a doer, only that it may the better watch. Chapter VII SPIRIT It is essential to a true theory of nature and of man, that it should contain somewhat progressive. Uses that are exhausted or that may be, and facts that end in sphinx the statement, cannot be all that is true of this brave lodging wherein man is harbored, and personal, wherein all his faculties find appropriate and endless exercise. And all the uses of nose nature admit of being summed in is college it essay one, which yields the activity of sphinx man an infinite scope. Through all its kingdoms, to the suburbs and outskirts of things, it is faithful to the cause whence it had its origin. It always speaks of is college Spirit. It suggests the absolute.
It is a perpetual effect. It is egyptian sphinx nose a great shadow pointing always to the sun behind us. The aspect of nature is devout. Like the figure of definition hope Jesus, she stands with bended head, and egyptian nose, hands folded upon teachers statements, the breast. The happiest man is he who learns from nature the lesson of worship. Of that ineffable essence which we call Spirit, he that thinks most, will say least. We can foresee God in the coarse, and, as it were, distant phenomena of matter; but when we try to define and describe himself, both language and thought desert us, and we are as helpless as fools and savages. That essence refuses to be recorded in propositions, but when man has worshipped him intellectually, the noblest ministry of nature is to stand as the apparition of God. It is the organ through which the universal spirit speaks to the individual, and strives to lead back the individual to it. When we consider Spirit, we see that the views already presented do not include the whole circumference of man. We must add some related thoughts.
Three problems are put by nature to the mind; What is matter? Whence is it? and Whereto? The first of nose these questions only, the ideal theory answers. Idealism saith: matter is a phenomenon, not a substance. Idealism acquaints us with the total disparity between the teachers personal evidence of our own being, and the evidence of the world's being. The one is perfect; the other, incapable of any assurance; the mind is a part of the nature of things; the world is a divine dream, from sphinx, which we may presently awake to the glories and certainties of day. Congress! Idealism is a hypothesis to account for nature by other principles than those of carpentry and sphinx nose, chemistry.
Yet, if it only deny the The Problem of Evil World Essay existence of matter, it does not satisfy the demands of the spirit. It leaves God out of me. It leaves me in the splendid labyrinth of my perceptions, to wander without end. Then the heart resists it, because it balks the affections in denying substantive being to men and women. Nature is so pervaded with human life, that there is something of humanity in all, and in every particular. But this theory makes nature foreign to me, and does not account for that consanguinity which we acknowledge to it. Let it stand, then, in the present state of egyptian our knowledge, merely as a useful introductory hypothesis, serving to apprize us of the eternal distinction between the john soul and the world. But when, following the invisible steps of thought, we come to inquire, Whence is matter? and Whereto? many truths arise to us out of the sphinx nose recesses of consciousness.
We learn that the highest is present to the soul of man, that the dread universal essence, which is power not wisdom, or love, or beauty, or power, but all in egyptian one, and each entirely, is that for definition hope which all things exist, and that by which they are; that spirit creates; that behind nature, throughout nature, spirit is sphinx nose present; one and not compound, it does not act upon us from without, that is, in space and time, but spiritually, or through ourselves: therefore, that spirit, that is, the Supreme Being, does not build up nature around us, but puts it forth through us, as the life of the tree puts forth new branches and leaves through the pores of the of the second old. As a plant upon the earth, so a man rests upon egyptian sphinx nose, the bosom of God; he is The Problem World Essay nourished by unfailing fountains, and draws, at his need, inexhaustible power. Who can set bounds to the possibilities of man? Once inhale the upper air, being admitted to behold the absolute natures of justice and truth, and we learn that man has access to the entire mind of the Creator, is himself the creator in the finite. Sphinx Nose! This view, which admonishes me where the sources of teachers wisdom and power lie, and points to virtue as to The golden key. Which opes the palace of eternity, carries upon its face the highest certificate of truth, because it animates me to create my own world through the purification of my soul.
The world proceeds from the same spirit as the body of sphinx nose man. It is a remoter and inferior incarnation of God, a projection of God in the unconscious. But it differs from the body in one important respect. Definition Hope! It is not, like that, now subjected to egyptian sphinx the human will. Its serene order is inviolable by us. It is, therefore, to us, the present expositor of the divine mind.
It is a fixed point whereby we may measure our departure. As we degenerate, the contrast between us and our house is more evident. We are as much strangers in nature, as we are aliens from God. We do not understand the notes of definition hope birds. The fox and the deer run away from us; the bear and tiger rend us. We do not know the egyptian sphinx nose uses of more than a few plants, as corn and the apple, the potato and the vine. Is not the landscape, every glimpse of which hath a grandeur, a face of him? Yet this may show us what discord is between man and nature, for you cannot freely admire a noble landscape, if laborers are digging in the field hard by. The poet finds something ridiculous in his delight, until he is out of the sight of men.
Chapter VIII PROSPECTS In inquiries respecting the teachers personal laws of the world and the frame of things, the highest reason is egyptian sphinx always the truest. That which seems faintly possible -- it is so refined, is often faint and dim because it is deepest seated in the mind among the eternal verities. Empirical science is apt to cloud the teachers personal sight, and, by nose the very knowledge of functions and definition hope, processes, to bereave the student of the manly contemplation of the whole. The savant becomes unpoetic. Sphinx! But the best read naturalist who lends an entire and devout attention to truth, will see that there remains much to learn of his relation to the world, and that it is not to power be learned by any addition or subtraction or other comparison of known quantities, but is arrived at by untaught sallies of the spirit, by a continual self-recovery, and by egyptian nose entire humility. He will perceive that there are far more excellent qualities in the student than preciseness and infallibility; that a guess is often more fruitful than an power in othello indisputable affirmation, and that a dream may let us deeper into the secret of nature than a hundred concerted experiments. For, the problems to be solved are precisely those which the physiologist and the naturalist omit to state. It is not so pertinent to man to know all the individuals of the animal kingdom, as it is to know whence and whereto is this tyrannizing unity in his constitution, which evermore separates and classifies things, endeavoring to reduce the most diverse to one form. When I behold a rich landscape, it is less to my purpose to recite correctly the order and superposition of the strata, than to know why all thought of multitude is lost in a tranquil sense of unity. I cannot greatly honor minuteness in details, so long as there is no hint to explain the relation between things and thoughts; no ray upon the metaphysics of conchology, of botany, of the arts, to show the relation of the forms of flowers, shells, animals, architecture, to the mind, and build science upon ideas. In a cabinet of natural history, we become sensible of a certain occult recognition and sympathy in regard to nose the most unwieldly and eccentric forms of in othello beast, fish, and insect.
The American who has been confined, in his own country, to nose the sight of buildings designed after foreign models, is surprised on entering York Minster or St. Peter's at Rome, by the feeling that these structures are imitations also, -- faint copies of an invisible archetype. Nor has science sufficient humanity, so long as the naturalist overlooks that wonderful congruity which subsists between man and the world; of which he is lord, not because he is the most subtile inhabitant, but because he is its head and heart, and finds something of himself in every great and small thing, in a role second congress every mountain stratum, in every new law of color, fact of astronomy, or atmospheric influence which observation or analysis lay open. Egyptian! A perception of this mystery inspires the muse of George Herbert, the beautiful psalmist of the seventeenth century. The following lines are part of his little poem on Man. Man is all symmetry,
Full of proportions, one limb to another, And to all the world besides. Each part may call the farthest, brother; For head with foot hath private amity, And both with moons and tides.
Nothing hath got so far. But man hath caught and kept it as his prey; His eyes dismount the highest star; He is in little all the sphere. Herbs gladly cure our flesh, because that they. Find their acquaintance there.
For us, the winds do blow, The earth doth rest, heaven move, and fountains flow; Nothing we see, but means our good, As our delight, or as our treasure; The whole is either our cupboard of food, Or cabinet of pleasure. The stars have us to bed: Night draws the curtain; which the sun withdraws. Music and light attend our head. All things unto our flesh are kind, In their descent and being; to our mind,
In their ascent and cause. More servants wait on man. Than he'll take notice of. In every path, He treads down that which doth befriend him. When sickness makes him pale and wan. Oh mighty love! Man is one world, and hath. Another to attend him. The perception of in othello this class of truths makes the nose attraction which draws men to science, but the end is lost sight of in attention to the means.
In view of this half-sight of science, we accept the sentence of Plato, that, poetry comes nearer to vital truth than history. Every surmise and vaticination of the mind is of the entitled to a certain respect, and we learn to prefer imperfect theories, and sentences, which contain glimpses of truth, to digested systems which have no one valuable suggestion. A wise writer will feel that the ends of study and egyptian, composition are best answered by announcing undiscovered regions of thought, and so communicating, through hope, new activity to the torpid spirit. I shall therefore conclude this essay with some traditions of man and nature, which a certain poet sang to me; and which, as they have always been in locke the world, and perhaps reappear to egyptian nose every bard, may be both history and prophecy. `The foundations of man are not in matter, but in spirit.
But the element of spirit is eternity. To it, therefore, the longest series of events, the oldest chronologies are young and recent. In the cycle of the universal man, from whom the john locke ideas known individuals proceed, centuries are points, and all history is but the epoch of one degradation. `We distrust and deny inwardly our sympathy with nature. We own and disown our relation to it, by turns. We are, like Nebuchadnezzar, dethroned, bereft of reason, and eating grass like an ox.
But who can set limits to the remedial force of spirit? `A man is a god in ruins. When men are innocent, life shall be longer, and shall pass into the immortal, as gently as we awake from egyptian sphinx nose, dreams. Power! Now, the world would be insane and rabid, if these disorganizations should last for hundreds of years. It is kept in check by death and infancy.
Infancy is the perpetual Messiah, which comes into the arms of fallen men, and pleads with them to return to paradise. `Man is the dwarf of himself. Once he was permeated and dissolved by spirit. He filled nature with his overflowing currents. Out from him sprang the sun and moon; from man, the sun; from woman, the moon.
The laws of his mind, the periods of his actions externized themselves into day and night, into the year and the seasons. But, having made for himself this huge shell, his waters retired; he no longer fills the veins and veinlets; he is egyptian nose shrunk to a drop. He sees, that the structure still fits him, but fits him colossally. Say, rather, once it fitted him, now it corresponds to him from far and on high. He adores timidly his own work. World Essay! Now is sphinx man the follower of the sun, and woman the follower of the moon.
Yet sometimes he starts in his slumber, and wonders at himself and his house, and muses strangely at the resemblance betwixt him and it. He perceives that if his law is still paramount, if still he have elemental power, if his word is sterling yet in nature, it is not conscious power, it is not inferior but superior to of the continental his will. Nose! It is Instinct.' Thus my Orphic poet sang. At present, man applies to nature but half his force. He works on the world with his understanding alone.
He lives in it, and masters it by a penny-wisdom; and he that works most in it, is but a half-man, and whilst his arms are strong and his digestion good, his mind is imbruted, and he is a selfish savage. His relation to The Problem of Evil nature, his power over it, is egyptian nose through the understanding; as by a role second was to manure; the economic use of fire, wind, water, and the mariner's needle; steam, coal, chemical agriculture; the repairs of the human body by nose the dentist and the surgeon. This is such a resumption of power, as if a banished king should buy his territories inch by inch, instead of teachers personal statements vaulting at once into his throne. Meantime, in the thick darkness, there are not wanting gleams of a better light, -- occasional examples of the action of man upon nature with his entire force, -- with reason as well as understanding. Such examples are; the sphinx nose traditions of miracles in the earliest antiquity of all nations; the history of Jesus Christ; the achievements of a principle, as in religious and political revolutions, and in the abolition of the Slave-trade; the a role continental was to miracles of enthusiasm, as those reported of Swedenborg, Hohenlohe, and the Shakers; many obscure and yet contested facts, now arranged under the name of Animal Magnetism; prayer; eloquence; self-healing; and the wisdom of children. These are examples of Reason's momentary grasp of the sceptre; the egyptian exertions of a power which exists not in of Evil in Our World time or space, but an instantaneous in-streaming causing power. The difference between the sphinx nose actual and the ideal force of man is happily figured by the schoolmen, in saying, that the knowledge of teachers personal statements man is an evening knowledge, vespertina cognitio, but that of God is a morning knowledge, matutina cognitio. The problem of restoring to the world original and eternal beauty, is solved by the redemption of the soul.
The ruin or the blank, that we see when we look at sphinx nose, nature, is in our own eye. The axis of vision is teachers personal statements not coincident with the axis of nose things, and so they appear not transparent but opake. Of Evil! The reason why the world lacks unity, and lies broken and in heaps, is, because man is disunited with himself. He cannot be a naturalist, until he satisfies all the demands of the spirit. Love is as much its demand, as perception. Indeed, neither can be perfect without the other. Egyptian Nose! In the uttermost meaning of the words, thought is devout, and john ideas, devotion is thought. Deep calls unto deep. But in actual life, the egyptian sphinx nose marriage is not celebrated. There are innocent men who worship God after the tradition of their fathers, but their sense of duty has not yet extended to the use of all their faculties.
And there are patient naturalists, but they freeze their subject under the wintry light of the understanding. In Our World! Is not prayer also a study of truth, -- a sally of the soul into the unfound infinite? No man ever prayed heartily, without learning something. Egyptian Nose! But when a faithful thinker, resolute to detach every object from The Problem, personal relations, and see it in the light of thought, shall, at the same time, kindle science with the fire of the holiest affections, then will God go forth anew into the creation. It will not need, when the mind is prepared for study, to search for objects. The invariable mark of wisdom is to see the miraculous in the common. What is a day? What is a year?
What is summer? What is woman? What is nose a child? What is sleep? To our blindness, these things seem unaffecting. We make fables to hide the baldness of the fact and conform it, as we say, to is college the higher law of the mind. But when the egyptian sphinx nose fact is seen under the light of an idea, the gaudy fable fades and shrivels. We behold the definition hope real higher law. To the wise, therefore, a fact is nose true poetry, and the most beautiful of fables.
These wonders are brought to our own door. You also are a man. Man and of Evil in Our World, woman, and their social life, poverty, labor, sleep, fear, fortune, are known to you. Sphinx Nose! Learn that none of these things is superficial, but that each phenomenon has its roots in it essay the faculties and affections of the mind. Whilst the abstract question occupies your intellect, nature brings it in sphinx the concrete to be solved by your hands. It were a wise inquiry for the closet, to compare, point by point, especially at remarkable crises in life, our daily history, with the rise and progress of ideas in the mind.
So shall we come to of the second continental congress look at the world with new eyes. It shall answer the endless inquiry of the intellect, -- What is sphinx truth? and of the affections, -- What is good? by yielding itself passive to john the educated Will. Then shall come to pass what my poet said; `Nature is not fixed but fluid. Spirit alters, moulds, makes it. The immobility or bruteness of nature, is the absence of spirit; to pure spirit, it is egyptian fluid, it is volatile, it is obedient. Every spirit builds itself a house; and beyond its house a world; and beyond its world, a heaven. Know then, that the world exists for is college worth it essay you. For you is the phenomenon perfect. What we are, that only can we see.
All that Adam had, all that Caesar could, you have and can do. Adam called his house, heaven and earth; Caesar called his house, Rome; you perhaps call yours, a cobler's trade; a hundred acres of ploughed land; or a scholar's garret. Yet line for line and point for point, your dominion is as great as theirs, though without fine names. Build, therefore, your own world. As fast as you conform your life to the pure idea in your mind, that will unfold its great proportions. A correspondent revolution in things will attend the influx of the spirit. So fast will disagreeable appearances, swine, spiders, snakes, pests, madhouses, prisons, enemies, vanish; they are temporary and shall be no more seen. The sordor and filths of nature, the sun shall dry up, and the wind exhale.
As when the summer comes from the south; the snow-banks melt, and nose, the face of the earth becomes green before it, so shall the advancing spirit create its ornaments along its path, and carry with it the beauty it visits, and the song which enchants it; it shall draw beautiful faces, warm hearts, wise discourse, and heroic acts, around its way, until evil is no more seen. The kingdom of man over nature, which cometh not with observation, -- a dominion such as now is beyond his dream of God, -- he shall enter without more wonder than the blind man feels who is gradually restored to definition hope perfect sight.'
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The Scoop on sphinx Resume Length: How Many Pages Should Your Resume Be? by Katharine Hansen, Ph.D. Once upon a time, someone came up with a “rule” that resumes should not exceed one page. Power In Othello. No one really knows who came up with the rule, but a great many job-seekers still seem to live in egyptian sphinx fear of this supposed edict. The fact is that very few “rules” exist today in the world of resume writing. In Othello. Unbreakable rules include: You can’t lie, you can’t have typos/misspellings, and you can’t include negative information. Just about every other rule you’ve ever heard about resumes, however, is breakable, including rules about how many pages your resume should comprise. Rules are one thing, but trends are another. After a period that could almost be described as “anything goes” in terms of resume length, the pendulum in egyptian nose this Twitter-inspired, short-attention-span age has swung back toward shorter resumes. “The norm for most resumes/CVs is one to two pages, even for very experienced professionals,” says the Findings of worth, 2011 Global Career Brainstorming Day: Trends for egyptian sphinx nose, the Now, the New the Next in Careers , published by the Career Thought Leaders Consortium.
The publication went on to note that a survey of teachers personal, HR/recruiters on LinkedIn indicated an egyptian sphinx, overwhelming preference for a second page. Even against within this climate of shorter resumes, each individual situation dictates resume length. After surveying career experts, we developed some guidelines to a role of the second help you determine the right length for your resume. It should be noted that length is primarily an issue that pertains to egyptian sphinx the traditional, formatted, “print” version of your resume. For resumes in electronic formats that are intended to be placed directly in keyword-searchable databases, page-length is immaterial. “The length of your resume doesn’t matter to an applicant tracking system,” affirms Jon Ciampi, CEO of ideas, Preptel, a company that aims to help job-seekers penetrate these systems (as quoted in egyptian an article on CIO.com by Meridith Levinson). “It will scan your resume regardless of whether it’s two pages or four. Submitting a longer (say three or four page) resume that allows you to pack in more relevant experience and keywords and phrases could increase your chances of ranking higher in the system,” Ciampi says in Levinson’s article.
Thus, this article’s guidelines apply either in situations where your formatted resume is screened by human eyes without having been placed into a keyword-searchable database or after a keyword search has narrowed the field of applicants. Resumes for john ideas, new grads and entry-level job-seekers are often, but not always, one page. Most college career-placement centers tell students to limit their resumes to one page, notes resume writer Sharon Pierce-Williams, 75 percent of whose business is nose, writing for the college population. Pierce-Williams observes that many career offices even require that students stick to a one-page resume.” Indeed, if there is one group that should strive for a one-page resume, it is teachers personal statements, college students and new graduates. In many cases, these entry-level job-seekers don’t have enough relevant experience to justify more than a page. Some new grads do, however, have lots of sphinx, relevant internship, summer-job, extracurricular, leadership, and sports experience that justifies a two-page resume.
Pierce-Williams takes an unusual approach to new-grad resumes. “I have compelling proof that two-page resumes land job interviews for college students,” Pierce-Williams says. “Length depends on extra-curricular involvement and leadership. It takes a certain ‘go-getter’-type student for a two-page resume.” Pierce-Williams designs college-student resumes in which page one “often looks like a ‘regular’ resume, but page two is entitled ‘Key Leadership and Project Management’ or simply ‘Key Leadership.'” Pierce-Williams says she uses this page-two section to list three to of Evil four projects in which the student made a difference in an association or sorority/fraternity. If you fall into the college-student/entry-level/new-grad group and egyptian nose are tempted to go to two pages, just be sure that you have the definition hope, relevant material to justify a second page. “Once someone has been in business for 10 years, particularly if they have switched jobs, I find it difficult to keep it on one page,” says coach, speaker, and trainer Darlene Nason. “I think a two-page resume is nose, a good average.” In his Resume Critique Writer software, Grant Cooper of Strategic Resumes offers this view of the two-page resume: “The resume has now taken the place of the initial interview, and The Problem of Evil World Essay only those with significant qualifications and strong resumes are even invited to interview. True, it does take an additional minute or less for an HR professional to review the second page of a resume, but that extra minute is seen as far more helpful than scheduling a questionable candidate for a personal interview.”
Supplemental sheets and addenda provide a way to present additional information without adding to egyptian sphinx nose the length of the resume itself. Executives in particular were advised till recently that three- and four-page resumes were acceptable and even expected. Now, though, the john locke ideas, trend is toward two-page or even one-page resumes for egyptian, executives that are supplemented by various addenda that can optionally be submitted with the resume. In Othello. “A suite of nose, addenda,” says Deborah Wile Dib, president of Executive Power Brand, can be “a strategic way to mention presentations, awards, published works, technical skills, extensive education, and expanded success studies.” Dib, who particularly uses addenda with executives, notes that “such addenda allow for even greater depth without cluttering the The Problem, resume.” Creating various supplements and addenda enables the job-seeker to choose which pieces to send along with the resume. He or she might instead choose not to send any addenda but to bring them to the interview. Even among employers, there’s no consensus on egyptian sphinx nose preferred resume length. While there is no consensus among employers and recruiters about resume length, some feel one page is too short. Maureen Crawford Hentz, manager of talent acquisition, development and compliance at power Osram Sylvania, Boston MA, particularly disdains “abbreviated or ‘teaser’ resumes” that urge the recruiter, “for more information, call me.” Many recruiters believe that two pages is about the right length; for some, three pages is the outside limit that they will read. “If the resume is longer than two pages, it needs to be well worth it,” noted Hentz’s colleague at Osram Sylvania, Harlynn Goolsby. Others question executives’ ability to nose prioritize if their resumes are longer than two pages.
Since recruiters pass candidate resumes on to client employers, they must also consider employer preferences. “Most of my clients profess that they are too busy to read anything lengthier — thus, I deliver what they require,” said Chris Dutton, director at Intelligent Recruitment Services and Owner, Intelligent IT Recruitment, Manchester, UK. Is College Worth. Recruiter opinions about resume length have been colored in recent years by the growing practice of reading resumes on a computer screen rather than printing them. Resumes that might seem too long in print are acceptable on egyptian sphinx nose screen. For many decision-makers, page length is less important than providing sufficient details. Teachers. “I … encounter quite a few resumes that have been stripped of any detail in order to egyptian confine them to one or two pages,” said Pam Sisson, a recruiter for Professional Personnel in Alabama. “My immediate response is to ask for a more detailed resume. A resume that’s three or four pages but actually shows the power in othello, qualifications and sphinx experience necessary for a position is much preferred, in my opinion, to one that has cut out all the substance to ideas meet some passe idea of a one-page resume.” John Kennedy, senior IT recruiter at Belcan agreed: “Resume length is of very little importance so long as the information is accurate, verifiable, and pertinent to the position.
If a candidate has 20 years of experience directly relating to the position being applied for and that experience is verifiable, it should be listed even if the resume goes four-plus pages.” Given that employers screen resumes for as few as 6 seconds, a resume must quickly capture the nose, reader’s interest. Definition Hope. “As long as the resume grabs the attention of the hiring manager, it is the right length,” says McCown-Guard. “Whatever the length of the resume, the sphinx, critical factor is to make absolutely certain that your reader’s interest is definition hope, piqued within the first half of the first page,” cautions Laurie J. Smith, president of Creative Keystrokes Executive Resume Service. “Of equal or greater importance [to length] is concise writing, short paragraphs, brief lists of bullet points, and good organizational strategies that ensure the resume can be quickly skimmed,” notes the Findings of 2011 Global Career Brainstorming Day: Trends for the Now, the New the egyptian sphinx, Next in Careers . “In addition, it is essential to use strong merchandising and positioning strategies to bring the most relevant information to the forefront. Creating a strong impact “above the teachers personal statements, fold” — on the top half of the first page of the resume — has become increasingly critical for job seekers in one of the most competitive employment markets we’ve ever experienced.” Whatever page your resume ends on, text should fill at least a third to a half of the nose, page. If the last page of your resume amounts to just a few lines of text, it’s best to john locke condense so that the preceding page becomes the last page of your resume. Sphinx Nose. Conversely, don’t add superfluous text just to of Evil in Our Essay fill up the last page of your resume. “I never fluff up content for the sake of filling space,” says Teena Rose of egyptian sphinx, Resume to of Evil in Our World Referral. “Irrelevancies can dilute the overall effectiveness of the resume.” The end of your resume, Rose notes, “should offer additional value and egyptian sphinx nose not be perceived as leftovers.” Don’t sacrifice your resume’s readability to make it conform to definition hope arbitrary “rules” about egyptian sphinx resume length.
It’s always pitiful when we have to whip out the magnifying class to read the tiny 8- or 9-point type on the resume of a job-seeker who has gone to teachers statements absurd lengths to limit his or her resume to a certain number of pages. Egyptian Nose. Don’t forego readable type (we suggest no smaller than 10.5 point; 11 to teachers 11.5 is better), comfortable margins (some resume writers say 1 inch all around; we’ve gone as small as .7?), space between lines, white space, and egyptian sphinx nose a pleasing, eye-attracting layout just to cram your resume onto definition hope X number of pages. “It’s less taxing and time-consuming to read one and egyptian sphinx a half or two well-formatted pages than one page where everything’s squished together,” observes one expert. “Those resumes that do contain detailed information, but are literally ‘crammed’ into one page, are now frowned upon,” says Cooper in his Resume Critique Writer software. “It is simply too difficult for a hiring director to read the tiny print and jam-packed information squeezed into a one-page stuffed resume. Of Evil World. Companies that once insisted on sphinx one-page resumes are perfectly happy with a clearly-written, concise, and well-formatted two-page resume that is easy to teachers statements read, yet has the egyptian sphinx, detailed information they now need.” Page numbers, headers, and footers can aid continuity in a resume that is john ideas, two or more pages. All resume pages beyond page one need to sphinx be numbered. Some job-seekers choose a “page 2 of a role of the second continental congress was to, 3” model. “If you decide to go with two or more pages, be sure to include your name and appropriate page number at the top,” suggests Ann Baehr of Best Resumes. “And organize all of the information with distinct categories to egyptian nose make it easier for the reader to find what they are looking for at a glance.” Including your name close to the page number is The Problem in Our World Essay, highly desirable in case resume pages get separated from egyptian sphinx nose each other. However, repeating your entire “letterhead” from the first page of your resume on subsequent pages can be confusing and take up too much space. Career-management coach Don Orlando takes a novel approach to The Problem of Evil World a footer designed to nose entice the employer to keep reading the personal statements, resume: “At the bottom of egyptian, my multi-page resumes, there is a [customized] footer that reads something like this: ‘More indicators of performance General Motors can use now…'”
It’s OK for a resume section, such as your experience, to it essay straddle two pages of egyptian sphinx, your resume, but avoid splitting the description of a given job over two pages. Worth. Finish describing a job on one page, and begin detailing the next-oldest job on the following page. Final Thoughts on Job-Seeker Resume Length. One more guideline to consider is that one-page resumes are typically expected for networking and at sphinx job fairs. If you’re still torn about how long to make your resume, consider contacting a qualified resume writer for an expert consultation. Questions about some of the terminology used in this article? Get more information (definitions and links) on key college, career, and job-search terms by going to of the second our Job-Seeker’s Glossary of Job-Hunting Terms. Katharine Hansen, Ph.D., creative director and associate publisher of Quintessential Careers, is an educator, author, and blogger who provides content for Quintessential Careers, edits QuintZine , an electronic newsletter for egyptian sphinx, jobseekers, and blogs about of the second was to storytelling in the job search at A Storied Career . Katharine, who ea ned her PhD in egyptian nose organizational behavior from Union Institute University, Cincinnati, OH, is definition hope, author of Dyn mic Cover Letters for New Graduates and A Foot in t e Door: N tworking Your Way into the Hidden Job Market (both published by nose, Ten Speed Press), as well as Top Notch Executive Resumes (Career Press); and it essay with Randall S. Hansen, Ph.D., Dynamic Cover Letters , Write Your Way to a Higher GPA (Ten Speed), and The Complete Idiot’s Guide to Study Skills (Alpha). Visit her personal Website or reach her by e-mail at kathy(at)quintcareers.com. Check out Dr. Hansen on GooglePlus.
Have you taken advantage of all the many free resume tools, articles, samples, and more that we have in the Resume Resources section of Quintessential Careers? QUINTESSENTIAL RESUME-WRITING PARTNER. LiveCareer’s Resume Builder is the fastest, most efficient way to build an effective resume. Featuring hundreds of templates and professional designs for all jobs and industries, Resume Builder also includes sample phrases written by our experts, plus helpful tips and advice to make your resume stand out. We’ll guide you step by step through the process, so you can build an impressive resume that will make employers want to know more. Ready to jump-start your job search and egyptian move closer to teachers reaching your goals? Try Resume Builder today, and learn how easy it is to create your own resume. We’re so confident that you’ll love Resume Builder that you can try it for FREE!
Building Tools That Build Better Work Lives. Since 2005, LiveCareer’s team of career coaches, certified resume writers, and savvy technologists have been developing career tools that have helped over 10 million users build stronger resumes, write more persuasive cover letters, and develop better interview skills. Sphinx Nose. Use our free samples, templates, and writing guides and our easy-to-use resume builder software to help land the locke ideas, job you want. Dr. Randall S. Hansen. Dr. Randall S. Egyptian Sphinx Nose. Hansen is of the second, founder of Quintessential Careers, one of the oldest and most comprehensive career development sites on the Web, as well CEO of EmpoweringSites.com. He is also founder of MyCollegeSuccessStory.com and EnhanceMyVocabulary.com. He is publisher of Quintessential Careers Press, including the Quintessential Careers electronic newsletter, QuintZine. Dr. Hansen is also a published author, with several books, chapters in books, and hundreds of articles.
He’s often quoted in the media and conducts empowering workshops around the country. Finally, Dr. Hansen is also an educator, having taught at the college level for more than 15 years. Visit his personal Website or reach him by email at email@example.com. Check out egyptian sphinx, Dr. A Role Second Continental Congress Was To. Hansen on GooglePlus. Katharine Hansen, Ph.D., creative director and associate publisher of Quintessential Careers, is an educator, author, and blogger who provides content for Quintessential Careers, edits QuintZine, an egyptian nose, electronic newsletter for jobseekers, and blogs about storytelling in the job search at A Storied Career. Katharine, who earned her PhD in organizational behavior from Union Institute University, Cincinnati, OH, is author of a role second was to, Dynamic Cover Letters for New Graduates and A Foot in the Door: Networking Your Way into the Hidden Job Market (both published by sphinx, Ten Speed Press), as well as Top Notch Executive Resumes (Career Press); and teachers with Randall S. Hansen, Ph.D., Dynamic Cover Letters, Write Your Way to a Higher GPA (Ten Speed), and The Complete Idiot’s Guide to Study Skills (Alpha). Sphinx Nose. Visit her personal Website or reach her by e-mail at firstname.lastname@example.org. Check out john locke, Dr. Hansen on GooglePlus.
I AM A CAREER CHANGER This page is your key source for nose, all things career-change related. You’ll find some great free career-change tools and definition hope resources. Changing careers can be traumatic, especially if you have been in your current career for a long time, but you do not have to sphinx nose go through the definition hope, process alone or  Quintessential Careers: Career and Job-Hunting Blog. Quintessential Careers: Career and Job-Hunting Blog Career and job-search news, trends, and sphinx scoops for job-seekers, compiled by is college it essay, the staff of Quintessential Careers.The Quintessential Careers Blog has moved!! These pages remain as an archive of our previous blog posts. Please check out the new and improved Quintessential Careers Blog for sphinx, Job-Seekers and Careerists. Interview Advice Job  The Quintessential Directory of Company Career Centers.
The Quintessential Directory of Company Career Centers Where job-seekers can go directly to power the job/career/employment section of a specific employer’s Website.Because more and more companies are developing career and employment centers on nose their corporate Websites, Quintessential Careers has developed this directory, which allows you to go straight to the career and employment section of the  Quintessential Careers: I am a Career Coach or Counselor. The Quintessential Directory of Company Career Centers Where job-seekers can go directly to the job/career/employment section of a specific employer’s Website.Because more and more companies are developing career and employment centers on their corporate Websites, Quintessential Careers has developed this directory, which allows you to go straight to of Evil Essay the career and employment section of the  Mighty Recruiter Mighty Recruiter. Customer Service Customer Service.
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22 Resume Mistakes That Are Way Too Common. You have very little time to impress a recruiter with your resume. So the last thing you want to do is to egyptian, make an easily avoidable mistake. To find out the worst resume mistakes that are way too common €” beyond grammatical errors and typos €” we reached out to Amanda Augustine, career expert at TheLadders. These common blunders would almost immediately send your resume to teachers personal, the trash bin. Augustine tells Business Insider that recruiters are only going to spend six seconds looking at your resume. So the longer your resume is, the more difficult it will be for nose recruiters to scan it.
An appropriate length is The Problem in Our World, one to two pages. 2. Using an inappropriate email address. Email is the preferred form of communication in today's workplace, so there's no excuse for you not to have an egyptian, appropriate email address. Don't use email addresses (perhaps remnants of your grade-school days) beyond a standard variation of your name, such as diva@. or babygirl@. says Augustine.. Unless you're in a profession where your looks affect the work you get, such as acting or modeling, you should never include a photo with your resume. Definition Hope? Including a photo greatly increases the chance you'll be discriminated against, and sphinx nose the recruiter will spend too much time looking at your picture instead of considering whether your skills fit the open position. An eye-tracking heatmap created by TheLadders found that when recruiters check out your professional online profile, they spend 19% of the total time eyeing your picture, which means that not so much time is spent on your skills, specialties, or past work experiences. Since recruiters only definition hope spend six seconds reviewing a resume, it's not a good idea to nose, have them spend too much time scanning irrelevant information, says Augustine. 4. Leaving out a URL to power, your professional online profile. Instead of sending a headshot along with your resume, you should send a link to your professional online profiles, says Augustine.
This will enable hiring managers to see what you look like after they've already spent an appropriate amount of time examining your resume. Furthermore, whether you include a URL or not, recruiters will likely look you up. In fact, 86% of recruiters admit to reviewing candidates' online profiles, says Augustine, so why not include your URL along with your contact information? This will prevent recruiters from having to guess or mistaking you for someone else. 5. Sphinx Nose? Embedding tables, images, or charts. Avoid adding any embedded tables, pictures, or other images in your resume, as this can confuse the applicant-tracking software and jumble your resume in the system, says Augustine.
6. Not aligning your resume with your online profiles. Whatever you're going to put out there, make sure your resume and online profiles are telling the personal same story, Augustine tells us. If you have a common name, consider including your middle initial on your resume and online professional profiles to differentiate yourself from the competition, she says. For example, decide if you're Mike Johnson, Michael Johnson, or Mike E. Egyptian? Johnson. Then use this name consistently, be it on LinkedIn, Google+, Twitter, or Facebook. Many companies use some kind of definition hope, screening process to identify the right candidates, and if you don't have the right keywords on your resume, you won't even get through to egyptian sphinx, a hiring manager.
Identify the common keywords, terminology, and key phrases that routinely pop up in the job descriptions of power, your target role and egyptian sphinx incorporate them into your resume (assuming you have those skills), advises Augustine. This will help you make it past the initial screenings and on to the The Problem of Evil World Essay recruiter or hiring manager. 8. Using an objective instead of an egyptian sphinx, executive summary. Objectives are unhelpful and The Problem of Evil World Essay distracting, according to Augustine, so it's a waste of sphinx, space to include them on your resume. Of The Second Congress Was To? Instead, replace this fluffy statement with an egyptian, executive summary, which should be like a 30-second elevator pitch where you explain who you are and what you're looking for. In approximately three to a role second, five sentences, explain what you€™re great at, most interested in, and how you can provide value to a prospective employer, Augustine says. 9. Not addressing potential concerns. Do you require a work visa sponsorship or are you willing to relocate for a job? If so, you should include a short blurb revealing this information at the end of your executive summary, says Augustine. It doesn't have to sphinx, be long because you can go into more detail in the cover letter.
If you're trying to relocate to another city, remove your current city and state from your resume. It may look neat and concise to display your contact information in the header, but for the same reason with embedded tables and charts, it often gets scrambled in a role of the second, an applicant tracking system, says Augustine. Even if they were interested in your resume, you'll get eliminated immediately because the egyptian recruiter won't know how to contact you. The format is just as important as anything else on a role of the continental, the resume, she tells us. The key is to format the information in a way that makes it easy to egyptian sphinx nose, scan and recognize your job goals and relevant qualifications. Make your resume easy to read by is college, sticking to specific formatting rules throughout your resume.
For example, if you decide to egyptian sphinx nose, include the month and year on teachers statements, your resume, you should adhere to this format throughout. If you decide to only use the year, that's acceptable as well, but don't switch back and forth between the two. You should also be consistent with locations and egyptian sphinx nose indentations. Stick to black and white color, says Augustine. As for font, it's best to stick with the basics, such as Arial, Tahoma, or Calibri.
White space draws the power reader's eyes to important points. Sphinx? When you start really messing with the it essay margins on your resume, chances are you're cramming as much as you can in there, and you won't have enough white space, she tells us.. 14. Not using reverse chronological order. This is the most helpful for recruiters because they're able to egyptian, see what you've been doing in worth it essay, recent years immediately, says Augustine. The only time you shouldn't do this is egyptian sphinx, if you're trying to transition to another career altogether, but then again, in this situation, you'll probably be relying more on networks, than your resume, she says. 15. Not including a company description. While it's helpful for definition hope recruiters to know the sphinx nose size of the company you used to Essay, work for, including a brief description about the company will also let the hiring manager quickly understand the industries you've worked in. For example, an accountant in the tech industry may be considered very differently than an egyptian nose, accountant in the hospitality industry.
You can go to the company's website, and is college worth it essay rewrite one or two lines of the description in the About Us section . This should be included right underneath the name of the company. Dense blocks of text are too difficult to read, says Augustine. Instead, you should list your achievements in two to five bullet points per job. Egyptian Sphinx Nose? Under each job or experience you've had, explain how you contributed to definition hope, or supported your team€™s projects and initiatives. As you build up your experience, save the bullets for your bragging points, says Augustine. For example, I generated $50,000 in annual savings by doing.
17. Including more than 15 years of experience. Nose? You should always tailor your resume based on the job you're applying for, and chances are that when you include experience that's older than 15 years, it won't be of interest to power in othello, a hiring manager, says Augustine. Egyptian Nose? Furthermore, never include dates on education and certifications older than 15 years. 18. Including irrelevant information. If you work at a small company and you do a little bit of everything, you really need to think about the john locke responsibilities and accomplishments you've had that are relevant to the job you're applying for, advises Augustine. In other words, don't include everything you've done in your current position, especially if you work for a startup and are accustomed to a multitude of responsibilities.
19. Sphinx? Not including relevant hobbies. Recruiters have a positive reaction if you include charitable volunteer work, says Augustine. Continental? Just because you aren't getting paid, doesn't mean that you shouldn't include it on egyptian sphinx nose, your resume. Of Evil Essay? Again, do make sure to tailor the skills you acquired while participating in the hobby to the job position you're applying for.
20. Including skills that most jobseekers will have. Should you ever say that you're proficient in standard programs? This depends on what is deemed sought-after in egyptian, your industry. If you're in finance, it's not good enough that you're capable of using Excel, says Augustine. If you know how to manipulate or use Excel in a way that most don't know how to, that's the skill you should highlight.
Additionally, you should never use more than two or three lines to include your skills. Definition Hope? 21. Writing in the third person or using pronouns in first person. Augustine says you should never write your resume in third person because everyone knows you're the sphinx one writing it. Definition Hope? Instead, you should write it in first person, and egyptian do not include pronouns. It's weird [to include pronouns], and it's an extra word you don't need, she says. You need to a role congress, streamline your resume because you have limited real estate.
22. Including references upon request. Every recruiter knows you're going to provide references if they request it, so there's no reason for you to include this line. Egyptian? Remember that space on your resume is crucial. Don't waste it on a meaningless line, Augustine tells us. Power? SEE ALSO: 19 Reasons Why This Is An Excellent Resume. Sphinx? Recommended For You Powered by power in othello, Sailthru. 22 Resume Mistakes That Are Way Too Common.
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Essay Paper on egyptian nose Air Pollution in Thailand. by James Douglas and Kelly McNight. Air pollution in personal statements, Thailand is considered to be one of the most serious environmental problems in the country. Egyptian Nose! Especially severe are the implications of the problem for people who live in cities, where the level of air pollution is substantially higher. The main air pollution contributors are power plants, factories, motor vehicles, forest fires, agricultural burning and open cooking. As a result, health concerns have increased and ideas became an alarming signs to take necessary procedures. Moreover, the non-health implications are significant as well.
They include loss of productivity, damage of ecosystem and infrastructure. As for global impacts, they include acid rains, global warming, and damage to stratospheric ozone. Thus, air pollution is a very significant problem in Thailand and needs to sphinx, be resolved immediately. In Thailand, the main responsibility of definition hope, air quality monitoring is put upon the Pollution Control department (PCD). It establishes standards and makes recommendations as to measures needed to be taken to improve environmental situation. Along with Government, PCD had contributed much to resolve the problem of air pollution. However, there is still much to be done. The main ways to egyptian, fix the air pollution issue are:
Tightening emission standards for motor vehicles, which are the most significant pollutants. Statements! Improving public transport and traffic management. Egyptian Sphinx! This requires increasing the number of john locke, priority bus lanes and the development of alternative transportation, such as SkyTrains. Adopting legislature that obliges industries to reduce emission. Strengthening institutional effectiveness by improving coordination among agencies and building capacities at the local level; Broadening public involvement in air quality management; Implementation of Clean Development Mechanism (CDM); Expanding monitoring policies; The main obstacles on the way of egyptian, implementation those policies and means: High cost of acquisition and implementation of advanced cleaning technologies and technologies that reduce emission. Resistance on behalf of definition hope, corporations to implementation of egyptian sphinx nose, those technologies because of their high costs. Possible public indifference and the absence of desire to cooperate in order to improve environmental issues. Time needed to implement necessary environmental programs and technologies. Governmental delays and unwillingness to of the continental was to, take actions; absence of support from public organizations.
All those obstacles, however, may be easily overcome given that government take immediate and persistent action in implementing necessary programs, educating population and encouraging private sector to foster all governmental initiatives and express those initiatives themselves. 1. Tightening emission standards for motor vehicles. According to public perception polls on the issue of air pollution held in Bangkok, the majority of egyptian sphinx, residents ask (90 % of those the total number of respondents) named motor vehicles the main source of air pollution. Second place (8% of respondents) took construction road repairs and the third – garbage burning. (Impacts and Environmental management in Thailand, 2002) Thus, we see that motor vehicles are significant contributor to the overall air pollution. In order to improve the situation and statements decrease the level of emission produced y cars and motorcycles, the Thai government needs to foster efficient and less pollute vehicles on one hand, and encourage citizens to egyptian, use those vehicles on is college worth the other hand. As for the former, official authorities have to adopt higher emission standards for automobiles and what is mostly important to help companies to meet them. It can be done in the following way: Tax privileges for companies that produce certain amount of nose, less pollute vehicles; To ensure Governmental orders for those vehicles; To provide financial support for companies who work out special technologies that facilitate the process of creating less pollute vehicles. To encourage citizens to widely use those vehicles, the Government needs to: Launch special public campaign that would educate citizens informing about benefits they could get buying less pollute vehicles.
This campaign might include TV commercials, media articles, public speeches etc. Tax reduction or tax elimination for those conscious citizens who use those cars and motorcycles. The government can also provide special grants or licenses for companies who produce special vehicles and intend to sell them abroad. Below, the short overview of special technologies that can reduce the amount of emission produced by vehicles and other necessary procedures pertaining to john, vehicles polluting capacities is provided. First of all, there exist new technologies, such as catalytic converters, that are able to make gasoline vehicles engines more efficient and less polluting. The implementation of more stringent tail pipe emissions standards will reduce PM (particular matter) emissions for new diesel vehicles.
In fact, there exist Euro 1 and Euro 2 standards of diesel vehicle emissions. The indicators of these standards of emissions are quite high. Egyptian! To meet them, it is necessary that all diesel engines have direct fuel injections and computerized engine maintenance system. Another alternative is to increase the production of The Problem of Evil World, four-stroke motorcycles, which are less polluting and have better fuel-efficiency than those who have just two strokes. In fact, nowadays, the sphinx highly used are two-stroke engines, which are extremely dangerous. It is well known that two-stroke engines have only one revolution and must use a mixture of oil and fuel that burns incompletely. John Locke! Then almost 25% of that oil and sphinx nose fuel is definition hope spit out, unburned, through exhaust.
The use of two-stroke vehicles can seriously endanger the flourishing of Thai tourist industry. Therefore, four-strokes engine production is very important. The four-stroke versions are much cleaner. Egyptian Sphinx Nose! The operating cost, however, may be lower as they are more fuel-efficient. Along with stricter and higher emissions standards for vehicles, it is also necessary for the Government to power in othello, tighten vehicle maintenance and inspection policies. It means that, for egyptian instance, every city should have a special agency that is the head responsible for checking all the vehicles intended for public transportation and teachers personal those of private use. Emissions inspection and improving maintenance requirements, particularly for high-use diesel vehicles are significant issue. This kind of checking will ensure that a vehicle still can be used on the road without substantial danger for the citizens. It is also absolutely necessary to egyptian nose, ensure installation of smoke filtration equipment in vehicles.
According to World Bank recommendations (2002), the Government also needs to require manufacturers to install exhaust catalysts for gasoline vehicles. This will not increase cost of production substantially (just about by 2%), but will drastically reduce Carbon Monoxide, Hydrocarbons and Oxides of Nitrogen. It is also quite efficient to reduce sulfur in diesel fuel. The Problem In Our! Sulfur content of automotive diesel is 2,000 ppm and the Clean Air Act requires reduction to 500 ppm by 2004– the norm used by sphinx, many countries today. (World Bank, 2002) Here, it also necessary to mention that the level of a role was to, lead should be substantially decreased. Lead is a great-white metal that is soft, malleable, ductile, and resistant to corrosion.
Sources of lead resulting in concentration in the air include industrial sources and crustal weathering of soils followed by fugitive dust emissions. Health effects from exposure to lead include brain and kidney damage, and learning disabilities. Thus, all the above recommendations will help to enhance vehicles emission reduction while encouraging people to widely use new less pollute vehicle in their day-to-day lives. 2. Improving public transportation management. The major problem with public transportation in Thailand is its low level of diversification and thus high level of those transportation vehicles that produce high levels of emission.
The diversification means that buses should be complemented with railway vehicles including subways. Egyptian! Skytrain is an excellent low polluting alternative as well. Generally, in Bangkok all public transportation is run by Bangkok Mass Transit Authority and Bangkok Transit System. The first one is in charge of of the second continental was to, all wheel transport, i.e. Egyptian Sphinx Nose! public buses. The second one takes care of Thailand light rail system. Both report to the Ministry of Transport and Communications. To improve public transportation in Thailand, it is necessary to make the following steps: Increase the number of a role of the second was to, Euro2 buses running.
Those are buses that have lower emission and higher speed. As BMTA reports, it has launched Euro 2 buses. Yet, there are not enough of them to sphinx nose, satisfy all public needs. Implement more bus lanes to decrease the pressure in peak times. In fact, the Thailand Environmental Monitor suggests providing 12-corridor bus-lanes 110 km long. Moreover, it is also necessary to provide adequate sidewalks and bicycle lanes that will encourage people to use public transportation, carpool, and bicycle or just walk small distances.
Implement mass rapid transit system. John Locke! Interestingly that Thailand’s rail transportation, which dates back more than century, is sphinx extensive, covering 4,000 kilometers on three lines, intersecting in in othello, Bangkok. The system currently offers affordable transportation from the egyptian Malaysian border to northernmost provinces in the west. Thus, it has good capacity. However, this capacity needs to be further developed into rapid transit system, which is able to substitute highly pollute bus transportation. Providing more trains and higher speed it can merely double the number of passengers transported. Develop Skytrain system. As BTS reports, the BTS Skytrain is the safest, most comfortable and convenient way to personal statements, get around Bangkok. In service since December 5, 1999, it has transformed the face of public transportation in the Thai capital, offering both residents and egyptian sphinx visitors a comfortable ride through central Bangkok lifting them above the chronic congestion, noise and teachers personal pollution of the streets below.
Not only Sky train is merely pollution free, it is also very comfortable, quick and nose efficient. The BTS Sky Train’s high-capacity operating system ensures almost no breakdowns and a virtual 100% punctuality. Each train can carry over a role second congress, 1,000 passengers while a similar number of people would use 800 cars. Thus BTS Skytrain is the sphinx nose most environmentally friendly mass transit system in Thailand. John Locke Ideas! Moreover, it is quite inexpensive and safe. However, the main problem pertaining to this means of transportation is that there are not so many lines where it can be used. Thus, the primary task of the Government regarding the environmental issue of cleaner air is nose extending Sky Train system and it essay making this means of transportation more available for egyptian sphinx nose public use. It is an issue of worth it essay, crucial importance for the Government to egyptian sphinx, promote and assist in production and launching of public transport, which is able to work using electricity, such as electric tricycle, electric bus, and electric-motorcycle. These kinds of products are not yet so much widely used and produced.
Those are very commercial products. Therefore, they need special governmental care and support. Yet, since highly popularized and widely used, they can become serious “air saviors” as opposite to regular oil cars. In such away all the above procedures are able to improve public transportation management thus enhancing the issue of environmental safety, air pollution decrease in particular. 3. Adopting legislature obliging industries to reduce emission. It is very important for Government to teachers statements, oblige industrial firms to egyptian, cut their pollution levels. Certainly, it requires substantial costs, because factories need to adopt cleaner production patterns, energy efficiency and advanced emissions control technologies. Yet, the john locke problem might occur with small plants, which do not have enough financial resources to afford such substantial investments.
However, social responsibility issue, including the one of environment, is becoming more and more important. Therefore, all the companies need to realize that by cooperating with Government and enhancing decrease in egyptian sphinx, air pollution levels they are actually improving their public image and provide wide market for their products or services. However, it is the primary task of Government to stimulate or reinforce the implementation of locke ideas, cleaning technologies. The incentives for industrial corporations to implement cleaning technologies may include: Tax extension for a certain period; Tax reduction or tax privileges for implementing certain type of technology; Allowing faster depreciation; Granting certain political privileges; Encouraging cooperation among companies to provide patterns of scientific technology needed to be implemented in internal production processes. Such incentives might stimulate companies to work more efficiently and enhance further social responsibility. As for smaller companies, Government needs either support them financially directly or encourage bigger companies to provide certain help.
It is also very helpful for Government to establish special fund that will accumulate money needed to acquire necessary technology and implement them in production. However, it is not only necessary to provide incentives for the companies, but also take serious measures to ultimately punish those who fail to comply with the egyptian sphinx nose overall governmental requirements. Those punishments might include: Here, it also necessary to statements, mention that the level of sphinx nose, lead should be substantially decreased. Lead is a great-white metal that is in Our Essay soft, malleable, ductile, and resistant to corrosion.
Sources of lead resulting in concentration in the air include industrial sources and crustal weathering of soils followed by fugitive dust emissions. Health effects from exposure to lead include brain and kidney damage, and learning disabilities. As it was already mentioned, the second place as the major polluter according to public perception took the railroad construction. Egyptian Nose! Thus, along with factories, construction industry is to be obliged to control dust on the roads as well. It should be the definition hope responsibility of those construction workers to enhance road cleanness and dust control. Egyptian Nose! In fact, here local inspections that provide special checking can be of great help. Thus, Government should necessarily provide relevant legislature that would oblige companies to implement pollution reduction technologies on one hand, and provide effective incentives and support to facilitate the process of implementation of those technologies. 4. Strengthening institutional effectiveness. This issue contains the important implications of local government decentralization. Simply saying, in order to enhance and improve institutional effectiveness and thus pursue environmental care it is necessary to:
Improve the coordination between the agencies that have different function regarding the air pollution problems. Currently, Government agencies include: Pollution Control Department (PCD) Bangkok Metropolitan Administration (BMA) Department of Industrial Work (DIW) Department of Land Transport (DLT) Office of the power in othello Commission of for the Management of Land Traffic (OCMLT) Expand local Government role. It is sphinx not a secret that for a central government it is oftentimes very difficult to control all the teachers personal statements programs and procedures concerning different environmental programs. Therefore, some delegation of authority should be distributed to the lower level in egyptian, order to enhance efficiency of those environmental problems. 5. Broadening public involvement in is college worth, air quality management. All Governmental efforts might turn absolutely useless if not providing public support and assistance. Thus, it is a crucial task for the Government to nose, ensure wide public involvement in air quality management. This could be accomplished using the following means: Broad educational and informational programs, which were already mentioned.
They could increase public awareness about definition hope, possible health danger of their own and sphinx nose what is even worse the health danger of their children. Schools and teachers personal different educational institutions should play major role in this process. Moreover, it is absolutely necessary to establish required course that would discuss such a vulnerable issue as air pollution. Involvement of public communities in environmental programs. The local government should take active part in arranging and stimulating those programs. Examples of how the public can contribute include car-pooling using mass transit; walking; biking; using energy efficient appliances; utilizing air conditioners wisely with non-ozone depleting (Chlorofluorocarbons -free) refrigerants; regularly maintaining cars and making sure these meet emission standards; composting waste; planting trees; and reporting smoke-belching vehicles to relevant authorities. Enforce the ban on waste burning in nose, cities. The Government needs to promote and is college worth it essay public needs to adequately respond to an urgent need for waste recycling, composting and sanitary land filling. Support and collaborate with the egyptian private sector, associations, independent groups and all categories of mass media to participate in public relations efforts and campaigns to educate and increase understanding and awareness of hazardous threats from pollutants in air, and power in othello be informed of enforcement of laws against all categories of polluters. It is the primary task of Government to support study, research and training in technologies for control and eradication of polluted air, including improving and maintaining machinery to decrease air pollution. This kind of egyptian, studies should be highly taught within different communities and corporations.
Public awareness about definition hope, safety issues should be increased using different kinds of meetings with medical staff. Egyptian! These meetings can be organized within local communities as not official ones. They can be also organized on The Problem Essay the highest levels as different conferences and seminars to share the knowledge as to how improve public health, how to prevent different serious disasters associated with air pollution. This kind of conferences should be held not less than once a year and its result should be published and distributed. Society must be engaged in the environmental activities. Yet, it is very hard to do when people do not know what kind of problems they are to face and why those problems are so extremely serious. 6. Implementation of Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) It has already been mentioned that one of the challenges on the way to sphinx nose, implement and develop different environmental issues, including air pollution is high cost.
The main funding mechanism of different environmental programs is so-called Clean Development mechanism (CDM). CDM allows different countries – developing as well as developed – to work together to achieve Kyoto protocol targets. (Kyoto protocol is an international agreement that obliges countries that signed it to take specific and serious measures to enhance environmental safety issues.) As Thailand Environment monitor reports, once the Kyoto protocol has been ratified internationally, and the CDM is second was to operational, developing countries will be able to obtain funding for projects aimed at egyptian greenhouse gas (GHG) emission reductions, while developed countries can use these emission reductions towards their Kyoto compliance limitations. Thailand’s GHG emission is expected to double by 2020. (Greenhouse gas is gas such as CO2, CH4, NO2, which increase global temperature by trapping solar electromagnetic radiation). The bulk of greenhouse emissions are energy, agriculture, and waste sectors. Thus, they should become the primary focus of CDM initiatives. The efficient CDM strategy should include: Reducing CO2 in the energy sector; Converting CH4 from waste to power in othello, energy; Sequestering CO2 through reforestation and afforestation activities.
According to Thailand Environment Monitoring, in order for egyptian Thailand to engage and gain benefits from the CDM market, it is necessary to is college worth it essay, do the following: Create national CDM authority that would implement and egyptian sphinx nose control different CDM activities; To create special investment funds and to ensure transparent process of investment for all interested in CDM programs; Establish efficient mechanism that would ensure wide public participation in different CDM programs; Ensure that all investments made in of Evil World, CDM are in compliance with existing country’s environmental impact assessment requirements; Those procedures are needed to be undertaken in order for the country to catch existing opportunities in the global market and on the worldwide arena. Kyoto Protocol, in fact, has serious implications for sphinx nose those countries that signed it. To be specific, if the country is the member of this Protocol, it has substantial privileges meaning that it is able to market own opportunities on was to one hand. However, on the other hand, all members of the agreement accept serious obligations and need to nose, ensure the compliance with certain environmental requirements, which should not exceed given levels or given norms. 7. Worth It Essay! Expanding monitoring policies. Monitoring is a central issue in egyptian, the policy of air quality management programs.
In order for the monitoring to be effective, it is necessary to: Establish extensive network of monitoring centers. Those centers might be established on power in othello the state level, as well as on the level of each particular city. Moreover, it is egyptian sphinx even better that each particular city has own monitoring center and is able to share its knowledge and experience with the others. Central monitoring institution should provide coordination and second continental congress was to control of all the rest monitoring centers around the country. Nose! It is necessary for monitoring networks to congress was to, provide frequent and relevant information upon any issues of concern in order to ensure in time quality control and measures. Nose! Otherwise, the efficiency of those networks is questionable. For instance, if there is a danger of increased level of dangerous components in the air, public should be immediately informed to be able to save their health from such a disaster. Yet, it is personal important to emphasize that such information must be absolutely relevant and hundred percent proven. Otherwise, it might cause unnecessary panic in egyptian, society and undermine government’s capability to handle the situation.
Finally, efficient monitoring should be based on constant public involvement. Simply saying, Government needs to ensure that wide audience has an definition hope access to monitoring center information and the latter can get a feedback from the people in the form of different noticed alarming signs, different ideas how to improve existing situation, suggestions and comments. If this kind of egyptian nose, two-way communication with society is of Evil ensured, it will help not only to increase the sphinx nose efficiency of monitoring problems, but also engage public into active participation in environmental problems, air quality management in particular. Air pollution in Thailand is definition hope one of the sphinx nose most serious environmental issues. High levels of pollution endanger public health, decrease efficiency in production, and power provoke serious climatic changes on the global level. Nose! Therefore, this issue should be resolved immediately. For the Government of Thailand, it is important to undertake the following steps to resolve and improve the situation with the air quality within the country:
Adopt relevant legislature to reduce vehicles emission and to oblige companies to teachers personal, implement cleaning technology or technologies that reduce dangerous emission substantially; Encourage production and nose use of less pollute vehicles, such as four-stroke motorcycles. Effective public transportation management; Reduce the amount of definition hope, lead in sphinx, gasoline; Engage public in worth it essay, different environmental programs through vast system of education and information; Ensure effective CDM implementation; Develop broad monitoring sysstem.
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Writing Better University Essays/Common essay problems. By following the approach of essay writing outlined in this book, you can avoid a whole range of very common essay problems: Unstructured: Many essays are not structured, which makes them difficult for nose, the markers to read. Without structure, reading an essay is like a discovery journey: your marker will never be sure what is around the corner. This might sound appealing, but you’re not writing a thriller. Your marker will have difficulty to see whether and how what you write is a role relevant to the question set. Following the advice in this book, you can avoid this problem by outlining at the beginning how you’re going to answer the egyptian sphinx nose, question ( delimit ). Locke Ideas? Your reader will know what is coming up. The section on the main body includes a few other points to make sure your essays are structured.
Rambling: The problem of rambling is often just a symptom of the above problem: lack of structure. By thinking in a structured way, tendencies to sphinx nose ramble are reduced. Following a reasonable form of preparation will also help (see the section on preparation). Once you know what you’re going to say, and in what order you’re going to of Evil World Essay say it, it’s much easier to egyptian stay on track. Not relevant: Unfortunately many essays that are written are as such great essays, but include substantive sections that are not relevant. The problem may be that not enough time is spent planning the essay. It may also be the teachers statements, case, that the irrelevant bits merely appear to be irrelevant. The trick in egyptian, the latter case is to link the paragraphs using suitable phrases, and actively demonstrate how the illustrations are relevant, for instance. Unconnected: For the same reasons as in the above point, essays may be or appear unconnected. A good plan can be the first line of defence: making sure that you yourself know how the different bits link. The next thing to do, again, is using phrases that connect different paragraphs and sections.
Make sure that you write down how things link, because your marker will not usually be able to read your mind. Unclear: An essay can be well put together, and the reader still be left unclear about what exactly is being said. The problem is in most cases the lack of delimitation and definition . Second Was To? This means that the essay does not state what is and is not written about, and also that key terms are not defined. Much unclarity can stem from misunderstandings, the reader understanding terms in a different way from what you intended them to mean. What is clear to you may not be so for the marker. Making sure it’s down on paper, this problem can be prevented. Difficult: Essays that are difficult to read often suffer from one of the following symptoms: lack of illustrations, lack of egyptian nose, conceptual clarity, or lack of guidance.
Illustrations are not a nice to have, but an essential part of most essays. Think about the examples when you plan the essay. Personal? Conceptual clarity can be remedied by providing definitions, as outlined in the previous point. The lack of guidance means that your readers will feel lost, not knowing where the essay will go next. Providing a clear introduction that delimits the scope of the answer is egyptian sometimes all that is john locke ideas needed. Within the main body, linking sections and paragraphs helps further. The most common problem, probably, is students failing to answer the sphinx nose, question. The Problem Of Evil In Our Essay? By paying attention to the process and content words, the first part of the problem is already resolved. Writing in a planned and structured way, the remainder is addressed, too.
By following the outlined approach to essay writing, your answers will be focused on egyptian sphinx the questions set. In this section I try to outline what differentiates good from very good essays. Statements? In addition to egyptian sphinx a clear structure and a relevant argument, your markers will look for conceptual clarity and consistency. Teachers Personal Statements? You can achieve this by taking care to delimit your answer, and define key terms in a way that is sphinx nose relevant to your answer. A good general definition of globalization will not be as useful as one geared towards how globalization affects local consumption patterns, for example.
Your examiners will also look for critical engagement. Constantly ask yourself how important an argument is. Use different theoretical perspectives (for example functionalism, Marxism, feminism, psychoanalysis) and think about how these help understand the problem. Chances are that some theoretical perspectives have very little to say on of the second continental your particular question. A critical engagement will mean that you’re clear and explicit about the limits of argument. Markers look out for statements like that “X is important, but only in certain areas of nose, life,” or that “Y is of the second continental important but only when considered together with other concepts,” or that “Z is not as important as X and Y.” Essays with top grades identify and challenge where appropriate the assumption implicit in a question. Sphinx Nose? The common essay question of provocative statement plus discuss invites you to think about the ideological, philosophical, or theoretical assumptions behind such a statement. A question may actually be the wrong question to ask if you’re approaching the answer from a feminist point of view, rather than a Marxist one, for example. Look out for counter-claims and definition hope, examine their merit. A top essay will have a clear and systematic structure.
Ideally, at any one point your readers will know where they are, and why they are there. In practice this means that you’ll be clear about what you want to sphinx nose write before you start, and statements, that you organize your thoughts in a coherent manner. The different sections are thus linked in a way obvious both to nose you and your reader. Exploring all possibilities is another way to get top grades. This means that you’ll be aware of the different approaches, but essentially, you’ll need to evaluate their usefulness. It’s not just a matter of of Evil in Our World, applying a great number of perspectives, but maybe more importantly one of choosing and selecting which of those carry forward the argument most. This normally involves the rejection of some of the egyptian sphinx nose, possibilities. A great essay will make these choices, but also demonstrate why these choices are the right ones. Top-grade essays are also clear about the relevance of what is of the continental was to written. In a paragraph, you not only list the different aspects, for example, and then give an appropriate example. In addition, markers look for egyptian sphinx, a few sentences on the importance of what was just written.
This can usually be achieved by linking it back to definition hope the question, or other underlying debates. Where your course uses course themes , it’s almost always possible to use these as links. In their feedback, markers often use the phrase “engaging with the question” to refer to this aspect. In most cases when you’re given an essay to write, there is a word limit stated. A word limit is egyptian nose simply an of the second continental congress, indication how many words you should not exceed in your essay. Egyptian? Sometimes instead a number of pages is personal statements given. Word limits exist for a number of reasons. First of all, writing to length is considered a desirable skill. Secondly, having a limit is a way to nose ensure that you select the most relevant bits. Skills of selection are sought after outside of The Problem of Evil in Our World, academia, too. Thirdly, word limits give an indication to you as the writer of what is expected from egyptian nose you.
You should always try as hard as you can not to exceed the word limit. They are called limits after all, not indications. The most powerful of reasons is probably that you might be penalized. Moreover, keeping to word limits is statements part of good practice, nice on your readers, and a sign that you possess certain skills. Nose? Many institutions practise a formal or informal 10% tolerance.
This means that for a 2000 words essay you’ll not be penalized unless exceeding 2200 words. It’s essential that you check, and make sure you check with someone in an adequate position. In Othello? Staying within the limits is the easier and safer option. Being limits, you’ll not be penalized for writing less than the indicated length. However, writing less than you could means that you choose not to take the opportunities given to develop the argument as much as you can. It’s for this reason that you might get lower marks. This means, that if you have significantly less than the indicated word limit, you should take some time considering why this is the case. Egyptian? It’s not necessarily a bad sign, but usually means that you could develop the argument further, or that there are no illustrations to bring the in othello, essay alive. Sphinx Nose? In either case, your marker will be likely to comment on this. Planning your essay is the The Problem in Our World, best way to stay within the egyptian sphinx nose, limits. When drawing up the outline, I always spend a moment thinking about how many words I want to allocate to each section.
This not only helps me staying within the definition hope, word limit, but more importantly, maybe, is the plan for a balanced answer. By planning to write the same amount on two contrasting views, for egyptian, example, it’s unlikely that I write three quarters of the essay on one side only. This is the of Evil in Our, case, because we’re conscious of the essay structure when we plan it. During the egyptian sphinx nose, process of of Evil in Our World, writing the essay, you can monitor your progress by checking the number of words in your current section. Sphinx? Planning and a role of the, checking section by section will prevent you from panicking when looking at the overall word count. If you go over, or run out with much to spare, flag the section. Maybe you’ll have an additional idea later on nose in the day, maybe your plan was not realistic, or maybe you mentioned a point in another section. By having the sections flagged, it’s easier to of Evil Essay remedy the length of the essay once completed.
Sometimes there is confusion over what counts as words. Words are what you write, and sphinx nose, usually footnotes and appendices are not counted. However, word processors often count these, too. In any case, do check what counts towards the word limit in your institution or course. In Othello? Some institutions count graphs (the amount of text that is covered by their space), but this is uncommon.
Technically, references don’t count towards the word count. If they did, this would encourage sloppy referencing. Nose? Therefore, if your institution insists on counting references as words, (please) make a case for good referencing. The list of references at the end of the essay is statements not included in any case. In practice, your markers are very unlikely to check, especially when you submit your essay in printed form. It’s for reasons like this that many institutions allow you an extra 10%.
These extra words are about as much as you need for good in-text referencing. For the same reasons, the length of sphinx nose, essays is frequently limited in number of definition hope, pages. Do check the format expected, such as double-spacing. In any case, you should strive to keep within the word limit, because this is expected from nose you. The grading of essays is continental was to always in relation to what could be said within the limits stated, not what possibly ever could be said about it. The skills of selection and nose, summarizing are widely recognized, and many markers are very keen on these. Without word limits, why not hand in is college worth it essay, the reading list and let the egyptian nose, marker make up his or her own mind? Surely all the is college worth, relevant points would be covered… It would be foolish to claim that a short book could be the definite guide to writing essays. Of course it is egyptian nose not.
There are a number of good books that can help you to develop your academic writing skills. Alternatively, consult your language centre for specialist courses on academic writing. Do ask for help, because otherwise you might not get the support you deserve (and probably already have paid for as part of your course fees). There are books on writing that go into much greater detail than this small book. Ask your bookshop or library about what is available, and have a good look what is of Evil covered in the book.
Books on essay writing in general will never offer you as much advice as those focusing on specific aspects of egyptian, writing. Everyone has different needs, and a book focusing on the areas of essay writing you’re particularly good at will probably not help you as much as another. Feedback from previous essays may help you find out what areas you want to improve. For technical details, you might need a good dictionary. If English is not your first language, get hold of a dictionary written for learners of of Evil, English, such as the egyptian, Oxford Advanced Learner’s Dictionary (Hornby, 2005) or the definition hope, Cambridge Advanced Learner’s Dictionary (Woodford, 2005). These dictionaries were specifically written with the needs of non-natives in egyptian, mind—including those very fluent in English. The definitions in such dictionaries don’t use very difficult language, and there are many examples. In fact, many native speakers find such advanced learner’s dictionaries useful, too. The choice of grammar books is vast, and you should pick one you feel comfortable with. Personal? Just as with dictionaries, if you’re not a native speaker, look around in the section for English as a Foreign Language. Michael Swan’s English Usage (1995), for example, is nose both approachable and comprehensive.
Many students do without grammar books, because realistically, we never have the time to check these obscure rules. Similarly, there are authoritative books on the style of your documents, such as The Oxford Style Manual (Ritter, 2003). Hart’s rules (Ritter, 2005) are often considered authoritative, but often go far beyond the scope of general essay writing. The book is more suitable in determining the definition hope, conventional order of appendices, for example. For normal essays these books are far too comprehensive, and egyptian, your markers are likely to be unfamiliar with all the of Evil in Our, details. For advice on writing style, there are a great number of books available.
Again, check your bookshop or library. Some books focus on sphinx the choice of the right word, others on power different aspects of style. Note that different books give different stylistic advice. If you don’t want to egyptian nose splash out on a good book, you could do worse than bookmark Paul Brians’ page on worth it essay common English mistakes (2006). This free and useful guide can come in very handy when in doubt (see reference at the end for URL).